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Overview
Comment:Also free up the MEM_RowSet bit in the Mem.flags field and have RowSet objects be destroyed using Mem.xDel. This change results in faster code.
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SHA3-256: f48e9feb3fca514e4e586932e6d19a5e34a384204effeba553006dcddf5f13d2
User & Date: drh 2018-08-29 20:24:03
Context
2018-08-29
20:52
Fixes to the UPDATE logic in Geopoly. check-in: 7c3cee0a2a user: drh tags: trunk
20:24
Also free up the MEM_RowSet bit in the Mem.flags field and have RowSet objects be destroyed using Mem.xDel. This change results in faster code. check-in: f48e9feb3f user: drh tags: trunk
18:47
Free up the MEM_Frame bit in Mem.flags object. Store VdbeFrame objects as MEM_Blob with a special Mem.xDel pointer instead. check-in: 62db5fd476 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/rowset.c.

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/*
** Allowed values for RowSet.rsFlags
*/
#define ROWSET_SORTED  0x01   /* True if RowSet.pEntry is sorted */
#define ROWSET_NEXT    0x02   /* True if sqlite3RowSetNext() has been called */

/*
** Turn bulk memory into a RowSet object.  N bytes of memory
** are available at pSpace.  The db pointer is used as a memory context
** for any subsequent allocations that need to occur.
** Return a pointer to the new RowSet object.
**
** It must be the case that N is sufficient to make a Rowset.  If not
** an assertion fault occurs.
** 
** If N is larger than the minimum, use the surplus as an initial
** allocation of entries available to be filled.
*/
RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3 *db, void *pSpace, unsigned int N){
  RowSet *p;
  assert( N >= ROUND8(sizeof(*p)) );
  p = pSpace;



  p->pChunk = 0;
  p->db = db;
  p->pEntry = 0;
  p->pLast = 0;
  p->pForest = 0;
  p->pFresh = (struct RowSetEntry*)(ROUND8(sizeof(*p)) + (char*)p);
  p->nFresh = (u16)((N - ROUND8(sizeof(*p)))/sizeof(struct RowSetEntry));
  p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
  p->iBatch = 0;

  return p;
}

/*
** Deallocate all chunks from a RowSet.  This frees all memory that
** the RowSet has allocated over its lifetime.  This routine is
** the destructor for the RowSet.
*/
void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet *p){

  struct RowSetChunk *pChunk, *pNextChunk;
  for(pChunk=p->pChunk; pChunk; pChunk = pNextChunk){
    pNextChunk = pChunk->pNextChunk;
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, pChunk);
  }
  p->pChunk = 0;
  p->nFresh = 0;
  p->pEntry = 0;
  p->pLast = 0;
  p->pForest = 0;
  p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
}











/*
** Allocate a new RowSetEntry object that is associated with the
** given RowSet.  Return a pointer to the new and completely uninitialized
** objected.
**
** In an OOM situation, the RowSet.db->mallocFailed flag is set and this







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/*
** Allowed values for RowSet.rsFlags
*/
#define ROWSET_SORTED  0x01   /* True if RowSet.pEntry is sorted */
#define ROWSET_NEXT    0x02   /* True if sqlite3RowSetNext() has been called */

/*
** Allocate a RowSet object.  Return NULL if a memory allocation
** error occurs.








*/
RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3 *db){



  RowSet *p = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    int N = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
    p->pChunk = 0;
    p->db = db;
    p->pEntry = 0;
    p->pLast = 0;
    p->pForest = 0;
    p->pFresh = (struct RowSetEntry*)(ROUND8(sizeof(*p)) + (char*)p);
    p->nFresh = (u16)((N - ROUND8(sizeof(*p)))/sizeof(struct RowSetEntry));
    p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
    p->iBatch = 0;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Deallocate all chunks from a RowSet.  This frees all memory that
** the RowSet has allocated over its lifetime.  This routine is
** the destructor for the RowSet.
*/
void sqlite3RowSetClear(void *pArg){
  RowSet *p = (RowSet*)pArg;
  struct RowSetChunk *pChunk, *pNextChunk;
  for(pChunk=p->pChunk; pChunk; pChunk = pNextChunk){
    pNextChunk = pChunk->pNextChunk;
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, pChunk);
  }
  p->pChunk = 0;
  p->nFresh = 0;
  p->pEntry = 0;
  p->pLast = 0;
  p->pForest = 0;
  p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
}

/*
** Deallocate all chunks from a RowSet.  This frees all memory that
** the RowSet has allocated over its lifetime.  This routine is
** the destructor for the RowSet.
*/
void sqlite3RowSetDelete(void *pArg){
  sqlite3RowSetClear(pArg);
  sqlite3DbFree(((RowSet*)pArg)->db, pArg);
}

/*
** Allocate a new RowSetEntry object that is associated with the
** given RowSet.  Return a pointer to the new and completely uninitialized
** objected.
**
** In an OOM situation, the RowSet.db->mallocFailed flag is set and this

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);

void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)







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void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3RowSetDelete(void*);
void sqlite3RowSetClear(void*);
void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Real ){
    printf(" r:%g", p->u.r);
#endif
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    printf(" (rowset)");
  }else{
    char zBuf[200];
    sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(p, zBuf);
    printf(" %s", zBuf);
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Subtype ) printf(" subtype=0x%02x", p->eSubtype);
................................................................................
**
** An assertion fails if P2 is not an integer.
*/
case OP_RowSetAdd: {       /* in1, in2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }

  sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn2->u.i);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetRead P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from the RowSet object in P1
................................................................................
** Or, if RowSet object P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
  i64 val;

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
    goto jump_to_p2_and_check_for_interrupt;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
................................................................................
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  iSet = pOp->p4.i;
  assert( pIn3->flags&MEM_Int );

  /* If there is anything other than a rowset object in memory cell P1,
  ** delete it now and initialize P1 with an empty rowset
  */
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }


  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, iSet, pIn3->u.i);
    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ) goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn3->u.i);
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER








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    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Real ){
    printf(" r:%g", p->u.r);
#endif
  }else if( sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(p) ){
    printf(" (rowset)");
  }else{
    char zBuf[200];
    sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(p, zBuf);
    printf(" %s", zBuf);
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Subtype ) printf(" subtype=0x%02x", p->eSubtype);
................................................................................
**
** An assertion fails if P2 is not an integer.
*/
case OP_RowSetAdd: {       /* in1, in2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1) ) goto no_mem;

  }
  assert( sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pIn1) );
  sqlite3RowSetInsert((RowSet*)pIn1->z, pIn2->u.i);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetRead P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from the RowSet object in P1
................................................................................
** Or, if RowSet object P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
  i64 val;

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 || sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pIn1) );
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext((RowSet*)pIn1->z, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
    goto jump_to_p2_and_check_for_interrupt;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
................................................................................
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  iSet = pOp->p4.i;
  assert( pIn3->flags&MEM_Int );

  /* If there is anything other than a rowset object in memory cell P1,
  ** delete it now and initialize P1 with an empty rowset
  */
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1) ) goto no_mem;

  }

  assert( sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pIn1) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest((RowSet*)pIn1->z, iSet, pIn3->u.i);
    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ) goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert((RowSet*)pIn1->z, pIn3->u.i);
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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struct sqlite3_value {
  union MemValue {
    double r;           /* Real value used when MEM_Real is set in flags */
    i64 i;              /* Integer value used when MEM_Int is set in flags */
    int nZero;          /* Extra zero bytes when MEM_Zero and MEM_Blob set */
    const char *zPType; /* Pointer type when MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype|MEM_Null */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
  } u;
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
  u8  eSubtype;       /* Subtype for this value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  /* ShallowCopy only needs to copy the information above */
................................................................................
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL (or a pointer) */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_AffMask   0x001f   /* Mask of affinity bits */
#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
/* Available          0x0040   */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0xc1ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
................................................................................
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
#endif

/* Return TRUE if Mem X contains dynamically allocated content - anything
** that needs to be deallocated to avoid a leak.
*/
#define VdbeMemDynamic(X)  \
  (((X)->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_RowSet))!=0)

/*
** Clear any existing type flags from a Mem and replace them with f
*/
#define MemSetTypeFlag(p, f) \
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

................................................................................
#else
  void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem*, double);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetPointer(Mem*, void*, const char*, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeMemInit(Mem*,sqlite3*,u16);
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(Mem*);
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem*,int);



void sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(Mem*, u8, u8);
i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeBooleanValue(Mem*, int ifNull);
void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);







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struct sqlite3_value {
  union MemValue {
    double r;           /* Real value used when MEM_Real is set in flags */
    i64 i;              /* Integer value used when MEM_Int is set in flags */
    int nZero;          /* Extra zero bytes when MEM_Zero and MEM_Blob set */
    const char *zPType; /* Pointer type when MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype|MEM_Null */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */

  } u;
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
  u8  eSubtype;       /* Subtype for this value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  /* ShallowCopy only needs to copy the information above */
................................................................................
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL (or a pointer) */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_AffMask   0x001f   /* Mask of affinity bits */
/* Available          0x0020   */
/* Available          0x0040   */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0xc1ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
................................................................................
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
#endif

/* Return TRUE if Mem X contains dynamically allocated content - anything
** that needs to be deallocated to avoid a leak.
*/
#define VdbeMemDynamic(X)  \
  (((X)->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn))!=0)

/*
** Clear any existing type flags from a Mem and replace them with f
*/
#define MemSetTypeFlag(p, f) \
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

................................................................................
#else
  void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem*, double);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetPointer(Mem*, void*, const char*, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeMemInit(Mem*,sqlite3*,u16);
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(Mem*);
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem*,int);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(const Mem*);
#endif
int sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(Mem*, u8, u8);
i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeBooleanValue(Mem*, int ifNull);
void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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      ** with no indexes using a single prepared INSERT statement, bind() 
      ** and reset(). Inserts are grouped into a transaction.
      */
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Agg );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
      testcase( p->xDel==sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_RowSet );
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_RowSet) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->szMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->szMalloc = 0;
      }

      p->flags = MEM_Undefined;
................................................................................
int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( (combined_flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }







|







 







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      ** with no indexes using a single prepared INSERT statement, bind() 
      ** and reset(). Inserts are grouped into a transaction.
      */
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Agg );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
      testcase( p->xDel==sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_RowSet );
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->szMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->szMalloc = 0;
      }

      p->flags = MEM_Undefined;
................................................................................
int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem1) && !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem2) );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

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  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 || p->szMalloc==0 );

  /* Cannot be both MEM_Int and MEM_Real at the same time */
  assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real))!=(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );

  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    /* Cannot be both MEM_Null and some other type */
    assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Str|MEM_Blob
                         |MEM_RowSet|MEM_Agg))==0 );

    /* If MEM_Null is set, then either the value is a pure NULL (the usual
    ** case) or it is a pointer set using sqlite3_bind_pointer() or
    ** sqlite3_result_pointer().  If a pointer, then MEM_Term must also be
    ** set.
    */
    if( (p->flags & (MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype))==(MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype) ){
................................................................................
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  int rc;
#endif
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE
           || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
................................................................................
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
SQLITE_NOINLINE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  testcase( pMem->db==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
** Change pMem so that its MEM_Str or MEM_Blob value is stored in
** MEM.zMalloc, where it can be safely written.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  if( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))!=0 ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pMem) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( pMem->szMalloc==0 || pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
      int rc = vdbeMemAddTerminator(pMem);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** blob stored in dynamically allocated space.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
int sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(Mem *pMem){
  int nByte;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Zero );
  assert( pMem->flags&MEM_Blob );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );

  /* Set nByte to the number of bytes required to store the expanded blob. */
  nByte = pMem->n + pMem->u.nZero;
  if( nByte<=0 ){
    nByte = 1;
  }
................................................................................
  int fg = pMem->flags;
  const int nByte = 32;

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !(fg&MEM_Zero) );
  assert( !(fg&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) );
  assert( fg&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );


  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    pMem->enc = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(p) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
  }
  if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn ){
    assert( (p->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC && p->xDel!=0 );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(p->u.pRowSet);
  }
  p->flags = MEM_Null;
}

/*
** Release memory held by the Mem p, both external memory cleared
** by p->xDel and memory in p->zMalloc.
................................................................................
/*
** The MEM structure is already a MEM_Real.  Try to also make it a
** MEM_Int if we can.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem *pMem){
  i64 ix;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Real );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  ix = doubleToInt64(pMem->u.r);

  /* Only mark the value as an integer if
  **
................................................................................
}

/*
** Convert pMem to type integer.  Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  pMem->u.i = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pMem);
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Int);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  if( !sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    pMem->u.r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
  }
}
#endif












/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.



*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem *pMem){
  sqlite3 *db = pMem->db;

  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, 64);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    pMem->szMalloc = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pMem->zMalloc );
    pMem->szMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pMem->zMalloc);
    pMem->u.pRowSet = sqlite3RowSetInit(db, pMem->zMalloc, pMem->szMalloc);
    assert( pMem->u.pRowSet!=0 );


    pMem->flags = MEM_RowSet;
  }


}

/*
** Return true if the Mem object contains a TEXT or BLOB that is
** too large - whose size exceeds SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem *p){
................................................................................
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeClrCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int eType){
  vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, eType);
}
void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ){ vdbeClrCopy(pTo,pFrom,srcType); return; }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
................................................................................
/*
** Make a full copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of pTo are
** freed before the copy is made.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ) vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
................................................................................
  void (*xDel)(void*) /* Destructor function */
){
  int nByte = n;      /* New value for pMem->n */
  int iLimit;         /* Maximum allowed string or blob size */
  u16 flags = 0;      /* New value for pMem->flags */

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If z is a NULL pointer, set pMem to contain an SQL NULL. */
  if( !z ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Return code */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pMem) );

  /* Note: the calls to BtreeKeyFetch() and DataFetch() below assert() 
  ** that both the BtShared and database handle mutexes are held. */
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  zData = (char *)sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(pCur, &available);
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
................................................................................
** Convert it into a string with encoding enc and return a pointer
** to a zero-terminated version of that string.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE const void *valueToText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  assert( pVal!=0 );
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( (pVal->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( (pVal->flags & (MEM_Null))==0 );
  if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pVal) ) return 0;
    pVal->flags |= MEM_Str;
    if( pVal->enc != (enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED);
    }
................................................................................
** If that is the case, then the result must be aligned on an even byte
** boundary.
*/
const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  if( !pVal ) return 0;
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( (pVal->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  if( (pVal->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Term))==(MEM_Str|MEM_Term) && pVal->enc==enc ){
    assert( sqlite3VdbeMemConsistentDualRep(pVal) );
    return pVal->z;
  }
  if( pVal->flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }







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  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 || p->szMalloc==0 );

  /* Cannot be both MEM_Int and MEM_Real at the same time */
  assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real))!=(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );

  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    /* Cannot be both MEM_Null and some other type */
    assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Str|MEM_Blob|MEM_Agg))==0 );


    /* If MEM_Null is set, then either the value is a pure NULL (the usual
    ** case) or it is a pointer set using sqlite3_bind_pointer() or
    ** sqlite3_result_pointer().  If a pointer, then MEM_Term must also be
    ** set.
    */
    if( (p->flags & (MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype))==(MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype) ){
................................................................................
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  int rc;
#endif
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE
           || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
................................................................................
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
SQLITE_NOINLINE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  testcase( pMem->db==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
** Change pMem so that its MEM_Str or MEM_Blob value is stored in
** MEM.zMalloc, where it can be safely written.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  if( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))!=0 ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pMem) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( pMem->szMalloc==0 || pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
      int rc = vdbeMemAddTerminator(pMem);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** blob stored in dynamically allocated space.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
int sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(Mem *pMem){
  int nByte;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Zero );
  assert( pMem->flags&MEM_Blob );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );

  /* Set nByte to the number of bytes required to store the expanded blob. */
  nByte = pMem->n + pMem->u.nZero;
  if( nByte<=0 ){
    nByte = 1;
  }
................................................................................
  int fg = pMem->flags;
  const int nByte = 32;

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !(fg&MEM_Zero) );
  assert( !(fg&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) );
  assert( fg&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );


  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    pMem->enc = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(p) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
  }
  if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn ){

    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC && p->xDel!=0 );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);


  }
  p->flags = MEM_Null;
}

/*
** Release memory held by the Mem p, both external memory cleared
** by p->xDel and memory in p->zMalloc.
................................................................................
/*
** The MEM structure is already a MEM_Real.  Try to also make it a
** MEM_Int if we can.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem *pMem){
  i64 ix;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Real );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  ix = doubleToInt64(pMem->u.r);

  /* Only mark the value as an integer if
  **
................................................................................
}

/*
** Convert pMem to type integer.  Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  pMem->u.i = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pMem);
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Int);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  if( !sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    pMem->u.r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
  }
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Return true if the Mem holds a RowSet object.  This routine is intended
** for use inside of assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(const Mem *pMem){
  return (pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn))==(MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn)
         && pMem->xDel==sqlite3RowSetDelete;
}
#endif

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success and SQLITE_NOMEM if a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem *pMem){
  sqlite3 *db = pMem->db;
  RowSet *p;
  assert( db!=0 );

  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);







  p = sqlite3RowSetInit(db);

  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pMem->z = (char*)p;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn;

  pMem->xDel = sqlite3RowSetDelete;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return true if the Mem object contains a TEXT or BLOB that is
** too large - whose size exceeds SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem *p){
................................................................................
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeClrCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int eType){
  vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, eType);
}
void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pFrom) );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ){ vdbeClrCopy(pTo,pFrom,srcType); return; }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
................................................................................
/*
** Make a full copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of pTo are
** freed before the copy is made.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pFrom) );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ) vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
................................................................................
  void (*xDel)(void*) /* Destructor function */
){
  int nByte = n;      /* New value for pMem->n */
  int iLimit;         /* Maximum allowed string or blob size */
  u16 flags = 0;      /* New value for pMem->flags */

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );

  /* If z is a NULL pointer, set pMem to contain an SQL NULL. */
  if( !z ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Return code */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pMem) );

  /* Note: the calls to BtreeKeyFetch() and DataFetch() below assert() 
  ** that both the BtShared and database handle mutexes are held. */
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  zData = (char *)sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(pCur, &available);
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
................................................................................
** Convert it into a string with encoding enc and return a pointer
** to a zero-terminated version of that string.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE const void *valueToText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  assert( pVal!=0 );
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pVal) );
  assert( (pVal->flags & (MEM_Null))==0 );
  if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pVal) ) return 0;
    pVal->flags |= MEM_Str;
    if( pVal->enc != (enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED);
    }
................................................................................
** If that is the case, then the result must be aligned on an even byte
** boundary.
*/
const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  if( !pVal ) return 0;
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pVal) );
  if( (pVal->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Term))==(MEM_Str|MEM_Term) && pVal->enc==enc ){
    assert( sqlite3VdbeMemConsistentDualRep(pVal) );
    return pVal->z;
  }
  if( pVal->flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }