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Release History

This page provides a high-level summary of changes to SQLite. For more detail, see the Fossil checkin logs at and See the chronology a succinct listing of releases.

2024-05-23 (3.46.0)

  1. Enhance PRAGMA optimize in multiple ways, to make it simpler to use:
    1. PRAGMA optimize automatically implements a temporary analysis limit to prevent excess runtime on large databases.
    2. Added the new 0x10000 bitmask option to check for updates on all tables.
    3. Automatically re-analyze tables that do not have sqlite_stat1 entries.
  2. Enhancements to the date and time functions:
    1. The strftime() SQL function now supports %G, %g, %U, and %V.
    2. New modifiers 'ceiling' and 'floor' control the algorithm used to resolve ambiguous dates when shifting a date by an integer number of months and/or years.
    3. The 'utc' and 'localtime' modifiers are now no-ops if SQLite knows that the time is already in UTC or in the localtime, respectively.
  3. Add support for underscore ("_") characters between digits in numeric literals.
  4. Add the json_pretty() SQL function.
  5. Query planner improvements:
    1. The "VALUES-as-coroutine" optimization enables INSERT statements with thousands of rows in the VALUES clause to parse and run in about half the time and using about half as much memory.
    2. Allow the use of an index for queries like "SELECT count(DISTINCT col) FROM ...", even if the index records are not smaller than the table records.
    3. Improved recognition of cases where the value of an SQL function is constant because all its arguments are constant.
    4. Enhance the WHERE-clause push-down optimization so that it is able to push down WHERE clause terms containing uncorrelated subqueries.
  6. Allocate additional memory from the heap for the SQL parser stack if that stack overflows, rather than reporting a "parser stack overflow" error.
  7. JSON changes:
    1. Allow ASCII control characters within JSON5 string literals.
    2. Fix the -> and ->> operators so that when the right-hand side operand is a string that looks like an integer it is still treated as a string, because that is what PostgreSQL does.
  8. Allow large hexadecimal literals to be used as the DEFAULT value to a table column.


  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2024-05-23 13:25:27 96c92aba00c8375bc32fafcdf12429c58bd8aabfcadab6683e35bbb9cdebf19e
  10. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 094429ea827fcd32275e767134bc6c7b9ea394a2c5a9e653dd0a0690b2c11358

2024-04-15 (3.45.3)

  1. Fix a long-standing bug (going back to version 3.24.0) that might (rarely) cause the "old.*" values of an UPDATE trigger to be incorrect if that trigger fires in response to an UPSERT. Forum post 284955a3cd454a15.
  2. Fix a bug in sum() that could cause it to return NULL when it should return Infinity. Forum post 23b8688ef4.
  3. Other trifling corrections and compiler warning fixes that have come up since the previous patch release. See the timeline for details.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2024-04-15 13:34:05 8653b758870e6ef0c98d46b3ace27849054af85da891eb121e9aaa537f1e8355
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 21dbe688a71b449d28e2a8ec6a43e7520e54df456e02b6d4f6a1d1c7a998c826

2024-03-12 (3.45.2)

  1. Fix an error in UPSERT, introduced by enhancement 3a in version 3.35.0 (2021-03-12), that could cause an index to get out-of-sync with its table. Forum thread 919c6579c8.
  2. Reduce the scope of the NOT NULL strength reduction optimization that was added as item 8e in version 3.35.0 (2021-03-12). The optimization was being attempted in some contexts where it did not work, resulting in incorrect query results. Forum thread 440f2a2f17.
  3. Other trifling corrections and compiler warning fixes that have come up since the previous patch release. See the timeline for details.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2024-03-12 11:06:23 d8cd6d49b46a395b13955387d05e9e1a2a47e54fb99f3c9b59835bbefad6af77"
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: bd76ad2dc9cde151e469e86627a7e8753aa8ef1a6f657c5a80ba48324b53226b

2024-01-30 (3.45.1)

  1. Restore the JSON BLOB input bug, and promise to support the anomaly in subsequent releases, for backward compatibility.
  2. Fix the PRAGMA integrity_check command so that it works on read-only databases that contain FTS3 and FTS5 tables. This resolves an issue introduced in version 3.44.0 but was undiscovered until after the 3.45.0 release.
  3. Fix issues associated with processing corrupt JSONB inputs:
    1. Prevent exponential runtime when converting a corrupt JSONB into text.
    2. Fix a possible read of one byte past the end of the JSONB blob when converting a corrupt JSONB into text.
    3. Enhanced testing using jfuzz to prevent any future JSONB problems such as the above.
  4. Fix a long-standing bug in which a read of a few bytes past the end of a memory-mapped segment might occur when accessing a craftily corrupted database using memory-mapped database.
  5. Fix a long-standing bug in which a NULL pointer dereference might occur in the bytecode engine due to incorrect bytecode being generated for a class of SQL statements that are deliberately designed to stress the query planner but which are otherwise pointless.


  6. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2024-01-30 16:01:20 e876e51a0ed5c5b3126f52e532044363a014bc594cfefa87ffb5b82257cc467a
  7. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 0474604df9e1b69a5544295dd046aad954749279780d557da80f44b958100295

2024-01-15 (3.45.0)

  1. Added the SQLITE_RESULT_SUBTYPE property for application-defined SQL functions. All application defined SQL functions that invokes sqlite3_result_subtype() must be registered with this new property. Failure to do so might cause the call to sqlite3_result_subtype() to behave as a no-op. Compile with -DSQLITE_STRICT_SUBTYPE=1 to cause an SQL error to be raised if a function that is not SQLITE_RESULT_SUBTYPE tries invokes sqlite3_result_subtype(). The use of -DSQLITE_STRICT_SUBTYPE=1 is a recommended compile-time option for every application that makes use of subtypes.
  2. Enhancements to the JSON SQL functions:
    1. All JSON functions are rewritten to use a new internal parse tree format called JSONB. The new parse-tree format is serializable and hence can be stored in the database to avoid unnecessary re-parsing whenever the JSON value is used.
    2. New versions of JSON-generating functions generate binary JSONB instead of JSON text.
    3. The json_valid() function adds an optional second argument that specifies what it means for the first argument to be "well-formed".
  3. Add the FTS5 tokendata option to the FTS5 virtual table.
  4. The SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ optimization is now enabled by default. Disable it at compile-time using -DSQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ=0.
  5. Query planner improvements:
    1. Do not allow the transitive constraint optimization to trick the query planner into using a range constraint when a better equality constraint is available. (Forum post 2568d1f6e6.)
    2. The query planner now does a better job of disregarding indexes that ANALYZE identifies as low-quality. (Forum post 6f0958b03b.)
  6. Increase the default value for SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT from 1073741824 to 4294967294.
  7. Enhancements to the CLI:
    1. Improvements to the display of UTF-8 content on Windows
    2. Automatically detect playback of ".dump" scripts and make appropriate changes to settings such as ".dbconfig defensive off" and ".dbconfig dqs_dll on".


  8. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2024-01-15 17:01:13 1066602b2b1976fe58b5150777cced894af17c803e068f5918390d6915b46e1d
  9. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: f56d8e5e8c61d87b957f1cc60b3042c134d7bc0ca3aba002e6999e8f0af310a3

2023-11-24 (3.44.2)

  1. Fix a mistake in the CLI that was introduced by the fix (item 15 above) in 3.44.1.
  2. Fix a problem in FTS5 that was discovered during internal fuzz testing only minutes after the 3.44.1 release was tagged.
  3. Fix incomplete assert() statements that the fuzzer discovered the day after the previous release.
  4. Fix a couple of harmless compiler warnings that appeared in debug builds with GCC 16.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-11-24 11:41:44 ebead0e7230cd33bcec9f95d2183069565b9e709bf745c9b5db65cc0cbf92c0f
  6. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: bd70b012e2d1b3efa132d905224cd0ab476a69b892f8c6b21135756ec7ffbb13

2023-11-22 (3.44.1)

  1. Change the CLI so that it uses UTF-16 for console I/O on Windows. This enables proper display of unicode text on old Windows7 machines.
  2. Other obscure bug fixes.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-11-22 14:18:12 d295f48e8f367b066b881780c98bdf980a1d550397d5ba0b0e49842c95b3e8b4
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: e359dc502a73f3a8ad8e976a51231134d25cb93ad557a724dd92fe0c5897113a

2023-11-01 (3.44.0)

  1. Aggregate functions can now include an ORDER BY clause after their last parameter. The arguments to the function are processed in the order specified. This can be important for functions like string_agg() and json_group_array().
  2. Add support for the concat() and concat_ws() scalar SQL functions, compatible with PostgreSQL, SQLServer, and MySQL.
  3. Add support for the string_agg() aggregate SQL function, compatible with PostgreSQL and SQLServer.
  4. New conversion letters on the strftime() SQL function: %e %F %I %k %l %p %P %R %T %u
  5. Add new C-language APIs: sqlite3_get_clientdata() and sqlite3_set_clientdata().
  6. Many errors associated with CREATE TABLE are now raised when the CREATE TABLE statement itself is run, rather than being deferred until the first time the table is actually used.
  7. The PRAGMA integrity_check command now verifies the consistency of the content in various built-in virtual tables using the new xIntegrity method. This works for the FTS3, FTS4, FTS5, RTREE, and GEOPOLY extensions.
  8. The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DEFENSIVE setting now prevents PRAGMA writable_schema from being turned on. Previously writable_schema could be turned on, but would not actually allow the schema to be writable. Now it simply cannot be turned on.
  9. Tag the built-in FTS3, FTS4, FTS5, RTREE, and GEOPOLY virtual tables as SQLITE_VTAB_INNOCUOUS so that they can be used inside of triggers in high-security deployments.
  10. The PRAGMA case_sensitive_like statement is deprecated, as its use when the schema contains LIKE operators can lead to reports of database corruption by PRAGMA integrity_check.
  11. SQLITE_USE_SEH (Structured Exception Handling) is now enabled by default whenever SQLite is built using the Microsoft C compiler. It can be disabled using -DSQLITE_OMIT_SEH.
  12. Query planner optimizations:
    1. In partial index scans, if the WHERE clause implies a constant value for a table column, replace occurrences of that table column with the constant. This increases the likelihood of the partial index being a covering index.
    2. Disable the view-scan optimization (added in version 3.42.0 - item 1c) as it was causing multiple performance regressions. In its place, reduce the estimated row count for DISTINCT subqueries by a factor of 8.
  13. SQLite now performs run-time detection of whether or not the underlying hardware supports "long double" with precision greater than "double" and uses appropriate floating-point routines depending on what it discovered.
  14. The CLI for Windows now defaults to using UTF-8 for both input and output on platforms that support it. The --no-utf8 option is available to disable UTF8 support.


  15. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-11-01 11:23:50 17129ba1ff7f0daf37100ee82d507aef7827cf38de1866e2633096ae6ad8130
  16. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: d9e6530096136067644b1cb2057b3b0fa51070df99ec61971f73c9ba6aa9a36e

2023-10-10 (3.43.2)

  1. Fix a couple of obscure UAF errors and an obscure memory leak.
  2. Omit the use of the sprintf() function from the standard library in the CLI, as this now generates warnings on some platforms.
  3. Avoid conversion of a double into unsigned long long integer, as some platforms do not do such conversions correctly.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-10-10 12:14:04 4310099cce5a487035fa535dd3002c59ac7f1d1bec68d7cf317fd3e769484790
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: e17a3dc69330bd109256fb5a6e2b3ce8fbec48892a800389eb7c0f8856703161

2023-09-11 (3.43.1)

  1. Fix a regression in the way that the sum(), avg(), and total() aggregate functions handle infinities.
  2. Fix a bug in the json_array_length() function that occurs when the argument comes directly from json_remove().
  3. Fix the omit-unused-subquery-columns optimization (introduced in in version 3.42.0) so that it works correctly if the subquery is a compound where one arm is DISTINCT and the other is not.
  4. Other minor fixes.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-09-11 12:01:27 2d3a40c05c49e1a49264912b1a05bc2143ac0e7c3df588276ce80a4cbc9bd1b0
  6. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 391af0a4755e31ae8b29776a4a060b678823ffe4c4db558567567c688a578589

2023-08-24 (3.43.0)

  1. Add support for Contentless-Delete FTS5 Indexes. This is a variety of FTS5 full-text search index that omits storing the content that is being indexed while also allowing records to be deleted.
  2. Enhancements to the date and time functions:
    1. Added new time shift modifiers of the form ±YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS.
    2. Added the timediff() SQL function.
  3. Added the octet_length(X) SQL function.
  4. Added the sqlite3_stmt_explain() API.
  5. Query planner enhancements:
    1. Generalize the LEFT JOIN strength reduction optimization so that it works for RIGHT and FULL JOINs as well. Rename it to OUTER JOIN strength reduction.
    2. Enhance the theorem prover in the OUTER JOIN strength reduction optimization so that it returns fewer false-negatives.
  6. Enhancements to the decimal extension:
    1. New function decimal_pow2(N) returns the N-th power of 2 for integer N between -20000 and +20000.
    2. New function decimal_exp(X) works like decimal(X) except that it returns the result in exponential notation - with a "e+NN" at the end.
    3. If X is a floating-point value, then the decimal(X) function now does a full expansion of that value into its exact decimal equivalent.
  7. Performance enhancements to JSON processing results in a 2x performance improvement for some kinds of processing on large JSON strings.
  8. New makefile target "verify-source" checks to ensure that there are no unintentional changes in the source tree. (Works for canonical source code only - not for precompiled amalgamation tarballs.)
  9. Added the SQLITE_USE_SEH compile-time option that enables Structured Exception Handling on Windows while working with the memory-mapped shm file that is part of WAL mode processing. This option is enabled by default when building on Windows using Makefile.msc.
  10. The VFS for unix now assumes that the nanosleep() system call is available unless compiled with -DHAVE_NANOSLEEP=0.


  11. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-08-24 12:36:59 0f80b798b3f4b81a7bb4233c58294edd0f1156f36b6ecf5ab8e83631d468778c
  12. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: a6fc5379891d77b69a7d324cd24a437307af66cfdc3fef5dfceec3c82c8d4078

2023-05-16 (3.42.0)

  1. Add the FTS5 secure-delete command. This option causes all forensic traces to be removed from the FTS5 inverted index when content is deleted.
  2. Enhance the JSON SQL functions to support JSON5 extensions.
  3. The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG and SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ calls to sqlite3_config() are now allowed to occur after sqlite3_initialize().
  5. Query planner improvements:
    1. Enable the "count-of-view" optimization by default.
    2. Avoid computing unused columns in subqueries.
    3. Improvements to the WHERE-clause push-down optimization.
  6. Enhancements to the CLI:
    1. Add the --unsafe-testing command-line option. Without this option, some dot-commands (ex: ".testctrl") are now disabled because those commands that are intended for testing only and can cause malfunctions if misused.
    2. Allow commands ".log on" and ".log off", even in --safe mode.
    3. "--" as a command-line argument means all subsequent arguments that start with "-" are interpreted as normal non-option argument.
    4. Magic parameters ":inf" and ":nan" bind to floating point literals Infinity and NaN, respectively.
    5. The --utf8 command-line option omits all translation to or from MBCS on the Windows console for interactive sessions, and sets the console code page for UTF-8 I/O during such sessions. The --utf8 option is a no-op on all other platforms.
  7. Add the ability for application-defined SQL functions to have the same name as join keywords: CROSS, FULL, INNER, LEFT, NATURAL, OUTER, or RIGHT.
  8. Enhancements to PRAGMA integrity_check:
    1. Detect and raise an error when a NaN value is stored in a NOT NULL column.
    2. Improved error message output identifies the root page of a b-tree when an error is found within a b-tree.
  9. Allow the session extension to be configured to capture changes from tables that lack an explicit ROWID.
  10. Added the subsecond modifier to the date and time functions.
  11. Negative values passed into sqlite3_sleep() are henceforth interpreted as 0.
  12. The maximum recursion depth for JSON arrays and objects is lowered from 2000 to 1000.
  13. Extended the built-in printf() function so the comma option now works with floating-point conversions in addition to integer conversions.
  14. Miscellaneous bug fixes and performance optimizations


  15. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-05-16 12:36:15 831d0fb2836b71c9bc51067c49fee4b8f18047814f2ff22d817d25195cf350b0
  16. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 6aa3fadf000000625353bbaa1e83af114c40c240a0aa5a2c1c2aabcfc28d4f92

2023-03-22 (3.41.2)

  1. Multiple fixes for reads past the end of memory buffers (NB: reads not writes) in the following circumstances:
    1. When processing a corrupt database file using the non-standard SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 compile-time option.
    2. In the CLI when the sqlite3_error_offset() routine returns an out-of-range value (see also the fix to sqlite3_error_offset() below).
    3. In the recovery extension.
    4. In FTS3 when processing a corrupt database file.
  2. Fix the sqlite3_error_offset() so that it does not return out-of-range values when reporting errors associated with generated columns.
  3. Multiple fixes in the query optimizer for problems that cause incorrect results for bizarre, fuzzer-generated queries.
  4. Increase the size of the reference counter in the page cache object to 64 bits to ensure that the counter never overflows.
  5. Fix a performance regression caused by a bug fix in patch release 3.41.1.
  6. Fix a few incorrect assert() statements.


  7. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-03-22 11:56:21 0d1fc92f94cb6b76bffe3ec34d69cffde2924203304e8ffc4155597af0c191da
  8. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: c83f68b7aac1e7d3ed0fcdb9857742f024449e1300bfb3375131a6180b36cf7c

2023-03-10 (3.41.1)

  1. Provide compile-time options -DHAVE_LOG2=0 and -DHAVE_LOG10=0 to enable SQLite to be compiled on systems that omit the standard library functions log2() and log10(), repectively.
  2. Ensure that the datatype for column t1.x in "CREATE TABLE t1 AS SELECT CAST(7 AS INT) AS x;" continues to be INT and is not NUM, for historical compatibility.
  3. Enhance PRAGMA integrity_check to detect when extra bytes appear at the end of an index record.
  4. Fix various obscure bugs reported by the user community. See the timeline of changes for details.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-03-10 12:13:52 20399f3eda5ec249d147ba9e48da6e87f969d7966a9a896764ca437ff7e737ff
  6. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: d0d9db8425570f4a57def04fb8f4ac84f5c3e4e71d3d4d10472e3639c5fdf09f

2023-02-21 (3.41.0)

  1. Query planner improvements:
    1. Make use of indexed expressions within an aggregate query that includes a GROUP BY clause.
    2. The query planner has improved awareness of when an index is a covering index and adjusts predicted runtimes accordingly.
    3. The query planner is more aggressive about using co-routines rather than materializing subqueries and views.
    4. Queries against the built-in table-valued functions json_tree() and json_each() will now usually treat "ORDER BY rowid" as a no-op.
    5. Enhance the ability of the query planner to use indexed expressions even if the expression has been modified by the constant-propagation optimization. (See forum thread 0a539c7.)
  2. Add the built-in unhex() SQL function.
  3. Add the base64 and base85 application-defined functions as an extension and include that extension in the CLI.
  4. Add the sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_v2() interface. (This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled using SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS.)
  5. In-memory databases created using sqlite3_deserialize() now report their filename as an empty string, not as 'x'.
  6. Changes to the CLI:
    1. Add the new base64() and base85() SQL functions
    2. Enhanced EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output using the new sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_v2() interface when compiled using SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS.
    3. The ".scanstats est" command provides query planner estimates in profiles.
    4. The continuation prompt indicates if the input is currently inside of a string literal, identifier literal, comment, trigger definition, etc.
    5. Enhance the --safe command-line option to disallow dangerous SQL functions.
    6. The double-quoted string misfeature is now disabled by default for CLI builds. Legacy use cases can reenable the misfeature at run-time using the ".dbconfig dqs_dml on" and ".dbconfig dqs_ddl on" commands.
  7. Enhance the PRAGMA integrity_check command so that it detects when text strings in a table are equivalent to but not byte-for-byte identical to the same strings in the index.
  8. Enhance the carray table-valued function so that it is able to bind an array of BLOB objects.
  9. Added the sqlite3_is_interrupted() interface.
  10. Long-running calls to sqlite3_prepare() and similar now invoke the progress handler callback and react to sqlite3_interrupt().
  11. The sqlite3_vtab_in_first() and sqlite3_vtab_in_next() functions are enhanced so that they reliably detect if they are invoked on a parameter that was not selected for multi-value IN processing using sqlite3_vtab_in(). They return SQLITE_ERROR instead of SQLITE_MISUSE in this case.
  12. The parser now ignores excess parentheses around a subquery on the right-hand side of an IN operator, so that SQLite now works the same as PostgreSQL in this regard. Formerly, SQLite treated the subquery as an expression with an implied "LIMIT 1".
  13. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_RESET_CACHE option to the sqlite3_file_control() API.
  14. Makefile improvements:
    1. The new makefile target "sqlite3r.c" builds an amalgamation that includes the recovery extension.
    2. New makefile targets "devtest" and "releasetest" for running a quick developmental test prior to doing a check-in and for doing a full release test, respectively.
  15. Miscellaneous performance enhancements.


  16. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2023-02-21 18:09:37 05941c2a04037fc3ed2ffae11f5d2260706f89431f463518740f72ada350866d
  17. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 02bd9e678460946810801565667fdb8f0c29c78e51240512d2e5bb3dbdee7464

2022-12-28 (3.40.1)

  1. Fix the --safe command-line option to the CLI such that it correctly disallows the use of SQL functions like writefile() that can cause harmful side-effects.
  2. Fix a potential infinite loop in the memsys5 alternative memory allocator. This bug was introduced by a performance optimization in version 3.39.0.
  3. Various other obscure fixes.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-12-28 14:03:47 df5c253c0b3dd24916e4ec7cf77d3db5294cc9fd45ae7b9c5e82ad8197f38a24
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 4d6800e9032ff349376fe612e422b49ba5eb4e378fac0b3e405235d09dd366ab

2022-11-16 (3.40.0)

  1. Add support for compiling SQLite to WASM and running it in web browsers. NB: The WASM build and its interfaces are considered "beta" and are subject to minor changes if the need arises. We anticipate finalizing the interface for the next release.
  2. Add the recovery extension that might be able to recover some content from a corrupt database file.
  3. Query planner enhancements:
    1. Recognize covering indexes on tables with more than 63 columns where columns beyond the 63rd column are used in the query and/or are referenced by the index.
    2. Extract the values of expressions contained within expression indexes where practical, rather than recomputing the expression.
    3. The NOT NULL and IS NULL operators (and their equivalents) avoid loading the content of large strings and BLOB values from disk.
    4. Avoid materializing a view on which a full scan is performed exactly once. Use and discard the rows of the view as they are computed.
    5. Allow flattening of a subquery that is the right-hand operand of a LEFT JOIN in an aggregate query.
  4. A new typedef named sqlite3_filename is added and used to represent the name of a database file. Various interfaces are modified to use the new typedef instead of "char*". This interface change should be fully backwards compatible, though it might cause (harmless) compiler warnings when rebuilding some legacy applications.
  5. Add the sqlite3_value_encoding() interface.
  6. Security enhancement: SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DEFENSIVE is augmented to prohibit changing the schema_version. The schema_version becomes read-only in defensive mode.
  7. Enhancements to the PRAGMA integrity_check statement:
    1. Columns in non-STRICT tables with TEXT affinity should not contain numeric values.
    2. Columns in non-STRICT tables with NUMERIC affinity should not contain TEXT values that could be converted into numbers.
    3. Verify that the rows of a WITHOUT ROWID table are in the correct order.
  8. Enhance the VACUUM INTO statement so that it honors the PRAGMA synchronous setting.
  9. Enhance the sqlite3_strglob() and sqlite3_strlike() APIs so that they are able to accept NULL pointers for their string parameters and still generate a sensible result.
  10. Provide the new SQLITE_MAX_ALLOCATION_SIZE compile-time option for limiting the size of memory allocations.
  11. Change the algorithm used by SQLite's built-in pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) from RC4 to Chacha20.
  12. Allow two or more indexes to have the same name as long as they are all in separate schemas.
  13. Miscellaneous performance optimizations result in about 1% fewer CPU cycles used on typical workloads.


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-11-16 12:10:08 89c459e766ea7e9165d0beeb124708b955a4950d0f4792f457465d71b158d318
  15. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: ab8da6bc754642989e67d581f26683dc705b068cea671970f0a7d32cfacbad19

2022-09-29 (3.39.4)

  1. Fix the build on Windows so that it works with -DSQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  2. Fix a long-standing problem in the btree balancer that might, in rare cases, cause database corruption if the application uses an application-defined page cache.
  3. Enhance SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DEFENSIVE so that it disallows CREATE TRIGGER statements if one or more of the statements in the body of the trigger write into shadow tables.
  4. Fix a possible integer overflow in the size computation for a memory allocation in FTS3.
  5. Fix a misuse of the sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface in the ICU Extension.


  6. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-09-29 15:55:41 a29f9949895322123f7c38fbe94c649a9d6e6c9cd0c3b41c96d694552f26b309
  7. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: f65082298127e2ddae6539beb94f5204b591df64ba2c7da83c7d0faffd6959d8

2022-09-05 (3.39.3)

  1. Use a statement journal on DML statement affecting two or more database rows if the statement makes use of a SQL functions that might abort. See forum thread 9b9e4716c0d7bbd1.
  2. Use a mutex to protect the PRAGMA temp_store_directory and PRAGMA data_store_directory statements, even though they are deprecated and documented as not being threadsafe. See forum post 719a11e1314d1c70.
  3. Other bug and warning fixes. See the timeline for details.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-09-05 11:02:23 4635f4a69c8c2a8df242b384a992aea71224e39a2ccab42d8c0b0602f1e826e8
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 2fc273cf8032b601c9e06207efa0ae80eb73d5a1d283eb91096c815fa9640257

2022-07-21 (3.39.2)

  1. Fix a performance regression in the query planner associated with rearranging the order of FROM clause terms in the presences of a LEFT JOIN.
  2. Apply fixes for CVE-2022-35737, Chromium bugs 1343348 and 1345947, forum post 3607259d3c, and other minor problems discovered by internal testing.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-07-21 15:24:47 698edb77537b67c41adc68f9b892db56bcf9a55e00371a61420f3ddd668e6603
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: bffbaafa94706f0ed234f183af3eb46e6485e7e2c75983173ded76e0da805f11

2022-07-13 (3.39.1)

  1. Fix an incorrect result from a query that uses a view that contains a compound SELECT in which only one arm contains a RIGHT JOIN and where the view is not the first FROM clause term of the query that contains the view. forum post 174afeae5734d42d.
  2. Fix some harmless compiler warnings.
  3. Fix a long-standing problem with ALTER TABLE RENAME that can only arise if the sqlite3_limit(SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH) is set to a very small value.
  4. Fix a long-standing problem in FTS3 that can only arise when compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS compile-time option.
  5. Fix the build so that is works when the SQLITE_DEBUG and SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC compile-time options are both provided at the same time.
  6. Fix the initial-prefix optimization for the REGEXP extension so that it works correctly even if the prefix contains characters that require a 3-byte UTF8 encoding.
  7. Enhance the sqlite_stmt virtual table so that it buffers all of its output.


  8. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-07-13 19:41:41 7c16541a0efb3985578181171c9f2bb3fdc4bad6a2ec85c6e31ab96f3eff201f
  9. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 6d13fcf1c31133da541d1eb8a83552d746f39b81a0657bd4077fed0221749511

2022-06-25 (3.39.0)

  1. Add (long overdue) support for RIGHT and FULL OUTER JOIN.
  2. Add new binary comparison operators IS NOT DISTINCT FROM and IS DISTINCT FROM that are equivalent to IS and IS NOT, respective, for compatibility with PostgreSQL and SQL standards.
  3. Add a new return code (value "3") from the sqlite3_vtab_distinct() interface that indicates a query that has both DISTINCT and ORDER BY clauses.
  4. Added the sqlite3_db_name() interface.
  5. The unix os interface resolves all symbolic links in database filenames to create a canonical name for the database before the file is opened. If the SQLITE_OPEN_NOFOLLOW flag is used with sqlite3_open_v2() or similar, the open will fail if any element of the path is a symbolic link.
  6. Defer materializing views until the materialization is actually needed, thus avoiding unnecessary work if the materialization turns out to never be used.
  7. The HAVING clause of a SELECT statement is now allowed on any aggregate query, even queries that do not have a GROUP BY clause.
  8. Many microoptimizations collectively reduce CPU cycles by about 2.3%.


  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-06-25 14:57:57 14e166f40dbfa6e055543f8301525f2ca2e96a02a57269818b9e69e162e98918
  10. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: d9c439cacad5e4992d0d25989cfd27a4c4f59a3183c97873bc03f0ad1aa78b7a

2022-05-06 (3.38.5)

  1. Fix a blunder in the CLI of the 3.38.4 release.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-05-06 15:25:27 78d9c993d404cdfaa7fdd2973fa1052e3da9f66215cff9c5540ebe55c407d9fe
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: b05ef42ed234009b4b3dfb36c5f5ccf6d728da80f25ee560291269cf6cfe635f

2022-05-04 (3.38.4)

  1. Fix a byte-code problem in the Bloom filter pull-down optimization added by release 3.38.0 in which an error in the byte code causes the byte code engine to enter an infinite loop when the pull-down optimization encounters a NULL key. Forum thread 2482b32700384a0f.
  2. Other minor patches. See the timeline for details.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-05-04 15:45:55 d402f49871152670a62f4f28cacb15d814f2c1644e9347ad7d258e562978e45e
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: e6a50effb021858c200e885664611ed3c5e949413ff2dca452ac7ee336b9de1d

2022-04-27 (3.38.3)

  1. Fix a case of the query planner be overly aggressive with optimizing automatic-index and Bloom-filter construction, using inappropriate ON clause terms to restrict the size of the automatic-index or Bloom filter, and resulting in missing rows in the output. Forum thread 0d3200f4f3bcd3a3.
  2. Other minor patches. See the timeline for details.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-04-27 12:03:15 9547e2c38a1c6f751a77d4d796894dec4dc5d8f5d79b1cd39e1ffc50df7b3be4
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: d4d66feffad66ea82073fbb97ae9c84e3615887ebc5168226ccee28d82424517

2022-03-26 (3.38.2)

  1. Fix a user-discovered problem with the new Bloom filter optimization that might cause an incorrect answer when doing a LEFT JOIN with a WHERE clause constraint that says that one of the columns on the right table of the LEFT JOIN is NULL. See forum thread 031e262a89b6a9d2.
  2. Other minor patches. See the timeline for details.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-03-26 13:51:10 d33c709cc0af66bc5b6dc6216eba9f1f0b40960b9ae83694c986fbf4c1d6f08f
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 0fbac6b6999f894184899431fb77b9792324c61246b2a010d736694ccaa6d613

2022-03-12 (3.38.1)

  1. Fix problems with the new Bloom filter optimization that might cause some obscure queries to get an incorrect answer.
  2. Fix the localtime modifier of the date and time functions so that it preserves fractional seconds.
  3. Fix the sqlite_offset SQL function so that it works correctly even in corner cases such as when the argument is a virtual column or the column of a view.
  4. Fix row value IN operator constraints on virtual tables so that they work correctly even if the virtual table implementation relies on bytecode to filter rows that do not satisfy the constraint.
  5. Other minor fixes to assert() statements, test cases, and documentation. See the source code timeline for details.


  6. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-03-12 13:37:29 38c210fdd258658321c85ec9c01a072fda3ada94540e3239d29b34dc547a8cbc
  7. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 262ba071e960a8a0a6ce39307ae30244a2b0dc9fe1c4c09d0e1070d4353cd92c

2022-02-22 (3.38.0)

  1. Added the -> and ->> operators for easier processing of JSON. The new operators are compatible with MySQL and PostgreSQL.
  2. The JSON functions are now built-ins. It is no longer necessary to use the -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 compile-time option to enable JSON support. JSON is on by default. Disable the JSON interface using the new -DSQLITE_OMIT_JSON compile-time option.
  3. Enhancements to date and time functions:
    1. Added the unixepoch() function.
    2. Added the auto modifier and the julianday modifier.
  4. Rename the printf() SQL function to format() for better compatibility. The original printf() name is retained as an alias for backwards compatibility.
  5. Added the sqlite3_error_offset() interface, which can sometimes help to localize an SQL error to a specific character in the input SQL text, so that applications can provide better error messages.
  6. Enhanced the interface to virtual tables as follows:
    1. Added the sqlite3_vtab_distinct() interface.
    2. Added the sqlite3_vtab_rhs_value() interface.
    4. Added the sqlite3_vtab_in() interface (and related) to enable a virtual table to process IN operator constraints all at once, rather than processing each value of the right-hand side of the IN operator separately.
  7. CLI enhancements:
    1. Columnar output modes are enhanced to correctly handle tabs and newlines embedded in text.
    2. Added options like "--wrap N", "--wordwrap on", and "--quote" to the columnar output modes.
    3. Added the .mode qbox alias.
    4. The .import command automatically disambiguates column names.
    5. Use the new sqlite3_error_offset() interface to provide better error messages.
  8. Query planner enhancements:
    1. Use a Bloom filter to speed up large analytic queries.
    2. Use a balanced merge tree to evaluate UNION or UNION ALL compound SELECT statements that have an ORDER BY clause.
  9. The ALTER TABLE statement is changed to silently ignores entries in the sqlite_schema table that do not parse when PRAGMA writable_schema=ON.


  10. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-02-22 18:58:40 40fa792d359f84c3b9e9d6623743e1a59826274e221df1bde8f47086968a1bab
  11. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: a69af0a88d59271a2dd3c846a3e93cbd29e7c499864f6c0462a3b4160bee1762

2022-01-06 (3.37.2)

  1. Fix a bug introduced in version 3.35.0 (2021-03-12) that can cause database corruption if a SAVEPOINT is rolled back while in PRAGMA temp_store=MEMORY mode, and other changes are made, and then the outer transaction commits. Check-in 73c2b50211d3ae26
  2. Fix a long-standing problem with ON DELETE CASCADE and ON UPDATE CASCADE in which a cache of the bytecode used to implement the cascading change was not being reset following a local DDL change. Check-in 5232c9777fe4fb13.
  3. Other minor fixes that should not impact production builds.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2022-01-06 13:25:41 872ba256cbf61d9290b571c0e6d82a20c224ca3ad82971edc46b29818d5d17a0
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 1bb01c382295cba85ec4685cedc52a7477cdae71cc37f1ad0f48719a17af1e1e

2021-12-30 (3.37.1)

  1. Fix a bug introduced by the UPSERT enhancements of version 3.35.0 that can cause incorrect byte-code to be generated for some obscure but valid SQL, possibly resulting in a NULL-pointer dereference.
  2. Fix an OOB read that can occur in FTS5 when reading corrupt database files.
  3. Improved robustness of the --safe option in the CLI.
  4. Other minor fixes to assert() statements and test cases.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-12-30 15:30:28 378629bf2ea546f73eee84063c5358439a12f7300e433f18c9e1bddd948dea62
  6. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 915afb3f29c2d217ea0c283326a9df7d505e6c73b40236f0b33ded91f812d174

2021-11-27 (3.37.0)

  1. STRICT tables provide a prescriptive style of data type management, for developers who prefer that kind of thing.
  2. When adding columns that contain a CHECK constraint or a generated column containing a NOT NULL constraint, the ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN now checks new constraints against preexisting rows in the database and will only proceed if no constraints are violated.
  3. Added the PRAGMA table_list statement.
  4. CLI enhancements:
    1. Add the .connection command, allowing the CLI to keep multiple database connections open at the same time.
    2. Add the --safe command-line option that disables dot-commands and SQL statements that might cause side-effects that extend beyond the single database file named on the command-line.
    3. Performance improvements when reading SQL statements that span many lines.
  5. Added the sqlite3_autovacuum_pages() interface.
  6. The sqlite3_deserialize() does not and has never worked for the TEMP database. That limitation is now noted in the documentation.
  7. The query planner now omits ORDER BY clauses on subqueries and views if removing those clauses does not change the semantics of the query.
  8. The generate_series table-valued function extension is modified so that the first parameter ("START") is now required. This is done as a way to demonstrate how to write table-valued functions with required parameters. The legacy behavior is available using the -DZERO_ARGUMENT_GENERATE_SERIES compile-time option.
  9. Added new sqlite3_changes64() and sqlite3_total_changes64() interfaces.
  10. Added the SQLITE_OPEN_EXRESCODE flag option to sqlite3_open_v2().
  11. Use less memory to hold the database schema.


  12. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-11-27 14:13:22 bd41822c7424d393a30e92ff6cb254d25c26769889c1499a18a0b9339f5d6c8a
  13. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: a202a950ab401cda052e81259e96d6e64ad91faaaaf5690d769f64c2ab962f27

2021-06-18 (3.36.0)

  1. Improvement to the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output to make it easier to understand.
  2. Byte-order marks at the start of a token are skipped as if they were whitespace.
  3. An error is raised on any attempt to access the rowid of a VIEW or subquery. Formerly, the rowid of a VIEW would be indeterminate and often would be NULL. The -DSQLITE_ALLOW_ROWID_IN_VIEW compile-time option is available to restore the legacy behavior for applications that need it.
  4. The sqlite3_deserialize() and sqlite3_serialize() interfaces are now enabled by default. The -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DESERIALIZE compile-time option is no longer required. Instead, there is a new -DSQLITE_OMIT_DESERIALIZE compile-time option to omit those interfaces.
  5. The "memdb" VFS now allows the same in-memory database to be shared among multiple database connections in the same process as long as the database name begins with "/".
  6. Back out the EXISTS-to-IN optimization (item 8b in the SQLite 3.35.0 change log) as it was found to slow down queries more often than speed them up.
  7. Improve the constant-propagation optimization so that it works on non-join queries.
  8. The REGEXP extension is now included in CLI builds.


  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-06-18 18:36:39 5c9a6c06871cb9fe42814af9c039eb6da5427a6ec28f187af7ebfb62eafa66e5
  10. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 2a8e87aaa414ac2d45ace8eb74e710935423607a8de0fafcb36bbde5b952d157

2021-04-19 (3.35.5)

  1. Fix defects in the new ALTER TABLE DROP COLUMN feature that could corrupt the database file.
  2. Fix an obscure query optimizer problem that might cause an incorrect query result.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-04-19 18:32:05 1b256d97b553a9611efca188a3d995a2fff712759044ba480f9a0c9e98fae886
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: e42291343e8f03940e57fffcf1631e7921013b94419c2f943e816d3edf4e1bbe

2021-04-02 (3.35.4)

  1. Fix a defect in the query planner optimization identified by item 8b above. Ticket de7db14784a08053.
  2. Fix a defect in the new RETURNING syntax. Ticket 132994c8b1063bfb.
  3. Fix the new RETURNING feature so that it raises an error if one of the terms in the RETURNING clause references a unknown table, instead of silently ignoring that error.
  4. Fix an assertion associated with aggregate function processing that was incorrectly triggered by the push-down optimization.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-04-02 15:20:15 5d4c65779dab868b285519b19e4cf9d451d50c6048f06f653aa701ec212df45e
  6. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 528b8a26bf5ffd4c7b4647b5b799f86e8fb1a075f715b87a414e94fba3d09dbe

2021-03-26 (3.35.3)

  1. Enhance the OP_OpenDup opcode of the bytecode engine so that it works even if the cursor being duplicated itself came from OP_OpenDup. Fix for ticket bb8a9fd4a9b7fce5. This problem only came to light due to the recent MATERIALIZED hint enhancement.
  2. When materializing correlated common table expressions, do so separately for each use case, as that is required for correctness. This fixes a problem that was introduced by the MATERIALIZED hint enhancement.
  3. Fix a problem in the filename normalizer of the unix VFS.
  4. Fix the "box" output mode in the CLI so that it works with statements that returns one or more rows of zero columns (such as PRAGMA incremental_vacuum). Forum post afbbcb5b72.
  5. Improvements to error messages generated by faulty common table expressions. Forum post aa5a0431c99e.
  6. Fix some incorrect assert() statements.
  7. Fix to the SELECT statement syntax diagram so that the FROM clause syntax is shown correctly. Forum post 9ed02582fe.
  8. Fix the EBCDIC character classifier so that it understands newlines as whitespace. Forum post 58540ce22dcd.
  9. Improvements the xBestIndex method in the implementation of the (unsupported) wholenumber virtual table extension so that it does a better job of convincing the query planner to avoid trying to materialize a table with an infinite number of rows. Forum post b52a020ce4.


  10. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-03-26 12:12:52 4c5e6c200adc8afe0814936c67a971efc516d1bd739cb620235592f18f40be2a
  11. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 91ca6c0a30ebfdba4420bb35f4fd9149d13e45fc853d86ad7527db363e282683

2021-03-17 (3.35.2)

  1. Fix a problem in the appendvfs.c extension that was introduced into version 3.35.0.
  2. Ensure that date/time functions with no arguments (which generate responses that depend on the current time) are treated as non-deterministic functions. Ticket 2c6c8689fb5f3d2f
  3. Fix a problem in the sqldiff utility program having to do with unusual whitespace characters in a virtual table definition.
  4. Limit the new UNION ALL optimization described by item 8c in the 3.35.0 release so that it does not try to make too many new subqueries. See forum thread 140a67d3d2 for details.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-03-17 19:07:21 ea80f3002f4120f5dcee76e8779dfdc88e1e096c5cdd06904c20fd26d50c3827
  6. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: e8edc7b1512a2e050d548d0840bec6eef83cc297af1426c34c0ee8720f378a11

2021-03-15 (3.35.1)

  1. Fix a bug in the new DROP COLUMN feature when used on columns that are indexed and that are quoted in the index definition.
  2. Improve the built-in documentation for the .dump command in the CLI.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-03-15 16:53:57 aea12399bf1fdc76af43499d4624c3afa17c3e6c2459b71c195804bb98def66a
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: fc79e27fd030226c07691b7d7c23aa81c8d46bc3bef5af39060e1507c82b0523

2021-03-12 (3.35.0)

  1. Added built-in SQL math functions(). (Requires the -DSQLITE_ENABLE_MATH_FUNCTIONS compile-time option.)
  2. Added support for ALTER TABLE DROP COLUMN.
  3. Generalize UPSERT:
    1. Allow multiple ON CONFLICT clauses that are evaluated in order,
    2. The final ON CONFLICT clause may omit the conflict target and yet still use DO UPDATE.
  4. Add support for the RETURNING clause on DELETE, INSERT, and UPDATE statements.
  5. Use less memory when running VACUUM on databases containing very large TEXT or BLOB values. It is no longer necessary to hold the entire TEXT or BLOB in memory all at once.
  6. Add support for the MATERIALIZED and NOT MATERIALIZED hints when specifying common table expressions. The default behavior was formerly NOT MATERIALIZED, but is now changed to MATERIALIZED for CTEs that are used more than once.
  7. The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER and SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_VIEW settings are modified so that they only control triggers and views in the main database schema or in attached database schemas and not in the TEMP schema. TEMP triggers and views are always allowed.
  8. Query planner/optimizer improvements:
    1. Enhancements to the min/max optimization so that it works better with the IN operator and the OP_SeekScan optimization of the previous release.
    2. Attempt to process EXISTS operators in the WHERE clause as if they were IN operators, in cases where this is a valid transformation and seems likely to improve performance.
    3. Allow UNION ALL sub-queries to be flattened even if the parent query is a join.
    4. Use an index, if appropriate, on IS NOT NULL expressions in the WHERE clause, even if STAT4 is disabled.
    5. Expressions of the form "x IS NULL" or "x IS NOT NULL" might be converted to simply FALSE or TRUE, if "x" is a column that has a "NOT NULL" constraint and is not involved in an outer join.
    6. Avoid checking foreign key constraints on an UPDATE statement if the UPDATE does not modify any columns associated with the foreign key.
    7. Allow WHERE terms to be pushed down into sub-queries that contain window functions, as long as the WHERE term is made up of entirely of constants and copies of expressions found in the PARTITION BY clauses of all window functions in the sub-query.
  9. CLI enhancements:
    1. Enhance the ".stats" command to accept new arguments "stmt" and "vmstep", causing prepare statement statistics and only the virtual-machine step count to be shown, respectively.
    2. Add the ".filectrl data_version" command.
    3. Enhance the ".once" and ".output" commands so that if the destination argument begins with "|" (indicating that output is redirected into a pipe) then the argument does not need to be quoted.
  10. Bug fixes:
    1. Fix a potential NULL pointer dereference when processing a syntactically incorrect SELECT statement with a correlated WHERE clause and a "HAVING 0" clause. (Also fixed in the 3.34.1 patch release.)
    2. Fix a bug in the IN-operator optimization of version 3.33.0 that can cause an incorrect answer.
    3. Fix incorrect answers from the LIKE operator if the pattern ends with "%" and there is an "ESCAPE '_'" clause.


  11. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-03-12 15:10:09 acd63062eb06748bfe9e4886639e4f2b54ea6a496a83f10716abbaba4115500b
  12. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 73a740d881735bef9de7f7bce8c9e6b9e57fe3e77fa7d76a6e8fc5c262fbaedf

2021-01-20 (3.34.1)

  1. Fix a potential use-after-free bug when processing a a subquery with both a correlated WHERE clause and a "HAVING 0" clause and where the parent query is an aggregate.
  2. Fix documentation typos
  3. Fix minor problems in extensions.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2021-01-20 14:10:07 10e20c0b43500cfb9bbc0eaa061c57514f715d87238f4d835880cd846b9ebd1f
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 799a7be90651fc7296113b641a70b028c142d767b25af1d0a78f93dcf1a2bf20

2020-12-01 (3.34.0)

  1. Added the sqlite3_txn_state() interface for reporting on the current transaction state of the database connection.
  2. Enhance recursive common table expressions to support two or more recursive terms as is done by SQL Server, since this helps make queries against graphs easier to write and faster to execute.
  3. Improved error messages on CHECK constraint failures.
  4. CLI enhancements:
    1. The .read dot-command now accepts a pipeline in addition to a filename.
    2. Added options --data-only and --nosys to the .dump dot-command.
    3. Added the --nosys option to the .schema dot-command.
    4. Table name quoting works correctly for the .import dot-command.
    5. The generate_series(START,END,STEP) table-valued function extension is now built into the CLI.
    6. The .databases dot-command now shows the status of each database file as determined by sqlite3_db_readonly() and sqlite3_txn_state().
    7. Added the --tabs command-line option that sets .mode tabs.
    8. The --init option reports an error if the file named as its argument cannot be opened. The --init option also now honors the --bail option.
  5. Query planner improvements:
    1. Improved estimates for the cost of running a DISTINCT operator.
    2. When doing an UPDATE or DELETE using a multi-column index where only a few of the earlier columns of the index are useful for the index lookup, postpone doing the main table seek until after all WHERE clause constraints have been evaluated, in case those constraints can be covered by unused later terms of the index, thus avoiding unnecessary main table seeks.
    3. The new OP_SeekScan opcode is used to improve performance of multi-column index look-ups when later columns are constrained by an IN operator.
  6. The BEGIN IMMEDIATE and BEGIN EXCLUSIVE commands now work even if one or more attached database files are read-only.
  7. Enhanced FTS5 to support trigram indexes.
  8. Improved performance of WAL mode locking primitives in cases where there are hundreds of connections all accessing the same database file at once.
  9. Enhanced the carray() table-valued function to include a single-argument form that is bound using the auxiliary sqlite3_carray_bind() interface.
  10. The substr() SQL function can now also be called "substring()" for compatibility with SQL Server.
  11. The syntax diagrams are now implemented as Pikchr scripts and rendered as SVG for improved legibility and ease of maintenance.


  12. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-12-01 16:14:00 a26b6597e3ae272231b96f9982c3bcc17ddec2f2b6eb4df06a224b91089fed5b
  13. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: fbd895b0655a337b2cd657675f314188a4e9fe614444cc63dfeb3f066f674514

2020-08-14 (3.33.0)

  1. Support for UPDATE FROM following the PostgreSQL syntax.
  2. Increase the maximum size of database files to 281 TB.
  3. Extended the PRAGMA integrity_check statement so that it can optionally be limited to verifying just a single table and its indexes, rather than the entire database file.
  4. Added the decimal extension for doing arbitrary-precision decimal arithmetic.
  5. Enhancements to the ieee754 extension for working with IEEE 754 binary64 numbers.
  6. CLI enhancements:
    1. Added four new output modes: "box", "json", "markdown", and "table".
    2. The "column" output mode automatically expands columns to contain the longest output row and automatically turns ".header" on if it has not been previously set.
    3. The "quote" output mode honors ".separator"
    4. The decimal extension and the ieee754 extension are built-in to the CLI
  7. Query planner improvements:
    1. Add the ability to find a full-index-scan query plan for queries using INDEXED BY which previously would fail with "no query solution".
    2. Do a better job of detecting missing, incomplete, and/or dodgy sqlite_stat1 data and generates good query plans in spite of the misinformation.
    3. Improved performance of queries like "SELECT min(x) FROM t WHERE y IN (?,?,?)" assuming an index on t(x,y).
  8. In WAL mode, if a writer crashes and leaves the shm file in an inconsistent state, subsequent transactions are now able to recover the shm file even if there are active read transactions. Before this enhancement, shm file recovery that scenario would result in an SQLITE_PROTOCOL error.


  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-08-14 13:23:32 fca8dc8b578f215a969cd899336378966156154710873e68b3d9ac5881b0ff3f
  10. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: d00b7fffa6d33af2303430eaf394321da2960604d25a4471c7af566344f2abf9

2020-06-18 (3.32.3)

  1. Various minor bug fixes including fixes for tickets 8f157e8010b22af0, 9fb26d37cefaba40, e367f31901ea8700, b706351ce2ecf59a, 7c6d876f84e6e7e2, and c8d3b9f0a750a529.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-06-18 14:00:33 7ebdfa80be8e8e73324b8d66b3460222eb74c7e9dfd655b48d6ca7e1933cc8fd
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: b62b77ee1c561a69a71bb557694aaa5141f1714c1ff6cc1ba8aa8733c92d4f52

2020-06-04 (3.32.2)

  1. Fix a long-standing bug in the byte-code engine that can cause a COMMIT command report as success when in fact it failed to commit. Ticket 810dc8038872e212


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-06-04 12:58:43 ec02243ea6ce33b090870ae55ab8aa2534b54d216d45c4aa2fdbb00e86861e8c
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: f17a2a57f7eebc72d405f3b640b4a49bcd02364a9c36e04feeb145eccafa3f8d

2020-05-25 (3.32.1)

  1. Fix two long-standing bugs that allow malicious SQL statements to crash the process that is running SQLite. These bugs were announced by a third-party approximately 24 hours after the 3.32.0 release but are not specific to the 3.32.0 release.
  2. Other minor compiler-warning fixes and whatnot.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-05-25 16:19:56 0c1fcf4711a2e66c813aed38cf41cd3e2123ee8eb6db98118086764c4ba83350
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: f695ae21abf045e4ee77980a67ab2c6e03275009e593ee860a2eabf840482372

2020-05-22 (3.32.0)

  1. Added support for approximate ANALYZE using the PRAGMA analysis_limit command.
  2. Added the bytecode virtual table.
  3. Add the checksum VFS shim to the set of run-time loadable extensions included in the source tree.
  4. Added the iif() SQL function.
  5. INSERT and UPDATE statements now always apply column affinity before computing CHECK constraints. This bug fix could, in theory, cause problems for legacy databases with unorthodox CHECK constraints the require the input type for an INSERT is different from the declared column type. See ticket 86ba67afafded936 for more information.
  6. Added the sqlite3_create_filename(), sqlite3_free_filename(), and sqlite3_database_file_object() interfaces to better support of VFS shim implementations.
  7. Increase the default upper bound on the number of parameters from 999 to 32766.
  8. Added code for the UINT collating sequence as an optional loadable extension.
  9. Enhancements to the CLI:
    1. Add options to the .import command: --csv, --ascii, --skip
    2. The .dump command now accepts multiple LIKE-pattern arguments and outputs the union of all matching tables.
    3. Add the .oom command in debugging builds
    4. Add the --bom option to the .excel, .output, and .once commands.
    5. Enhance the .filectrl command to support the --schema option.
    6. The UINT collating sequence extension is automatically loaded
  10. The ESCAPE clause of a LIKE operator now overrides wildcard characters, so that the behavior matches what PostgreSQL does.
  11. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-05-22 17:46:16 5998789c9c744bce92e4cff7636bba800a75574243d6977e1fc8281e360f8d5a
  12. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 33ed868b21b62ce1d0352ed88bdbd9880a42f29046497a222df6459fc32a356f

2020-01-27 (3.31.1)

  1. Revert the data layout for an internal-use-only SQLite data structure. Applications that use SQLite should never reference internal SQLite data structures, but some do anyhow, and a change to one such data structure in 3.30.0 broke a popular and widely-deployed application. Reverting that change in SQLite, at least temporarily, gives developers of misbehaving applications time to fix their code.
  2. Fix a typos in the sqlite3ext.h header file that prevented the sqlite3_stmt_isexplain() and sqlite3_value_frombind() interfaces from being called from run-time loadable extensions.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-01-27 19:55:54 3bfa9cc97da10598521b342961df8f5f68c7388fa117345eeb516eaa837bb4d6
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: de465c64f09529429a38cbdf637acce4dfda6897f93e3db3594009e0fed56d27

2020-01-22 (3.31.0)

  1. Add support for generated columns.
  2. Add the sqlite3_hard_heap_limit64() interface and the corresponding PRAGMA hard_heap_limit command.
  3. Enhance the function_list pragma to show the number of arguments on each function, the type of function (scalar, aggregate, window), and the function property flags SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, SQLITE_DIRECTONLY, SQLITE_INNOCUOUS, and/or SQLITE_SUBTYPE.
  4. Add the aggregated mode feature to the DBSTAT virtual table.
  5. Add the SQLITE_OPEN_NOFOLLOW option to sqlite3_open_v2() that prevents SQLite from opening symbolic links.
  6. Added the "#-N" array notation for JSON function path arguments.
  7. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA connection setting which is also controllable via the new trusted_schema pragma and at compile-time using the -DSQLITE_TRUSTED_SCHEMA compile-time option.
  8. Added APIs sqlite3_filename_database(), sqlite3_filename_journal(), and sqlite3_filename_wal() which are useful for specialized extensions.
  9. Add the sqlite3_uri_key() interface.
  10. Upgraded the sqlite3_uri_parameter() function so that it works with the rollback journal or WAL filename in addition to the database filename.
  11. Provide the ability to tag application-defined SQL functions with new properties SQLITE_INNOCUOUS or SQLITE_DIRECTONLY.
  12. Add new verbs to sqlite3_vtab_config() so that the xConnect method of virtual tables can declare the virtual table as SQLITE_VTAB_INNOCUOUS or SQLITE_VTAB_DIRECTONLY.
  13. Faster response to sqlite3_interrupt().
  14. Added the uuid.c extension module implementing functions for processing RFC-4122 UUIDs.
  15. The lookaside memory allocator is enhanced to support two separate memory pools with different sized allocations in each pool. This allows more memory allocations to be covered by lookaside while at the same time reducing the heap memory usage to 48KB per connection, down from 120KB.
  16. The legacy_file_format pragma is deactivated. It is now a no-op. In its place, the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LEGACY_FILE_FORMAT option to sqlite3_db_config() is provided. The legacy_file_format pragma is deactivated because (1) it is rarely useful and (2) it is incompatible with VACUUM in schemas that have tables with both generated columns and descending indexes. Ticket 6484e6ce678fffab


  17. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2020-01-22 18:38:59 f6affdd41608946fcfcea914ece149038a8b25a62bbe719ed2561c649b86d824
  18. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: a5fca0b9f8cbf80ac89b97193378c719d4af4b7d647729d8df9c0c0fca7b1388

2019-10-10 (3.30.1)

  1. Fix a bug in the query flattener that might cause a segfault for nested queries that use the new FILTER clause on aggregate functions. Ticket 1079ad19993d13fa
  2. Cherrypick fixes for other obscure problems found since the 3.30.0 release


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2019-10-10 20:19:45 18db032d058f1436ce3dea84081f4ee5a0f2259ad97301d43c426bc7f3df1b0b
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: f96fafe4c110ed7d77fc70a7d690e5edd1e64fefb84b3b5969a722d885de1f2d

2019-10-04 (3.30.0)

  1. Add support for the FILTER clause on aggregate functions.
  2. Add support for the NULLS FIRST and NULLS LAST syntax in ORDER BY clauses.
  3. The index_info and index_xinfo pragmas are enhanced to provide information about the on-disk representation of WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  4. Add the sqlite3_drop_modules() interface, allowing applications to disable automatically loaded virtual tables that they do not need.
  5. Improvements to the .recover dot-command in the CLI so that it recovers more content from corrupt database files.
  6. Enhance the RBU extension to support indexes on expressions.
  7. Change the schema parser so that it will error out if any of the type, name, and tbl_name columns of the sqlite_master table have been corrupted and the database connection is not in writable_schema mode.
  8. The PRAGMA function_list, PRAGMA module_list, and PRAGMA pragma_list commands are now enabled in all builds by default. Disable them using -DSQLITE_OMIT_INTROSPECTION_PRAGMAS.
  9. Add the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_VIEW option for sqlite3_db_config().
  10. Added the TCL Interface config method in order to be able to disable SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_VIEW as well as control other sqlite3_db_config() options from TCL.
  11. Added the SQLITE_DIRECTONLY flag for application-defined SQL functions to prevent those functions from being used inside triggers and views.
  12. The legacy SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 compile-time option is now a no-op.


  13. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2019-10-04 15:03:17 c20a35336432025445f9f7e289d0cc3e4003fb17f45a4ce74c6269c407c6e09f
  14. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: f04393dd47205a4ee2b98ff737dc51a3fdbcc14c055b88d58f5b27d0672158f5

2019-07-10 (3.29.0)

  1. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DQS_DML and SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DQS_DDL actions to sqlite3_db_config() for activating and deactivating the double-quoted string literal misfeature. Both default to "on" for legacy compatibility, but developers are encouraged to turn them "off", perhaps using the -DSQLITE_DQS=0 compile-time option.
  2. -DSQLITE_DQS=0 is now a recommended compile-time option.
  3. Improvements to the query planner:
    1. Improved optimization of AND and OR operators when one or the other operand is a constant.
    2. Enhancements to the LIKE optimization for cases when the left-hand side column has numeric affinity.
  4. Added the "sqlite_dbdata" virtual table for extracting raw low-level content from an SQLite database, even a database that is corrupt.
  5. Improvements to rounding behavior, so that the results of rounding binary numbers using the round() function are closer to what people who are used to thinking in decimal actually expect.
  6. Enhancements to the CLI:
    1. Add the ".recover" command which tries to recover as much content as possible from a corrupt database file.
    2. Add the ".filectrl" command useful for testing.
    3. Add the long-standing ".testctrl" command to the ".help" menu.
    4. Added the ".dbconfig" command


  7. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2019-07-10 17:32:03 fc82b73eaac8b36950e527f12c4b5dc1e147e6f4ad2217ae43ad82882a88bfa6
  8. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: d9a5daf7697a827f4b2638276ce639fa04e8e8bb5fd3a6b683cfad10f1c81b12

2019-04-16 (3.28.0)

  1. Enhanced window functions:
    1. Add support the EXCLUDE clause.
    2. Add support for window chaining.
    3. Add support for GROUPS frames.
    4. Add support for "<expr> PRECEDING" and "<expr> FOLLOWING" boundaries in RANGE frames.
  2. Added the new sqlite3_stmt_isexplain(S) interface for determining whether or not a prepared statement is an EXPLAIN.
  3. Enhanced VACUUM INTO so that it works for read-only databases.
  4. New query optimizations:
    1. Enable the LIKE optimization for cases when the ESCAPE keyword is present and PRAGMA case_sensitive_like is on.
    2. In queries that are driven by a partial index, avoid unnecessary tests of the constraint named in the WHERE clause of the partial index, since we know that constraint must always be true.
  5. Enhancements to the TCL Interface:
    1. Added the -returntype option to the function method.
    2. Added the new bind_fallback method.
  6. Enhancements to the CLI:
    1. Added support for bound parameters and the .parameter command.
    2. Fix the readfile() function so that it returns an empty BLOB rather than throwing an out-of-memory error when reading an empty file.
    3. Fix the writefile() function so that when it creates new directories along the path of a new file, it gives them umask permissions rather than the same permissions as the file.
    4. Change --update option in the .archive command so that it skips files that are already in the archive and are unchanged. Add the new --insert option that works like --update used to work.
  7. Added the fossildelta.c extension that can create, apply, and deconstruct the Fossil DVCS file delta format that is used by the RBU extension.
  8. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_WRITABLE_SCHEMA verb for the sqlite3_db_config() interface, that does the same work as PRAGMA writable_schema without using the SQL parser.
  9. Added the sqlite3_value_frombind() API for determining if the argument to an SQL function is from a bound parameter.
  10. Security and compatibilities enhancements to fts3_tokenizer():
    1. The fts3_tokenizer() function always returns NULL unless either the legacy application-defined FTS3 tokenizers interface are enabled using the sqlite3_db_config(SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER) setting, or unless the first argument to fts3_tokenizer() is a bound parameter.
    2. The two-argument version of fts3_tokenizer() accepts a pointer to the tokenizer method object even without the sqlite3_db_config(SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER) setting if the second argument is a bound parameter
  11. Improved robustness against corrupt database files.
  12. Miscellaneous performance enhancements
  13. Established a Git mirror of the offical SQLite source tree. The canonical sources for SQLite are maintained using the Fossil DVCS at The Git mirror can be seen at


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2019-04-16 19:49:53 884b4b7e502b4e991677b53971277adfaf0a04a284f8e483e2553d0f83156b50
  15. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 411efca996b65448d9798eb203d6ebe9627b7161a646f5d00911e2902a57b2e9

2019-02-25 (3.27.2)

  1. Fix a bug in the IN operator that was introduced by an attempted optimization in version 3.27.0. Ticket df46dfb631f75694
  2. Fix a bug causing a crash when a window function is misused. Ticket 4feb3159c6bc3f7e33959.
  3. Fix various documentation typos


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: bd49a8271d650fa89e446b42e513b595a717b9212c91dd384aab871fc1d0f6d7
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 1dbae33bff261f979d0042338f72c9e734b11a80720fb32498bae9150cc576e7

2019-02-08 (3.27.1)

  1. Fix a bug in the query optimizer: an adverse interaction between the OR optimization and the optimization that tries to use values read directly from an expression index instead of recomputing the expression. Ticket 4e8e4857d32d401f


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: 2019-02-08 13:17:39 0eca3dd3d38b31c92b49ca2d311128b74584714d9e7de895b1a6286ef959a1dd
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 11c14992660d5ac713ea8bea48dc5e6123f26bc8d3075fe5585d1a217d090233

2019-02-07 (3.27.0)

  1. Added the VACUUM INTO command
  2. Issue an SQLITE_WARNING message on the error log if a double-quoted string literal is used.
  3. The sqlite3_normalized_sql() interface works on any prepared statement created using sqlite3_prepare_v2() or sqlite3_prepare_v3(). It is no longer necessary to use sqlite3_prepare_v3() with SQLITE_PREPARE_NORMALIZE in order to use sqlite3_normalized_sql().
  4. Added the remove_diacritics=2 option to FTS3 and FTS5.
  5. Added the SQLITE_PREPARE_NO_VTAB option to sqlite3_prepare_v3(). Use that option to prevent circular references to shadow tables from causing resource leaks.
  6. Enhancements to the sqlite3_deserialize() interface:
    1. Add the SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_LIMIT file-control for setting an upper bound on the size of the in-memory database created by sqlite3_deserialize. The default upper bound is 1GiB, or whatever alternative value is specified by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMDB_MAXSIZE) and/or SQLITE_MEMDB_DEFAULT_MAXSIZE.
    2. Honor the SQLITE_DESERIALIZE_READONLY flag, which was previously described in the documentation, but was previously a no-op.
    3. Enhance the "deserialize" command of the TCL Interface to give it new "--maxsize N" and "--readonly BOOLEAN" options.
  7. Enhancements to the CLI, mostly to support testing and debugging of the SQLite library itself:
    1. Add support for ".open --hexdb". The "dbtotxt" utility program used to generate the text for the "hexdb" is added to the source tree.
    2. Add support for the "--maxsize N" option on ".open --deserialize".
    3. Add the "--memtrace" command-line option, to show all memory allocations and deallocations.
    4. Add the ".eqp trace" option on builds with SQLITE_DEBUG, to enable bytecode program listing with indentation and PRAGMA vdbe_trace all in one step.
    5. Add the ".progress" command for accessing the sqlite3_progress_handler() interface.
    6. Add the "--async" option to the ".backup" command.
    7. Add options "--expanded", "--normalized", "--plain", "--profile", "--row", "--stmt", and "--close" to the ".trace" command.
  8. Increased robustness against malicious SQL that is run against a maliciously corrupted database.

    Bug fixes:

  9. Do not use a partial index to do a table scan on an IN operator. Ticket 1d958d90596593a774.
  10. Fix the query flattener so that it works on queries that contain subqueries that use window functions. Ticket 709fcd17810f65f717
  11. Ensure that ALTER TABLE modifies table and column names embedded in WITH clauses that are part of views and triggers.
  12. Fix a parser bug that prevented the use of parentheses around table-valued functions.
  13. Fix a problem with the OR optimization on indexes on expressions. Ticket d96eba87698a428c1d.
  14. Fix a problem with the LEFT JOIN strength reduction optimization in which the optimization was being applied inappropriately due to an IS NOT NULL operator. Ticket 5948e09b8c415bc45d.
  15. Fix the REPLACE command so that it is no longer able to sneak a NULL value into a NOT NULL column even if the NOT NULL column has a default value of NULL. Ticket e6f1f2e34dceeb1ed6
  16. Fix a problem with the use of window functions used within correlated subqueries. Ticket d0866b26f83e9c55e3
  17. Fix the ALTER TABLE RENAME COLUMN command so that it works for tables that have redundant UNIQUE constraints. Ticket bc8d94f0fbd633fd9a
  18. Fix a bug that caused zeroblob values to be truncated when inserted into a table that uses an expression index. Ticket bb4bdb9f7f654b0bb9


  19. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2019-02-07 17:02:52 97744701c3bd414e6c9d7182639d8c2ce7cf124c4fce625071ae65658ac61713 "
  20. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: ca011a10ee8515b33e5643444b98ee3d74dc45d3ac766c3700320def52bc6aba

2018-12-01 (3.26.0)

  1. Optimization: When doing an UPDATE on a table with indexes on expressions, do not update the expression indexes if they do not refer to any of the columns of the table being updated.
  2. Allow the xBestIndex() method of virtual table implementations to return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT to indicate that the proposed query plan is unusable and should not be given further consideration.
  3. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DEFENSIVE option which disables the ability to create corrupt database files using ordinary SQL.
  4. Added support for read-only shadow tables when the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_DEFENSIVE option is enabled.
  5. Added the PRAGMA legacy_alter_table command, which if enabled causes the ALTER TABLE command to behave like older version of SQLite (prior to version 3.25.0) for compatibility.
  6. Added PRAGMA table_xinfo that works just like PRAGMA table_info except that it also shows hidden columns in virtual tables.
  7. Added the explain virtual table as a run-time loadable extension.
  8. Add a limit counter to the query planner to prevent excessive sqlite3_prepare() times for certain pathological SQL inputs.
  9. Added support for the sqlite3_normalized_sql() interface, when compiling with SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE.
  10. Enhanced triggers so that they can use table-valued functions that exist in schemas other than the schema where the trigger is defined.
  11. Enhancements to the CLI:
    1. Improvements to the ".help" command.
    2. The SQLITE_HISTORY environment variable, if it exists, specifies the name of the command-line editing history file
    3. The --deserialize option associated with opening a new database cause the database file to be read into memory and accessed using the sqlite3_deserialize() API. This simplifies running tests on a database without modifying the file on disk.
  12. Enhancements to the geopoly extension:
    1. Always stores polygons using the binary format, which is faster and uses less space.
    2. Added the geopoly_regular() function.
    3. Added the geopoly_ccw() function.
  13. Enhancements to the session extension:
    2. Added the sqlite3changeset_start_v2() interface and the SQLITE_CHANGESETSTART_INVERT flag.
    3. Added the changesetfuzz.c test-case generator utility.


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-12-01 12:34:55 bf8c1b2b7a5960c282e543b9c293686dccff272512d08865f4600fb58238b4f9"
  15. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 72c08830da9b5d1cb397c612c0e870d7f5eb41a323b41aa3d8aa5ae9ccedb2c4

2018-11-05 (3.25.3)

  1. Disallow the use of window functions in the recursive part of a CTE. Ticket e8275b415a2f03bee
  2. Fix the behavior of typeof() and length() on virtual tables. Ticket 69d642332d25aa3b7315a6d385
  3. Strengthen defenses against deliberately corrupted database files.
  4. Fix a problem in the query planner that results when a row-value expression is used with a PRIMARY KEY with redundant columns. Ticket 1a84668dcfdebaf12415d
  5. Fix the query planner so that it works correctly for IS NOT NULL operators in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN with the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 compile-time option. 65eb38f6e46de8c75e188a17ec


  6. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-11-05 20:37:38 89e099fbe5e13c33e683bef07361231ca525b88f7907be7092058007b75036f2"
  7. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 45586e4df74de3a43f3a1f8c7a78c3c3f02edce01af7d10cafe68bb94476a5c5

2018-09-25 (3.25.2)

  1. Add the PRAGMA legacy_alter_table=ON command that causes the "ALTER TABLE RENAME" command to behave as it did in SQLite versions 3.24.0 and earlier: references to the renamed table inside the bodies of triggers and views are not updated. This new pragma provides a compatibility work around for older programs that expected the older, wonky behavior of ALTER TABLE RENAME.
  2. Fix a problem with the new window functions implementation that caused a malfunction when complicated expressions involving window functions were used inside of a view.
  3. Fixes for various other compiler warnings and minor problems associated with obscure configurations.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-09-25 19:08:10 fb90e7189ae6d62e77ba3a308ca5d683f90bbe633cf681865365b8e92792d1c7"
  5. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 34c23ff91631ae10354f8c9d62fd7d65732b3d7f3acfd0bbae31ff4a62fe28af

2018-09-18 (3.25.1)

  1. Extra sanity checking added to ALTER TABLE in the 3.25.0 release sometimes raises a false-positive when the table being modified has a trigger that updates a virtual table. The false-positive caused the ALTER TABLE to rollback, thus leaving the schema unchanged. Ticket b41031ea2b537237.
  2. The fix in the 3.25.0 release for the endless-loop in the byte-code associated with the ORDER BY LIMIT optimization did not work for some queries involving window functions. An additional correction is required. Ticket 510cde277783b5fb


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-09-18 20:20:44 2ac9003de44da7dafa3fbb1915ac5725a9275c86bf2f3b7aa19321bf1460b386"
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 1b2302e7a54cc99c84ff699a299f61f069a28e1ed090b89e4430ca80ae2aab06

2018-09-15 (3.25.0)

  1. Add support for window functions
  2. Enhancements the ALTER TABLE command:
    1. Add support for renaming columns within a table using ALTER TABLE table RENAME COLUMN oldname TO newname.
    2. Fix table rename feature so that it also updates references to the renamed table in triggers and views.
  3. Query optimizer improvements:
    1. Avoid unnecessary loads of columns in an aggregate query that are not within an aggregate function and that are not part of the GROUP BY clause.
    2. The IN-early-out optimization: When doing a look-up on a multi-column index and an IN operator is used on a column other than the left-most column, then if no rows match against the first IN value, check to make sure there exist rows that match the columns to the right before continuing with the next IN value.
    3. Use the transitive property to try to propagate constant values within the WHERE clause. For example, convert "a=99 AND b=a" into "a=99 AND b=99".
  4. Use a separate mutex on every inode in the unix VFS, rather than a single mutex shared among them all, for slightly better concurrency in multi-threaded environments.
  5. Enhance the PRAGMA integrity_check command for improved detection of problems on the page freelist.
  6. Output infinity as 1e999 in the ".dump" command of the command-line shell.
  7. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_DATA_VERSION file-control.
  8. Added the Geopoly module

    Bug fixes:

  9. The ORDER BY LIMIT optimization might have caused an infinite loop in the byte code of the prepared statement under very obscure circumstances, due to a confluence of minor defects in the query optimizer. Fix for ticket 9936b2fa443fec03ff25
  10. On an UPSERT when the order of constraint checks is rearranged, ensure that the affinity transformations on the inserted content occur before any of the constraint checks. Fix for ticket 79cad5e4b2e219dd197242e9e.
  11. Avoid using a prepared statement for ".stats on" command of the CLI after it has been closed by the ".eqp full" logicc. Fix for ticket 7be932dfa60a8a6b3b26bcf76.
  12. The LIKE optimization was generating incorrect byte-code and hence getting the wrong answer if the left-hand operand has numeric affinity and the right-hand-side pattern is '/%' or if the pattern begins with the ESCAPE character. Fix for ticket c94369cae9b561b1f996d0054b


  13. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-09-15 04:01:47 b63af6c3bd33152742648d5d2e8dc5d5fcbcdd27df409272b6aea00a6f761760"
  14. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 989e3ff37f2b5eea8e42205f808ccf0ba86c6ea6aa928ad2c011f33a108ac45d

2018-06-04 (3.24.0)

  1. Add support for PostgreSQL-style UPSERT.
  2. Add support for auxiliary columns in r-tree tables.
  3. Add C-language APIs for discovering SQL keywords used by SQLite: sqlite3_keyword_count(), sqlite3_keyword_name(), and sqlite3_keyword_check().
  4. Add C-language APIs for dynamic strings based on the sqlite3_str object.
  5. Enhance ALTER TABLE so that it recognizes "true" and "false" as valid arguments to DEFAULT.
  6. Add the sorter-reference optimization as a compile-time option. Only available if compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES.
  7. Improve the format of the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN raw output, so that it gives better information about the query plan and about the relationships between the various components of the plan.
  8. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE option to the sqlite3_db_config() API.

    CLI Enhancements:

  9. Automatically intercepts the raw EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output and reformats it into an ASCII-art graph.
  10. Lines that begin with "#" and that are not in the middle of an SQL statement are interpreted as comments.
  11. Added the --append option to the ".backup" command.
  12. Added the ".dbconfig" command.


  13. UPDATE avoids unnecessary low-level disk writes when the contents of the database file do not actually change. For example, "UPDATE t1 SET x=25 WHERE y=?" generates no extra disk I/O if the value in column x is already 25. Similarly, when doing UPDATE on records that span multiple pages, only the subset of pages that actually change are written to disk. This is a low-level performance optimization only and does not affect the behavior of TRIGGERs or other higher level SQL structures.
  14. Queries that use ORDER BY and LIMIT now try to avoid computing rows that cannot possibly come in under the LIMIT. This can greatly improve performance of ORDER BY LIMIT queries, especially when the LIMIT is small relative to the number of unrestricted output rows.
  15. The OR optimization is allowed to proceed even if the OR expression has also been converted into an IN expression. Uses of the OR optimization are now also more clearly shown in the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output.
  16. The query planner is more aggressive about using automatic indexes for views and subqueries for which it is not possible to create a persistent index.
  17. Make use of the one-pass UPDATE and DELETE query plans in the R-Tree extension where appropriate.
  18. Performance improvements in the LEMON-generated parser.

    Bug fixes:

  19. For the right-hand table of a LEFT JOIN, compute the values of expressions directly rather than loading precomputed values out of an expression index as the expression index might not contain the correct value. Ticket 7fa8049685b50b5aeb0c2
  20. Do not attempt to use terms from the WHERE clause to enable indexed lookup of the right-hand table of a LEFT JOIN. Ticket 4ba5abf65c5b0f9a96a7a
  21. Fix a memory leak that can occur following a failure to open error in the CSV virtual table
  22. Fix a long-standing problem wherein a corrupt schema on the sqlite_sequence table used by AUTOINCREMENT can lead to a crash. Ticket d8dc2b3a58cd5dc2918a1
  23. Fix the json_each() function so that it returns valid results on its "fullkey" column when the input is a simple value rather than an array or object.


  24. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-06-04 19:24:41 c7ee0833225bfd8c5ec2f9bf62b97c4e04d03bd9566366d5221ac8fb199a87ca"
  25. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 0d384704e1c66026228336d1e91771d295bf688c9c44c7a44f25a4c16c26ab3c

2018-04-10 (3.23.1)

  1. Fix two problems in the new LEFT JOIN strength reduction optimization. Tickets 1e39b966ae9ee739 and fac496b61722daf2.
  2. Fix misbehavior of the FTS5 xBestIndex method. Ticket 2b8aed9f7c9e61e8.
  3. Fix a harmless reference to an uninitialized virtual machine register. Ticket 093420fc0eb7cba7.
  4. Fix the CLI so that it builds with -DSQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  5. Fix the eval.c extension so that it works with PRAGMA empty_result_callbacks=ON.
  6. Fix the generate_series virtual table so that it correctly returns no rows if any of its constraints are NULL.
  7. Performance enhancements in the parser.


  8. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-04-10 17:39:29 4bb2294022060e61de7da5c227a69ccd846ba330e31626ebcd59a94efd148b3b"
  9. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 65750d1e506f416a0b0b9dd22d171379679c733e3460549754dc68c92705b5dc

2018-04-02 (3.23.0)

  1. Add the sqlite3_serialize() and sqlite3_deserialize() interfaces when the SQLITE_ENABLE_DESERIALIZE compile-time option is used.
  2. Recognize TRUE and FALSE as constants. (For compatibility, if there exist columns named "true" or "false", then the identifiers refer to the columns rather than Boolean constants.)
  3. Support operators IS TRUE, IS FALSE, IS NOT TRUE, and IS NOT FALSE.
  4. Added the SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_SPILL option to sqlite3_db_status() for reporting the number of cache spills that have occurred.
  5. The "alternate-form-2" flag ("!") on the built-in printf implementation now causes string substitutions to measure the width and precision in characters instead of bytes.
  6. If the xColumn method in a virtual table implementation returns an error message using sqlite3_result_error() then give that error message preference over internally-generated messages.
  7. Added the -A command-line option to the CLI to make it easier to manage SQLite Archive files.
  8. Add support for INSERT OR REPLACE, INSERT OR IGNORE, and UPDATE OR REPLACE in the Zipfile virtual table.
  9. Enhance the sqlite3changeset_apply() interface so that it is hardened against attacks from deliberately corrupted changeset objects.
  10. Added the sqlite3_normalize() extension function.
  11. Query optimizer enhancements:
    1. Improve the omit-left-join optimization so that it works in cases where the right-hand table is UNIQUE but not necessarily NOT NULL.
    2. Improve the push-down optimization so that it works for many LEFT JOINs.
    3. Add the LEFT JOIN strength reduction optimization that converts a LEFT JOIN into an ordinary JOIN if there exist terms in the WHERE clause that would prevent the extra all-NULL row of the LEFT JOIN from appearing in the output set.
    4. Avoid unnecessary writes to the sqlite_sequence table when an AUTOINCREMENT table is updated with an rowid that is less than the maximum.
  12. Bug fixes:
    1. Fix the parser to accept valid row value syntax. Ticket 7310e2fb3d046a5
    2. Fix the query planner so that it takes into account dependencies in the arguments to table-valued functions in subexpressions in the WHERE clause. Ticket 80177f0c226ff54
    3. Fix incorrect result with complex OR-connected WHERE and STAT4. Ticket ec32177c99ccac2
    4. Fix potential corruption in indexes on expressions due to automatic datatype conversions. Ticket 343634942dd54ab
    5. Assertion fault in FTS4. Ticket d6ec09eccf68cfc
    6. Incorrect result on the less-than operator in row values. Ticket f484b65f3d62305
    7. Always interpret non-zero floating-point values as TRUE, even if the integer part is zero. Ticket 36fae083b450e3a
    8. Fix an issue in the fsdir(PATH) table-valued function to the fileio.c extension, that caused a segfault if the fsdir() table was used as the inner table of a join. Problem reported on the mailing list and fixed by check-in 7ce4e71c1b7251be
    9. Issue an error rather instead of an assertion-fault or null-pointer dereference when the sqlite_master table is corrupted so that the sqlite_sequence table root page is really a btree-index page. Check-in 525deb7a67fbd647
    10. Fix the ANALYZE command so that it computes statistics on tables whose names begin with "sqlite". Check-in 0249d9aecf69948d
  13. Additional fixes for issues detected by OSSFuzz:
    1. Fix a possible infinite loop on VACUUM for corrupt database files. Check-in 27754b74ddf64
    2. Disallow parameters in the WITH clause of triggers and views. Check-in b918d4b4e546d
    3. Fix a potential memory leak in row value processing. Check-in 2df6bbf1b8ca8
    4. Improve the performance of the replace() SQL function for cases where there are many substitutions on megabyte-sized strings, in an attempt to avoid OSSFuzz timeouts during testing. Check-in fab2c2b07b5d3
    5. Provide an appropriate error message when the sqlite_master table contains a CREATE TABLE AS statement. Formerly this caused either an assertion fault or null pointer dereference. Problem found by OSSFuzz on the GDAL project. Check-in d75e67654aa96
    6. Incorrect assert() statement removed. Check-in 823779d31eb09cda.
    7. Fix a problem with using the LIKE optimization on an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY. Check-in b850dd159918af56.


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-04-02 11:04:16 736b53f57f70b23172c30880186dce7ad9baa3b74e3838cae5847cffb98f5cd2"
  15. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 4bed3dc2dc905ff55e2c21fd2725551fc0ca50912a9c96c6af712a4289cb24fa

2018-01-22 (3.22.0)

  1. The output of sqlite3_trace_v2() now shows each individual SQL statement run within a trigger.
  2. Add the ability to read from WAL mode databases even if the application lacks write permission on the database and its containing directory, as long as the -shm and -wal files exist in that directory.
  3. Added the rtreecheck() scalar SQL function to the R-Tree extension.
  4. Added the sqlite3_vtab_nochange() and sqlite3_value_nochange() interfaces to help virtual table implementations optimize UPDATE operations.
  5. Added the sqlite3_vtab_collation() interface.
  6. Added support for the "^" initial token syntax in FTS5.
  7. New extensions:
    1. The Zipfile virtual table can read and write a ZIP Archive.
    2. Added the fsdir(PATH) table-valued function to the fileio.c extension, for listing the files in a directory.
    3. The sqlite_btreeinfo eponymous virtual table for introspecting and estimating the sizes of the btrees in a database.
    4. The Append VFS is a VFS shim that allows an SQLite database to be appended to some other file. This allows (for example) a database to be appended to an executable that then opens and reads the database.
  8. Query planner enhancements:
    1. The optimization that uses an index to quickly compute an aggregate min() or max() is extended to work with indexes on expressions.
    2. The decision of whether to implement a FROM-clause subquery as a co-routine or using query flattening now considers whether the result set of the outer query is "complex" (if it contains functions or expression subqueries). A complex result set biases the decision toward the use of co-routines.
    3. The planner avoids query plans that use indexes with unknown collating functions.
    4. The planner omits unused LEFT JOINs even if they are not the right-most joins of a query.
  9. Other performance optimizations:
    1. A smaller and faster implementation of text to floating-point conversion subroutine: sqlite3AtoF().
    2. The Lemon parser generator creates a faster parser.
    3. Use the strcspn() C-library routine to speed up the LIKE and GLOB operators.
  10. Improvements to the command-line shell:
    1. The ".schema" command shows the structure of virtual tables.
    2. Added support for reading and writing SQLite Archive files using the .archive command.
    3. Added the experimental .expert command
    4. Added the ".eqp trigger" variant of the ".eqp" command
    5. Enhance the ".lint fkey-indexes" command so that it works with WITHOUT ROWID tables.
    6. If the filename argument to the shell is a ZIP archive rather than an SQLite database, then the shell automatically opens that ZIP archive using the Zipfile virtual table.
    7. Added the edit() SQL function.
    8. Added the .excel command to simplify exporting database content to a spreadsheet.
    9. Databases are opened using Append VFS when the --append flag is used on the command line or with the .open command.
  11. Enhance the SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT compile-time option so that it works for WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  12. Provide the sqlite_offset(X) SQL function that returns the byte offset into the database file to the beginning of the record holding value X, when compiling with -DSQLITE_ENABLE_OFFSET_SQL_FUNC.
  13. Bug fixes:
    1. Infinite loop on an UPDATE that uses an OR operator in the WHERE clause. Problem introduced with 3.17.0 and reported on the mailing list about one year later. Ticket 47b2581aa9bfecec.
    2. Incorrect query results when the skip-ahead-distinct optimization is used. Ticket ef9318757b152e3a.
    3. Incorrect query results on a join with a ORDER BY DESC. Ticket 123c9ba32130a6c9.
    4. Inconsistent result set column names between CREATE TABLE AS and a simple SELECT. Ticket 3b4450072511e621
    5. Assertion fault when doing REPLACE on an index on an expression. Ticket dc3f932f5a147771
    6. Assertion fault when doing an IN operator on a constant index. Ticket aa98619ad08ddcab


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2018-01-22 18:45:57 0c55d179733b46d8d0ba4d88e01a25e10677046ee3da1d5b1581e86726f2171d"
  15. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 206df47ebc49cd1710ac0dd716ce5de5854826536993f4feab7a49d136b85069

2017-10-24 (3.21.0)

  1. Take advantage of the atomic-write capabilities in the F2FS filesystem when available, for greatly reduced transaction overhead. This currently requires the SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE compile-time option.
  2. Allow ATTACH and DETACH commands to work inside of a transaction.
  3. Allow WITHOUT ROWID virtual tables to be writable if the PRIMARY KEY contains exactly one column.
  4. The "fsync()" that occurs after the header is written in a WAL reset now uses the sync settings for checkpoints. This means it will use a "fullfsync" on macs if PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync set on.
  5. The sqlite3_sourceid() function tries to detect if the source code has been modified from what is checked into version control and if there are modifications, the last four characters of the version hash are shown as "alt1" or "alt2". The objective is to detect accidental and/or careless edits. A forger can subvert this feature.
  6. Improved de-quoting of column names for CREATE TABLE AS statements with an aggregate query on the right-hand side.
  7. Fewer "stat()" system calls issued by the unix VFS.
  8. Enhanced the LIKE optimization so that it works with an ESCAPE clause.
  9. Enhanced PRAGMA integrity_check and PRAGMA quick_check to detect obscure row corruption that they were formerly missing. Also update both pragmas so that they return error text rather than SQLITE_CORRUPT when encountering corruption in records.
  10. The query planner now prefers to implement FROM-clause subqueries using co-routines rather using the query flattener optimization. Support for the use of co-routines for subqueries may no longer be disabled.
  11. Pass information about !=, IS, IS NOT, NOT NULL, and IS NULL constraints into the xBestIndex method of virtual tables.
  12. Enhanced the CSV virtual table so that it accepts the last row of input if the final new-line character is missing.
  13. Remove the rarely-used "scratch" memory allocator. Replace it with the SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC configuration setting that gives SQLite a hint that large memory allocations should be avoided when possible.
  14. Added the swarm virtual table to the existing union virtual table extension.
  15. Added the sqlite_dbpage virtual table for providing direct access to pages of the database file. The source code is built into the amalgamation and is activated using the -DSQLITE_ENABLE_DBPAGE_VTAB compile-time option.
  16. Add a new type of fts5vocab virtual table - "instance" - that provides direct access to an FTS5 full-text index at the lowest possible level.
  17. Remove a call to rand_s() in the Windows VFS since it was causing problems in Firefox on some older laptops.
  18. The src/shell.c source code to the command-line shell is no longer under version control. That file is now generated as part of the build process.
  19. Miscellaneous microoptimizations reduce CPU usage by about 2.1%.
  20. Bug fixes:
    1. Fix a faulty assert() statement discovered by OSSFuzz. Ticket cb91bf4290c211d
    2. Fix an obscure memory leak in sqlite3_result_pointer(). Ticket 7486aa54b968e9b
    3. Avoid a possible use-after-free error by deferring schema resets until after the query planner has finished running. Ticket be436a7f4587ce5
    4. Only use indexes-on-expressions to optimize ORDER BY or GROUP BY if the COLLATE is correct. Ticket e20dd54ab0e4383
    5. Fix an assertion fault that was coming up when the expression in an index-on-expressions is really a constant. Ticket aa98619ad08ddca
    6. Fix an assertion fault that could occur following PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects. Ticket cb91bf4290c211d
    7. Fix a segfault that can occur for queries that use table-valued functions in an IN or EXISTS subquery. Ticket b899b6042f97f5
    8. Fix a potential integer overflow problem when compiling a particular horrendous common table expression. This was another problem discovered by OSSFuzz. Check-in 6ee8cb6ae5.
    9. Fix a potential out-of-bound read when querying a corrupt database file, a problem detected by Natalie Silvanovich of Google Project Zero. Check-in 04925dee41a21f.


  21. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-10-24 18:55:49 1a584e499906b5c87ec7d43d4abce641fdf017c42125b083109bc77c4de48827"
  22. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 84c181c0283d0320f488357fc8aab51898370c157601459ebee49d779036fe03

2017-08-24 (3.20.1)

  1. Fix a potential memory leak in the new sqlite3_result_pointer() interface. Ticket 7486aa54b968e9b5.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-08-24 16:21:36 8d3a7ea6c5690d6b7c3767558f4f01b511c55463e3f9e64506801fe9b74dce34"
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 93b1a6d69b48dc39697d1d3a1e4c30b55da0bdd2cad0c054462f91081832954a

2017-08-01 (3.20.0)

  1. Update the text of error messages returned by sqlite3_errmsg() for some error codes.
  2. Add new pointer passing interfaces.
  3. Backwards-incompatible changes to some extensions in order to take advantage of the improved security offered by the new pointer passing interfaces:
    1. Extending FTS5 → requires sqlite3_bind_pointer() to find the fts5_api pointer.
    2. carray(PTR,N) → requires sqlite3_bind_pointer() to set the PTR parameter.
    3. remember(V,PTR) → requires sqlite3_bind_pointer() to set the PTR parameter.
  4. Added the SQLITE_STMT virtual table extension.
  5. Added the COMPLETION extension - designed to suggest tab-completions for interactive user interfaces. This is a work in progress. Expect further enhancements in future releases.
  6. Added the UNION virtual table extension.
  7. The built-in date and time functions have been enhanced so that they can be used in CHECK constraints, in indexes on expressions, and in the WHERE clauses of partial indexes, provided that they do not use the 'now', 'localtime', or 'utc' keywords. More information.
  8. Added the sqlite3_prepare_v3() and sqlite3_prepare16_v3() interfaces with the extra "prepFlags" parameters.
  9. Provide the SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT flag for sqlite3_prepare_v3() and use it to limit lookaside memory misuse by FTS3, FTS5, and the R-Tree extension.
  10. Added the PRAGMA secure_delete=FAST command. When secure_delete is set to FAST, old content is overwritten with zeros as long as that does not increase the amount of I/O. Deleted content might still persist on the free-page list but will be purged from all b-tree pages.
  11. Enhancements to the command-line shell:
    1. Add support for tab-completion using the COMPLETION extension, for both readline and linenoise.
    2. Add the ".cd" command.
    3. Enhance the ".schema" command to show the schema of all attached databases.
    4. Enhance ".tables" so that it shows the schema names for all attached if the name is anything other than "main".
    5. The ".import" command ignores an initial UTF-8 BOM.
    6. Added the "--newlines" option to the ".dump" command to cause U+000a and U+000d characters to be output literally rather than escaped using the replace() function.
  12. Query planner enhancements:
    1. When generating individual loops for each ORed term of an OR scan, move any constant WHERE expressions outside of the loop, as is done for top-level loops.
    2. The query planner examines the values of bound parameters to help determine if a partial index is usable.
    3. When deciding between two plans with the same estimated cost, bias the selection toward the one that does not use the sorter.
    4. Evaluate WHERE clause constraints involving correlated subqueries last, in the hope that they never have be evaluated at all.
    5. Do not use the flattening optimization for a sub-query on the RHS of a LEFT JOIN if that subquery reads data from a virtual table as doing so prevents the query planner from creating automatic indexes on the results of the sub-query, which can slow down the query.
  13. Add SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_REPREPARE, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_RUN, and SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_MEMUSED options for the sqlite3_stmt_status() interface.
  14. Provide PRAGMA functions for PRAGMA integrity_check, PRAGMA quick_check, and PRAGMA foreign_key_check.
  15. Add the -withoutnulls option to the TCL interface eval method.
  16. Enhance the sqlite3_analyzer.exe utility program so that it shows the number of bytes of metadata on btree pages.
  17. The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG run-time option and the SQLITE_ENABLE_QPSG compile-time option enable the query planner stability guarantee. See also ticket 892fc34f173e99d8
  18. Miscellaneous optimizations result in a 2% reduction in CPU cycles used.

    Bug Fixes:

  19. Fix the behavior of sqlite3_column_name() for queries that use the flattening optimization so that the result is consistent with other queries that do not use that optimization, and with PostgreSQL, MySQL, and SQLServer. Ticket de3403bf5ae.
  20. Fix the query planner so that it knows not to use automatic indexes on the right table of LEFT JOIN if the WHERE clause uses the IS operator. Fix for ce68383bf6aba.
  21. Ensure that the query planner knows that any column of a flattened LEFT JOIN can be NULL even if that column is labeled with "NOT NULL". Fix for ticket 892fc34f173e99d8.
  22. Fix rare false-positives in PRAGMA integrity_check when run on a database connection with attached databases. Ticket a4e06e75a9ab61a12
  23. Fix a bug (discovered by OSSFuzz) that causes an assertion fault if certain dodgy CREATE TABLE declarations are used. Ticket bc115541132dad136


  24. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-08-01 13:24:15 9501e22dfeebdcefa783575e47c60b514d7c2e0cad73b2a496c0bc4b680900a8"
  25. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 79b7f3b977360456350219cba0ba0e5eb55910565eab68ea83edda2f968ebe95

2017-06-17 (3.18.2)

  1. Fix a bug that might cause duplicate output rows when an IN operator is used in the WHERE clause. Ticket 61fe9745.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-06-17 09:59:36 036ebf729e4b21035d7f4f8e35a6f705e6bf99887889e2dc14ebf2242e7930dd"
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: b0bd014f2776b9f9508a3fc6432f70e2436bf54475369f88f0aeef75b0eec93e

2017-06-16 (3.18.1)

  1. Fix a bug associated with auto_vacuum that can lead to database corruption. The bug was introduced in version 3.16.0 (2017-01-02). Ticket fda22108.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-06-16 13:41:15 77bb46233db03a3338bacf7e56f439be3dfd1926ea0c44d252eeafa7a7b31c06"
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 334eaf776db9d09a4e69d6012c266bc837107edc2c981739ef82081cb11c5723

2017-06-08 (3.19.3)

  1. Fix a bug associated with auto_vacuum that can lead to database corruption. The bug was introduced in version 3.16.0 (2017-01-02). Ticket fda22108.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-06-08 14:26:16 0ee482a1e0eae22e08edc8978c9733a96603d4509645f348ebf55b579e89636b"
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 368f1d31272b1739f804bcfa5485e5de62678015c4adbe575003ded85c164bb8

2017-05-25 (3.19.2)

  1. Fix more bugs in the LEFT JOIN flattening optimization. Ticket 7fde638e94287d2c.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-05-25 16:50:27 edb4e819b0c058c7d74d27ebd14cc5ceb2bad6a6144a486a970182b7afe3f8b9"
  3. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 1be0c457869c1f7eba58c3b5097b9ec307a15be338308bee8e5be8570bcf5d1e

2017-05-24 (3.19.1)

  1. Fix a bug in the LEFT JOIN flattening optimization. Ticket cad1ab4cb7b0fc.
  2. Remove a surplus semicolon that was causing problems for older versions of MSVC.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-05-24 13:08:33 f6d7b988f40217821a382bc298180e9e6794f3ed79a83c6ef5cae048989b3f86"
  4. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: 996b2aff37b6e0c6663d0312cd921bbdf6826c989cbbb07dadde5e9672889bca

2017-05-22 (3.19.0)

  1. The SQLITE_READ authorizer callback is invoked once with a column name that is an empty string for every table referenced in a query from which no columns are extracted.
  2. When using an index on an expression, try to use expression values already available in the index, rather than loading the original columns and recomputing the expression.
  3. Enhance the flattening optimization so that it is able to flatten views on the right-hand side of a LEFT JOIN.
  4. Use replace() instead of char() for escaping newline and carriage-return characters embedded in strings in the .dump output from the command-line shell.
  5. Avoid unnecessary foreign key processing in UPDATE statements that do not touch the columns that are constrained by the foreign keys.
  6. On a DISTINCT query that uses an index, try to skip ahead to the next distinct entry using the index rather than stepping through rows, when an appropriate index is available.
  7. Avoid unnecessary invalidation of sqlite3_blob handles when making changes to unrelated tables.
  8. Transfer any terms of the HAVING clause that use only columns mentioned in the GROUP BY clause over to the WHERE clause for faster processing.
  9. Reuse the same materialization of a VIEW if that VIEW appears more than once in the same query.
  10. Enhance PRAGMA integrity_check so that it identifies tables that have two or more rows with the same rowid.
  11. Enhance the FTS5 query syntax so that column filters may be applied to arbitrary expressions.
  12. Enhance the json_extract() function to cache and reuse parses of JSON input text.
  13. Added the anycollseq.c loadable extension that allows a generic SQLite database connection to read a schema that contains unknown and/or application-specific collating sequences.

    Bug Fixes:

  14. Fix a problem in REPLACE that can result in a corrupt database containing two or more rows with the same rowid. Fix for ticket f68dc596c4e6018d.
  15. Fix a problem in PRAGMA integrity_check that was causing a subsequent VACUUM to behave suboptimally.
  16. Fix the PRAGMA foreign_key_check command so that it works correctly with foreign keys on WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  17. Fix a bug in the b-tree logic that can result in incorrect duplicate answers for IN operator queries. Ticket 61fe9745
  18. Disallow leading zeros in numeric constants in JSON. Fix for ticket b93be8729a895a528e2.
  19. Disallow control characters inside of strings in JSON. Fix for ticket 6c9b5514077fed34551.
  20. Limit the depth of recursion for JSON objects and arrays in order to avoid excess stack usage in the recursive descent parser. Fix for ticket 981329adeef51011052.


  21. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-05-22 13:58:13 28a94eb282822cad1d1420f2dad6bf65e4b8b9062eda4a0b9ee8270b2c608e40"
  22. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: c30326aa1a9cc342061b755725eac9270109acf878bc59200dd4b1cea6bc2908

2017-03-30 (3.18.0)

  1. Added the PRAGMA optimize command
  2. The SQLite version identifier returned by the sqlite_source_id() SQL function and the sqlite3_sourceid() C API and found in the SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro is now a 64-digit SHA3-256 hash instead of a 40-digit SHA1 hash.
  3. Added the json_patch() SQL function to the JSON1 extension.
  4. Enhance the LIKE optimization so that it works for arbitrary expressions on the left-hand side as long as the LIKE pattern on the right-hand side does not begin with a digit or minus sign.
  5. Added the sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid() interface and use the new interface in the FTS3, FTS4, and FTS5 extensions to ensure that the sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() interface always returns reasonable values.
  6. Enhance PRAGMA integrity_check and PRAGMA quick_check so that they verify CHECK constraints.
  7. Enhance the query plans for joins to detect empty tables early and halt without doing unnecessary work.
  8. Enhance the sqlite3_mprintf() family of interfaces and the printf SQL function to put comma separators at the thousands marks for integers, if the "," format modifier is used in between the "%" and the "d" (example: "%,d").
  9. Added the -DSQLITE_MAX_MEMORY=N compile-time option.
  10. Added the .sha3sum dot-command and the .selftest dot-command to the command-line shell
  11. Begin enforcing SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP. This can be used, for example, to prevent excessively large prepared statements in systems that accept SQL queries from untrusted users.
  12. Various performance improvements.

    Bug Fixes:

  13. Ensure that indexed expressions with collating sequences are handled correctly. Fix for ticket eb703ba7b50c1a5.
  14. Fix a bug in the 'start of ...' modifiers for the date and time functions. Ticket 6097cb92745327a1
  15. Fix a potential segfault in complex recursive triggers, resulting from a bug in the OP_Once opcode introduced as part of a performance optimization in version 3.15.0. Ticket 06796225f59c057c
  16. In the RBU extension, add extra sync operations to avoid the possibility of corruption following a power failure.
  17. The sqlite3_trace_v2() output for nested SQL statements should always begin with a "--" comment marker.


  18. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-03-28 18:48:43 424a0d380332858ee55bdebc4af3789f74e70a2b3ba1cf29d84b9b4bcf3e2e37"
  19. SHA3-256 for sqlite3.c: cbf322df1f76be57fb3be84f3da1fc71d1d3dfdb7e7c2757fb0ff630b3bc2e5d

2017-02-13 (3.17.0)

  1. Approximately 25% better performance from the R-Tree extension.
    1. Uses compiler built-ins (ex: __builtin_bswap32() or _byteswap_ulong()) for byteswapping when available.
    2. Uses the sqlite3_blob key/value access object instead of SQL for pulling content out of R-Tree nodes
    3. Other miscellaneous enhancements such as loop unrolling.
  2. Add the SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE compile-time option.
  3. Increase the default lookaside size from 512,125 to 1200,100 as this provides better performance while only adding 56KB of extra memory per connection. Memory-sensitive applications can restore the old default at compile-time, start-time, or run-time.
  4. Use compiler built-ins __builtin_sub_overflow(), __builtin_add_overflow(), and __builtin_mul_overflow() when available. (All compiler built-ins can be omitted with the SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC compile-time option.)
  5. Added the SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM compile-time option, which can result in significantly smaller database files for some applications, at the risk of being incompatible with older versions of SQLite.
  6. Change SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ from 100 to 20, for improved performance.
  7. Added the SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE compile-time option as an analog to SQLITE_INT64_TYPE.
  8. Perform some UPDATE operations in a single pass instead of in two passes.
  9. Enhance the session extension to support WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  10. Fixed performance problems and potential stack overflows when creating views from multi-row VALUES clauses with hundreds of thousands of rows.
  11. Added the sha1.c extension.
  12. In the command-line shell, enhance the ".mode" command so that it restores the default column and row separators for modes "line", "list", "column", and "tcl".
  13. Enhance the SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ option so that it works in WAL mode as long as the pages being read are not in the WAL file.
  14. Enhance the Lemon parser generator so that it can store the parser object as a stack variable rather than allocating space from the heap and make use of that enhancement in the amalgamation.
  15. Other performance improvements. Uses about 6.5% fewer CPU cycles.

    Bug Fixes:

  16. Throw an error if the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN references tables to the right of the ON clause. This is the same behavior as PostgreSQL. Formerly, SQLite silently converted the LEFT JOIN into an INNER JOIN. Fix for ticket 25e335f802dd.
  17. Use the correct affinity for columns of automatic indexes. Ticket 7ffd1ca1d2ad4ec.
  18. Ensure that the sqlite3_blob_reopen() interface can correctly handle short rows. Fix for ticket e6e962d6b0f06f46e.


  19. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-02-13 16:02:40 ada05cfa86ad7f5645450ac7a2a21c9aa6e57d2c"
  20. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: cc7d708bb073c44102a59ed63ce6142da1f174d1

2017-01-06 (3.16.2)

  1. Fix the REPLACE statement for WITHOUT ROWID tables that lack secondary indexes so that it works correctly with triggers and foreign keys. This was a new bug caused by performance optimizations added in version 3.16.0. Ticket 30027b613b4
  2. Fix the sqlite3_value_text() interface so that it correctly translates content generated by zeroblob() into a string of all 0x00 characters. This is a long-standing issue discovered after the 3.16.1 release by OSS-Fuzz
  3. Fix the bytecode generator to deal with a subquery in the FROM clause that is itself a UNION ALL where one side of the UNION ALL is a view that contains an ORDER BY. This is a long-standing issue that was discovered after the release of 3.16.1. See ticket 190c2507.
  4. Adjust the sqlite3_column_count() API so it more often returns the same values for PRAGMA statements as it did in prior releases, to minimize disruption to applications that might be using that interface in unexpected ways.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-01-06 16:32:41 a65a62893ca8319e89e48b8a38cf8a59c69a8209"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 2bebdc3f24911c0d12b6d6c0123c3f84d6946b08

2017-01-03 (3.16.1)

  1. Fix a bug concerning the use of row values within triggers (see ticket 8c9458e7) that was in version 3.15.0 but was not reported until moments after the 3.16.0 release was published.


  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-01-03 18:27:03 979f04392853b8053817a3eea2fc679947b437fd"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 354f6223490b30fd5320b4066b1535e4ce33988d

2017-01-02 (3.16.0)

  1. Uses 9% fewer CPU cycles. (See the CPU performance measurement report for details on how this performance increase was computed.)
  2. Added experimental support for PRAGMA functions.
  3. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE option to sqlite3_db_config().
  4. Enhance the date and time functions so that the 'unixepoch' modifier works for the full span of supported dates.
  5. Changed the default configuration of the lookaside memory allocator from 500 slots of 128 bytes each into 125 slots of 512 bytes each.
  6. Enhanced "WHERE x NOT NULL" partial indexes so that they are usable if the "x" column appears in a LIKE or GLOB operator.
  7. Enhanced sqlite3_interrupt() so that it interrupts checkpoint operations that are in process.
  8. Enhanced the LIKE and GLOB matching algorithm to be faster for cases when the pattern contains multiple wildcards.
  9. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE file control opcode.
  10. Added ".mode quote" to the command-line shell.
  11. Added ".lint fkey-indexes" to the command-line shell.
  12. Added the .imposter dot-command to the command-line shell.
  13. Added the remember(V,PTR) SQL function as a loadable extension.
  14. Rename the SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST compile-time option to SQLITE_UNTESTABLE to better reflect the implications of using it.

    Bug Fixes:

  15. Fix a long-standing bug in the query planner that caused incorrect results on a LEFT JOIN where the left-hand table is a subquery and the join constraint is a bare column name coming from the left-hand subquery. Ticket 2df0107b.
  16. Correctly handle the integer literal -0x8000000000000000 in the query planner.


  17. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2017-01-02 11:57:58 04ac0b75b1716541b2b97704f4809cb7ef19cccf"
  18. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: e2920fb885569d14197c9b7958e6f1db573ee669

2016-11-28 (3.15.2)

  1. Multiple bug fixes to the row value logic that was introduced in version 3.15.0.
  2. Fix a NULL pointer dereference in ATTACH/DETACH following a maliciously constructed syntax error. Ticket 2f1b168ab4d4844.
  3. Fix a crash that can occur following an out-of-memory condition in the built-in instr() function.
  4. In the JSON extension, fix the JSON validator so that it correctly rejects invalid backslash escapes within strings.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-11-28 19:13:37 bbd85d235f7037c6a033a9690534391ffeacecc8"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 06d77b42a3e70609f8d4bbb97caf53652f1082cb

2016-11-04 (3.15.1)

  1. Added SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE file control opcode.
  2. Fix the VACUUM command so that it spills excess content to disk rather than holding everything in memory, and possible causing an out-of-memory error for larger database files. This fixes an issue introduced by version 3.15.0.
  3. Fix a case (present since 3.8.0 - 2013-08-26) where OR-connected terms in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN might cause incorrect results. Ticket 34a579141b2c5ac.
  4. Fix a case where the use of row values in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN might cause incorrect results. Ticket fef4bb4bd9185ec8f.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-11-04 12:08:49 1136863c76576110e710dd5d69ab6bf347c65e36"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: e7c26a7be3e431dd06898f8d262c4ef240c07366

2016-10-14 (3.15.0)

  1. Added support for row values.
  2. Allow deterministic SQL functions in the WHERE clause of a partial index.
  3. Added the "modeof=filename" URI parameter on the unix VFS
  4. Added support for SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME.
  5. Added the ability to VACUUM an ATTACH-ed database.
  6. Enhancements to the command-line shell:
    1. Add the ".testcase" and ".check" dot-commands.
    2. Added the --new option to the ".open" dot-command, causing any prior content in the database to be purged prior to opening.
  7. Enhance the fts5vocab virtual table to handle "ORDER BY term" efficiently.
  8. Miscellaneous micro-optimizations reduce CPU usage by more than 7% on common workloads. Most optimization in this release has been on the front-end (sqlite3_prepare_v2()).

    Bug Fixes:

  9. The multiply operator now correctly detects 64-bit integer overflow and promotes to floating point in all corner-cases. Fix for ticket 1ec41379c9c1e400.
  10. Correct handling of columns with redundant unique indexes when those columns are used on the LHS of an IN operator. Fix for ticket 0eab1ac759.
  11. Skip NULL entries on range queries in indexes on expressions. Fix for ticket 4baa46491212947.
  12. Ensure that the AUTOINCREMENT counters in the sqlite_sequence table are initialized doing "Xfer Optimization" on "INSERT ... SELECT" statements. Fix for ticket 7b3328086a5c116c.
  13. Make sure the ORDER BY LIMIT optimization (from check-in 559733b09e) works with IN operators on INTEGER PRIMARY KEYs. Fix for ticket 96c1454c


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-10-14 10:20:30 707875582fcba352b4906a595ad89198d84711d8"
  15. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: fba106f8f6493c66eeed08a2dfff0907de54ae76

2016-09-12 (3.14.2)

  1. Improved support for using the STDCALL calling convention in winsqlite3.dll.
  2. Fix the sqlite3_trace_v2() interface so that it is disabled if either the callback or the mask arguments are zero, in accordance with the documentation.
  3. Fix commenting errors and improve the comments generated on EXPLAIN listings when the -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS compile-time option is used.
  4. Fix the ".read" command in the command-line shell so that it understands that its input is not interactive.
  5. Correct affinity computations for a SELECT on the RHS of an IN operator. Fix for ticket 199df4168c.
  6. The ORDER BY LIMIT optimization is not valid unless the inner-most IN operator loop is actually used by the query plan. Fix for ticket 0c4df46116e90f92.
  7. Fix an internal code generator problem that was causing some DELETE operations to no-op. Ticket ef360601


  8. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-09-12 18:50:49 29dbef4b8585f753861a36d6dd102ca634197bd6"
  9. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: bcc4a1989db45e7f223191f2d0f66c1c28946383

2016-08-11 (3.14.1)

  1. A performance enhancement to the page-cache "truncate" operation reduces COMMIT time by dozens of milliseconds on systems with a large page cache.
  2. Fix to the --rbu option of sqldiff.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-08-11 18:53:32 a12d8059770df4bca59e321c266410344242bf7b"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: d545b24892278272ce4e40e0567d69c8babf12ea

2016-08-08 (3.14)

    Celebrating the SQLite "π release" with a home-baked pie.
  1. Added support for WITHOUT ROWID virtual tables.
  2. Improved the query planner so that the OR optimization can be used on virtual tables even if one or more of the disjuncts use the LIKE, GLOB, REGEXP, MATCH operators.
  3. Added the CSV virtual table for reading RFC 4180 formatted comma-separated value files.
  4. Added the carray() table-valued function extension.
  5. Enabled persistent loadable extensions using the new SQLITE_OK_LOAD_PERMANENTLY return code from the extension entry point.
  6. Added the SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED option to sqlite3_db_status().
  7. Add the vfsstat.c loadable extension - a VFS shim that measures I/O together with an eponymous virtual table that provides access to the measurements.
  8. Improved algorithm for running queries with both an ORDER BY and a LIMIT where only the inner-most loop naturally generates rows in the correct order.
  9. Enhancements to Lemon parser generator, so that it generates a faster parser.
  10. The PRAGMA compile_options command now attempts to show the version number of the compiler that generated the library.
  11. Enhance PRAGMA table_info so that it provides information about eponymous virtual tables.
  12. Added the "win32-none" VFS, analogous to the "unix-none" VFS, that works like the default "win32" VFS except that it ignores all file locks.
  13. The query planner uses a full scan of a partial index instead of a full scan of the main table, in cases where that makes sense.
  14. Allow table-valued functions to appear on the right-hand side of an IN operator.
  15. Created the dbhash.exe command-line utility.
  16. Added two new C-language interfaces: sqlite3_expanded_sql() and sqlite3_trace_v2(). These new interfaces subsume the functions of sqlite3_trace() and sqlite3_profile() which are now deprecated.
  17. Added the json_quote() SQL function to the json1 extension.
  18. Disable the authorizer callback while reparsing the schema.
  19. Added the SQLITE_ENABLE_UNKNOWN_SQL_FUNCTION compile-time option and turned that option on by default when building the command-line shell.

    Bug Fixes:

  20. Fix the ALTER TABLE command so that it does not corrupt descending indexes when adding a column to a legacy file format database. Ticket f68bf68513a1c15f
  21. Fix a NULL-pointer dereference/crash that could occurs when a transitive WHERE clause references a non-existent collating sequence. Ticket e8d439c77685eca6.
  22. Improved the cost estimation for an index scan which includes a WHERE clause that can be partially or fully evaluated using columns in the index and without having to do a table lookup. This fixes a performance regression that occurred for some obscure queries following the ORDER BY LIMIT optimization introduced in version 3.12.0.


  23. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-08-08 13:40:27 d5e98057028abcf7217d0d2b2e29bbbcdf09d6de"
  24. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 234a3275d03a287434ace3ccdf1afb208e6b0e92

2016-05-18 (3.13.0)

  1. Postpone I/O associated with TEMP files for as long as possible, with the hope that the I/O can ultimately be avoided completely.
  2. Merged the session extension into trunk.
  3. Added the ".auth ON|OFF" command to the command-line shell.
  4. Added the "--indent" option to the ".schema" and ".fullschema" commands of the command-line shell, to turn on pretty-printing.
  5. Added the ".eqp full" option to the command-line shell, that does both EXPLAIN and EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN on each statement that is evaluated.
  6. Improved unicode filename handling in the command-line shell on Windows.
  7. Improved resistance against goofy query planner decisions caused by incomplete or incorrect modifications to the sqlite_stat1 table by the application.
  8. Added the sqlite3_db_config(db,SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION) interface which allows the sqlite3_load_extension() C-API to be enabled while keeping the load_extension() SQL function disabled for security.
  9. Change the temporary directory search algorithm on Unix to allow directories with write and execute permission, but without read permission, to serve as temporary directories. Apply this same standard to the "." fallback directory.

    Bug Fixes:

  10. Fix a problem with the multi-row one-pass DELETE optimization that was causing it to compute incorrect answers with a self-referential subquery in the WHERE clause. Fix for ticket dc6ebeda9396087
  11. Fix a possible segfault with DELETE when table is a rowid table with an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and the WHERE clause contains a OR and the table has one or more indexes that are able to trigger the OR optimization, but none of the indexes reference any table columns other than the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY. Ticket 16c9801ceba49.
  12. When checking for the WHERE-clause push-down optimization, verify that all terms of the compound inner SELECT are non-aggregate, not just the last term. Fix for ticket f7f8c97e97597.
  13. Fix a locking race condition in Windows that can occur when two or more processes attempt to recover the same hot journal at the same time.


  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-05-18 10:57:30 fc49f556e48970561d7ab6a2f24fdd7d9eb81ff2"
  15. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 9b9171b1e6ce7a980e6b714e9c0d9112657ad552

    Bug fixes backported into patch release 3.12.2 (2016-04-18):

  16. Fix a backwards compatibility problem in version 3.12.0 and 3.12.1: Columns declared as "INTEGER" PRIMARY KEY (with quotes around the datatype keyword) were not being recognized as an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, which resulted in an incompatible database file. Ticket 7d7525cb01b68
  17. Fix a bug (present since version 3.9.0) that can cause the DELETE operation to miss rows if PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects is turned on. Ticket a306e56ff68b8fa5
  18. Fix a bug in the code generator that can cause incorrect results if two or more virtual tables are joined and the virtual table used in outer loop of the join has an IN operator constraint.
  19. Correctly interpret negative "PRAGMA cache_size" values when determining the cache size used for sorting large amounts of data.

    Bug fixes backported into patch release 3.12.1 (2016-04-08):

  20. Fix a boundary condition error introduced by version 3.12.0 that can result in a crash during heavy SAVEPOINT usage. Ticket 7f7f8026eda38.
  21. Fix views so that they inherit column datatypes from the table that they are defined against, when possible.
  22. Fix the query planner so that IS and IS NULL operators are able to drive an index on a LEFT OUTER JOIN.

2016-04-18 (3.12.2)

  1. Fix a backwards compatibility problem in version 3.12.0 and 3.12.1: Columns declared as "INTEGER" PRIMARY KEY (with quotes around the datatype keyword) were not being recognized as an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, which resulted in an incompatible database file. Ticket 7d7525cb01b68
  2. Fix a bug (present since version 3.9.0) that can cause the DELETE operation to miss rows if PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects is turned on. Ticket a306e56ff68b8fa5
  3. Fix a bug in the code generator that can cause incorrect results if two or more virtual tables are joined and the virtual table used in outer loop of the join has an IN operator constraint.
  4. Correctly interpret negative "PRAGMA cache_size" values when determining the cache size used for sorting large amounts of data.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-04-18 17:30:31 92dc59fd5ad66f646666042eb04195e3a61a9e8e"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: de5a5898ebd3a3477d4652db143746d008b24c83

2016-04-08 (3.12.1)

  1. Fix a boundary condition error introduced by version 3.12.0 that can result in a crash during heavy SAVEPOINT usage. Ticket 7f7f8026eda38.
  2. Fix views so that they inherit column datatypes from the table that they are defined against, when possible.
  3. Fix the query planner so that IS and IS NULL operators are able to drive an index on a LEFT OUTER JOIN.


  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-04-08 15:09:49 fe7d3b75fe1bde41511b323925af8ae1b910bc4d"
  5. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: ebb18593350779850e3e1a930eb84a70fca8c1d1

2016-04-01 (3.9.3)

  1. Backport a simple query planner optimization that allows the IS operator to drive an index on a LEFT OUTER JOIN. No other changes from the version 3.9.2 baseline.

2016-03-29 (3.12.0)

    Potentially Disruptive Change:

  1. The SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE is increased from 1024 to 4096. The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE is changed from 2000 to -2000 so the same amount of cache memory is used by default. See the application note on the version 3.12.0 page size change for further information.

    Performance enhancements:

  2. Enhancements to the Lemon parser generator so that it creates a smaller and faster SQL parser.
  3. Only create master journal files if two or more attached databases are all modified, do not have PRAGMA synchronous set to OFF, and do not have the journal_mode set to OFF, MEMORY, or WAL.
  4. Only create statement journal files when their size exceeds a threshold. Otherwise the journal is held in memory and no I/O occurs. The threshold can be configured at compile-time using SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL or at start-time using sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL).
  5. The query planner is able to optimize IN operators on virtual tables even if the xBestIndex method does not set the sqlite3_index_constraint_usage.omit flag of the virtual table column to the left of the IN operator.
  6. The query planner now does a better job of optimizing virtual table accesses in a 3-way or higher join where constraints on the virtual table are split across two or more other tables of the join.
  7. More efficient handling of application-defined SQL functions, especially in cases where the application defines hundreds or thousands of custom functions.
  8. The query planner considers the LIMIT clause when estimating the cost of ORDER BY.
  9. The configure script (on unix) automatically detects pread() and pwrite() and sets compile-time options to use those OS interfaces if they are available.
  10. Reduce the amount of memory needed to hold the schema.
  11. Other miscellaneous micro-optimizations for improved performance and reduced memory usage.

    New Features:

  12. Added the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER option to sqlite3_db_config() which allows the two-argument version of the fts3_tokenizer() SQL function to be enabled or disabled at run-time.
  13. Added the sqlite3rbu_bp_progress() interface to the RBU extension.
  14. The PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys=ON statement now also disables RESTRICT actions on foreign key.
  15. Added the sqlite3_system_errno() interface.
  16. Added the SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS and SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS compile-time options. The SQLITE_DEFAULT_SYNCHRONOUS compile-time option replaces the SQLITE_EXTRA_DURABLE option, which is no longer supported.
  17. Enhanced the ".stats" command in the command-line shell to show more information about I/O performance obtained from /proc, when available.

    Bug fixes:

  18. Make sure the sqlite3_set_auxdata() values from multiple triggers within a single statement do not interfere with one another. Ticket dc9b1c91.
  19. Fix the code generator for expressions of the form "x IN (SELECT...)" where the SELECT statement on the RHS is a correlated subquery. Ticket 5e3c886796e5512e.
  20. Fix a harmless TSAN warning associated with the sqlite3_db_readonly() interface.


  21. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-03-29 10:14:15 e9bb4cf40f4971974a74468ef922bdee481c988b"
  22. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: cba2be96d27cb51978cd4a200397a4ad178986eb

2016-03-03 (3.11.1)

  1. Improvements to the Makefiles and build scripts used by VisualStudio.
  2. Fix an FTS5 issue in which the 'optimize' command could cause index corruption.
  3. Fix a buffer overread that might occur if FTS5 is used to query a corrupt database file.
  4. Increase the maximum "scope" value for the spellfix1 extension from 6 to 30.
  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-03-03 16:17:53 f047920ce16971e573bc6ec9a48b118c9de2b3a7"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 3da832fd2af36eaedb05d61a8f4c2bb9f3d54265

2016-02-15 (3.11.0)

    General improvements:

  1. Enhanced WAL mode so that it works efficiently with transactions that are larger than the cache_size.
  2. Added the FTS5 detail option.
  3. Added the "EXTRA" option to PRAGMA synchronous that does a sync of the containing directory when a rollback journal is unlinked in DELETE mode, for better durability. The SQLITE_EXTRA_DURABLE compile-time option enables PRAGMA synchronous=EXTRA by default.
  4. Enhanced the query planner so that it is able to use a covering index as part of the OR optimization.
  5. Avoid recomputing NOT NULL and CHECK constraints on unchanged columns in UPDATE statement.
  6. Many micro-optimizations, resulting in a library that is faster than the previous release.

    Enhancements to the command-line shell:

  7. By default, the shell is now in "auto-explain" mode. The output of EXPLAIN commands is automatically formatted.
  8. Added the ".vfslist" dot-command.
  9. The SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS compile-time option is now turned on by default in the standard builds.

    Enhancements to the TCL Interface:

  10. If a database connection is opened with the "-uri 1" option, then URI filenames are honored by the "backup" and "restore" commands.
  11. Added the "-sourceid" option to the "sqlite3" command.

    Makefile improvements:

  12. Improved pthreads detection in configure scripts.
  13. Add the ability to do MSVC Windows builds from the amalgamation tarball.

    Bug fixes

  14. Fix an issue with incorrect sharing of VDBE temporary registers between co-routines that could cause incorrect query results in obscure cases. Ticket d06a25c84454a.
  15. Fix a problem in the sqlite3_result_subtype() interface that could cause problems for the json1 extension under obscure circumstances. Fix for ticket f45ac567eaa9f9.
  16. Escape control characters in JSON strings. Fix for ticket ad2559db380abf8.
  17. Reenable the xCurrentTime and xGetLastError methods in the built-in unix VFSes as long as SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED is not defined.

    Backwards Compatibility:

  18. Because of continuing security concerns, the two-argument version of the seldom-used and little-known fts3_tokenizer() function is disabled unless SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER.


  19. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-02-15 17:29:24 3d862f207e3adc00f78066799ac5a8c282430a5f"
  20. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: df01436c5fcfe72d1a95bc172158219796e1a90b

2016-01-20 (3.10.2)

    Critical bug fix:

  1. Version 3.10.0 introduced a case-folding bug in the LIKE operator which is fixed by this patch release. Ticket 80369eddd5c94.

    Other miscellaneous bug fixes:

  2. Fix a use-after-free that can occur when SQLite is compiled with -DSQLITE_HAS_CODEC.
  3. Fix the build so that it works with -DSQLITE_OMIT_WAL.
  4. Fix the configure script for the amalgamation so that the --readline option works again on Raspberry PIs.


  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-01-20 15:27:19 17efb4209f97fb4971656086b138599a91a75ff9"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: f7088b19d97cd7a1c805ee95c696abd54f01de4f

2016-01-14 (3.10.1)

    New feature:

  1. Add the SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER file control.

    Bug fix:

  2. Fix a 16-month-old bug in the query planner that could generate incorrect results when a scalar subquery attempts to use the block sorting optimization. Ticket cb3aa0641d9a4.


  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-01-13 21:41:56 254419c36766225ca542ae873ed38255e3fb8588"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 1398ba8e4043550a533cdd0834bfdad1c9eab0f4

2016-01-06 (3.10.0)

    General improvements:

  1. Added support for LIKE, GLOB, and REGEXP operators on virtual tables.
  2. Added the colUsed field to sqlite3_index_info for use by the sqlite3_module.xBestIndex method.
  3. Enhance the PRAGMA cache_spill statement to accept a 32-bit integer parameter which is the threshold below which cache spilling is prohibited.
  4. On unix, if a symlink to a database file is opened, then the corresponding journal files are based on the actual filename, not the symlink name.
  5. Added the "--transaction" option to sqldiff.
  6. Added the sqlite3_db_cacheflush() interface.
  7. Added the sqlite3_strlike() interface.
  8. When using memory-mapped I/O map the database file read-only so that stray pointers and/or array overruns in the application cannot accidentally modify the database file.
  9. Added the experimental sqlite3_snapshot_get(), sqlite3_snapshot_open(), and sqlite3_snapshot_free() interfaces. These are subject to change or removal in a subsequent release.
  10. Enhance the 'utc' modifier in the date and time functions so that it is a no-op if the date/time is known to already be in UTC. (This is not a compatibility break since the behavior has long been documented as "undefined" in that case.)
  11. Added the json_group_array() and json_group_object() SQL functions in the json extension.
  12. Added the SQLITE_LIKE_DOESNT_MATCH_BLOBS compile-time option.
  13. Many small performance optimizations.

    Portability enhancements:

  14. Work around a sign-extension bug in the optimizer of the HP C compiler on HP/UX. (details)

    Enhancements to the command-line shell:

  15. Added the ".changes ON|OFF" and ".vfsinfo" dot-commands.
  16. Translate between MBCS and UTF8 when running in cmd.exe on Windows.

    Enhancements to makefiles:

  17. Added the --enable-editline and --enable-static-shell options to the various autoconf-generated configure scripts.
  18. Omit all use of "awk" in the makefiles, to make building easier for MSVC users.

    Important fixes:

  19. Fix inconsistent integer to floating-point comparison operations that could result in a corrupt index if the index is created on a table column that contains both large integers and floating point values of similar magnitude. Ticket 38a97a87a6.
  20. Fix an infinite-loop in the query planner that could occur on malformed common table expressions.
  21. Various bug fixes in the sqldiff tool.


  22. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2016-01-06 11:01:07 fd0a50f0797d154fefff724624f00548b5320566"
  23. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: b92ca988ebb6df02ac0c8f866dbf3256740408ac

2015-11-02 (3.9.2)

  1. Fix the schema parser so that it interprets certain (obscure and ill-formed) CREATE TABLE statements the same as legacy. Fix for ticket ac661962a2aeab3c331
  2. Fix a query planner problem that could result in an incorrect answer due to the use of automatic indexing in subqueries in the FROM clause of a correlated scalar subqueries. Fix for ticket 8a2adec1.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-11-02 18:31:45 bda77dda9697c463c3d0704014d51627fceee328"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 1c4013876f50bbaa3e6f0f98e0147c76287684c1

2015-10-16 (3.9.1)

  1. Fix the json1 extension so that it does not recognize ASCII form-feed as a whitespace character, in order to comply with RFC-7159. Fix for ticket 57eec374ae1d0a1d
  2. Add a few #ifdef and build script changes to address compilation issues that appeared after the 3.9.0 release.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: ""2015-10-16 17:31:12 767c1727fec4ce11b83f25b3f1bfcfe68a2c8b02"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 5e6d1873a32d82c2cf8581f143649940cac8ae49

2015-10-14 (3.9.0)

    Policy Changes:

  1. The version numbering conventions for SQLite are revised to use the emerging standard of semantic versioning.

    New Features And Enhancements:

  2. Added the json1 extension module in the source tree, and in the amalgamation. Enable support using the SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 compile-time option.
  3. Added Full Text Search version 5 (FTS5) to the amalgamation, enabled using SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5. FTS5 will be considered "experimental" (subject to incompatible changes) for at least one more release cycle.
  4. The CREATE VIEW statement now accepts an optional list of column names following the view name.
  5. Added support for indexes on expressions.
  6. Added support for table-valued functions in the FROM clause of a SELECT statement.
  7. Added support for eponymous virtual tables.
  8. A VIEW may now reference undefined tables and functions when initially created. Missing tables and functions are reported when the VIEW is used in a query.
  9. Added the sqlite3_value_subtype() and sqlite3_result_subtype() interfaced (used by the json1 extension).
  10. The query planner is now able to use partial indexes that contain AND-connected terms in the WHERE clause.
  11. The sqlite3_analyzer.exe utility is updated to report the depth of each btree and to show the average fanout for indexes and WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  12. Enhanced the dbstat virtual table so that it can be used as a table-valued function where the argument is the schema to be analyzed.

    Other changes:

  13. The sqlite3_memory_alarm() interface, which has been deprecated and undocumented for 8 years, is changed into a no-op.

    Important fixes:

  14. Fixed a critical bug in the SQLite Encryption Extension that could cause the database to become unreadable and unrecoverable if a VACUUM command changed the size of the encryption nonce.
  15. Added a memory barrier in the implementation of sqlite3_initialize() to help ensure that it is thread-safe.
  16. Fix the OR optimization so that it always ignores subplans that do not use an index.
  17. Do not apply the WHERE-clause push-down optimization on terms that originate in the ON or USING clause of a LEFT JOIN. Fix for ticket c2a19d81652f40568c.
  18. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-10-14 12:29:53 a721fc0d89495518fe5612e2e3bbc60befd2e90d"
  19. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: c03e47e152ddb9c342b84ffb39448bf4a2bd4288

2015-07-29 (

  1. Restore an undocumented side-effect of PRAGMA cache_size: force the database schema to be parsed if the database has not been previously accessed.
  2. Fix a long-standing problem in sqlite3_changes() for WITHOUT ROWID tables that was reported a few hours after the 3.8.11 release.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-07-29 20:00:57 cf538e2783e468bbc25e7cb2a9ee64d3e0e80b2f"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 3be71d99121fe5b17f057011025bcf84e7cc6c84

2015-07-27 (3.8.11)

  1. Added the experimental RBU extension. Note that this extension is experimental and subject to change in incompatible ways.
  2. Added the experimental FTS5 extension. Note that this extension is experimental and subject to change in incompatible ways.
  3. Added the sqlite3_value_dup() and sqlite3_value_free() interfaces.
  4. Enhance the spellfix1 extension to support ON CONFLICT clauses.
  5. The IS operator is now able to drive indexes.
  6. Enhance the query planner to permit automatic indexing on FROM-clause subqueries that are implemented by co-routine.
  7. Disallow the use of "rowid" in common table expressions.
  8. Added the PRAGMA cell_size_check command for better and earlier detection of database file corruption.
  9. Added the matchinfo 'b' flag to the matchinfo() function in FTS3.
  10. Improved fuzz-testing of database files, with fixes for problems found.
  11. Add the fuzzcheck test program and automatically run this program using both SQL and database test cases on "make test".
  12. Added the SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1 static mutex and use it in the Windows VFS.
  13. The sqlite3_profile() callback is invoked (by sqlite3_reset() or sqlite3_finalize()) for statements that did not run to completion.
  14. Enhance the page cache so that it can preallocate a block of memory to use for the initial set page cache lines. Set the default preallocation to 100 pages. Yields about a 5% performance increase on common workloads.
  15. Miscellaneous micro-optimizations result in 22.3% more work for the same number of CPU cycles relative to the previous release. SQLite now runs twice as fast as version 3.8.0 and three times as fast as version 3.3.9. (Measured using cachegrind on the speedtest1.c workload on Ubuntu 14.04 x64 with gcc 4.8.2 and -Os. Your performance may vary.)
  16. Added the sqlite3_result_zeroblob64() and sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64() interfaces.

    Important bug fixes:

  17. Fix CREATE TABLE AS so that columns of type TEXT never end up holding an INT value. Ticket f2ad7de056ab1dc9200
  18. Fix CREATE TABLE AS so that it does not leave NULL entries in the sqlite_master table if the SELECT statement on the right-hand side aborts with an error. Ticket 873cae2b6e25b
  19. Fix the skip-scan optimization so that it works correctly when the OR optimization is used on WITHOUT ROWID tables. Ticket 8fd39115d8f46
  20. Fix the sqlite3_memory_used() and sqlite3_memory_highwater() interfaces so that they actually do provide a 64-bit answer.


  21. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-07-27 13:49:41 b8e92227a469de677a66da62e4361f099c0b79d0"
  22. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 719f6891abcd9c459b5460b191d731cd12a3643e

2015-05-20 (

  1. Fix an index corruption issue introduced by version 3.8.7. An index with a TEXT key can be corrupted by an INSERT into the corresponding table if the table has two nested triggers that convert the key value to INTEGER and back to TEXT again. Ticket 34cd55d68e0
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-05-20 18:17:19 2ef4f3a5b1d1d0c4338f8243d40a2452cc1f7fe4"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 638abb77965332c956dbbd2c8e4248e84da4eb63

2015-05-09 (

  1. Make sqlite3_compileoption_used() responsive to the SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB compile-time option.
  2. Fix a harmless warning in the command-line shell on some versions of MSVC.
  3. Fix minor issues with the dbstat virtual table.
  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-05-09 12:14:55 05b4b1f2a937c06c90db70c09890038f6c98ec40"
  5. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 85e4e1c08c7df28ef61bb9759a0d466e0eefbaa2

2015-05-07 (3.8.10)

  1. Added the sqldiff.exe utility program for computing the differences between two SQLite database files.
  2. Added the matchinfo y flag to the matchinfo() function of FTS3.
  3. Performance improvements for ORDER BY, VACUUM, CREATE INDEX, PRAGMA integrity_check, and PRAGMA quick_check.
  4. Fix many obscure problems discovered while SQL fuzzing.
  5. Identify all methods for important objects in the interface documentation. (example)
  6. Made the American Fuzzy Lop fuzzer a standard part of SQLite's testing strategy.
  7. Add the ".binary" and ".limits" commands to the command-line shell.
  8. Make the dbstat virtual table part of standard builds when compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB option.
  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-05-07 11:53:08 cf975957b9ae671f34bb65f049acf351e650d437"
  10. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 0b34f0de356a3f21b9dfc761f3b7821b6353c570

2015-04-08 (3.8.9)

  1. Add VxWorks-7 as an officially supported and tested platform.
  2. Added the sqlite3_status64() interface.
  3. Fix memory size tracking so that it works even if SQLite uses more than 2GiB of memory.
  4. Added the PRAGMA index_xinfo command.
  5. Fix a potential 32-bit integer overflow problem in the sqlite3_blob_read() and sqlite3_blob_write() interfaces.
  6. Ensure that prepared statements automatically reset on extended error codes of SQLITE_BUSY and SQLITE_LOCKED even when compiled using SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET.
  7. Correct miscounts in the sqlite3_analyzer.exe utility related to WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  8. Added the ".dbinfo" command to the command-line shell.
  9. Improve the performance of fts3/4 queries that use the OR operator and at least one auxiliary fts function.
  10. Fix a bug in the fts3 snippet() function causing it to omit leading separator characters from snippets that begin with the first token in a column.
  11. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-04-08 12:16:33 8a8ffc862e96f57aa698f93de10dee28e69f6e09"
  12. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 49f1c3ae347e1327b5aaa6c7f76126bdf09c6f42

2015-02-25 (

  1. Fix a bug (ticket 2326c258d02ead33) that can lead to incorrect results if the qualifying constraint of a partial index appears in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN.
  2. Added the ability to link against the "linenoise" command-line editing library in unix builds of the command-line shell.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-02-25 13:29:11 9d6c1880fb75660bbabd693175579529785f8a6b"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 74ee38c8c6fd175ec85a47276dfcefe8a262827a

2015-01-30 (

  1. Enhance sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(TRUNCATE) interface so that it truncates the WAL file even if there is no checkpoint work to be done.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-01-30 14:30:45 7757fc721220e136620a89c9d28247f28bbbc098"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 85ce79948116aa9a087ec345c9d2ce2c1d3cd8af

2015-01-20 (

  1. Fix a bug in the sorting logic, present since version 3.8.4, that can cause output to appear in the wrong order on queries that contains an ORDER BY clause, a LIMIT clause, and that have approximately 60 or more columns in the result set. Ticket f97c4637102a3ae72b79.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-01-20 16:51:25 f73337e3e289915a76ca96e7a05a1a8d4e890d55"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 33987fb50dcc09f1429a653d6b47672f5a96f19e

2015-01-16 (3.8.8)

    New Features:

  1. Added the PRAGMA data_version command that can be used to determine if a database file has been modified by another process.
  2. Added the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE option to the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface, with corresponding enhancements to PRAGMA wal_checkpoint.
  3. Added the sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() interface, available only when compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS.
  4. The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is enhanced to work correctly on WITHOUT ROWID tables and to check for the existence of a a table if the column name parameter is NULL. The interface is now also included in the build by default, without requiring the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option.
  5. Added the SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR compile-time option.
  6. Added the SQLITE_REVERSE_UNORDERED_SELECTS compile-time option.
  7. Added the SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ compile-time option and SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ start-time option.
  8. Added the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ option to sqlite3_config() which makes it easier for applications to determine the appropriate amount of memory for use with SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
  9. The number of rows in a VALUES clause is no longer limited by SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT.
  10. Added the eval.c loadable extension that implements an eval() SQL function that will recursively evaluate SQL.

    Performance Enhancements:

  11. Reduce the number of memcpy() operations involved in balancing a b-tree, for 3.2% overall performance boost.
  12. Improvements to cost estimates for the skip-scan optimization.
  13. The automatic indexing optimization is now capable of generating a partial index if that is appropriate.

    Bug fixes:

  14. Ensure durability following a power loss with "PRAGMA journal_mode=TRUNCATE" by calling fsync() right after truncating the journal file.
  15. The query planner now recognizes that any column in the right-hand table of a LEFT JOIN can be NULL, even if that column has a NOT NULL constraint. Avoid trying to optimize out NULL tests in those cases. Fix for ticket 6f2222d550f5b0ee7ed.
  16. Make sure ORDER BY puts rows in ascending order even if the DISTINCT operator is implemented using a descending index. Fix for ticket c5ea805691bfc4204b1cb9e.
  17. Fix data races that might occur under stress when running with many threads in shared cache mode where some of the threads are opening and closing connections.
  18. Fix obscure crash bugs found by american fuzzy lop. Ticket a59ae93ee990a55.
  19. Work around a GCC optimizer bug (for gcc 4.2.1 on MacOS 10.7) that caused the R-Tree extension to compute incorrect results when compiled with -O3.

    Other changes:

  20. Disable the use of the strchrnul() C-library routine unless it is specifically enabled using the -DHAVE_STRCHRNULL compile-time option.
  21. Improvements to the effectiveness and accuracy of the likelihood(), likely(), and unlikely() SQL hint functions.
  22. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2015-01-16 12:08:06 7d68a42face3ab14ed88407d4331872f5b243fdf"
  23. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 91aea4cc722371d58aae3d22e94d2a4165276905

2014-12-09 (

  1. Bug fix: Add in a mutex that was omitted from the previous release.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-12-09 01:34:36 f66f7a17b78ba617acde90fc810107f34f1a1f2e"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 0a56693a3c24aa3217098afab1b6fecccdedfd23

2014-12-05 (

  1. Bug fix: Ensure the cached KeyInfo objects (an internal abstraction not visible to the application) do not go stale when operating in shared cache mode and frequently closing and reopening some database connections while leaving other database connections on the same shared cache open continuously. Ticket e4a18565a36884b00edf.
  2. Bug fix: Recognize that any column in the right-hand table of a LEFT JOIN can be NULL even if the column has a NOT NULL constraint. Do not apply optimizations that assume the column is never NULL. Ticket 6f2222d550f5b0ee7ed.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-12-05 22:29:24 647e77e853e81a5effeb4c33477910400a67ba86"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 3ad2f5ba3a4a3e3e51a1dac9fda9224b359f0261

2014-11-18 (

  1. Enhance the ROLLBACK command so that pending queries are allowed to continue as long as the schema is unchanged. Formerly, a ROLLBACK would cause all pending queries to fail with an SQLITE_ABORT or SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK error. That error is still returned if the ROLLBACK modifies the schema.
  2. Bug fix: Make sure that NULL results from OP_Column are fully and completely NULL and do not have the MEM_Ephem bit set. Ticket 094d39a4c95ee4.
  3. Bug fix: The %c format in sqlite3_mprintf() is able to handle precisions greater than 70.
  4. Bug fix: Do not automatically remove the DISTINCT keyword from a SELECT that forms the right-hand side of an IN operator since it is necessary if the SELECT also contains a LIMIT. Ticket db87229497.
  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-11-18 20:57:56 2ab564bf9655b7c7b97ab85cafc8a48329b27f93"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: b2a68d5783f48dba6a8cb50d8bf69b238c5ec53a

2014-10-29 (

  1. In PRAGMA journal_mode=TRUNCATE mode, call fsync() immediately after truncating the journal file to ensure that the transaction is durable across a power loss.
  2. Fix an assertion fault that can occur when updating the NULL value of a field at the end of a table that was added using ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN.
  3. Do not attempt to use the strchrnul() function from the standard C library unless the HAVE_STRCHRNULL compile-time option is set.
  4. Fix a couple of problems associated with running an UPDATE or DELETE on a VIEW with a rowid in the WHERE clause.
  5. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-10-29 13:59:56 3b7b72c4685aa5cf5e675c2c47ebec10d9704221"
  6. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 2d25bd1a73dc40f538f3a81c28e6efa5999bdf0c

2014-10-17 (3.8.7)

    Performance Enhancements:

  1. Many micro-optimizations result in 20.3% more work for the same number of CPU cycles relative to the previous release. The cumulative performance increase since version 3.8.0 is 61%. (Measured using cachegrind on the speedtest1.c workload on Ubuntu 13.10 x64 with gcc 4.8.1 and -Os. Your performance may vary.)
  2. The sorter can use auxiliary helper threads to increase real-time response. This feature is off by default and may be enabled using the PRAGMA threads command or the SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS compile-time option.
  3. Enhance the skip-scan optimization so that it is able to skip index terms that occur in the middle of the index, not just as the left-hand side of the index.
  4. Improved optimization of CAST operators.
  5. Various improvements in how the query planner uses sqlite_stat4 information to estimate plan costs.

    New Features:

  6. Added new interfaces with 64-bit length parameters: sqlite3_malloc64(), sqlite3_realloc64(), sqlite3_bind_blob64(), sqlite3_result_blob64(), sqlite3_bind_text64(), and sqlite3_result_text64().
  7. Added the new interface sqlite3_msize() that returns the size of a memory allocation obtained from sqlite3_malloc64() and its variants.
  8. Added the SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS option to sqlite3_limit() and PRAGMA threads command for configuring the number of available worker threads.
  9. The spellfix1 extension allows the application to optionally specify the rowid for each INSERT.
  10. Added the User Authentication extension.

    Bug Fixes:

  11. Fix a bug in the partial index implementation that might result in an incorrect answer if a partial index is used in a subquery or in a view. Ticket 98d973b8f5.
  12. Fix a query planner bug that might cause a table to be scanned in the wrong direction (thus reversing the order of output) when a DESC index is used to implement the ORDER BY clause on a query that has an identical GROUP BY clause. Ticket ba7cbfaedc7e6.
  13. Fix a bug in sqlite3_trace() that was causing it to sometimes fail to print an SQL statement if that statement needed to be re-prepared. Ticket 11d5aa455e0d98f3c1e6a08
  14. Fix a faulty assert() statement. Ticket 369d57fb8e5ccdff06f1

    Test, Debug, and Analysis Changes:

  15. Show ASCII-art abstract syntax tree diagrams using the ".selecttrace" and ".wheretrace" commands in the command-line shell when compiled with SQLITE_DEBUG, SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE, and SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE. Also provide the sqlite3TreeViewExpr() and sqlite3TreeViewSelect() entry points that can be invoked from with the debugger to show the parse tree when stopped at a breakpoint.
  16. Drop support for SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN. The SELECTTRACE mechanism provides more useful diagnostics information.
  17. New options to the command-line shell for configuring auxiliary memory usage: --pagecache, --lookaside, and --scratch.
  18. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-10-17 11:24:17 e4ab094f8afce0817f4074e823fabe59fc29ebb4"
  19. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 56dcf5e931a9e1fa12fc2d600cd91d3bf9b639cd

2014-08-15 (3.8.6)

  1. Added support for hexadecimal integer literals in the SQL parser. (Ex: 0x123abc)
  2. Enhanced the PRAGMA integrity_check command to detect UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraint violations.
  3. Increase the maximum value of SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED from 62 to 125.
  4. Increase the timeout in WAL mode before issuing an SQLITE_PROTOCOL error from 1 second to 10 seconds.
  5. Added the likely(X) SQL function.
  6. The unicode61 tokenizer is now included in FTS4 by default.
  7. Trigger automatic reprepares on all prepared statements when ANALYZE is run.
  8. Added a new loadable extension source code file to the source tree: fileio.c
  9. Add extension functions readfile(X) and writefile(X,Y) (using code copy/pasted from fileio.c in the previous bullet) to the command-line shell.
  10. Added the .fullschema dot-command to the command-line shell.

    Performance Enhancements:

  11. Deactivate the DISTINCT keyword on subqueries on the right-hand side of the IN operator.
  12. Add the capability of evaluating an IN operator as a sequence of comparisons as an alternative to using a table lookup. Use the sequence of comparisons implementation in circumstances where it is likely to be faster, such as when the right-hand side of the IN operator is small and/or changes frequently.
  13. The query planner now uses sqlite_stat4 information (created by ANALYZE) to help determine if the skip-scan optimization is appropriate.
  14. Ensure that the query planner never tries to use a self-made transient index in place of a schema-defined index.
  15. Other minor tweaks to improve the quality of VDBE code.

    Bug Fixes:

  16. Fix a bug in CREATE UNIQUE INDEX, introduced when WITHOUT ROWID support added in version 3.8.2, that allows a non-unique NOT NULL column to be given a UNIQUE index. Ticket 9a6daf340df99ba93c
  17. Fix a bug in R-Tree extension, introduced in the previous release, that can cause an incorrect results for queries that use the rowid of the R-Tree on the left-hand side of an IN operator. Ticket d2889096e7bdeac6.
  18. Fix the sqlite3_stmt_busy() interface so that it gives the correct answer for ROLLBACK statements that have been stepped but never reset.
  19. Fix a bug in that would cause a null pointer to be dereferenced if a column with a DEFAULT that is an aggregate function tried to usee its DEFAULT. Ticket 3a88d85f36704eebe1
  20. CSV output from the command-line shell now always uses CRNL for the row separator and avoids inserting CR in front of NLs contained in data.
  21. Fix a column affinity problem with the IN operator. Ticket 9a8b09f8e6.
  22. Fix the ANALYZE command so that it adds correct samples for WITHOUT ROWID tables in the sqlite_stat4 table. Ticket b2fa5424e6fcb15.
  23. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-08-15 11:46:33 9491ba7d738528f168657adb43a198238abde19e"
  24. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 72c64f05cd9babb9c0f9b3c82536d83be7804b1c

2014-06-04 (3.8.5)

  1. Added support for partial sorting by index.
  2. Enhance the query planner so that it always prefers an index that uses a superset of WHERE clause terms relative to some other index.
  3. Improvements to the automerge command of FTS4 to better control the index size for a full-text index that is subject to a large number of updates.
  4. Added the sqlite3_rtree_query_callback() interface to R-Tree extension
  5. Added new URI query parameters "nolock" and "immutable".
  6. Use less memory by not remembering CHECK constraints on read-only database connections.
  7. Enable the OR optimization for WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  8. Render expressions of the form "x IN (?)" (with a single value in the list on the right-hand side of the IN operator) as if they where "x==?", Similarly optimize "x NOT IN (?)"
  9. Add the ".system" and ".once" commands to the command-line shell.
  10. Added the SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE bit to the set of bits that can be returned by the xDeviceCharacteristics method of a VFS.
  11. Added the SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER test control.

    Bug Fixes:

  12. OFFSET clause ignored on queries without a FROM clause. Ticket 07d6a0453d
  13. Assertion fault on queries involving expressions of the form "x IN (?)". Ticket e39d032577.
  14. Incorrect column datatype reported. Ticket a8a0d2996a
  15. Duplicate row returned on a query against a table with more than 16 indices, each on a separate column, and all used via OR-connected constraints. Ticket 10fb063b11
  16. Partial index causes assertion fault on UPDATE OR REPLACE. Ticket 2ea3e9fe63
  17. Crash when calling undocumented SQL function sqlite_rename_parent() with NULL parameters. Ticket 264b970c43
  18. ORDER BY ignored if the query has an identical GROUP BY. Ticket b75a9ca6b0
  19. The group_concat(x,'') SQL function returns NULL instead of an empty string when all inputs are empty strings. Ticket 55746f9e65
  20. Fix a bug in the VDBE code generator that caused crashes when doing an INSERT INTO ... SELECT statement where the number of columns being inserted is larger than the number of columns in the destination table. Ticket e9654505cfd
  21. Fix a problem in CSV import in the command-line shell where if the leftmost field of the first row in the CSV file was both zero bytes in size and unquoted no data would be imported.
  22. Fix a problem in FTS4 where the left-most column that contained the notindexed column name as a prefix was not indexed rather than the column whose name matched exactly.
  23. Fix the sqlite3_db_readonly() interface so that it returns true if the database is read-only due to the file format write version number being too large.
  24. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-06-04 14:06:34 b1ed4f2a34ba66c29b130f8d13e9092758019212"
  25. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 7bc194957238c61b1a47f301270286be5bc5208c

2014-04-03 (

  1. Add a one-character fix for a problem that might cause incorrect query results on a query that mixes DISTINCT, GROUP BY in a subquery, and ORDER BY. Ticket 98825a79ce14.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-04-03 16:53:12 a611fa96c4a848614efe899130359c9f6fb889c3"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 310a1faeb9332a3cd8d1f53b4a2e055abf537bdc

2014-03-26 (

  1. Fix a potential buffer overread that could result when trying to search a corrupt database file.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-03-26 18:51:19 02ea166372bdb2ef9d8dfbb05e78a97609673a8e"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 4685ca86c2ea0649ed9f59a500013e90b3fe6d03

2014-03-11 (

  1. Work around a C-preprocessor macro conflict that breaks the build for some configurations with Microsoft Visual Studio.
  2. When computing the cost of the skip-scan optimization, take into account the fact that multiple seeks are required.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-03-11 15:27:36 018d317b1257ce68a92908b05c9c7cf1494050d0"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: d5cd1535053a50aa8633725e3595740b33709ac5

2014-03-10 (3.8.4)

  1. Code optimization and refactoring for improved performance.
  2. Add the ".clone" and ".save" commands to the command-line shell.
  3. Update the banner on the command-line shell to alert novice users when they are using an ephemeral in-memory database.
  4. Fix editline support in the command-line shell.
  5. Add support for coverage testing of VDBE programs using the SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE verb of sqlite3_test_control().
  6. Update the _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro so that builds work again on QNX.
  7. Change the datatype of SrcList.nSrc from type u8 to type int to work around an issue in the C compiler on AIX.
  8. Get extension loading working on Cygwin.
  9. Bug fix: Fix the char() SQL function so that it returns an empty string rather than an "out of memory" error when called with zero arguments.
  10. Bug fix: DISTINCT now recognizes that a zeroblob and a blob of all 0x00 bytes are the same thing. Ticket [fccbde530a]
  11. Bug fix: Compute the correct answer for queries that contain an IS NOT NULL term in the WHERE clause and also contain an OR term in the WHERE clause and are compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4. Ticket [4c86b126f2]
  12. Bug fix: Make sure "rowid" columns are correctly resolved in joins between normal tables and WITHOUT ROWID tables. Ticket [c34d0557f7]
  13. Bug fix: Make sure the same temporary registers are not used in concurrent co-routines used to implement compound SELECT statements containing ORDER BY clauses, as such use can lead to incorrect answers. Ticket [8c63ff0eca]
  14. Bug fix: Ensure that "ORDER BY random()" clauses do not get optimized out. Ticket [65bdeb9739]
  15. Bug fix: Repair a name-resolution error that can occur in sub-select statements contained within a TRIGGER. Ticket [4ef7e3cfca]
  16. Bug fix: Fix column default values expressions of the form "DEFAULT(-(-9223372036854775808))" so that they work correctly, initializing the column to a floating point value approximately equal to +9223372036854775808.0.
  17. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-03-10 12:20:37 530a1ee7dc2435f80960ce4710a3c2d2bfaaccc5"
  18. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: b0c22e5f15f5ba2afd017ecd990ea507918afe1c

2014-02-11 (

  1. Fix a bug (ticket 4c86b126f2) that causes rows to go missing on some queries with OR clauses and IS NOT NULL operators in the WHERE clause, when the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 compile-time options are used.
  2. Fix a harmless compiler warning that was causing problems for VS2013.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-02-11 14:52:19 ea3317a4803d71d88183b29f1d3086f46d68a00e"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 990004ef2d0eec6a339e4caa562423897fe02bf0

2014-02-03 (3.8.3)

  1. Added support for common table expressions and the WITH clause.
  2. Added the printf() SQL function.
  3. Added SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC as an optional bit in the 4th argument to the sqlite3_create_function() and related interfaces, providing applications with the ability to create new functions that can be factored out of inner loops when they have constant arguments.
  4. Add SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED error code, returned at the beginning of a transaction, to indicate that the underlying database file has been renamed or moved out from under SQLite.
  5. Allow arbitrary expressions, including function calls and subqueries, in the filename argument to ATTACH.
  6. Allow a VALUES clause to be used anywhere a SELECT statement is valid.
  7. Reseed the PRNG used by sqlite3_randomness(N,P) when invoked with N==0. Automatically reseed after a fork() on unix.
  8. Enhance the spellfix1 virtual table so that it can search efficiently by rowid.
  9. Performance enhancements.
  10. Improvements to the comments in the VDBE byte-code display when running EXPLAIN.
  11. Add the "%token_class" directive to Lemon parser generator and use it to simplify the grammar.
  12. Change the Lemon source code to avoid calling C-library functions that OpenBSD considers dangerous. (Ex: sprintf).
  13. Bug fix: In the command-line shell CSV import feature, do not end a field when an escaped double-quote occurs at the end of a CRLN line.
  14. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2014-02-03 13:52:03 e816dd924619db5f766de6df74ea2194f3e3b538"
  15. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 98a07da78f71b0275e8d9c510486877adc31dbee

2013-12-06 (3.8.2)

  1. Changed the defined behavior for the CAST expression when floating point values greater than +9223372036854775807 are cast into integers so that the result is the largest possible integer, +9223372036854775807, instead of the smallest possible integer, -9223372036854775808. After this change, CAST(9223372036854775809.0 as INT) yields +9223372036854775807 instead of -9223372036854775808.  Potentially Incompatible Change!
  2. Added support for WITHOUT ROWID tables.
  3. Added the skip-scan optimization to the query planner.
  4. Extended the virtual table interface, and in particular the sqlite3_index_info object to allow a virtual table to report its estimate on the number of rows that will be returned by a query.
  5. Update the R-Tree extension to make use of the enhanced virtual table interface.
  6. Add the SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS compile-time option.
  7. Enhanced the comments that are inserted into EXPLAIN output when the SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS compile-time option is enabled.
  8. Performance enhancements in the VDBE, especially to the OP_Column opcode.
  9. Factor constant subexpressions in inner loops out to the initialization code in prepared statements.
  10. Enhanced the ".explain" output formatting of the command-line shell so that loops are indented to better show the structure of the program.
  11. Enhanced the ".timer" feature of the command-line shell so that it shows wall-clock time in addition to system and user times.
  12. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-12-06 14:53:30 27392118af4c38c5203a04b8013e1afdb1cebd0d"
  13. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 6422c7d69866f5ea3db0968f67ee596e7114544e

2013-10-17 (3.8.1)

  1. Added the unlikely() and likelihood() SQL functions to be used as hints to the query planner.
  2. Enhancements to the query planner:
    1. Take into account the fact WHERE clause terms that cannot be used with indices still probably reduce the number of output rows.
    2. Estimate the sizes of table and index rows and use the smallest applicable B-Tree for full scans and "count(*)" operations.
  3. Added the soft_heap_limit pragma.
  4. Added support for SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  5. Added support for "sz=NNN" parameters at the end of sqlite_stat1.stat fields used to specify the average length in bytes for table and index rows.
  6. Avoid running foreign-key constraint checks on an UPDATE if none of the modified columns are associated with foreign keys.
  7. Added the SQLITE_MINIMUM_FILE_DESCRIPTOR compile-time option
  8. Added the win32-longpath VFS on windows, permitting filenames up to 32K characters in length.
  9. The Date And Time Functions are enhanced so that the current time (ex: julianday('now')) is always the same for multiple function invocations within the same sqlite3_step() call.
  10. Add the "totype.c" extension, implementing the tointeger() and toreal() SQL functions.
  11. FTS4 queries are better able to make use of docid<$limit constraints to limit the amount of I/O required.
  12. Added the hidden fts4aux languageid column to the fts4aux virtual table.
  13. The VACUUM command packs the database about 1% tighter.
  14. The sqlite3_analyzer utility program is updated to provide better descriptions and to compute a more accurate estimate for "Non-sequential pages"
  15. Refactor the implementation of PRAGMA statements to improve parsing performance.
  16. The directory used to hold temporary files on unix can now be set using the SQLITE_TMPDIR environment variable, which takes precedence over the TMPDIR environment variable. The sqlite3_temp_directory global variable still has higher precedence than both environment variables, however.
  17. Added the PRAGMA stats statement.
  18. Bug fix: Return the correct answer for "SELECT count(*) FROM table" even if there is a partial index on the table. Ticket a5c8ed66ca.
  19. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-10-17 12:57:35 c78be6d786c19073b3a6730dfe3fb1be54f5657a"
  20. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 0a54d76566728c2ba96292a49b138e4f69a7c391

2013-09-03 (

  1. Fix a bug in the optimization that attempts to omit unused LEFT JOINs
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-09-03 17:11:13 7dd4968f235d6e1ca9547cda9cf3bd570e1609ef"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 6cf0c7b46975a87a0dc3fba69c229a7de61b0c21

2013-08-29 (

  1. Fix an off-by-one error that caused quoted empty string at the end of a CRNL-terminated line of CSV input to be misread by the command-line shell.
  2. Fix a query planner bug involving a LEFT JOIN with a BETWEEN or LIKE/GLOB constraint and then another INNER JOIN to the right that involves an OR constraint.
  3. Fix a query planner bug that could result in a segfault when querying tables with a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint with more than four columns.
  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-08-29 17:35:01 352362bc01660edfbda08179d60f09e2038a2f49"
  5. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 99906bf63e6cef63d6f3d7f8526ac4a70e76559e

2013-08-26 (3.8.0)

  1. Add support for partial indexes
  2. Cut-over to the next generation query planner for faster and better query plans.
  3. The EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output no longer shows an estimate of the number of rows generated by each loop in a join.
  4. Added the FTS4 notindexed option, allowing non-indexed columns in an FTS4 table.
  5. Added the SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP option to sqlite3_stmt_status().
  6. Added the cache_spill pragma.
  7. Added the query_only pragma.
  8. Added the defer_foreign_keys pragma and the sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS,...) C-language interface.
  9. Added the "percentile()" function as a loadable extension in the ext/misc subdirectory of the source tree.
  10. Added the SQLITE_ALLOW_URI_AUTHORITY compile-time option.
  11. Add the sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X) interface.
  12. A running SELECT statement that lacks a FROM clause (or any other statement that never reads or writes from any database file) will not prevent a read transaction from closing.
  13. Add the SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX compile-time option. Setting this option to 0 disables automatic indices by default.
  14. Issue an SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX warning on the SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG whenever the query planner uses an automatic index.
  15. Added the SQLITE_FTS3_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH compile-time option.
  16. Added an optional 5th parameter defining the collating sequence to the next_char() extension SQL function.
  17. The SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT extended error code is returned in WAL mode when a read transaction cannot be upgraded to a write transaction because the read is on an older snapshot.
  18. Enhancements to the sqlite3_analyzer utility program to provide size information separately for each individual index of a table, in addition to the aggregate size.
  19. Allow read transactions to be freely opened and closed by SQL statements run from within the implementation of application-defined SQL functions if the function is called by a SELECT statement that does not access any database table.
  20. Disable the use of posix_fallocate() on all (unix) systems unless the HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE compile-time option is used.
  21. Update the ".import" command in the command-line shell to support multi-line fields and correct RFC-4180 quoting and to issue warning and/or error messages if the input text is not strictly RFC-4180 compliant.
  22. Bug fix: In the unicode61 tokenizer of FTS4, treat all private code points as identifier symbols.
  23. Bug fix: Bare identifiers in ORDER BY clauses bind more tightly to output column names, but identifiers in expressions bind more tightly to input column names. Identifiers in GROUP BY clauses always prefer output column names, however.
  24. Bug fixes: Multiple problems in the legacy query optimizer were fixed by the move to NGQP.
  25. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-08-26 04:50:08 f64cd21e2e23ed7cff48f7dafa5e76adde9321c2"
  26. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: b7347f4b4c2a840e6ba12040093d606bd16ea21e

2013-05-20 (3.7.17)

  1. Add support for memory-mapped I/O.
  2. Add the sqlite3_strglob() convenience interface.
  3. Assigned the integer at offset 68 in the database header as the Application ID for when SQLite is used as an application file-format. Added the PRAGMA application_id command to query and set the Application ID.
  4. Report rollback recovery in the error log as SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK. Change the error log code for WAL recover from SQLITE_OK to SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL.
  5. Report the risky uses of unlinked database files and database filename aliasing as SQLITE_WARNING messages in the error log.
  6. Added the SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT compile-time option.
  7. Increase the default value of SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY to 50 and make sure that it is honored in every place that a schema change might force a statement retry.
  8. Add a new test harness called "mptester" used to verify correct operation when multiple processes are using the same database file at the same time.
  9. Enhance the extension loading mechanism to be more flexible (while still maintaining backwards compatibility) in two ways:
    1. If the default entry point "sqlite3_extension_init" is not present in the loadable extension, also try an entry point "sqlite3_X_init" where "X" is based on the shared library filename. This allows every extension to have a different entry point, which allows them to be statically linked with no code changes.
    2. The shared library filename passed to sqlite3_load_extension() may omit the filename suffix, and an appropriate architecture-dependent suffix (".so", ".dylib", or ".dll") will be added automatically.
  10. Added many new loadable extensions to the source tree, including amatch, closure, fuzzer, ieee754, nextchar, regexp, spellfix, and wholenumber. See header comments on each extension source file for further information about what that extension does.
  11. Enhance FTS3 to avoid using excess stack space when there are a huge number of terms on the right-hand side of the MATCH operator. A side-effect of this change is that the MATCH operator can only accommodate 12 NEAR operators at a time.
  12. Enhance the fts4aux virtual table so that it can be a TEMP table.
  13. Added the fts3tokenize virtual table to the full-text search logic.
  14. Query planner enhancement: Use the transitive property of constraints to move constraints into the outer loops of a join whenever possible, thereby reducing the amount of work that needs to occur in inner loops.
  15. Discontinue the use of posix_fallocate() on unix, as it does not work on all filesystems.
  16. Improved tracing and debugging facilities in the Windows VFS.
  17. Bug fix: Fix a potential database corruption bug in shared cache mode when one database connection is closed while another is in the middle of a write transaction. Ticket e636a050b7
  18. Bug fix: Only consider AS names from the result set as candidates for resolving identifiers in the WHERE clause if there are no other matches. In the ORDER BY clause, AS names take priority over any column names. Ticket 2500cdb9be05
  19. Bug fix: Do not allow a virtual table to cancel the ORDER BY clause unless all outer loops are guaranteed to return no more than one row result. Ticket ba82a4a41eac1.
  20. Bug fix: Do not suppress the ORDER BY clause on a virtual table query if an IN constraint is used. Ticket f69b96e3076e.
  21. Bug fix: The command-line shell gives an exit code of 0 when terminated using the ".quit" command.
  22. Bug fix: Make sure PRAGMA statements appear in sqlite3_trace() output.
  23. Bug fix: When a compound query that uses an ORDER BY clause with a COLLATE operator, make sure that the sorting occurs according to the specified collation and that the comparisons associate with the compound query use the native collation. Ticket 6709574d2a8d8.
  24. Bug fix: Makes sure the authorizer callback gets a valid pointer to the string "ROWID" for the column-name parameter when doing an UPDATE that changes the rowid. Ticket 0eb70d77cb05bb2272
  25. Bug fix: Do not move WHERE clause terms inside OR expressions that are contained within an ON clause of a LEFT JOIN. Ticket f2369304e4
  26. Bug fix: Make sure an error is always reported when attempting to preform an operation that requires a collating sequence that is missing. Ticket 0fc59f908b
  27. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-05-20 00:56:22 118a3b35693b134d56ebd780123b7fd6f1497668"
  28. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 246987605d0503c700a08b9ee99a6b5d67454aab

2013-04-12 (

  1. Fix a bug (present since version 3.7.13) that could result in database corruption on windows if two or more processes try to access the same database file at the same time and immediately after third process crashed in the middle of committing to that same file. See ticket 7ff3120e4f for further information.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-04-12 11:52:43 cbea02d93865ce0e06789db95fd9168ebac970c7"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: d466b54789dff4fb0238b9232e74896deaefab94

2013-03-29 (

  1. Fix for a bug in the ORDER BY optimizer that was introduced in version 3.7.15 which would sometimes optimize out the sorting step when in fact the sort was required. Ticket a179fe7465
  2. Fix a long-standing bug in the CAST expression that would recognize UTF16 characters as digits even if their most-significant-byte was not zero. Ticket 689137afb6da41.
  3. Fix a bug in the NEAR operator of FTS3 when applied to subfields. Ticket 38b1ae018f.
  4. Fix a long-standing bug in the storage engine that would (very rarely) cause a spurious report of an SQLITE_CORRUPT error but which was otherwise harmless. Ticket 6bfb98dfc0c.
  5. The SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT option has been removed. The merge sorter is now a required component of SQLite.
  6. Fixed lots of spelling errors in the source-code comments
  7. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-03-29 13:44:34 527231bc67285f01fb18d4451b28f61da3c4e39d"
  8. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 7a91ceceac9bcf47ceb8219126276e5518f7ff5a

2013-03-18 (3.7.16)

  1. Added the PRAGMA foreign_key_check command.
  2. Added new extended error codes for all SQLITE_CONSTRAINT errors
  3. Added the SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK extended error code for when a database cannot be opened because it needs rollback recovery but is read-only.
  4. Added SQL functions unicode(A) and char(X1,...,XN).
  5. Performance improvements for PRAGMA incremental_vacuum, especially in cases where the number of free pages is greater than what will fit on a single trunk page of the freelist.
  6. Improved optimization of queries containing aggregate min() or max().
  7. Enhance virtual tables so that they can potentially use an index when the WHERE clause contains the IN operator.
  8. Allow indices to be used for sorting even if prior terms of the index are constrained by IN operators in the WHERE clause.
  9. Enhance the PRAGMA table_info command so that the "pk" column is an increasing integer to show the order of columns in the primary key.
  10. Enhance the query optimizer to exploit transitive join constraints.
  11. Performance improvements in the query optimizer.
  12. Allow the error message from PRAGMA integrity_check to be longer than 20000 bytes.
  13. Improved name resolution for deeply nested queries.
  14. Added the test_regexp.c module as a demonstration of how to implement the REGEXP operator.
  15. Improved error messages in the RTREE extension.
  16. Enhance the command-line shell so that a non-zero argument to the ".exit" command causes the shell to exit immediately without cleanly shutting down the database connection.
  17. Improved error messages for invalid boolean arguments to dot-commands in the command-line shell.
  18. Improved error messages for "foreign key mismatch" showing the names of the two tables involved.
  19. Remove all uses of umask() in the unix VFS.
  20. Added the PRAGMA vdbe_addoptrace and PRAGMA vdbe_debug commands.
  21. Change to use strncmp() or the equivalent instead of memcmp() when comparing non-zero-terminated strings.
  22. Update cygwin interfaces to omit deprecated API calls.
  23. Enhance the spellfix1 extension so that the edit distance cost table can be changed at runtime by inserting a string like 'edit_cost_table=TABLE' into the "command" field.
  24. Bug fix: repair a long-standing problem that could cause incorrect query results in a 3-way or larger join that compared INTEGER fields against TEXT fields in two or more places. Ticket fc7bd6358f
  25. Bug fix: Issue an error message if the 16-bit reference counter on a view overflows due to an overly complex query.
  26. Bug fix: Avoid leaking memory on LIMIT and OFFSET clauses in deeply nested UNION ALL queries.
  27. Bug fix: Make sure the schema is up-to-date prior to running pragmas table_info, index_list, index_info, and foreign_key_list.
  28. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-03-18 11:39:23 66d5f2b76750f3520eb7a495f6247206758f5b90"
  29. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 7308ab891ca1b2ebc596025cfe4dc36f1ee89cf6

2013-01-09 (

  1. Fix a bug, introduced in version 3.7.15, that causes an ORDER BY clause to be optimized out of a three-way join when the ORDER BY is actually required. Ticket 598f5f7596b055
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2013-01-09 11:53:05 c0e09560d26f0a6456be9dd3447f5311eb4f238f"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 5741f47d1bc38aa0a8c38f09e60a5fe0031f272d

2012-12-19 (

  1. Fix a bug, introduced in version 3.7.15, that causes a segfault if the AS name of a result column of a SELECT statement is used as a logical term in the WHERE clause. Ticket a7b7803e8d1e869.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-12-19 20:39:10 6b85b767d0ff7975146156a99ad673f2c1a23318"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: bbbaa68061e925bd4d7d18d7e1270935c5f7e39a

2012-12-12 (3.7.15)

  1. Added the sqlite3_errstr() interface.
  2. Avoid invoking the sqlite3_trace() callback multiple times when a statement is automatically reprepared due to SQLITE_SCHEMA errors.
  3. Added support for Windows Phone 8 platforms
  4. Enhance IN operator processing to make use of indices with numeric affinities.
  5. Do full-table scans using covering indices when possible, under the theory that an index will be smaller and hence can be scanned with less I/O.
  6. Enhance the query optimizer so that ORDER BY clauses are more aggressively optimized, especially in joins where various terms of the ORDER BY clause come from separate tables of the join.
  7. Add the ability to implement FROM clause subqueries as coroutines rather that manifesting the subquery into a temporary table.
  8. Enhancements the command-line shell:
    1. Added the ".print" command
    2. Negative numbers in the ".width" command cause right-alignment
    3. Add the ".wheretrace" command when compiled with SQLITE_DEBUG
  9. Added the busy_timeout pragma.
  10. Added the instr() SQL function.
  11. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER file control, used to allow VFS implementations to get access to the busy handler callback.
  12. The xDelete method in the built-in VFSes now return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT if the file to be deleted does not exist.
  13. Enhanced support for QNX.
  14. Work around an optimizer bug in the MSVC compiler when targeting ARM.
  15. Bug fix: Avoid various concurrency problems in shared cache mode.
  16. Bug fix: Avoid a deadlock or crash if the backup API, shared cache, and the SQLite Encryption Extension are all used at once.
  17. Bug fix: SQL functions created using the TCL interface honor the "nullvalue" setting.
  18. Bug fix: Fix a 32-bit overflow problem on CREATE INDEX for databases larger than 16GB.
  19. Bug fix: Avoid segfault when using the COLLATE operator inside of a CHECK constraint or view in shared cache mode.
  20. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-12-12 13:36:53 cd0b37c52658bfdf992b1e3dc467bae1835a94ae"
  21. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 2b413611f5e3e3b6ef5f618f2a9209cdf25cbcff"

2012-10-04 (

  1. Fix a bug (ticket [d02e1406a58ea02d]]) that causes a segfault on a LEFT JOIN that includes an OR in the ON clause.
  2. Work around a bug in the optimizer in the VisualStudio-2012 compiler that causes invalid code to be generated when compiling SQLite on ARM.
  3. Fix the TCL interface so that the "nullvalue" setting is honored for TCL implementations of SQL functions.
  4. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-10-04 19:37:12 091570e46d04e84b67228e0bdbcd6e1fb60c6bdb"
  5. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 62aaecaacab3a4bf4a8fe4aec1cfdc1571fe9a44

2012-09-03 (3.7.14)

  1. Drop built-in support for OS/2. If you need to upgrade an OS/2 application to use this or a later version of SQLite, then add an application-defined VFS using the sqlite3_vfs_register() interface. The code removed in this release can serve as a baseline for the application-defined VFS.
  2. Ensure that floating point values are preserved exactly when reconstructing a database from the output of the ".dump" command of the command-line shell.
  3. Added the sqlite3_close_v2() interface.
  4. Updated the command-line shell so that it can be built using SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT and SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT.
  5. Improvements to the windows makefiles and build processes.
  6. Enhancements to PRAGMA integrity_check and PRAGMA quick_check so that they can optionally check just a single attached database instead of all attached databases.
  7. Enhancements to WAL mode processing that ensure that at least one valid read-mark is available at all times, so that read-only processes can always read the database.
  8. Performance enhancements in the sorter used by ORDER BY and CREATE INDEX.
  9. Added the SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS4_DEFERRED compile-time option.
  10. Better handling of aggregate queries where the aggregate functions are contained within subqueries.
  11. Enhance the query planner so that it will try to use a covering index on queries that make use of or optimization.
  12. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-09-03 15:42:36 c0d89d4a9752922f9e367362366efde4f1b06f2a"
  13. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 5fdf596b29bb426001f28b488ff356ae14d5a5a6

2012-06-11 (3.7.13)

  1. In-memory databases that are specified using URI filenames are allowed to use shared cache, so that the same in-memory database can be accessed from multiple database connections.
  2. Recognize and use the mode=memory query parameter in URI filenames.
  3. Avoid resetting the schema of shared cache connections when any one connection closes. Instead, wait for the last connection to close before resetting the schema.
  4. In the RTREE extension, when rounding 64-bit floating point numbers to 32-bit for storage, always round in a direction that causes the bounding box to get larger.
  5. Adjust the unix driver to avoid unnecessary calls to fchown().
  6. Add interfaces sqlite3_quota_ferror() and sqlite3_quota_file_available() to the test_quota.c module.
  7. The sqlite3_create_module() and sqlite3_create_module_v2() interfaces return SQLITE_MISUSE on any attempt to overload or replace a virtual table module. The destructor is always called in this case, in accordance with historical and current documentation.
  8. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-06-11 02:05:22 f5b5a13f7394dc143aa136f1d4faba6839eaa6dc"
  9. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: ff0a771d6252545740ba9685e312b0e3bb6a641b

2012-05-22 (

  1. Fix a bug (ticket c2ad16f997) in the 3.7.12 release that can cause a segfault for certain obscure nested aggregate queries.
  2. Fix various other minor test script problems.
  3. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-05-22 02:45:53 6d326d44fd1d626aae0e8456e5fa2049f1ce0789"
  4. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: d494e8d81607f0515d4f386156fb0fd86d5ba7df

2012-05-14 (3.7.12)

  1. Add the SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE option for sqlite3_db_status().
  2. Optimize the typeof() and length() SQL functions so that they avoid unnecessary reading of database content from disk.
  3. Add the FTS4 "merge" command, the FTS4 "automerge" command, and the FTS4 "integrity-check" command.
  4. Report the name of specific CHECK constraints that fail.
  5. In the command-line shell, use popen() instead of fopen() if the first character of the argument to the ".output" command is "|".
  6. Make use of OVERLAPPED in the windows VFS to avoid some system calls and thereby obtain a performance improvement.
  7. More aggressive optimization of the AND operator when one side or the other is always false.
  8. Improved performance of queries with many OR-connected terms in the WHERE clause that can all be indexed.
  9. Add the SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY compile-time option to force the R*Tree Extension Module to use integer instead of floating point values for both storage and computation.
  10. Enhance the PRAGMA integrity_check command to use much less memory when processing multi-gigabyte databases.
  11. New interfaces added to the test_quota.c add-on module.
  12. Added the ".trace" dot-command to the command-line shell.
  13. Allow virtual table constructors to be invoked recursively.
  14. Improved optimization of ORDER BY clauses on compound queries.
  15. Improved optimization of aggregate subqueries contained within an aggregate query.
  16. Bug fix: Fix the RELEASE command so that it does not cancel pending queries. This repairs a problem introduced in 3.7.11.
  17. Bug fix: Do not discard the DISTINCT as superfluous unless a subset of the result set is subject to a UNIQUE constraint and it none of the columns in that subset can be NULL. Ticket 385a5b56b9.
  18. Bug fix: Do not optimize away an ORDER BY clause that has the same terms as a UNIQUE index unless those terms are also NOT NULL. Ticket 2a5629202f.
  19. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-05-14 01:41:23 8654aa9540fe9fd210899d83d17f3f407096c004"
  20. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 57e2104a0f7b3f528e7f6b7a8e553e2357ccd2e1

2012-03-20 (3.7.11)

  1. Enhance the INSERT syntax to allow multiple rows to be inserted via the VALUES clause.
  2. Enhance the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE command to support the IF NOT EXISTS clause.
  3. Added the sqlite3_stricmp() interface as a counterpart to sqlite3_strnicmp().
  4. Added the sqlite3_db_readonly() interface.
  5. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control, giving VFS implementations the ability to add new PRAGMA statements or to override built-in PRAGMAs.
  6. Queries of the form: "SELECT max(x), y FROM table" returns the value of y on the same row that contains the maximum x value.
  7. Added support for the FTS4 languageid option.
  8. Documented support for the FTS4 content option. This feature has actually been in the code since version 3.7.9 but is only now considered to be officially supported.
  9. Pending statements no longer block ROLLBACK. Instead, the pending statement will return SQLITE_ABORT upon next access after the ROLLBACK.
  10. Improvements to the handling of CSV inputs in the command-line shell
  11. Fix a bug introduced in version 3.7.10 that might cause a LEFT JOIN to be incorrectly converted into an INNER JOIN if the WHERE clause indexable terms connected by OR.
  12. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-03-20 11:35:50 00bb9c9ce4f465e6ac321ced2a9d0062dc364669"
  13. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: d460d7eda3a9dccd291aed2a9fda868b9b120a10

2012-01-16 (3.7.10)

  1. The default schema format number is changed from 1 to 4. This means that, unless the PRAGMA legacy_file_format=ON statement is run, newly created database files will be unreadable by version of SQLite prior to 3.3.0 (2006-01-10). It also means that the descending indices are enabled by default.
  2. The sqlite3_pcache_methods structure and the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE configuration parameters are deprecated. They are replaced by a new sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure and SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 configuration parameters.
  3. Added the powersafe overwrite property to the VFS interface. Provide the SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE I/O capability, the SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE compile-time option, and the "psow=BOOLEAN" query parameter for URI filenames.
  4. Added the sqlite3_db_release_memory() interface and the shrink_memory pragma.
  5. Added the sqlite3_db_filename() interface.
  6. Added the sqlite3_stmt_busy() interface.
  7. Added the sqlite3_uri_boolean() and sqlite3_uri_int64() interfaces.
  8. If the argument to PRAGMA cache_size is negative N, that means to use approximately -1024*N bytes of memory for the page cache regardless of the page size.
  9. Enhanced the default memory allocator to make use of _msize() on windows, malloc_size() on Mac, and malloc_usable_size() on Linux.
  10. Enhanced the query planner to support index queries with range constraints on the rowid.
  11. Enhanced the query planner flattening logic to allow UNION ALL compounds to be promoted upwards to replace a simple wrapper SELECT even if the compounds are joins.
  12. Enhanced the query planner so that the xfer optimization can be used with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ON CONFLICT as long as the destination table is initially empty.
  13. Enhanced the windows VFS so that all system calls can be overridden using the xSetSystemCall interface.
  14. Updated the "unix-dotfile" VFS to use locking directories with mkdir() and rmdir() instead of locking files with open() and unlink().
  15. Enhancements to the test_quota.c extension to support stdio-like interfaces with quotas.
  16. Change the unix VFS to be tolerant of read() system calls that return less then the full number of requested bytes.
  17. Change both unix and windows VFSes to report a sector size of 4096 instead of the old default of 512.
  18. In the TCL Interface, add the -uri option to the "sqlite3" TCL command used for creating new database connection objects.
  19. Added the SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT test-control option with the SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN compile-time option to enable the command-line shell to display ASCII-art parse trees of SQL statements that it processes, for debugging and analysis.
  20. Bug fix: Add an additional xSync when restarting a WAL in order to prevent an exceedingly unlikely but theoretically possible database corruption following power-loss. Ticket ff5be73dee.
  21. Bug fix: Change the VDBE so that all registers are initialized to Invalid instead of NULL. Ticket 7bbfb7d442
  22. Bug fix: Fix problems that can result from 32-bit integer overflow. Ticket ac00f496b7e2
  23. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2012-01-16 13:28:40 ebd01a8deffb5024a5d7494eef800d2366d97204"
  24. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 6497cbbaad47220bd41e2e4216c54706e7ae95d4

2011-11-01 (3.7.9)

  1. If a search token (on the right-hand side of the MATCH operator) in FTS4 begins with "^" then that token must be the first in its field of the document. ** Potentially Incompatible Change **
  2. Added options SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT and SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS to the sqlite3_db_status() interface.
  3. Removed support for SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2, replacing it with the much more capable SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 option.
  4. Enhancements to the sqlite3_analyzer utility program, including the --pageinfo and --stats options and support for multiplexed databases.
  5. Enhance the sqlite3_data_count() interface so that it can be used to determine if SQLITE_DONE has been seen on the prepared statement.
  6. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE file-control by which the SQLite core indicates to the VFS that the current transaction will overwrite the entire database file.
  7. Increase the default lookaside memory allocator allocation size from 100 to 128 bytes.
  8. Enhanced the query planner so that it can factor terms in and out of OR expressions in the WHERE clause in an effort to find better indices.
  9. Added the SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ compile-time option, causing overflow pages to be read directly from the database file, bypassing the page cache.
  10. Remove limits on the magnitude of precision and width value in the format specifiers of the sqlite3_mprintf() family of string rendering routines.
  11. Fix a bug that prevent ALTER TABLE ... RENAME from working on some virtual tables in a database with a UTF16 encoding.
  12. Fix a bug in ASCII-to-float conversion that causes slow performance and incorrect results when converting numbers with ridiculously large exponents.
  13. Fix a bug that causes incorrect results in aggregate queries that use multiple aggregate functions whose arguments contain complicated expressions that differ only in the case of string literals contained within those expressions.
  14. Fix a bug that prevented the page_count and quick_check pragmas from working correctly if their names were capitalized.
  15. Fix a bug that caused VACUUM to fail if the count_changes pragma was engaged.
  16. Fix a bug in virtual table implementation that causes a crash if an FTS4 table is dropped inside a transaction and a SAVEPOINT occurs afterwards.
  17. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-11-01 00:52:41 c7c6050ef060877ebe77b41d959e9df13f8c9b5e"
  18. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: becd16877f4f9b281b91c97e106089497d71bb47

2011-09-19 (3.7.8)

  1. Orders of magnitude performance improvement for CREATE INDEX on very large tables.
  2. Improved the windows VFS to better defend against interference from anti-virus software.
  3. Improved query plan optimization when the DISTINCT keyword is present.
  4. Allow more system calls to be overridden in the unix VFS - to provide better support for chromium sandboxes.
  5. Increase the default size of a lookahead cache line from 100 to 128 bytes.
  6. Enhancements to the test_quota.c module so that it can track preexisting files.
  7. Bug fix: Virtual tables now handle IS NOT NULL constraints correctly.
  8. Bug fixes: Correctly handle nested correlated subqueries used with indices in a WHERE clause.
  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-09-19 14:49:19 3e0da808d2f5b4d12046e05980ca04578f581177"
  10. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: bfcd74a655636b592c5dba6d0d5729c0f8e3b4de

2011-06-28 (

  1. Fix a bug causing PRAGMA case_sensitive_like statements compiled using sqlite3_prepare() to fail with an SQLITE_SCHEMA error.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-06-28 17:39:05 af0d91adf497f5f36ec3813f04235a6e195a605f"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: d47594b8a02f6cf58e91fb673e96cb1b397aace0

2011-06-23 (3.7.7)

  1. Add support for URI filenames
  2. Add the sqlite3_vtab_config() interface in support of ON CONFLICT clauses with virtual tables.
  3. Add the xSavepoint, xRelease and xRollbackTo methods in virtual tables in support of SAVEPOINT for virtual tables.
  4. Update the built-in FTS3/FTS4 and RTREE virtual tables to support ON CONFLICT clauses and REPLACE.
  5. Avoid unnecessary reparsing of the database schema.
  6. Added support for the FTS4 prefix option and the FTS4 order option.
  7. Allow WAL-mode databases to be opened read-only as long as there is an existing read/write connection.
  8. Added support for short filenames.
  9. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-06-23 19:49:22 4374b7e83ea0a3fbc3691f9c0c936272862f32f2"
  10. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 5bbe79e206ae5ffeeca760dbd0d66862228db551

2011-05-19 (

  1. Fix a problem with WAL mode which could cause transactions to silently rollback if the cache_size is set very small (less than 10) and SQLite comes under memory pressure.

2011-04-17 (

  1. Fix the function prototype for the open(2) system call to agree with POSIX. Without this fix, pthreads does not work correctly on NetBSD.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-04-17 17:25:17 154ddbc17120be2915eb03edc52af1225eb7cb5e"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: 806577fd524dd5f3bfd8d4d27392ed2752bc9701

2011-04-13 (

  1. Fix a bug in 3.7.6 that only appears if the SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT file control is used with a build of SQLite that makes use of the HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE compile-time option and which has SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_MODE turned off.
  2. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-04-13 14:40:25 a35e83eac7b185f4d363d7fa51677f2fdfa27695"
  3. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: b81bfa27d3e09caf3251475863b1ce6dd9f6ab66

2011-04-12 (3.7.6)

  1. Added the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface and enhanced the wal_checkpoint pragma to support blocking checkpoints.
  2. Improvements to the query planner so that it makes better estimates of plan costs and hence does a better job of choosing the right plan, especially when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is used.
  3. Fix a bug which prevented deferred foreign key constraints from being enforced when sqlite3_finalize() was not called by one statement with a failed foreign key constraint prior to another statement with foreign key constraints running.
  4. Integer arithmetic operations that would have resulted in overflow are now performed using floating-point instead.
  5. Increased the version number on the VFS object to 3 and added new methods xSetSysCall, xGetSysCall, and xNextSysCall used for doing full-coverage testing.
  6. Increase the maximum value of SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED from 30 to 62 (though the default value remains at 10).
  7. Enhancements to FTS4:
    1. Added the fts4aux table
    2. Added support for compressed FTS4 content
  8. Enhance the ANALYZE command to support the name of an index as its argument, in order to analyze just that one index.
  9. Added the "unix-excl" built-in VFS on unix and unix-like platforms.
  10. SQLITE_SOURCE_ID: "2011-04-12 01:58:40 f9d43fa363d54beab6f45db005abac0a7c0c47a7"
  11. SHA1 for sqlite3.c: f38df08547efae0ff4343da607b723f588bbd66b

2011-02-01 (3.7.5)

  1. Added the sqlite3_vsnprintf() interface.
  3. Added the SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET compile-time option.
  4. Added the SQLITE_DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS compile-time option.
  5. Updates to sqlite3_stmt_readonly() so that its result is well-defined for all prepared statements and so that it works with VACUUM.
  6. Added the "-heap" option to the command-line shell
  7. Fix a bug involving frequent changes in and out of WAL mode and VACUUM that could (in theory) cause database corruption.
  8. Enhance the sqlite3_trace() mechanism so that nested SQL statements such as might be generated by virtual tables are shown but are shown in comments and without parameter expansion. This greatly improves tracing output when using the FTS3/4 and/or RTREE virtual tables.
  9. Change the xFileControl() methods on all built-in VFSes to return SQLITE_NOTFOUND instead of SQLITE_ERROR for an unrecognized operation code.
  10. The SQLite core invokes the SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED file control to the VFS in place of a call to xSync if the database has PRAGMA synchronous set to OFF.

2010-12-07 (3.7.4)

  1. Added the sqlite3_blob_reopen() interface to allow an existing sqlite3_blob object to be rebound to a new row.
  2. Use the new sqlite3_blob_reopen() interface to improve the performance of FTS.
  3. VFSes that do not support shared memory are allowed to access WAL databases if PRAGMA locking_mode is set to EXCLUSIVE.
  4. Enhancements to EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN.
  5. Added the sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface.
  6. Added PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync.
  7. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER option to sqlite3_file_control().
  8. Added support for FTS4 and enhancements to the FTS matchinfo() function.
  9. Added the test_superlock.c module which provides example code for obtaining an exclusive lock to a rollback or WAL database.
  10. Added the test_multiplex.c module which provides an example VFS that provides multiplexing (sharding) of a DB, splitting it over multiple files of fixed size.
  11. A very obscure bug associated with the or optimization was fixed.

2010-10-08 (3.7.3)

  1. Added the sqlite3_create_function_v2() interface that includes a destructor callback.
  2. Added support for custom r-tree queries using application-supplied callback routines to define the boundary of the query region.
  3. The default page cache strives more diligently to avoid using memory beyond what is allocated to it by SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE. Or if using page cache is allocating from the heap, it strives to avoid going over the sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(), even if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT is not set.
  4. Added the sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface as a replacement for sqlite3_soft_heap_limit().
  5. The ANALYZE command now gathers statistics on tables even if they have no indices.
  6. Tweaks to the query planner to help it do a better job of finding the most efficient query plan for each query.
  7. Enhanced the internal text-to-numeric conversion routines so that they work with UTF8 or UTF16, thereby avoiding some UTF16-to-UTF8 text conversions.
  8. Fix a problem that was causing excess memory usage with large WAL transactions in win32 systems.
  9. The interface between the VDBE and B-Tree layer is enhanced such that the VDBE provides hints to the B-Tree layer letting the B-Tree layer know when it is safe to use hashing instead of B-Trees for transient tables.
  10. Miscellaneous documentation enhancements.

2010-08-24 (3.7.2)

  1. Fix an old and very obscure bug that can lead to corruption of the database free-page list when incremental_vacuum is used.

2010-08-23 (3.7.1)

  1. Added new commands SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED and SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED to the sqlite3_db_status() interface, in order to report out the amount of memory used to hold the schema and prepared statements of a connection.
  2. Increase the maximum size of a database pages from 32KiB to 64KiB.
  3. Use the LIKE optimization even if the right-hand side string contains no wildcards.
  4. Added the SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE verb to the sqlite3_file_control() interface for both unix and windows, to cause database files to grow in large chunks in order to reduce disk fragmentation.
  5. Fixed a bug in the query planner that caused performance regressions relative to on some complex joins.
  6. Fixed a typo in the OS/2 backend.
  7. Refactored the pager module.
  8. The SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE compile-time option is now silently ignored. The maximum page size is hard-coded at 65536 bytes.

2010-08-04 (

  1. Fix a potential database corruption bug that can occur if version 3.7.0 and version alternately write to the same database file. Ticket [51ae9cad317a1]
  2. Fix a performance regression related to the query planner enhancements of version 3.7.0.

2010-07-21 (3.7.0)

  1. Added support for write-ahead logging.
  2. Query planner enhancement - automatic transient indices are created when doing so reduces the estimated query time.
  3. Query planner enhancement - the ORDER BY becomes a no-op if the query also contains a GROUP BY clause that forces the correct output order.
  4. Add the SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED verb for sqlite3_db_status().
  5. The logical database size is now stored in the database header so that bytes can be appended to the end of the database file without corrupting it and so that SQLite will work correctly on systems that lack support for ftruncate().

2010-03-26 (

  1. Fix a bug in the offsets() function of FTS3
  2. Fix a missing "sync" that when omitted could lead to database corruption if a power failure or OS crash occurred just as a ROLLBACK operation was finishing.

2010-03-09 (3.6.23)

  1. Added the secure_delete pragma.
  2. Added the sqlite3_compileoption_used() and sqlite3_compileoption_get() interfaces as well as the compile_options pragma and the sqlite_compileoption_used() and sqlite_compileoption_get() SQL functions.
  3. Added the sqlite3_log() interface together with the SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG verb to sqlite3_config(). The ".log" command is added to the Command Line Interface.
  4. Improvements to FTS3.
  5. Improvements and bug-fixes in support for SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT.
  6. The integrity_check pragma is enhanced to detect out-of-order rowids.
  7. The ".genfkey" operator has been removed from the Command Line Interface.
  8. Updates to the co-hosted Lemon LALR(1) parser generator. (These updates did not affect SQLite.)
  9. Various minor bug fixes and performance enhancements.

2010-01-06 (3.6.22)

  1. Fix bugs that can (rarely) lead to incorrect query results when the CAST or OR operators are used in the WHERE clause of a query.
  2. Continuing enhancements and improvements to FTS3.
  3. Other miscellaneous bug fixes.

2009-12-07 (3.6.21)

  1. The SQL output resulting from sqlite3_trace() is now modified to include the values of bound parameters.
  2. Performance optimizations targeting a specific use case from a single high-profile user of SQLite. A 12% reduction in the number of CPU operations is achieved (as measured by Valgrind). Actual performance improvements in practice may vary depending on workload. Changes include:
    1. The ifnull() and coalesce() SQL functions are now implemented using in-line VDBE code rather than calling external functions, so that unused arguments need never be evaluated.
    2. The substr() SQL function does not bother to measure the length its entire input string if it is only computing a prefix
    3. Unnecessary OP_IsNull, OP_Affinity, and OP_MustBeInt VDBE opcodes are suppressed
    4. Various code refactorizations for performance
  3. The FTS3 extension has undergone a major rework and cleanup. New FTS3 documentation is now available.
  4. The SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE compile-time option fixed to make sure that content is deleted even when the truncate optimization applies.
  5. Improvements to "dot-command" handling in the Command Line Interface.
  6. Other minor bug fixes and documentation enhancements.

2009-11-04 (3.6.20)

  1. Optimizer enhancement: prepared statements are automatically re-compiled when a binding on the RHS of a LIKE operator changes or when any range constraint changes under SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.
  2. Various minor bug fixes and documentation enhancements.

2009-10-30 (

  1. A small patch to version 3.6.16 to fix the OP_If bug.

2009-10-14 (3.6.19)

  1. Added support for foreign key constraints. Foreign key constraints are disabled by default. Use the foreign_keys pragma to turn them on.
  2. Generalized the IS and IS NOT operators to take arbitrary expressions on their right-hand side.
  3. The TCL Interface has been enhanced to use the Non-Recursive Engine (NRE) interface to the TCL interpreter when linked against TCL 8.6 or later.
  4. Fix a bug introduced in 3.6.18 that can lead to a segfault when an attempt is made to write on a read-only database.

2009-09-11 (3.6.18)

  1. Versioning of the SQLite source code has transitioned from CVS to Fossil.
  2. Query planner enhancements.
  3. The SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 compile-time option causes the ANALYZE command to collect a small histogram of each index, to help SQLite better select among competing range query indices.
  4. Recursive triggers can be enabled using the PRAGMA recursive_triggers statement.
  5. Delete triggers fire when rows are removed due to a REPLACE conflict resolution. This feature is only enabled when recursive triggers are enabled.
  6. Added the SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE and SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE flags for sqlite3_open_v2() used to override the global shared cache mode settings for individual database connections.
  7. Added improved version identification features: C-Preprocessor macro SQLITE_SOURCE_ID, C/C++ interface sqlite3_sourceid(), and SQL function sqlite_source_id().
  8. Obscure bug fix on triggers ([efc02f9779]).

2009-08-10 (3.6.17)

  1. Expose the sqlite3_strnicmp() interface for use by extensions and applications.
  2. Remove the restriction on virtual tables and shared cache mode. Virtual tables and shared cache can now be used at the same time.
  3. Many code simplifications and obscure bug fixes in support of providing 100% branch test coverage.

2009-06-27 (3.6.16)

  1. Fix a bug (ticket #3929) that occasionally causes INSERT or UPDATE operations to fail on an indexed table that has a self-modifying trigger.
  2. Other minor bug fixes and performance optimizations.

2009-06-15 (3.6.15)

  1. Refactor the internal representation of SQL expressions so that they use less memory on embedded platforms.
  2. Reduce the amount of stack space used
  3. Fix an 64-bit alignment bug on HP/UX and Sparc
  4. The sqlite3_create_function() family of interfaces now return SQLITE_MISUSE instead of SQLITE_ERROR when passed invalid parameter combinations.
  5. When new tables are created using CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT ... the datatype of the columns is the simplified SQLite datatype (TEXT, INT, REAL, NUMERIC, or BLOB) instead of a copy of the original datatype from the source table.
  6. Resolve race conditions when checking for a hot rollback journal.
  7. The sqlite3_shutdown() interface frees all mutexes under windows.
  8. Enhanced robustness against corrupt database files
  9. Continuing improvements to the test suite and fixes to obscure bugs and inconsistencies that the test suite improvements are uncovering.

2009-05-25 (

  1. Fix a code generator bug introduced in version 3.6.14. This bug can cause incorrect query results under obscure circumstances. Ticket #3879.

2009-05-19 (

  1. Fix a bug in group_concat(), ticket #3841
  2. Fix a performance bug in the pager cache, ticket #3844
  3. Fix a bug in the sqlite3_backup implementation that can lead to a corrupt backup database. Ticket #3858.

2009-05-07 (3.6.14)

  1. Added the optional asynchronous VFS module.
  2. Enhanced the query optimizer so that virtual tables are able to make use of OR and IN operators in the WHERE clause.
  3. Speed improvements in the btree and pager layers.
  4. Added the SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN compile-time option which will cause the isnan() function from the standard math library to be used instead of SQLite's own home-brew NaN checker.
  5. Countless minor bug fixes, documentation improvements, new and improved test cases, and code simplifications and cleanups.

2009-04-13 (3.6.13)

  1. Fix a bug in version 3.6.12 that causes a segfault when running a count(*) on the sqlite_master table of an empty database. Ticket #3774.
  2. Fix a bug in version 3.6.12 that causes a segfault that when inserting into a table using a DEFAULT value where there is a function as part of the DEFAULT value expression. Ticket #3791.
  3. Fix data structure alignment issues on Sparc. Ticket #3777.
  4. Other minor bug fixes.

2009-03-31 (3.6.12)

  1. Fixed a bug that caused database corruption when an incremental_vacuum is rolled back in an in-memory database. Ticket #3761.
  2. Added the sqlite3_unlock_notify() interface.
  3. Added the reverse_unordered_selects pragma.
  4. The default page size on windows is automatically adjusted to match the capabilities of the underlying filesystem.
  5. Add the new ".genfkey" command in the CLI for generating triggers to implement foreign key constraints.
  6. Performance improvements for "count(*)" queries.
  7. Reduce the amount of heap memory used, especially by TRIGGERs.

2009-02-18 (3.6.11)

  1. Added the hot-backup interface.
  2. Added new commands ".backup" and ".restore" to the CLI.
  3. Added new methods backup and restore to the TCL interface.
  4. Improvements to the syntax bubble diagrams
  5. Various minor bug fixes

2009-01-15 (3.6.10)

  1. Fix a cache coherency problem that could lead to database corruption. Ticket #3584.

2009-01-14 (3.6.9)

  1. Fix two bugs, which when combined might result in incorrect query results. Both bugs were harmless by themselves; only when they team up do they cause problems. Ticket #3581.

2009-01-12 (3.6.8)

  1. Added support for nested transactions
  2. Enhanced the query optimizer so that it is able to use multiple indices to efficiently process OR-connected constraints in a WHERE clause.
  3. Added support for parentheses in FTS3 query patterns using the SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS compile-time option.

2008-12-16 (3.6.7)

  1. Reorganize the Unix interface in os_unix.c
  2. Added support for "Proxy Locking" on Mac OS X.
  3. Changed the prototype of the sqlite3_auto_extension() interface in a way that is backwards compatible but which might cause warnings in new builds of applications that use that interface.
  4. Changed the signature of the xDlSym method of the sqlite3_vfs object in a way that is backwards compatible but which might cause compiler warnings.
  5. Added superfluous casts and variable initializations in order to suppress nuisance compiler warnings.
  6. Fixes for various minor bugs.

2008-11-26 (

  1. Fix a bug in the b-tree delete algorithm that seems like it might be able to cause database corruption. The bug was first introduced in version 3.6.6 by check-in [5899] on 2008-11-13.
  2. Fix a memory leak that can occur following a disk I/O error.

2008-11-22 (

  1. Fix a bug in the page cache that can lead database corruption following a rollback. This bug was first introduced in version 3.6.4.
  2. Two other very minor bug fixes

2008-11-19 (3.6.6)

  1. Fix a #define that prevented memsys5 from compiling
  2. Fix a problem in the virtual table commit mechanism that was causing a crash in FTS3. Ticket #3497.
  3. Add the application-defined page cache
  4. Added built-in support for VxWorks

2008-11-12 (3.6.5)

  1. Add the MEMORY option to the journal_mode pragma.
  2. Added the sqlite3_db_mutex() interface.
  3. Added the SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION compile-time option.
  4. Fixed the truncate optimization so that sqlite3_changes() and sqlite3_total_changes() interfaces and the count_changes pragma return the correct values.
  5. Added the sqlite3_extended_errcode() interface.
  6. The COMMIT command now succeeds even if there are pending queries. It returns SQLITE_BUSY if there are pending incremental BLOB I/O requests.
  7. The error code is changed to SQLITE_BUSY (instead of SQLITE_ERROR) when an attempt is made to ROLLBACK while one or more queries are still pending.
  8. Drop all support for the experimental memory allocators memsys4 and memsys6.
  9. Added the SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC compile-time option.

2008-10-15 (3.6.4)

  1. Add option support for LIMIT and ORDER BY clauses on DELETE and UPDATE statements. Only works if SQLite is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT.
  2. Added the sqlite3_stmt_status() interface for performance monitoring.
  3. Add the INDEXED BY clause.
  4. The LOCKING_STYLE extension is now enabled by default on Mac OS X
  5. Added the TRUNCATE option to PRAGMA journal_mode
  6. Performance enhancements to tree balancing logic in the B-Tree layer.
  7. Added the source code and documentation for the genfkey program for automatically generating triggers to enforce foreign key constraints.
  8. Added the SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION compile-time option.
  9. The SQL language documentation is converted to use syntax diagrams instead of BNF.
  10. Other minor bug fixes

2008-09-22 (3.6.3)

  1. Fix for a bug in the SELECT DISTINCT logic that was introduced by the prior version.
  2. Other minor bug fixes

2008-08-30 (3.6.2)

  1. Split the pager subsystem into separate pager and pcache subsystems.
  2. Factor out identifier resolution procedures into separate files.
  3. Bug fixes

2008-08-06 (3.6.1)

  1. Added the lookaside memory allocator for a speed improvement in excess of 15% on some workloads. (Your mileage may vary.)
  2. Added the SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE verb to sqlite3_config() to control the default lookaside configuration.
  3. Added verbs SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE and SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE to the sqlite3_status() interface.
  4. Modified SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH to remove the "+4" magic number in the buffer size computation.
  5. Added the sqlite3_db_config() and sqlite3_db_status() interfaces for controlling and monitoring the lookaside allocator separately on each database connection.
  6. Numerous other performance enhancements
  7. Miscellaneous minor bug fixes

2008-07-16 (3.6.0 beta)

  1. Modifications to the virtual file system interface to support a wider range of embedded systems. See 35to36.html for additional information. *** Potentially incompatible change ***
  2. All C-preprocessor macros used to control compile-time options now begin with the prefix "SQLITE_". This may require changes to applications that compile SQLite using their own makefiles and with custom compile-time options, hence we mark this as a *** Potentially incompatible change ***
  3. The SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF compile-time option is no longer supported. Alternative mutex implementations can now be added at run-time using the sqlite3_config() interface with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX verb. *** Potentially incompatible change ***
  4. The handling of IN and NOT IN operators that contain a NULL on their right-hand side expression is brought into compliance with the SQL standard and with other SQL database engines. This is a bug fix, but as it has the potential to break legacy applications that depend on the older buggy behavior, we mark that as a *** Potentially incompatible change ***
  5. The result column names generated for compound subqueries have been simplified to show only the name of the column of the original table and omit the table name. This makes SQLite operate more like other SQL database engines.
  6. Added the sqlite3_config() interface for doing run-time configuration of the entire SQLite library.
  7. Added the sqlite3_status() interface used for querying run-time status information about the overall SQLite library and its subsystems.
  8. Added the sqlite3_initialize() and sqlite3_shutdown() interfaces.
  9. The SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX option was added to sqlite3_open_v2().
  10. Added the PRAGMA page_count command.
  11. Added the sqlite3_next_stmt() interface.
  12. Added a new R*Tree virtual table

2008-05-14 (3.5.9)

  1. Added experimental support for the journal_mode PRAGMA and persistent journal.
  2. Journal mode PERSIST is the default behavior in exclusive locking mode.
  3. Fix a performance regression on LEFT JOIN (see ticket #3015) that was mistakenly introduced in version 3.5.8.
  4. Performance enhancement: Reengineer the internal routines used to interpret and render variable-length integers.
  5. Fix a buffer-overrun problem in sqlite3_mprintf() which occurs when a string without a zero-terminator is passed to "%.*s".
  6. Always convert IEEE floating point NaN values into NULL during processing. (Ticket #3060)
  7. Make sure that when a connection blocks on a RESERVED lock that it is able to continue after the lock is released. (Ticket #3093)
  8. The "configure" scripts should now automatically configure Unix systems for large file support. Improved error messages for when large files are encountered and large file support is disabled.
  9. Avoid cache pages leaks following disk-full or I/O errors
  10. And, many more minor bug fixes and performance enhancements....

2008-04-16 (3.5.8)

  1. Expose SQLite's internal pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) via the sqlite3_randomness() interface
  2. New interface sqlite3_context_db_handle() that returns the database connection handle that has invoked an application-defined SQL function.
  3. New interface sqlite3_limit() allows size and length limits to be set on a per-connection basis and at run-time.
  4. Improved crash-robustness: write the database page size into the rollback journal header.
  5. Allow the VACUUM command to change the page size of a database file.
  6. The xAccess() method of the VFS is allowed to return -1 to signal a memory allocation error.
  7. Performance improvement: The OP_IdxDelete opcode uses unpacked records, obviating the need for one OP_MakeRecord opcode call for each index record deleted.
  8. Performance improvement: Constant subexpressions are factored out of loops.
  9. Performance improvement: Results of OP_Column are reused rather than issuing multiple OP_Column opcodes.
  10. Fix a bug in the RTRIM collating sequence.
  11. Fix a bug in the SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE option that was causing Firefox crashes. Make arrangements to always test SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE prior to each release.
  12. Other miscellaneous performance enhancements.
  13. Other miscellaneous minor bug fixes.

2008-03-17 (3.5.7)

  1. Fix a bug (ticket #2927) in the register allocation for compound selects - introduced by the new VM code in version 3.5.5.
  2. ALTER TABLE uses double-quotes instead of single-quotes for quoting filenames.
  3. Use the WHERE clause to reduce the size of a materialized VIEW in an UPDATE or DELETE statement. (Optimization)
  4. Do not apply the flattening optimization if the outer query is an aggregate and the inner query contains ORDER BY. (Ticket #2943)
  5. Additional OS/2 updates
  6. Added an experimental power-of-two, first-fit memory allocator.
  7. Remove all instances of sprintf() from the code
  8. Accept "Z" as the zulu timezone at the end of date strings
  9. Fix a bug in the LIKE optimizer that occurs when the last character before the first wildcard is an upper-case "Z"
  10. Added the "bitvec" object for keeping track of which pages have been journalled. Improves speed and reduces memory consumption, especially for large database files.
  11. Get the SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE macro working again on Mac OS X.
  12. Store the statement journal in the temporary file directory instead of collocated with the database file.
  13. Many improvements and cleanups to the configure script

2008-02-06 (3.5.6)

  1. Fix a bug (ticket #2913) that prevented virtual tables from working in a LEFT JOIN. The problem was introduced into shortly before the 3.5.5 release.
  2. Bring the OS/2 porting layer up-to-date.
  3. Add the new sqlite3_result_error_code() API and use it in the implementation of ATTACH so that proper error codes are returned when an ATTACH fails.

2008-01-31 (3.5.5)

  1. Convert the underlying virtual machine to be a register-based machine rather than a stack-based machine. The only user-visible change is in the output of EXPLAIN.
  2. Add the build-in RTRIM collating sequence.

2007-12-14 (3.5.4)

  1. Fix a critical bug in UPDATE or DELETE that occurs when an OR REPLACE clause or a trigger causes rows in the same table to be deleted as side effects. (See ticket #2832.) The most likely result of this bug is a segmentation fault, though database corruption is a possibility.
  2. Bring the processing of ORDER BY into compliance with the SQL standard for case where a result alias and a table column name are in conflict. Correct behavior is to prefer the result alias. Older versions of SQLite incorrectly picked the table column. (See ticket #2822.)
  3. The VACUUM command preserves the setting of the legacy_file_format pragma. (Ticket #2804.)
  4. Productize and officially support the group_concat() SQL function.
  5. Better optimization of some IN operator expressions.
  6. Add the ability to change the auto_vacuum status of a database by setting the auto_vaccum pragma and VACUUMing the database.
  7. Prefix search in FTS3 is much more efficient.
  8. Relax the SQL statement length restriction in the CLI so that the ".dump" output of databases with very large BLOBs and strings can be played back to recreate the database.
  9. Other small bug fixes and optimizations.

2007-11-27 (3.5.3)

  1. Move website and documentation files out of the source tree into a separate CM system.
  2. Fix a long-standing bug in INSERT INTO ... SELECT ... statements where the SELECT is compound.
  3. Fix a long-standing bug in RAISE(IGNORE) as used in BEFORE triggers.
  4. Fixed the operator precedence for the ~ operator.
  5. On Win32, do not return an error when attempting to delete a file that does not exist.
  6. Allow collating sequence names to be quoted.
  7. Modify the TCL interface to use sqlite3_prepare_v2().
  8. Fix multiple bugs that can occur following a malloc() failure.
  9. sqlite3_step() returns SQLITE_MISUSE instead of crashing when called with a NULL parameter.
  10. FTS3 now uses the SQLite memory allocator exclusively. The FTS3 amalgamation can now be appended to the SQLite amalgamation to generate a super-amalgamation containing both.
  11. The DISTINCT keyword now will sometimes use an INDEX if an appropriate index is available and the optimizer thinks its use might be advantageous.

2007-11-05 (3.5.2)

  1. Dropped support for the SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORY_ALLOCATION compile-time option.
  2. Always open files using FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS under Windows.
  3. The 3rd parameter of the built-in SUBSTR() function is now optional.
  4. Bug fix: do not invoke the authorizer when reparsing the schema after a schema change.
  5. Added the experimental malloc-free memory allocator in mem3.c.
  6. Virtual machine stores 64-bit integer and floating point constants in binary instead of text for a performance boost.
  7. Fix a race condition in test_async.c.
  8. Added the ".timer" command to the CLI

2007-10-04 (3.5.1)

  1. Nota Bene: We are not using terms "alpha" or "beta" on this release because the code is stable and because if we use those terms, nobody will upgrade. However, we still reserve the right to make incompatible changes to the new VFS interface in future releases.
  2. Fix a bug in the handling of SQLITE_FULL errors that could lead to database corruption. Ticket #2686.
  3. The test_async.c drive now does full file locking and works correctly when used simultaneously by multiple processes on the same database.
  4. The CLI ignores whitespace (including comments) at the end of lines
  5. Make sure the query optimizer checks dependencies on all terms of a compound SELECT statement. Ticket #2640.
  6. Add demonstration code showing how to build a VFS for a raw mass storage without a filesystem.
  7. Added an output buffer size parameter to the xGetTempname() method of the VFS layer.
  8. Sticky SQLITE_FULL or SQLITE_IOERR errors in the pager are reset when a new transaction is started.

2007-09-04 (3.5.0) alpha

  1. Redesign the OS interface layer. See 34to35.html for details. *** Potentially incompatible change ***
  2. The sqlite3_release_memory(), sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(), and sqlite3_enable_shared_cache() interfaces now work cross all threads in the process, not just the single thread in which they are invoked. *** Potentially incompatible change ***
  3. Added the sqlite3_open_v2() interface.
  4. Reimplemented the memory allocation subsystem and made it replaceable at compile-time.
  5. Created a new mutex subsystem and made it replicable at compile-time.
  6. The same database connection may now be used simultaneously by separate threads.

2007-08-13 (3.4.2)

  1. Fix a database corruption bug that might occur if a ROLLBACK command is executed in auto-vacuum mode and a very small sqlite3_soft_heap_limit is set. Ticket #2565.
  2. Add the ability to run a full regression test with a small sqlite3_soft_heap_limit.
  3. Fix other minor problems with using small soft heap limits.
  4. Work-around for GCC bug 32575.
  5. Improved error detection of misused aggregate functions.
  6. Improvements to the amalgamation generator script so that all symbols are prefixed with either SQLITE_PRIVATE or SQLITE_API.

2007-07-20 (3.4.1)

  1. Fix a bug in VACUUM that can lead to database corruptio if two processes are connected to the database at the same time and one VACUUMs then the other then modifies the database.
  2. The expression "+column" is now considered the same as "column" when computing the collating sequence to use on the expression.
  3. In the TCL language interface, "@variable" instead of "$variable" always binds as a blob.
  4. Added PRAGMA freelist_count for determining the current size of the freelist.
  5. The PRAGMA auto_vacuum=incremental setting is now persistent.
  6. Add FD_CLOEXEC to all open files under Unix.
  7. Fix a bug in the min()/max() optimization when applied to descending indices.
  8. Make sure the TCL language interface works correctly with 64-bit integers on 64-bit machines.
  9. Allow the value -9223372036854775808 as an integer literal in SQL statements.
  10. Add the capability of "hidden" columns in virtual tables.
  11. Use the macro SQLITE_PRIVATE (defaulting to "static") on all internal functions in the amalgamation.
  12. Add pluggable tokenizers and ICU tokenization support to FTS2
  13. Other minor bug fixes and documentation enhancements

2007-06-18 (3.4.0)

  1. Fix a bug that can lead to database corruption if an SQLITE_BUSY error occurs in the middle of an explicit transaction and that transaction is later committed. Ticket #2409.
  2. Fix a bug that can lead to database corruption if autovacuum mode is on and a malloc() failure follows a CREATE TABLE or CREATE INDEX statement which itself follows a cache overflow inside a transaction. See ticket #2418.
  3. Added explicit upper bounds on the sizes and quantities of things SQLite can process. This change might cause compatibility problems for applications that use SQLite in the extreme, which is why the current release is 3.4.0 instead of 3.3.18.
  4. Added support for Incremental BLOB I/O.
  5. Added the sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() API and the zeroblob() SQL function.
  6. Added support for Incremental Vacuum.
  7. Added the SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT compile-time option to support ARM7 processors with goofy endianness.
  8. Removed all instances of sprintf() and strcpy() from the core library.
  9. Added support for International Components for Unicode (ICU) to the full-text search extensions.
  10. In the Windows OS driver, reacquire a SHARED lock if an attempt to acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock fails. Ticket #2354
  11. Fix the REPLACE() function so that it returns NULL if the second argument is an empty string. Ticket #2324.
  12. Document the hazards of type conversions in sqlite3_column_blob() and related APIs. Fix unnecessary type conversions. Ticket #2321.
  13. Internationalization of the TRIM() function. Ticket #2323
  14. Use memmove() instead of memcpy() when moving between memory regions that might overlap. Ticket #2334
  15. Fix an optimizer bug involving subqueries in a compound SELECT that has both an ORDER BY and a LIMIT clause. Ticket #2339.
  16. Make sure the sqlite3_snprintf() interface does not zero-terminate the buffer if the buffer size is less than 1. Ticket #2341
  17. Fix the built-in printf logic so that it prints "NaN" not "Inf" for floating-point NaNs. Ticket #2345
  18. When converting BLOB to TEXT, use the text encoding of the main database. Ticket #2349
  19. Keep the full precision of integers (if possible) when casting to NUMERIC. Ticket #2364
  20. Fix a bug in the handling of UTF16 codepoint 0xE000
  21. Consider explicit collate clauses when matching WHERE constraints to indices in the query optimizer. Ticket #2391
  22. Fix the query optimizer to correctly handle constant expressions in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN. Ticket #2403
  23. Fix the query optimizer to handle rowid comparisons to NULL correctly. Ticket #2404
  24. Fix many potential segfaults that could be caused by malicious SQL statements.

2007-04-25 (3.3.17)

  1. When the "write_version" value of the database header is larger than what the library understands, make the database read-only instead of unreadable.
  2. Other minor bug fixes

2007-04-18 (3.3.16)

  1. Fix a bug that caused VACUUM to fail if NULLs appeared in a UNIQUE column.
  2. Reinstate performance improvements that were added in Version 3.3.14 but regressed in Version 3.3.15.
  3. Fix problems with the handling of ORDER BY expressions on compound SELECT statements in subqueries.
  4. Fix a potential segfault when destroying locks on WinCE in a multi-threaded environment.
  5. Documentation updates.

2007-04-09 (3.3.15)

  1. Fix a bug introduced in 3.3.14 that caused a rollback of CREATE TEMP TABLE to leave the database connection wedged.
  2. Fix a bug that caused an extra NULL row to be returned when a descending query was interrupted by a change to the database.
  3. The FOR EACH STATEMENT clause on a trigger now causes a syntax error. It used to be silently ignored.
  4. Fix an obscure and relatively harmless problem that might have caused a resource leak following an I/O error.
  5. Many improvements to the test suite. Test coverage now exceeded 98%

2007-04-02 (3.3.14)

  1. Fix a bug (ticket #2273) that could cause a segfault when the IN operator is used one term of a two-column index and the right-hand side of the IN operator contains a NULL.
  2. Added a new OS interface method for determining the sector size of underlying media: sqlite3OsSectorSize().
  3. A new algorithm for statements of the form INSERT INTO table1 SELECT * FROM table2 is faster and reduces fragmentation. VACUUM uses statements of this form and thus runs faster and defragments better.
  4. Performance enhancements through reductions in disk I/O:
    1. Do not read the last page of an overflow chain when deleting the row - just add that page to the freelist.
    2. Do not store pages being deleted in the rollback journal.
    3. Do not read in the (meaningless) content of pages extracted from the freelist.
    4. Do not flush the page cache (and thus avoiding a cache refill) unless another process changes the underlying database file.
    5. Truncate rather than delete the rollback journal when committing a transaction in exclusive access mode, or when committing the TEMP database.
  5. Added support for exclusive access mode using "PRAGMA locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE"
  6. Use heap space instead of stack space for large buffers in the pager - useful on embedded platforms with stack-space limitations.
  7. Add a makefile target "sqlite3.c" that builds an amalgamation containing the core SQLite library C code in a single file.
  8. Get the library working correctly when compiled with GCC option "-fstrict-aliasing".
  9. Removed the vestigal SQLITE_PROTOCOL error.
  10. Improvements to test coverage, other minor bugs fixed, memory leaks plugged, code refactored and/or recommended in places for easier reading.

2007-02-13 (3.3.13)

  1. Add a "fragmentation" measurement in the output of sqlite3_analyzer.
  2. Add the COLLATE operator used to explicitly set the collating sequence used by an expression. This feature is considered experimental pending additional testing.
  3. Allow up to 64 tables in a join - the old limit was 32.
  4. Added two new experimental functions: randomblob() and hex(). Their intended use is to facilitate generating UUIDs.
  5. Fix a problem where PRAGMA count_changes was causing incorrect results for updates on tables with triggers
  6. Fix a bug in the ORDER BY clause optimizer for joins where the left-most table in the join is constrained by a UNIQUE index.
  7. Fixed a bug in the "copy" method of the TCL interface.
  8. Bug fixes in fts1 and fts2 modules.

2007-01-27 (3.3.12)

  1. Fix another bug in the IS NULL optimization that was added in version 3.3.9.
  2. Fix an assertion fault that occurred on deeply nested views.
  3. Limit the amount of output that PRAGMA integrity_check generates.
  4. Minor syntactic changes to support a wider variety of compilers.

2007-01-22 (3.3.11)

  1. Fix another bug in the implementation of the new sqlite3_prepare_v2() API. We'll get it right eventually...
  2. Fix a bug in the IS NULL optimization that was added in version 3.3.9 - the bug was causing incorrect results on certain LEFT JOINs that included in the WHERE clause an IS NULL constraint for the right table of the LEFT JOIN.
  3. Make AreFileApisANSI() a no-op macro in WinCE since WinCE does not support this function.

2007-01-09 (3.3.10)

  1. Fix bugs in the implementation of the new sqlite3_prepare_v2() API that can lead to segfaults.
  2. Fix 1-second round-off errors in the strftime() function
  3. Enhance the Windows OS layer to provide detailed error codes
  4. Work around a win2k problem so that SQLite can use single-character database file names
  5. The user_version and schema_version pragmas correctly set their column names in the result set
  6. Documentation updates

2007-01-04 (3.3.9)

  1. Fix bugs in pager.c that could lead to database corruption if two processes both try to recover a hot journal at the same instant
  2. Added the sqlite3_prepare_v2() API.
  3. Fixed the ".dump" command in the command-line shell to show indices, triggers and views again.
  4. Change the table_info pragma so that it returns NULL for the default value if there is no default value
  5. Support for non-ASCII characters in win95 filenames
  6. Query optimizer enhancements:
    1. Optimizer does a better job of using indices to satisfy ORDER BY clauses that sort on the integer primary key
    2. Use an index to satisfy an IS NULL operator in the WHERE clause
    3. Fix a bug that was causing the optimizer to miss an OR optimization opportunity
    4. The optimizer has more freedom to reorder tables in the FROM clause even in there are LEFT joins.
  7. Extension loading supported added to WinCE
  8. Allow constraint names on the DEFAULT clause in a table definition
  9. Added the ".bail" command to the command-line shell
  10. Make CSV (comma separate value) output from the command-line shell more closely aligned to accepted practice
  11. Experimental FTS2 module added
  12. Use sqlite3_mprintf() instead of strdup() to avoid libc dependencies
  13. VACUUM uses a temporary file in the official TEMP folder, not in the same directory as the original database
  14. The prefix on temporary filenames on Windows is changed from "sqlite" to "etilqs".

2006-10-09 (3.3.8)

  1. Support for full text search using the FTS1 module (beta)
  2. Added Mac OS X locking patches (beta - disabled by default)
  3. Introduce extended error codes and add error codes for various kinds of I/O errors.
  4. Added support for IF EXISTS on CREATE/DROP TRIGGER/VIEW
  5. Fix the regression test suite so that it works with Tcl8.5
  6. Enhance sqlite3_set_authorizer() to provide notification of calls to SQL functions.
  7. Added experimental API: sqlite3_auto_extension()
  8. Various minor bug fixes

2006-08-12 (3.3.7)

  1. Added support for virtual tables (beta)
  2. Added support for dynamically loaded extensions (beta)
  3. The sqlite3_interrupt() routine can be called for a different thread
  4. Added the MATCH operator.
  5. The default file format is now 1.

2006-06-06 (3.3.6)

  1. Plays better with virus scanners on Windows
  2. Faster :memory: databases
  3. Fix an obscure segfault in UTF-8 to UTF-16 conversions
  4. Added driver for OS/2
  5. Correct column meta-information returned for aggregate queries
  6. Enhanced output from EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  7. LIMIT 0 now works on subqueries
  8. Bug fixes and performance enhancements in the query optimizer
  9. Correctly handle NULL filenames in ATTACH and DETACH
  10. Improved syntax error messages in the parser
  11. Fix type coercion rules for the IN operator

2006-04-05 (3.3.5)

  1. CHECK constraints use conflict resolution algorithms correctly.
  2. The SUM() function throws an error on integer overflow.
  3. Choose the column names in a compound query from the left-most SELECT instead of the right-most.
  4. The sqlite3_create_collation() function honors the SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED flag.
  5. SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE compile-time option causes deletes to overwrite old data with zeros.
  6. Detect integer overflow in abs().
  7. The random() function provides 64 bits of randomness instead of only 32 bits.
  8. Parser detects and reports automaton stack overflow.
  9. Change the round() function to return REAL instead of TEXT.
  10. Allow WHERE clause terms on the left table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN to contain aggregate subqueries.
  11. Skip over leading spaces in text to numeric conversions.
  12. Various minor bug and documentation typo fixes and performance enhancements.

2006-02-11 (3.3.4)

  1. Fix a blunder in the Unix mutex implementation that can lead to deadlock on multithreaded systems.
  2. Fix an alignment problem on 64-bit machines
  3. Added the fullfsync pragma.
  4. Fix an optimizer bug that could have caused some unusual LEFT OUTER JOINs to give incorrect results.
  5. The SUM function detects integer overflow and converts to accumulating an approximate result using floating point numbers
  6. Host parameter names can begin with '@' for compatibility with SQL Server.
  7. Other miscellaneous bug fixes

2006-01-31 (3.3.3)

  1. Removed support for an ON CONFLICT clause on CREATE INDEX - it never worked correctly so this should not present any backward compatibility problems.
  2. Authorizer callback now notified of ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN commands
  3. After any changes to the TEMP database schema, all prepared statements are invalidated and must be recreated using a new call to sqlite3_prepare()
  4. Other minor bug fixes in preparation for the first stable release of version 3.3

2006-01-24 (3.3.2 beta)

  1. Bug fixes and speed improvements. Improved test coverage.
  2. Changes to the OS-layer interface: mutexes must now be recursive.
  3. Discontinue the use of thread-specific data for out-of-memory exception handling

2006-01-16 (3.3.1 alpha)

  1. Countless bug fixes
  2. Speed improvements
  3. Database connections can now be used by multiple threads, not just the thread in which they were created.

2006-01-11 (3.3.0 alpha)

  1. CHECK constraints
  3. DESC indices
  4. More efficient encoding of boolean values resulting in smaller database files
  6. Separate INTEGER and REAL affinity
  7. Added a virtual function layer for the OS interface
  8. "exists" method added to the TCL interface
  9. Improved response to out-of-memory errors
  10. Database cache can be optionally shared between connections in the same thread
  11. Optional READ UNCOMMITTED isolation (instead of the default isolation level of SERIALIZABLE) and table level locking when database connections share a common cache.

2005-12-19 (3.2.8)

  1. Fix an obscure bug that can cause database corruption under the following unusual circumstances: A large INSERT or UPDATE statement which is part of an even larger transaction fails due to a uniqueness constraint but the containing transaction commits.

2005-12-19 (2.8.17)

  1. Fix an obscure bug that can cause database corruption under the following unusual circumstances: A large INSERT or UPDATE statement which is part of an even larger transaction fails due to a uniqueness contraint but the containing transaction commits.

2005-09-24 (3.2.7)

  1. GROUP BY now considers NULLs to be equal again, as it should
  2. Now compiles on Solaris and OpenBSD and other Unix variants that lack the fdatasync() function
  3. Now compiles on MSVC++6 again
  4. Fix uninitialized variables causing malfunctions for various obscure queries
  5. Correctly compute a LEFT OUTER JOINs that is constrained on the left table only

2005-09-17 (3.2.6)

  1. Fix a bug that can cause database corruption if a VACUUM (or autovacuum) fails and is rolled back on a database that is larger than 1GiB
  2. LIKE optimization now works for columns with COLLATE NOCASE
  3. ORDER BY and GROUP BY now use bounded memory
  4. Added support for COUNT(DISTINCT expr)
  5. Change the way SUM() handles NULL values in order to comply with the SQL standard
  6. Use fdatasync() instead of fsync() where possible in order to speed up commits slightly
  7. Use of the CROSS keyword in a join turns off the table reordering optimization
  8. Added the experimental and undocumented EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN capability
  9. Use the unicode API in Windows

2005-08-27 (3.2.5)

  1. Fix a bug effecting DELETE and UPDATE statements that changed more than 40960 rows.
  2. Change the makefile so that it no longer requires GNUmake extensions
  3. Fix the --enable-threadsafe option on the configure script
  4. Fix a code generator bug that occurs when the left-hand side of an IN operator is constant and the right-hand side is a SELECT statement
  5. The PRAGMA synchronous=off statement now disables syncing of the master journal file in addition to the normal rollback journals

2005-08-24 (3.2.4)

  1. Fix a bug introduced in the previous release that can cause a segfault while generating code for complex WHERE clauses.
  2. Allow floating point literals to begin or end with a decimal point.

2005-08-21 (3.2.3)

  1. Added support for the CAST operator
  2. Tcl interface allows BLOB values to be transferred to user-defined functions
  3. Added the "transaction" method to the Tcl interface
  4. Allow the DEFAULT value of a column to call functions that have constant operands
  5. Added the ANALYZE command for gathering statistics on indices and using those statistics when picking an index in the optimizer
  6. Remove the limit (formerly 100) on the number of terms in the WHERE clause
  7. The right-hand side of the IN operator can now be a list of expressions instead of just a list of constants
  8. Rework the optimizer so that it is able to make better use of indices
  9. The order of tables in a join is adjusted automatically to make better use of indices
  10. The IN operator is now a candidate for optimization even if the left-hand side is not the left-most term of the index. Multiple IN operators can be used with the same index.
  11. WHERE clause expressions using BETWEEN and OR are now candidates for optimization
  12. Added the "case_sensitive_like" pragma and the SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE compile-time option to set its default value to "on".
  13. Use indices to help with GLOB expressions and LIKE expressions too when the case_sensitive_like pragma is enabled
  14. Added support for grave-accent quoting for compatibility with MySQL
  15. Improved test coverage
  16. Dozens of minor bug fixes

2005-06-12 (3.2.2)

  1. Added the sqlite3_db_handle() API
  2. Added the sqlite3_get_autocommit() API
  3. Added a REGEXP operator to the parser. There is no function to back up this operator in the standard build but users can add their own using sqlite3_create_function()
  4. Speed improvements and library footprint reductions.
  5. Fix byte alignment problems on 64-bit architectures.
  6. Many, many minor bug fixes and documentation updates.

2005-03-29 (3.2.1)

  1. Fix a memory allocation error in the new ADD COLUMN comment.
  2. Documentation updates

2005-03-21 (3.2.0)

  1. Added support for ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN.
  2. Added support for the "T" separator in ISO-8601 date/time strings.
  3. Improved support for Cygwin.
  4. Numerous bug fixes and documentation updates.

2005-03-17 (3.1.6)

  1. Fix a bug that could cause database corruption when inserting record into tables with around 125 columns.
  2. sqlite3_step() is now much more likely to invoke the busy handler and less likely to return SQLITE_BUSY.
  3. Fix memory leaks that used to occur after a malloc() failure.

2005-03-11 (3.1.5)

  1. The ioctl on Mac OS X to control syncing to disk is F_FULLFSYNC, not F_FULLSYNC. The previous release had it wrong.

2005-03-11 (3.1.4)

  1. Fix a bug in autovacuum that could cause database corruption if a CREATE UNIQUE INDEX fails because of a constraint violation. This problem only occurs if the new autovacuum feature introduced in version 3.1 is turned on.
  2. The F_FULLSYNC ioctl (currently only supported on Mac OS X) is disabled if the synchronous pragma is set to something other than "full".
  3. Add additional forward compatibility to the future version 3.2 database file format.
  4. Fix a bug in WHERE clauses of the form (rowid<'2')
  5. New SQLITE_OMIT_... compile-time options added
  6. Updates to the man page
  7. Remove the use of strcasecmp() from the shell
  8. Windows DLL exports symbols Tclsqlite_Init and Sqlite_Init

2005-02-19 (3.1.3)

  1. Fix a problem with VACUUM on databases from which tables containing AUTOINCREMENT have been dropped.
  2. Add forward compatibility to the future version 3.2 database file format.
  3. Documentation updates

2005-02-15 (3.1.2)

  1. Fix a bug that can lead to database corruption if there are two open connections to the same database and one connection does a VACUUM and the second makes some change to the database.
  2. Allow "?" parameters in the LIMIT clause.
  3. Fix VACUUM so that it works with AUTOINCREMENT.
  4. Fix a race condition in AUTOVACUUM that can lead to corrupt databases
  5. Add a numeric version number to the sqlite3.h include file.
  6. Other minor bug fixes and performance enhancements.

2005-02-15 (2.8.16)

  1. Fix a bug that can lead to database corruption if there are two open connections to the same database and one connection does a VACUUM and the second makes some change to the database.
  2. Correctly handle quoted names in CREATE INDEX statements.
  3. Fix a naming conflict between sqlite.h and sqlite3.h.
  4. Avoid excess heap usage when copying expressions.
  5. Other minor bug fixes.

2005-02-01 (3.1.1 BETA)

  1. Automatic caching of prepared statements in the TCL interface
  2. ATTACH and DETACH as well as some other operations cause existing prepared statements to expire.
  3. Numerous minor bug fixes

2005-01-21 (3.1.0 ALPHA)

  1. Autovacuum support added
  3. Support for the EXISTS clause added.
  4. Support for correlated subqueries added.
  5. Added the ESCAPE clause on the LIKE operator.
  6. Support for ALTER TABLE ... RENAME TABLE ... added
  8. Many SQLITE_OMIT_ macros inserts to omit features at compile-time and reduce the library footprint.
  9. The REINDEX command was added.
  10. The engine no longer consults the main table if it can get all the information it needs from an index.
  11. Many nuisance bugs fixed.

2004-10-12 (3.0.8)

  1. Add support for DEFERRED, IMMEDIATE, and EXCLUSIVE transactions.
  2. Allow new user-defined functions to be created when there are already one or more precompiled SQL statements.
  3. Fix portability problems for MinGW/MSYS.
  4. Fix a byte alignment problem on 64-bit Sparc machines.
  5. Fix the ".import" command of the shell so that it ignores \r characters at the end of lines.
  6. The "csv" mode option in the shell puts strings inside double-quotes.
  7. Fix typos in documentation.
  8. Convert array constants in the code to have type "const".
  9. Numerous code optimizations, specially optimizations designed to make the code footprint smaller.

2004-09-18 (3.0.7)

  1. The BTree module allocates large buffers using malloc() instead of off of the stack, in order to play better on machines with limited stack space.
  2. Fixed naming conflicts so that versions 2.8 and 3.0 can be linked and used together in the same ANSI-C source file.
  3. New interface: sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()
  4. Add support for wildcard parameters of the form: "?nnn"
  5. Fix problems found on 64-bit systems.
  6. Removed encode.c file (containing unused routines) from the version 3.0 source tree.
  7. The sqlite3_trace() callbacks occur before each statement is executed, not when the statement is compiled.
  8. Makefile updates and miscellaneous bug fixes.

2004-09-02 (3.0.6 beta)

  1. Better detection and handling of corrupt database files.
  2. The sqlite3_step() interface returns SQLITE_BUSY if it is unable to commit a change because of a lock
  3. Combine the implementations of LIKE and GLOB into a single pattern-matching subroutine.
  4. Miscellaneous code size optimizations and bug fixes

2004-08-29 (3.0.5 beta)

  1. Support for ":AAA" style bind parameter names.
  2. Added the new sqlite3_bind_parameter_name() interface.
  3. Support for TCL variable names embedded in SQL statements in the TCL bindings.
  4. The TCL bindings transfer data without necessarily doing a conversion to a string.
  5. The database for TEMP tables is not created until it is needed.
  6. Add the ability to specify an alternative temporary file directory using the "sqlite_temp_directory" global variable.
  7. A compile-time option (SQLITE_BUSY_RESERVED_LOCK) causes the busy handler to be called when there is contention for a RESERVED lock.
  8. Various bug fixes and optimizations

2004-08-09 (3.0.4 beta)

  1. CREATE TABLE and DROP TABLE now work correctly as prepared statements.
  2. Fix a bug in VACUUM and UNIQUE indices.
  3. Add the ".import" command to the command-line shell.
  4. Fix a bug that could cause index corruption when an attempt to delete rows of a table is blocked by a pending query.
  5. Library size optimizations.
  6. Other minor bug fixes.

2004-07-22 (2.8.15)

  1. This is a maintenance release only. Various minor bugs have been fixed and some portability enhancements are added.

2004-07-22 (3.0.3 beta)

  1. The second beta release for SQLite 3.0.
  2. Add support for "PRAGMA page_size" to adjust the page size of the database.
  3. Various bug fixes and documentation updates.

2004-06-30 (3.0.2 beta)

  1. The first beta release for SQLite 3.0.

2004-06-22 (3.0.1 alpha)

  1. *** Alpha Release - Research And Testing Use Only ***
  2. Lots of bug fixes.

2004-06-18 (3.0.0 alpha)

  1. *** Alpha Release - Research And Testing Use Only ***
  2. Support for internationalization including UTF-8, UTF-16, and user defined collating sequences.
  3. New file format that is 25% to 35% smaller for typical use.
  4. Improved concurrency.
  5. Atomic commits for ATTACHed databases.
  6. Remove cruft from the APIs.
  7. BLOB support.
  8. 64-bit rowids.
  9. More information.

2004-06-09 (2.8.14)

  1. Fix the min() and max() optimizer so that it works when the FROM clause consists of a subquery.
  2. Ignore extra whitespace at the end of "." commands in the shell.
  3. Bundle sqlite_encode_binary() and sqlite_decode_binary() with the library.
  4. The TEMP_STORE and DEFAULT_TEMP_STORE pragmas now work.
  5. Code changes to compile cleanly using OpenWatcom.
  6. Fix VDBE stack overflow problems with INSTEAD OF triggers and NULLs in IN operators.
  7. Add the global variable sqlite_temp_directory which if set defines the directory in which temporary files are stored.
  8. sqlite_interrupt() plays well with VACUUM.
  9. Other minor bug fixes.

2004-03-08 (2.8.13)

  1. Refactor parts of the code in order to make the code footprint smaller. The code is now also a little bit faster.
  2. sqlite_exec() is now implemented as a wrapper around sqlite_compile() and sqlite_step().
  3. The built-in min() and max() functions now honor the difference between NUMERIC and TEXT datatypes. Formerly, min() and max() always assumed their arguments were of type NUMERIC.
  4. New HH:MM:SS modifier to the built-in date/time functions.
  5. Experimental sqlite_last_statement_changes() API added. Fixed the last_insert_rowid() function so that it works correctly with triggers.
  6. Add functions prototypes for the database encryption API.
  7. Fix several nuisance bugs.

2004-02-08 (2.8.12)

  1. Fix a bug that will might corrupt the rollback journal if a power failure or external program halt occurs in the middle of a COMMIT. The corrupt journal can lead to database corruption when it is rolled back.
  2. Reduce the size and increase the speed of various modules, especially the virtual machine.
  3. Allow "<expr> IN <table>" as a shorthand for "<expr> IN (SELECT * FROM <table>".
  4. Optimizations to the sqlite_mprintf() routine.
  5. Make sure the MIN() and MAX() optimizations work within subqueries.

2004-01-14 (2.8.11)

  1. Fix a bug in how the IN operator handles NULLs in subqueries. The bug was introduced by the previous release.

2004-01-14 (2.8.10)

  1. Fix a potential database corruption problem on Unix caused by the fact that all POSIX advisory locks are cleared whenever you close() a file. The work around it to embargo all close() calls while locks are outstanding.
  2. Performance enhancements on some corner cases of COUNT(*).
  3. Make sure the in-memory backend response sanely if malloc() fails.
  4. Allow sqlite_exec() to be called from within user-defined SQL functions.
  5. Improved accuracy of floating-point conversions using "long double".
  6. Bug fixes in the experimental date/time functions.

2004-01-06 (2.8.9)

  1. Fix a 32-bit integer overflow problem that could result in corrupt indices in a database if large negative numbers (less than -2147483648) were inserted into an indexed numeric column.
  2. Fix a locking problem on multi-threaded Linux implementations.
  3. Always use "." instead of "," as the decimal point even if the locale requests ",".
  4. Added UTC to localtime conversions to the experimental date/time functions.
  5. Bug fixes to date/time functions.

2003-12-18 (2.8.8)

  1. Fix a critical bug introduced into 2.8.0 which could cause database corruption.
  2. Fix a problem with 3-way joins that do not use indices
  3. The VACUUM command now works with the non-callback API
  4. Improvements to the "PRAGMA integrity_check" command

2003-12-04 (2.8.7)

  1. Added experimental sqlite_bind() and sqlite_reset() APIs.
  2. If the name of the database is an empty string, open a new database in a temporary file that is automatically deleted when the database is closed.
  3. Performance enhancements in the Lemon-generated parser
  4. Experimental date/time functions revised.
  5. Disallow temporary indices on permanent tables.
  6. Documentation updates and typo fixes
  7. Added experimental sqlite_progress_handler() callback API
  8. Removed support for the Oracle8 outer join syntax.
  9. Allow GLOB and LIKE operators to work as functions.
  10. Other minor documentation and makefile changes and bug fixes.

2003-08-22 (2.8.6)

  1. Moved the CVS repository to
  2. Update the NULL-handling documentation.
  3. Experimental date/time functions added.
  4. Bug fix: correctly evaluate a view of a view without segfaulting.
  5. Bug fix: prevent database corruption if you dropped a trigger that had the same name as a table.
  6. Bug fix: allow a VACUUM (without segfaulting) on an empty database after setting the EMPTY_RESULT_CALLBACKS pragma.
  7. Bug fix: if an integer value will not fit in a 32-bit int, store it in a double instead.
  8. Bug fix: Make sure the journal file directory entry is committed to disk before writing the database file.

2003-07-22 (2.8.5)

  1. Make LIMIT work on a compound SELECT statement.
  2. LIMIT 0 now shows no rows. Use LIMIT -1 to see all rows.
  3. Correctly handle comparisons between an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and a floating point number.
  4. Fix several important bugs in the new ATTACH and DETACH commands.
  5. Updated the NULL-handling document.
  6. Allow NULL arguments in sqlite_compile() and sqlite_step().
  7. Many minor bug fixes

2003-06-29 (2.8.4)

  1. Enhanced the "PRAGMA integrity_check" command to verify indices.
  2. Added authorization hooks for the new ATTACH and DETACH commands.
  3. Many documentation updates
  4. Many minor bug fixes

2003-06-04 (2.8.3)

  1. Fix a problem that will corrupt the indices on a table if you do an INSERT OR REPLACE or an UPDATE OR REPLACE on a table that contains an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY plus one or more indices.
  2. Fix a bug in Windows locking code so that locks work correctly when simultaneously accessed by Win95 and WinNT systems.
  3. Add the ability for INSERT and UPDATE statements to refer to the "rowid" (or "_rowid_" or "oid") columns.
  4. Other important bug fixes

2003-05-17 (2.8.2)

  1. Fix a problem that will corrupt the database file if you drop a table from the main database that has a TEMP index.

2003-05-17 (2.8.1)

  1. Reactivated the VACUUM command that reclaims unused disk space in a database file.
  2. Added the ATTACH and DETACH commands to allow interacting with multiple database files at the same time.
  3. Added support for TEMP triggers and indices.
  4. Added support for in-memory databases.
  5. Removed the experimental sqlite_open_aux_file(). Its function is subsumed in the new ATTACH command.
  6. The precedence order for ON CONFLICT clauses was changed so that ON CONFLICT clauses on BEGIN statements have a higher precedence than ON CONFLICT clauses on constraints.
  7. Many, many bug fixes and compatibility enhancements.

2003-02-16 (2.8.0)

  1. Modified the journal file format to make it more resistant to corruption that can occur after an OS crash or power failure.
  2. Added a new C/C++ API that does not use callback for returning data.

2003-01-25 (2.7.6)

  1. Performance improvements. The library is now much faster.
  2. Added the sqlite_set_authorizer() API. Formal documentation has not been written - see the source code comments for instructions on how to use this function.
  3. Fix a bug in the GLOB operator that was preventing it from working with upper-case letters.
  4. Various minor bug fixes.

2002-12-28 (2.7.5)

  1. Fix an uninitialized variable in pager.c which could (with a probability of about 1 in 4 billion) result in a corrupted database.

2002-12-17 (2.7.4)

  1. Database files can now grow to be up to 2^41 bytes. The old limit was 2^31 bytes.
  2. The optimizer will now scan tables in the reverse if doing so will satisfy an ORDER BY ... DESC clause.
  3. The full pathname of the database file is now remembered even if a relative path is passed into sqlite_open(). This allows the library to continue operating correctly after a chdir().
  4. Speed improvements in the VDBE.
  5. Lots of little bug fixes.

2002-10-31 (2.7.3)

  1. Various compiler compatibility fixes.
  2. Fix a bug in the "expr IN ()" operator.
  3. Accept column names in parentheses.
  4. Fix a problem with string memory management in the VDBE
  5. Fix a bug in the "table_info" pragma"
  6. Export the sqlite_function_type() API function in the Windows DLL
  7. Fix locking behavior under Windows
  8. Fix a bug in LEFT OUTER JOIN

2002-09-25 (2.7.2)

  1. Prevent journal file overflows on huge transactions.
  2. Fix a memory leak that occurred when sqlite_open() failed.
  3. Honor the ORDER BY and LIMIT clause of a SELECT even if the result set is used for an INSERT.
  4. Do not put write locks on the file used to hold TEMP tables.
  5. Added documentation on SELECT DISTINCT and on how SQLite handles NULLs.
  6. Fix a problem that was causing poor performance when many thousands of SQL statements were executed by a single sqlite_exec() call.

2002-08-31 (2.7.1)

  1. Fix a bug in the ORDER BY logic that was introduced in version 2.7.0
  2. C-style comments are now accepted by the tokenizer.
  3. INSERT runs a little faster when the source is a SELECT statement.

2002-08-25 (2.7.0)

  1. Make a distinction between numeric and text values when sorting. Text values sort according to memcmp(). Numeric values sort in numeric order.
  2. Allow multiple simultaneous readers under Windows by simulating the reader/writers locks that are missing from Win95/98/ME.
  3. An error is now returned when trying to start a transaction if another transaction is already active.

2002-08-13 (2.6.3)

  1. Add the ability to read both little-endian and big-endian databases. So a database created under SunOS or Mac OS X can be read and written under Linux or Windows and vice versa.
  2. Convert to the new website:
  3. Allow transactions to span Linux Threads
  4. Bug fix in the processing of the ORDER BY clause for GROUP BY queries

2002-07-31 (2.6.2)

  1. Text files read by the COPY command can now have line terminators of LF, CRLF, or CR.
  2. SQLITE_BUSY is handled correctly if encountered during database initialization.
  3. Fix to UPDATE triggers on TEMP tables.
  4. Documentation updates.

2002-07-19 (2.6.1)

  1. Include a static string in the library that responds to the RCS "ident" command and which contains the library version number.
  2. Fix an assertion failure that occurred when deleting all rows of a table with the "count_changes" pragma turned on.
  3. Better error reporting when problems occur during the automatic 2.5.6 to 2.6.0 database format upgrade.

2002-07-18 (2.6.0)

  1. Change the format of indices to correct a design flaw the originated with version 2.1.0. *** This is an incompatible file format change *** When version 2.6.0 or later of the library attempts to open a database file created by version 2.5.6 or earlier, it will automatically and irreversibly convert the file format. Make backup copies of older database files before opening them with version 2.6.0 of the library.

2002-07-07 (2.5.6)

  1. Fix more problems with rollback. Enhance the test suite to exercise the rollback logic extensively in order to prevent any future problems.

2002-07-06 (2.5.5)

  1. Fix a bug which could cause database corruption during a rollback. This bugs was introduced in version 2.4.0 by the freelist optimization of checkin [410].
  2. Fix a bug in aggregate functions for VIEWs.
  3. Other minor changes and enhancements.

2002-07-01 (2.5.4)

  1. Make the "AS" keyword optional again.
  2. The datatype of columns now appear in the 4th argument to the callback.
  3. Added the sqlite_open_aux_file() API, though it is still mostly undocumented and untested.
  4. Added additional test cases and fixed a few bugs that those test cases found.

2002-06-25 (2.5.3)

  1. Bug fix: Database corruption can occur due to the optimization that was introduced in version 2.4.0 (check-in [410]). The problem should now be fixed. The use of versions 2.4.0 through 2.5.2 is not recommended.

2002-06-25 (2.5.2)

  1. Added the new SQLITE_TEMP_MASTER table which records the schema for temporary tables in the same way that SQLITE_MASTER does for persistent tables.
  2. Added an optimization to UNION ALL
  3. Fixed a bug in the processing of LEFT OUTER JOIN
  4. The LIMIT clause now works on subselects
  5. ORDER BY works on subselects
  6. There is a new TypeOf() function used to determine if an expression is numeric or text.
  7. Autoincrement now works for INSERT from a SELECT.

2002-06-19 (2.5.1)

  1. The query optimizer now attempts to implement the ORDER BY clause using an index. Sorting is still used if not suitable index is available.

2002-06-17 (2.5.0)

  1. Added support for row triggers.
  2. Added SQL-92 compliant handling of NULLs.
  3. Add support for the full SQL-92 join syntax and LEFT OUTER JOINs.
  4. Double-quoted strings interpreted as column names not text literals.
  5. Parse (but do not implement) foreign keys.
  6. Performance improvements in the parser, pager, and WHERE clause code generator.
  7. Make the LIMIT clause work on subqueries. (ORDER BY still does not work, though.)
  8. Added the "%Q" expansion to sqlite_*_printf().
  9. Bug fixes too numerous to mention (see the change log).

2002-05-10 (2.4.12)

  1. Added logic to detect when the library API routines are called out of sequence.

2002-05-08 (2.4.11)

  1. Bug fix: Column names in the result set were not being generated correctly for some (rather complex) VIEWs. This could cause a segfault under certain circumstances.

2002-05-03 (2.4.10)

  1. Bug fix: Generate correct column headers when a compound SELECT is used as a subquery.
  2. Added the sqlite_encode_binary() and sqlite_decode_binary() functions to the source tree. But they are not yet linked into the library.
  3. Documentation updates.
  4. Export the sqlite_changes() function from Windows DLLs.
  5. Bug fix: Do not attempt the subquery flattening optimization on queries that lack a FROM clause. To do so causes a segfault.

2002-04-22 (2.4.9)

  1. Fix a bug that was causing the precompiled binary of SQLITE.EXE to report "out of memory" under Windows 98.

2002-04-20 (2.4.8)

  1. Make sure VIEWs are created after their corresponding TABLEs in the output of the .dump command in the shell.
  2. Speed improvements: Do not do synchronous updates on TEMP tables.
  3. Many improvements and enhancements to the shell.
  4. Make the GLOB and LIKE operators functions that can be overridden by a programmer. This allows, for example, the LIKE operator to be changed to be case sensitive.

2002-04-12 (2.4.7)

  1. Add the ability to put TABLE.* in the column list of a SELECT statement.
  2. Permit SELECT statements without a FROM clause.
  3. Added the last_insert_rowid() SQL function.
  4. Do not count rows where the IGNORE conflict resolution occurs in the row count.
  5. Make sure functions expressions in the VALUES clause of an INSERT are correct.
  6. Added the sqlite_changes() API function to return the number of row that changed in the most recent operation.

2002-04-02 (2.4.6)

  1. Bug fix: Correctly handle terms in the WHERE clause of a join that do not contain a comparison operator.

2002-04-02 (2.4.5)

  1. Bug fix: Correctly handle functions that appear in the WHERE clause of a join.
  2. When the PRAGMA vdbe_trace=ON is set, correctly print the P3 operand value when it is a pointer to a structure rather than a pointer to a string.
  3. When inserting an explicit NULL into an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, convert the NULL value into a unique key automatically.

2002-03-30 (2.4.4)

  1. Allow "VIEW" to be a column name
  2. Added support for CASE expressions (patch from Dan Kennedy)
  3. Added RPMS to the delivery (patches from Doug Henry)
  4. Fix typos in the documentation
  5. Cut over configuration management to a new CVS repository with its own CVSTrac bug tracking system.

2002-03-23 (2.4.3)

  1. Fix a bug in SELECT that occurs when a compound SELECT is used as a subquery in the FROM of a SELECT.
  2. The sqlite_get_table() function now returns an error if you give it two or more SELECTs that return different numbers of columns.

2002-03-20 (2.4.2)

  1. Bug fix: Fix an assertion failure that occurred when ROWID was a column in a SELECT statement on a view.
  2. Bug fix: Fix an uninitialized variable in the VDBE that would could an assert failure.
  3. Make the os.h header file more robust in detecting when the compile is for Windows and when it is for Unix.

2002-03-13 (2.4.1)

  1. Using an unnamed subquery in a FROM clause would cause a segfault.
  2. The parser now insists on seeing a semicolon or the end of input before executing a statement. This avoids an accidental disaster if the WHERE keyword is misspelled in an UPDATE or DELETE statement.

2002-03-11 (2.4.0)

  1. Change the name of the sanity_check PRAGMA to integrity_check and make it available in all compiles.
  2. SELECT min() or max() of an indexed column with no WHERE or GROUP BY clause is handled as a special case which avoids a complete table scan.
  3. Automatically generated ROWIDs are now sequential.
  4. Do not allow dot-commands of the command-line shell to occur in the middle of a real SQL command.
  5. Modifications to the Lemon parser generator so that the parser tables are 4 times smaller.
  6. Added support for user-defined functions implemented in C.
  7. Added support for new functions: coalesce(), lower(), upper(), and random()
  8. Added support for VIEWs.
  9. Added the subquery flattening optimizer.
  10. Modified the B-Tree and Pager modules so that disk pages that do not contain real data (free pages) are not journaled and are not written from memory back to the disk when they change. This does not impact database integrity, since the pages contain no real data, but it does make large INSERT operations about 2.5 times faster and large DELETEs about 5 times faster.
  11. Made the CACHE_SIZE pragma persistent
  12. Added the SYNCHRONOUS pragma
  13. Fixed a bug that was causing updates to fail inside of transactions when the database contained a temporary table.

2002-02-19 (2.3.3)

  1. Allow identifiers to be quoted in square brackets, for compatibility with MS-Access.
  2. Added support for sub-queries in the FROM clause of a SELECT.
  3. More efficient implementation of sqliteFileExists() under Windows. (by Joel Luscy)
  4. The VALUES clause of an INSERT can now contain expressions, including scalar SELECT clauses.
  5. Added support for CREATE TABLE AS SELECT
  6. Bug fix: Creating and dropping a table all within a single transaction was not working.

2002-02-14 (2.3.2)

  1. Bug fix: There was an incorrect assert() in pager.c. The real code was all correct (as far as is known) so everything should work OK if you compile with -DNDEBUG=1. When asserts are not disabled, there could be a fault.

2002-02-13 (2.3.1)

  1. Bug fix: An assertion was failing if "PRAGMA full_column_names=ON;" was set and you did a query that used a rowid, like this: "SELECT rowid, * FROM ...".

2002-02-03 (2.3.0)

  1. Fix a serious bug in the INSERT command which was causing data to go into the wrong columns if the data source was a SELECT and the INSERT clauses specified its columns in some order other than the default.
  2. Added the ability to resolve constraint conflicts is ways other than an abort and rollback. See the documentation on the "ON CONFLICT" clause for details.
  3. Temporary files are now automatically deleted by the operating system when closed. There are no more dangling temporary files on a program crash. (If the OS crashes, fsck will delete the file after reboot under Unix. I do not know what happens under Windows.)
  4. NOT NULL constraints are honored.
  5. The COPY command puts NULLs in columns whose data is '\N'.
  6. In the COPY command, backslash can now be used to escape a newline.
  7. Added the SANITY_CHECK pragma.

2002-01-28 (2.2.5)

  1. Important bug fix: the IN operator was not working if either the left-hand or right-hand side was derived from an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
  2. Do not escape the backslash '\' character in the output of the sqlite command-line access program.

2002-01-22 (2.2.4)

  1. The label to the right of an AS in the column list of a SELECT can now be used as part of an expression in the WHERE, ORDER BY, GROUP BY, and/or HAVING clauses.
  2. Fix a bug in the -separator command-line option to the sqlite command.
  3. Fix a problem with the sort order when comparing upper-case strings against characters greater than 'Z' but less than 'a'.
  4. Report an error if an ORDER BY or GROUP BY expression is constant.

2002-01-16 (2.2.3)

  1. Fix warning messages in VC++ 7.0. (Patches from nicolas352001)
  2. Make the library thread-safe. (The code is there and appears to work but has not been stressed.)
  3. Added the new sqlite_last_insert_rowid() API function.

2002-01-14 (2.2.2)

  1. Bug fix: An assertion was failing when a temporary table with an index had the same name as a permanent table created by a separate process.
  2. Bug fix: Updates to tables containing an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and an index could fail.

2002-01-09 (2.2.1)

  1. Bug fix: An attempt to delete a single row of a table with a WHERE clause of "ROWID=x" when no such rowid exists was causing an error.
  2. Bug fix: Passing in a NULL as the 3rd parameter to sqlite_open() would sometimes cause a coredump.
  3. Bug fix: DROP TABLE followed by a CREATE TABLE with the same name all within a single transaction was causing a coredump.
  4. Makefile updates from A. Rottmann

2001-12-22 (2.2.0)

  1. Columns of type INTEGER PRIMARY KEY are actually used as the primary key in underlying B-Tree representation of the table.
  2. Several obscure, unrelated bugs were found and fixed while implemented the integer primary key change of the previous bullet.
  3. Added the ability to specify "*" as part of a larger column list in the result section of a SELECT statement. For example: "SELECT rowid, * FROM table1;".
  4. Updates to comments and documentation.

2001-12-15 (2.1.7)

  1. Fix a bug in CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE which was causing the table to be initially allocated in the main database file instead of in the separate temporary file. This bug could cause the library to suffer an assertion failure and it could cause "page leaks" in the main database file.
  2. Fix a bug in the b-tree subsystem that could sometimes cause the first row of a table to be repeated during a database scan.

2001-12-14 (2.1.6)

  1. Fix the locking mechanism yet again to prevent sqlite_exec() from returning SQLITE_PROTOCOL unnecessarily. This time the bug was a race condition in the locking code. This change affects both POSIX and Windows users.

2001-12-06 (2.1.5)

  1. Fix for another problem (unrelated to the one fixed in 2.1.4) that sometimes causes sqlite_exec() to return SQLITE_PROTOCOL unnecessarily. This time the bug was in the POSIX locking code and should not effect Windows users.

2001-12-05 (2.1.4)

  1. Sometimes sqlite_exec() would return SQLITE_PROTOCOL when it should have returned SQLITE_BUSY.
  2. The fix to the previous bug uncovered a deadlock which was also fixed.
  3. Add the ability to put a single .command in the second argument of the sqlite shell
  4. Updates to the FAQ

2001-11-24 (2.1.3)

  1. Fix the behavior of comparison operators (ex: "<", "==", etc.) so that they are consistent with the order of entries in an index.
  2. Correct handling of integers in SQL expressions that are larger than what can be represented by the machine integer.

2001-11-23 (2.1.2)

  1. Changes to support 64-bit architectures.
  2. Fix a bug in the locking protocol.
  3. Fix a bug that could (rarely) cause the database to become unreadable after a DROP TABLE due to corruption to the SQLITE_MASTER table.
  4. Change the code so that version 2.1.1 databases that were rendered unreadable by the above bug can be read by this version of the library even though the SQLITE_MASTER table is (slightly) corrupted.

2001-11-13 (2.1.1)

  1. Bug fix: Sometimes arbitrary strings were passed to the callback function when the actual value of a column was NULL.

2001-11-12 (2.1.0)

  1. Change the format of data records so that records up to 16MB in size can be stored.
  2. Change the format of indices to allow for better query optimization.
  3. Implement the "LIMIT ... OFFSET ..." clause on SELECT statements.

2001-11-03 (2.0.8)

  1. Made selected parameters in API functions const. This should be fully backwards compatible.
  2. Documentation updates
  3. Simplify the design of the VDBE by restricting the number of sorters and lists to 1. In practice, no more than one sorter and one list was ever used anyhow.

2001-10-22 (2.0.7)

  1. Any UTF-8 character or ISO8859 character can be used as part of an identifier.
  2. Patches from Christian Werner to improve ODBC compatibility and to fix a bug in the round() function.
  3. Plug some memory leaks that use to occur if malloc() failed. We have been and continue to be memory leak free as long as malloc() works.
  4. Changes to some test scripts so that they work on Windows in addition to Unix.

2001-10-19 (2.0.6)

  1. Added the EMPTY_RESULT_CALLBACKS pragma
  2. Support for UTF-8 and ISO8859 characters in column and table names.
  3. Bug fix: Compute correct table names with the FULL_COLUMN_NAMES pragma is turned on.

2001-10-15 (2.0.5)

  1. Added the COUNT_CHANGES pragma.
  2. Changes to the FULL_COLUMN_NAMES pragma to help out the ODBC driver.
  3. Bug fix: "SELECT count(*)" was returning NULL for empty tables. Now it returns 0.

2001-10-13 (2.0.4)

  1. Bug fix: an obscure and relatively harmless bug was causing one of the tests to fail when gcc optimizations are turned on. This release fixes the problem.

2001-10-13 (2.0.3)

  1. Bug fix: the sqlite_busy_timeout() function was delaying 1000 times too long before failing.
  2. Bug fix: an assertion was failing if the disk holding the database file became full or stopped accepting writes for some other reason. New tests were added to detect similar problems in the future.
  3. Added new operators: & (bitwise-and) | (bitwise-or), ~ (ones-complement), << (shift left), >> (shift right).
  4. Added new functions: round() and abs().

2001-10-09 (2.0.2)

  1. Fix two bugs in the locking protocol. (One was masking the other.)
  2. Removed some unused "#include " that were causing problems for VC++.
  3. Fixed sqlite.h so that it is usable from C++
  4. Added the FULL_COLUMN_NAMES pragma. When set to "ON", the names of columns are reported back as TABLE.COLUMN instead of just COLUMN.
  5. Added the TABLE_INFO() and INDEX_INFO() pragmas to help support the ODBC interface.
  6. Added support for TEMPORARY tables and indices.

2001-10-02 (2.0.1)

  1. Remove some C++ style comments from btree.c so that it will compile using compilers other than gcc.
  2. The ".dump" output from the shell does not work if there are embedded newlines anywhere in the data. This is an old bug that was carried forward from version 1.0. To fix it, the ".dump" output no longer uses the COPY command. It instead generates INSERT statements.
  3. Extend the expression syntax to support "expr NOT NULL" (with a space between the "NOT" and the "NULL") in addition to "expr NOTNULL" (with no space).

2001-09-28 (2.0.0)

  1. Automatically build binaries for Linux and Windows and put them on the website.

2001-09-28 (2.0-alpha-4)

  1. Incorporate makefile patches form A. Rottmann to use LIBTOOL

2001-09-27 (2.0-alpha-3)

  1. SQLite now honors the UNIQUE keyword in CREATE UNIQUE INDEX. Primary keys are required to be unique.
  2. File format changed back to what it was for alpha-1
  3. Fixes to the rollback and locking behavior

2001-09-20 (2.0-alpha-2)

  1. Initial release of version 2.0. The idea of renaming the library to "SQLus" was abandoned in favor of keeping the "SQLite" name and bumping the major version number.
  2. The pager and btree subsystems added back. They are now the only available backend.
  3. The Dbbe abstraction and the GDBM and memory drivers were removed.
  4. Copyright on all code was disclaimed. The library is now in the public domain.

2001-07-23 (1.0.32)

  1. Pager and btree subsystems removed. These will be used in a follow-on SQL server library named "SQLus".
  2. Add the ability to use quoted strings as table and column names in expressions.

2001-04-15 (1.0.31)

  1. Pager subsystem added but not yet used.
  2. More robust handling of out-of-memory errors.
  3. New tests added to the test suite.

2001-04-06 (1.0.30)

  1. Remove the sqlite_encoding TCL variable that was introduced in the previous version.
  2. Add options -encoding and -tcl-uses-utf to the sqlite TCL command.
  3. Add tests to make sure that tclsqlite was compiled using Tcl header files and libraries that match.

2001-04-05 (1.0.29)

  1. The library now assumes data is stored as UTF-8 if the --enable-utf8 option is given to configure. The default behavior is to assume iso8859-x, as it has always done. This only makes a difference for LIKE and GLOB operators and the LENGTH and SUBSTR functions.
  2. If the library is not configured for UTF-8 and the Tcl library is one of the newer ones that uses UTF-8 internally, then a conversion from UTF-8 to iso8859 and back again is done inside the TCL interface.

2001-04-04 (1.0.28)

  1. Added limited support for transactions. At this point, transactions will do table locking on the GDBM backend. There is no support (yet) for rollback or atomic commit.
  2. Added special column names ROWID, OID, and _ROWID_ that refer to the unique random integer key associated with every row of every table.
  3. Additional tests added to the regression suite to cover the new ROWID feature and the TCL interface bugs mentioned below.
  4. Changes to the Lemon parser generator to help it work better when compiled using MSVC.
  5. Bug fixes in the TCL interface identified by Oleg Oleinick.

2001-03-20 (1.0.27)

  1. When doing DELETE and UPDATE, the library used to write the record numbers of records to be deleted or updated into a temporary file. This is changed so that the record numbers are held in memory.
  2. The DELETE command without a WHILE clause just removes the database files from the disk, rather than going through and deleting record by record.

2001-03-20 (1.0.26)

  1. A serious bug fixed on Windows. Windows users should upgrade. No impact to Unix.

2001-03-15 (1.0.25)

  1. Modify the test scripts to identify tests that depend on system load and processor speed and to warn the user that a failure of one of those (rare) tests does not necessarily mean the library is malfunctioning. No changes to code.

2001-03-14 (1.0.24)

  1. Fix a bug which was causing the UPDATE command to fail on systems where "malloc(0)" returns NULL. The problem does not appear on Windows, Linux, or HPUX but does cause the library to fail on QNX.

2001-02-20 (1.0.23)

  1. An unrelated (and minor) bug from Mark Muranwski fixed. The algorithm for figuring out where to put temporary files for a "memory:" database was not working quite right.

2001-02-19 (1.0.22)

  1. The previous fix was not quite right. This one seems to work better.

2001-02-19 (1.0.21)

  1. The UPDATE statement was not working when the WHERE clause contained some terms that could be satisfied using indices and other terms that could not. Fixed.

2001-02-11 (1.0.20)

  1. Merge development changes into the main trunk. Future work toward using a BTree file structure will use a separate CVS source tree. This CVS tree will continue to support the GDBM version of SQLite only.

2001-02-06 (1.0.19)

  1. Fix a strange (but valid) C declaration that was causing problems for QNX. No logical changes.

2001-01-04 (1.0.18)

  1. Print the offending SQL statement when an error occurs.
  2. Do not require commas between constraints in CREATE TABLE statements.
  3. Added the "-echo" option to the shell.
  4. Changes to comments.

2000-12-10 (1.0.17)

  1. Rewrote sqlite_complete() to make it faster.
  2. Minor tweaks to other code to make it run a little faster.
  3. Added new tests for sqlite_complete() and for memory leaks.

2000-11-28 (1.0.16)

  1. Documentation updates. Mostly fixing of typos and spelling errors.

2000-10-23 (1.0.15)

  1. Documentation updates
  2. Some sanity checking code was removed from the inner loop of vdbe.c to help the library to run a little faster. The code is only removed if you compile with -DNDEBUG.

2000-10-19 (1.0.14)

  1. Added a "memory:" backend driver that stores its database in an in-memory hash table.

2000-10-19 (1.0.13)

  1. Break out the GDBM driver into a separate file in anticipation to added new drivers.
  2. Allow the name of a database to be prefixed by the driver type. For now, the only driver type is "gdbm:".

2000-10-17 (1.0.12)

  1. Fixed an off-by-one error that was causing a coredump in the '%q' format directive of the new sqlite_..._printf() routines.
  2. Added the sqlite_interrupt() interface.
  3. In the shell, sqlite_interrupt() is invoked when the user presses Control-C
  4. Fixed some instances where sqlite_exec() was returning the wrong error code.

2000-10-11 (1.0.10)

  1. Added notes on how to compile for Windows95/98.
  2. Removed a few variables that were not being used. Etc.

2000-10-09 (1.0.9)

  1. Added the sqlite_..._printf() interface routines.
  2. Modified the sqlite shell program to use the new interface routines.
  3. Modified the sqlite shell program to print the schema for the built-in SQLITE_MASTER table, if explicitly requested.

2000-09-30 (1.0.8)

  1. Begin writing documentation on the TCL interface.

2000-09-29 (Not Released)

  1. Added the sqlite_get_table() API
  2. Updated the documentation for due to the above change.
  3. Modified the sqlite shell to make use of the new sqlite_get_table() API in order to print a list of tables in multiple columns, similar to the way "ls" prints filenames.
  4. Modified the sqlite shell to print a semicolon at the end of each CREATE statement in the output of the ".schema" command.

2000-09-21 (Not Released)

  1. Change the tclsqlite "eval" method to return a list of results if no callback script is specified.
  2. Change tclsqlite.c to use the Tcl_Obj interface
  3. Add tclsqlite.c to the libsqlite.a library

2000-09-14 (1.0.5)

  1. Changed the print format for floating point values from "%g" to "%.15g".
  2. Changed the comparison function so that numbers in exponential notation (ex: 1.234e+05) sort in numerical order.

2000-08-28 (1.0.4)

  1. Added functions length() and substr().
  2. Fix a bug in the sqlite shell program that was causing a coredump when the output mode was "column" and the first row of data contained a NULL.

2000-08-22 (1.0.3)

  1. In the sqlite shell, print the "Database opened READ ONLY" message to stderr instead of stdout.
  2. In the sqlite shell, now print the version number on initial startup.
  3. Add the sqlite_version[] string constant to the library
  4. Makefile updates
  5. Bug fix: incorrect VDBE code was being generated for the following circumstance: a query on an indexed table containing a WHERE clause with an IN operator that had a subquery on its right-hand side.

2000-08-18 (1.0.1)

  1. Fix a bug in the configure script.
  2. Minor revisions to the website.

2000-08-17 (1.0)

  1. Change the sqlite program so that it can read databases for which it lacks write permission. (It used to refuse all access if it could not write.)


  1. Treat carriage returns as white space.


  1. Added pattern matching to the ".table" command in the "sqlite" command shell.


  1. Documentation updates
  2. Added "busy" and "timeout" methods to the Tcl interface


  1. File format version number was being stored in sqlite_master.tcl multiple times. This was harmless, but unnecessary. It is now fixed.


  1. The file format for indices was changed slightly in order to work around an inefficiency that can sometimes come up with GDBM when there are large indices having many entries with the same key. ** Incompatible Change **


  1. The parser's stack was overflowing on a very long UPDATE statement. This is now fixed.


  1. Finish the VDBE tutorial.
  2. Added documentation on compiling to WinNT.
  3. Fix a configuration program for WinNT.
  4. Fix a configuration problem for HPUX.


  1. Better labels on column names of the result.


  1. Added the sqlite_busy_handler() and sqlite_busy_timeout() interface.


  1. Begin writing the VDBE tutorial.


  1. Clean up comments and variable names. Changes to documentation. No functional changes to the code.


  1. Column names in UPDATE statements were case sensitive. This mistake has now been fixed.


  1. Added the concatenate string operator (||)


  1. Added the fcnt() function to the SQL interpreter. The fcnt() function returns the number of database "Fetch" operations that have occurred. This function is designed for use in test scripts to verify that queries are efficient and appropriately optimized. Fcnt() has no other useful purpose, as far as I know.
  2. Added a bunch more tests that take advantage of the new fcnt() function. The new tests did not uncover any new problems.


  1. Added lots of new test cases
  2. Fix a few bugs discovered while adding test cases
  3. Begin adding lots of new documentation


  1. Added compound select operators: UNION, UNION ALL, INTERSECT, and EXCEPT
  2. Added support for using (SELECT ...) within expressions
  3. Added support for IN and BETWEEN operators
  4. Added support for GROUP BY and HAVING
  5. NULL values are now reported to the callback as a NULL pointer rather than an empty string.


  1. Added support for default values on columns of a table.
  2. Improved test coverage. Fixed a few obscure bugs found by the improved tests.


  1. All database files to be modified by an UPDATE, INSERT or DELETE are now locked before any changes are made to any files. This makes it safe (I think) to access the same database simultaneously from multiple processes.
  2. The code appears stable so we are now calling it "beta".


  1. Better support for file locking so that two or more processes (or threads) can access the same database simultaneously. More work needed in this area, though.


  1. Added support for aggregate functions (Ex: COUNT(*), MIN(...)) to the SELECT statement.
  2. Added support for SELECT DISTINCT ...


  1. Added the LIKE operator.
  2. Added a GLOB operator: similar to LIKE but it uses Unix shell globbing wildcards instead of the '%' and '_' wildcards of SQL.
  3. Added the COPY command patterned after PostgreSQL so that SQLite can now read the output of the pg_dump database dump utility of PostgreSQL.
  4. Added a VACUUM command that calls the gdbm_reorganize() function on the underlying database files.
  5. And many, many bug fixes...


  1. Initial Public Release of Alpha code