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Changes In Branch view-optimization Excluding Merge-Ins

This is equivalent to a diff from afc6db9b10 to 1df8cbbea6

2015-06-12
12:54
Add the OP_ColumnsUsed opcode (when compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK) as a hint to the b-tree layer as to which columns of a btree cursor will be used. check-in: 711a176cbf user: drh tags: trunk
2015-06-11
18:01
Merge recent trunk enhancements and fixes. check-in: c39cb0e257 user: drh tags: sessions
17:58
Merge trunk fixes. Leaf check-in: 1df8cbbea6 user: drh tags: view-optimization
14:19
Remove stray outputs from the test suite. check-in: afc6db9b10 user: drh tags: trunk
13:58
When generating code for partial indexes, be sure not to modify the index condition expression in the schema. check-in: e63d01c69c user: drh tags: trunk
2015-06-10
23:02
More test output refinements. Closed-Leaf check-in: e64a568179 user: mistachkin tags: testerOutput
20:00
Merge enhancements from trunk. check-in: 0e23a079bd user: drh tags: view-optimization

Changes to src/delete.c.

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      addrEphOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEphCur, nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    }
  
    /* Construct a query to find the rowid or primary key for every row
    ** to be deleted, based on the WHERE clause.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED|WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK,
                               iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){







|







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      addrEphOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEphCur, nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    }
  
    /* Construct a query to find the rowid or primary key for every row
    ** to be deleted, based on the WHERE clause.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, 0, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED|WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK,
                               iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){

Changes to src/fkey.c.

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  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
  sNameContext.pParse = pParse;
  sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNameContext, pWhere);

  /* Create VDBE to loop through the entries in pSrc that match the WHERE
  ** clause. For each row found, increment either the deferred or immediate
  ** foreign key constraint counter. */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  if( pWInfo ){
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Clean up the WHERE clause constructed above. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);







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  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
  sNameContext.pParse = pParse;
  sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNameContext, pWhere);

  /* Create VDBE to loop through the entries in pSrc that match the WHERE
  ** clause. For each row found, increment either the deferred or immediate
  ** foreign key constraint counter. */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, 0, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  if( pWInfo ){
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Clean up the WHERE clause constructed above. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);

Changes to src/select.c.

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      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */




















































































































/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
**    * the query contains just a single aggregate function,
**    * the aggregate function is either min() or max(), and
**    * the argument to the aggregate function is a column value.
................................................................................
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));
    pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
    ** to be invoked again. */
    if( pItem->addrFillSub ){
      if( pItem->viaCoroutine==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pItem->regReturn, pItem->addrFillSub);
      }
      continue;
    }

    /* Increment Parse.nHeight by the height of the largest expression
    ** tree referred to by this, the parent select. The child select
    ** may contain expression trees of at most
    ** (SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH-Parse.nHeight) height. This is a bit
    ** more conservative than necessary, but much easier than enforcing
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }

    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    */
    if( pTabList->nSrc==1
     && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
      ** the content of this subquery.  pItem->addrFillSub will point
      ** to the address of the generated subroutine.  pItem->regReturn
      ** is a register allocated to hold the subroutine return address
      */
      int topAddr;
      int onceAddr = 0;
      int retAddr;
      assert( pItem->addrFillSub==0 );
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      topAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pItem->regReturn);
      pItem->addrFillSub = topAddr+1;
      if( pItem->isCorrelated==0 ){
        /* If the subquery is not correlated and if we are not inside of
        ** a trigger, then we only need to compute the value of the subquery
        ** once. */
        onceAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }




    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
  }
#endif

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
................................................................................
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    u16 wctrlFlags = (sDistinct.isTnct ? WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT : 0);

    /* Begin the database scan. */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, sSort.pOrderBy,
                               p->pEList, wctrlFlags, 0);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
    if( sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo) < p->nSelectRow ){
      p->nSelectRow = sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo);
    }
    if( sDistinct.isTnct && sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo) ){
      sDistinct.eTnctType = sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo);
................................................................................

      /* Begin a loop that will extract all source rows in GROUP BY order.
      ** This might involve two separate loops with an OP_Sort in between, or
      ** it might be a single loop that uses an index to extract information
      ** in the right order to begin with.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pGroupBy, 0,
          WHERE_GROUPBY | (orderByGrp ? WHERE_SORTBYGROUP : 0), 0
      );
      if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
      if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)==pGroupBy->nExpr ){
        /* The optimizer is able to deliver rows in group by order so
        ** we do not have to sort.  The OP_OpenEphemeral table will be
        ** cancelled later because we still need to use the pKeyInfo
................................................................................
        }
  
        /* This case runs if the aggregate has no GROUP BY clause.  The
        ** processing is much simpler since there is only a single row
        ** of output.
        */
        resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pMinMax,0,flag,0);
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){







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      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
void sqlite3ManifestSubqueries(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,             /* SELECT statement being generated */
  SrcList *pTabList      /* The FROM clause */
){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
    ** to be invoked again. */
    if( pItem->addrFillSub ){
      if( pItem->viaCoroutine==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pItem->regReturn, pItem->addrFillSub);
      }
      continue;
    }

    /* Increment Parse.nHeight by the height of the largest expression
    ** tree referred to by this, the parent select. The child select
    ** may contain expression trees of at most
    ** (SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH-Parse.nHeight) height. This is a bit
    ** more conservative than necessary, but much easier than enforcing
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
    }

    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    */
    if( pTabList->nSrc==1
     && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
      ** the content of this subquery.  pItem->addrFillSub will point
      ** to the address of the generated subroutine.  pItem->regReturn
      ** is a register allocated to hold the subroutine return address
      */
      int topAddr;
      int onceAddr = 0;
      int retAddr;
      assert( pItem->addrFillSub==0 );
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      topAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pItem->regReturn);
      pItem->addrFillSub = topAddr+1;
      if( pItem->isCorrelated==0 ){
        /* If the subquery is not correlated and if we are not inside of
        ** a trigger, then we only need to compute the value of the subquery
        ** once. */
        onceAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) break;
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
**    * the query contains just a single aggregate function,
**    * the aggregate function is either min() or max(), and
**    * the argument to the aggregate function is a column value.
................................................................................
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));
    pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
    return rc;
  }
#endif


















































  if( !OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_LateSubquery) ){


















































    /* Manifest the subqueries.  This needs to be done before calling
    ** sqlite3WhereBegin() so that the Table.nRowLogEst value can be set
    ** correctly for the subqueries. */
    sqlite3ManifestSubqueries(pParse, p, pTabList);
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;

  }


  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
................................................................................
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    u16 wctrlFlags = (sDistinct.isTnct ? WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT : 0);

    /* Begin the database scan. */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, p, pTabList, pWhere, sSort.pOrderBy,
                               p->pEList, wctrlFlags, 0);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
    if( sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo) < p->nSelectRow ){
      p->nSelectRow = sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo);
    }
    if( sDistinct.isTnct && sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo) ){
      sDistinct.eTnctType = sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo);
................................................................................

      /* Begin a loop that will extract all source rows in GROUP BY order.
      ** This might involve two separate loops with an OP_Sort in between, or
      ** it might be a single loop that uses an index to extract information
      ** in the right order to begin with.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, p, pTabList, pWhere, pGroupBy, 0,
          WHERE_GROUPBY | (orderByGrp ? WHERE_SORTBYGROUP : 0), 0
      );
      if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
      if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)==pGroupBy->nExpr ){
        /* The optimizer is able to deliver rows in group by order so
        ** we do not have to sort.  The OP_OpenEphemeral table will be
        ** cancelled later because we still need to use the pKeyInfo
................................................................................
        }
  
        /* This case runs if the aggregate has no GROUP BY clause.  The
        ** processing is much simpler since there is only a single row
        ** of output.
        */
        resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse,p,pTabList, pWhere, pMinMax,0,flag,0);
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275

1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
....
3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287

3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300

3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
Index *sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(sqlite3*,i16,int,char**);
Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                          Expr*, int, int);
void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);

int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);

void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);







>







 







>












|
>







1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
....
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
#define SQLITE_LateSubquery   0x1000   /* Plan main Q before rendering subQ */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
Index *sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(sqlite3*,i16,int,char**);
Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                          Expr*, int, int);
void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
void sqlite3ManifestSubqueries(Parse*, Select*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,Select*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                             ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);

Changes to src/update.c.

343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
...
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
    );
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
  
    /* Remember the rowid of every item to be updated.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iDataCur, regOldRowid);
................................................................................
    iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nPk;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    iEph = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iPk);
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }







|







 







|







343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
...
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, 0, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
    );
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
  
    /* Remember the rowid of every item to be updated.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iDataCur, regOldRowid);
................................................................................
    iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nPk;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    iEph = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iPk);
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, 0, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }

Changes to src/where.c.

2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566

2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
....
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898

3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
....
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171










4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
        pNew->nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 1.375 (LogEst=4) for views and subqueries.  The value
        ** of X is smaller for views and subqueries so that the query planner
        ** will be more aggressive about generating automatic indexes for
        ** those objects, since there is no opportunity to add schema
        ** indexes on subqueries and views. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 4;
        if( pTab->pSelect==0 && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0 ){
          pNew->rSetup += 24;
        }

        ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rSetup, pTab->costMult);
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowing how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
................................................................................
** specific cursor.  If WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED is set, then iIdxCur is
** the first cursor in an array of cursors for all indices.  iIdxCur should
** be used to compute the appropriate cursor depending on which index is
** used.
*/
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */

  SrcList *pTabList,    /* FROM clause: A list of all tables to be scanned */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* An ORDER BY (or GROUP BY) clause, or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet, /* Result set of the query */
  u16 wctrlFlags,       /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  int iIdxCur           /* If WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY is set, index cursor number */
){
................................................................................
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
      pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
    }
  }











  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */







|




|

|

>







 







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
....
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
....
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
        pNew->nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 0.3333 (LogEst=-16) for views and subqueries.  The value
        ** of X is smaller for views and subqueries so that the query planner
        ** will be more aggressive about generating automatic indexes for
        ** those objects, since there is no opportunity to add schema
        ** indexes on subqueries and views. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize - 16;
        if( pTab->pSelect==0 && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0 ){
          pNew->rSetup += 44;
        }
        if( pNew->rSetup<1 ) pNew->rSetup = 1;
        ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rSetup, pTab->costMult);
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowing how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
................................................................................
** specific cursor.  If WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED is set, then iIdxCur is
** the first cursor in an array of cursors for all indices.  iIdxCur should
** be used to compute the appropriate cursor depending on which index is
** used.
*/
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */
  Select *pSelect,      /* SELECT stmt that owns this WHERE. Might be NULL */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* FROM clause: A list of all tables to be scanned */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* An ORDER BY (or GROUP BY) clause, or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet, /* Result set of the query */
  u16 wctrlFlags,       /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  int iIdxCur           /* If WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY is set, index cursor number */
){
................................................................................
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
      pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
    }
  }

  /* If this WHERE clause is part of a SELECT statement, then there
  ** might be subqueries in the FROM clause that need to be manifested.
  ** This works mostly - except the Table.nRowLogEst value is not set
  ** correctly for the subquery, resulting in a bad plan in some cases.
  */
  if( OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_LateSubquery) && pSelect!=0 ){
    sqlite3ManifestSubqueries(pParse, pSelect, pTabList);
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */

Changes to src/wherecode.c.

1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          int addrExplain = sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );







|







1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, 0, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          int addrExplain = sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );

Changes to test/eqp.test.

77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

86
87
88
89
90
91
92

93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108

109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117

118
119
120
121
122
123
124
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}

do_eqp_test 1.7 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1)
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}

}
do_eqp_test 1.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2)
} {
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}

}
do_eqp_test 1.9 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 EXCEPT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (EXCEPT)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}

}
do_eqp_test 1.10 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 INTERSECT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (INTERSECT)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}

}

do_eqp_test 1.11 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 (UNION ALL)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}

}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {







<
|
>





<
|
>






<
|
>






<
|
>







<
|
>







77
78
79
80
81
82
83

84
85
86
87
88
89
90

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98

99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106

107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115

116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}

do_eqp_test 1.7 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1)
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
}
do_eqp_test 1.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2)
} {
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
}
do_eqp_test 1.9 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 EXCEPT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (EXCEPT)}

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
}
do_eqp_test 1.10 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 INTERSECT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (INTERSECT)}

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
}

do_eqp_test 1.11 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 (UNION ALL)}

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {