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Overview
Comment:Merge the 3.7.1 pre-release snapshot changes as of [2010-08-18] into the apple-osx branch.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | apple-osx
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 866e9286ae4226b2bec40ef18c672a41768abf1f
User & Date: drh 2010-08-18 00:24:10
Context
2010-08-24
01:08
Merge changes through release 3.7.2 into the apple-osx branch. check-in: 415c448dc4 user: drh tags: apple-osx
2010-08-18
00:24
Merge the 3.7.1 pre-release snapshot changes as of [2010-08-18] into the apple-osx branch. check-in: 866e9286ae user: drh tags: apple-osx
00:09
Updating apple-osx with minor source fixes, database truncate and replace private calls and a bunch of conditionalization for tests running in different environments check-in: 5e2ee7db0f user: adam tags: apple-osx
2010-08-17
19:49
Remove a NEVER() that is actually reachable. check-in: acb171d4cf user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc.

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SO = dll
SHPREFIX =

#### Extra compiler options needed for programs that use the TCL library.
#
#TCL_FLAGS =
#TCL_FLAGS = -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.4linux
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.4win -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux

#### Linker options needed to link against the TCL library.
#
#LIBTCL = -ltcl -lm -ldl
LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.4linux/libtcl8.4g.a -lm -ldl
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.4win/libtcl84s.a -lmsvcrt
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux/libtcl8.3.a -ldld -lm -lc

#### Additional objects for SQLite library when TCL support is enabled.
TCLOBJ =
#TCLOBJ = tclsqlite.o

#### Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.







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SO = dll
SHPREFIX =

#### Extra compiler options needed for programs that use the TCL library.
#
#TCL_FLAGS =
#TCL_FLAGS = -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.5linux
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.5win -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux

#### Linker options needed to link against the TCL library.
#
#LIBTCL = -ltcl -lm -ldl
LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.5linux/libtcl8.5g.a -lm -ldl
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.5win/libtcl85s.a -lmsvcrt
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux/libtcl8.3.a -ldld -lm -lc

#### Additional objects for SQLite library when TCL support is enabled.
TCLOBJ =
#TCLOBJ = tclsqlite.o

#### Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.

Changes to Makefile.linux-gcc.

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# SO = dll
# SHPREFIX =

#### Extra compiler options needed for programs that use the TCL library.
#
#TCL_FLAGS =
#TCL_FLAGS = -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.4linux
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.4win -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux

#### Linker options needed to link against the TCL library.
#
#LIBTCL = -ltcl -lm -ldl
LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.4linux/libtcl8.4g.a -lm -ldl
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.4win/libtcl84s.a -lmsvcrt
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux/libtcl8.3.a -ldld -lm -lc

#### Additional objects for SQLite library when TCL support is enabled.
#TCLOBJ =
TCLOBJ = tclsqlite.o

#### Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.







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# SO = dll
# SHPREFIX =

#### Extra compiler options needed for programs that use the TCL library.
#
#TCL_FLAGS =
#TCL_FLAGS = -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.5linux
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.5win -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux

#### Linker options needed to link against the TCL library.
#
#LIBTCL = -ltcl -lm -ldl
LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.5linux/libtcl8.5g.a -lm -ldl
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.5win/libtcl85s.a -lmsvcrt
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux/libtcl8.3.a -ldld -lm -lc

#### Additional objects for SQLite library when TCL support is enabled.
#TCLOBJ =
TCLOBJ = tclsqlite.o

#### Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.

Changes to Makefile.vxworks.

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SO = so
SHPREFIX = lib

#### Extra compiler options needed for programs that use the TCL library.
#
#TCL_FLAGS =
#TCL_FLAGS = -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.4linux
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.4win -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux

#### Linker options needed to link against the TCL library.
#
#LIBTCL = -ltcl -lm -ldl
LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.4linux/libtcl8.4g.a -lm -ldl
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.4win/libtcl84s.a -lmsvcrt
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux/libtcl8.3.a -ldld -lm -lc

#### Additional objects for SQLite library when TCL support is enabled.
TCLOBJ =
#TCLOBJ = tclsqlite.o

#### Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.







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SO = so
SHPREFIX = lib

#### Extra compiler options needed for programs that use the TCL library.
#
#TCL_FLAGS =
#TCL_FLAGS = -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.5linux
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.5win -DSTATIC_BUILD=1
#TCL_FLAGS = -I/home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux

#### Linker options needed to link against the TCL library.
#
#LIBTCL = -ltcl -lm -ldl
LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.5linux/libtcl8.5g.a -lm -ldl
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.5win/libtcl85s.a -lmsvcrt
#LIBTCL = /home/drh/tcltk/8.3hpux/libtcl8.3.a -ldld -lm -lc

#### Additional objects for SQLite library when TCL support is enabled.
TCLOBJ =
#TCLOBJ = tclsqlite.o

#### Compiler options needed for programs that use the readline() library.

Changes to VERSION.

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3.7.0.1
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3.7.1

Changes to configure.

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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62 for sqlite 3.7.0.1.
#
# Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
# 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
## --------------------- ##
## M4sh Initialization.  ##
................................................................................
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=
SHELL=${CONFIG_SHELL-/bin/sh}

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.7.0.1'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.7.0.1'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.7.0.1 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.7.0.1:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.7.0.1
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62

Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
fi
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.7.0.1, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
#
for ac_prog in tclsh8.4 tclsh
do
  # Extract the first word of "$ac_prog", so it can be a program name with args.
set dummy $ac_prog; ac_word=$2
{ $as_echo "$as_me:$LINENO: checking for $ac_word" >&5
$as_echo_n "checking for $ac_word... " >&6; }
if test "${ac_cv_prog_TCLSH_CMD+set}" = set; then
  $as_echo_n "(cached) " >&6
................................................................................

exec 6>&1

# Save the log message, to keep $[0] and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.7.0.1, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................
$config_commands

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf@gnu.org>."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.7.0.1
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62,
  with options \\"`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`\\"

Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."



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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62 for sqlite >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT.
#
# Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
# 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
## --------------------- ##
## M4sh Initialization.  ##
................................................................................
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=
SHELL=${CONFIG_SHELL-/bin/sh}

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='>>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62

Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
fi
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
#
for ac_prog in tclsh8.5 tclsh
do
  # Extract the first word of "$ac_prog", so it can be a program name with args.
set dummy $ac_prog; ac_word=$2
{ $as_echo "$as_me:$LINENO: checking for $ac_word" >&5
$as_echo_n "checking for $ac_word... " >&6; }
if test "${ac_cv_prog_TCLSH_CMD+set}" = set; then
  $as_echo_n "(cached) " >&6
................................................................................

exec 6>&1

# Save the log message, to keep $[0] and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................
$config_commands

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf@gnu.org>."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status >>>>>>> BEGIN MERGE CONFLICT3.7.1============================3.7.0.1<<<<<<< END MERGE CONFLICT
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62,
  with options \\"`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`\\"

Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."

Changes to configure.ac.

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USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
# 
AC_CHECK_PROGS(TCLSH_CMD, [tclsh8.4 tclsh], none)
if test "$TCLSH_CMD" = "none"; then
  # If we can't find a local tclsh, then building the amalgamation will fail.
  # We act as though --disable-amalgamation has been used.
  echo "Warning: can't find tclsh - defaulting to non-amalgamation build."
  USE_AMALGAMATION=0
  TCLSH_CMD="tclsh"
fi







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USE_AMALGAMATION=1

#########
# See whether we can run specific tclsh versions known to work well;
# if not, then we fall back to plain tclsh.
# TODO: try other versions before falling back?
# 
AC_CHECK_PROGS(TCLSH_CMD, [tclsh8.5 tclsh], none)
if test "$TCLSH_CMD" = "none"; then
  # If we can't find a local tclsh, then building the amalgamation will fail.
  # We act as though --disable-amalgamation has been used.
  echo "Warning: can't find tclsh - defaulting to non-amalgamation build."
  USE_AMALGAMATION=0
  TCLSH_CMD="tclsh"
fi

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3.c.

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/*
** The fts3 built-in tokenizers - "simple" and "porter" - are implemented
** in files fts3_tokenizer1.c and fts3_porter.c respectively. The following
** two forward declarations are for functions declared in these files
** used to retrieve the respective implementations.
**
** Calling sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule() sets the value pointed
** to by the argument to point a the "simple" tokenizer implementation.
** Function ...PorterTokenizerModule() sets *pModule to point to the
** porter tokenizer/stemmer implementation.
*/
void sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
void sqlite3Fts3PorterTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);








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/*
** The fts3 built-in tokenizers - "simple" and "porter" - are implemented
** in files fts3_tokenizer1.c and fts3_porter.c respectively. The following
** two forward declarations are for functions declared in these files
** used to retrieve the respective implementations.
**
** Calling sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule() sets the value pointed
** to by the argument to point to the "simple" tokenizer implementation.
** Function ...PorterTokenizerModule() sets *pModule to point to the
** porter tokenizer/stemmer implementation.
*/
void sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
void sqlite3Fts3PorterTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_expr.c.

74
75
76
77
78
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80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
...
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114

/*
** Default span for NEAR operators.
*/
#define SQLITE_FTS3_DEFAULT_NEAR_PARAM 10

#include "fts3Int.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

typedef struct ParseContext ParseContext;
struct ParseContext {
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;      /* Tokenizer module */
  const char **azCol;                 /* Array of column names for fts3 table */
................................................................................
** an integer that falls outside of the range of the unsigned char type
** is undefined (and sometimes, "undefined" means segfault). This wrapper
** is defined to accept an argument of type char, and always returns 0 for
** any values that fall outside of the range of the unsigned char type (i.e.
** negative values).
*/
static int fts3isspace(char c){
  return (c&0x80)==0 ? isspace(c) : 0;
}

/*
** Extract the next token from buffer z (length n) using the tokenizer
** and other information (column names etc.) in pParse. Create an Fts3Expr
** structure of type FTSQUERY_PHRASE containing a phrase consisting of this
** single token and set *ppExpr to point to it. If the end of the buffer is







<







 







|







74
75
76
77
78
79
80

81
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83
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85
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87
..
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113

/*
** Default span for NEAR operators.
*/
#define SQLITE_FTS3_DEFAULT_NEAR_PARAM 10

#include "fts3Int.h"

#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

typedef struct ParseContext ParseContext;
struct ParseContext {
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;      /* Tokenizer module */
  const char **azCol;                 /* Array of column names for fts3 table */
................................................................................
** an integer that falls outside of the range of the unsigned char type
** is undefined (and sometimes, "undefined" means segfault). This wrapper
** is defined to accept an argument of type char, and always returns 0 for
** any values that fall outside of the range of the unsigned char type (i.e.
** negative values).
*/
static int fts3isspace(char c){
  return c==' ' || c=='\t' || c=='\n' || c=='\r' || c=='\v' || c=='\f';
}

/*
** Extract the next token from buffer z (length n) using the tokenizer
** and other information (column names etc.) in pParse. Create an Fts3Expr
** structure of type FTSQUERY_PHRASE containing a phrase consisting of this
** single token and set *ppExpr to point to it. If the end of the buffer is

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_porter.c.

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

#include "fts3Int.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts3_tokenizer.h"

/*
** Class derived from sqlite3_tokenizer
*/
typedef struct porter_tokenizer {







<







26
27
28
29
30
31
32

33
34
35
36
37
38
39

#include "fts3Int.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>


#include "fts3_tokenizer.h"

/*
** Class derived from sqlite3_tokenizer
*/
typedef struct porter_tokenizer {

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_snippet.c.

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)

#include "fts3Int.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>


/*
** Used as an fts3ExprIterate() context when loading phrase doclists to
** Fts3Expr.aDoclist[]/nDoclist.
*/
typedef struct LoadDoclistCtx LoadDoclistCtx;







<







12
13
14
15
16
17
18

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)

#include "fts3Int.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>



/*
** Used as an fts3ExprIterate() context when loading phrase doclists to
** Fts3Expr.aDoclist[]/nDoclist.
*/
typedef struct LoadDoclistCtx LoadDoclistCtx;

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_tokenizer.c.

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#endif

#include "fts3Int.h"
#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
** Implementation of the SQL scalar function for accessing the underlying 
** hash table. This function may be called as follows:
**
**   SELECT <function-name>(<key-name>);







<







28
29
30
31
32
33
34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#endif

#include "fts3Int.h"
#include <assert.h>

#include <string.h>

/*
** Implementation of the SQL scalar function for accessing the underlying 
** hash table. This function may be called as follows:
**
**   SELECT <function-name>(<key-name>);

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_tokenizer1.c.

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
..
49
50
51
52
53
54
55



56
57
58
59
60
61
62
..
83
84
85
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87
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91
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93
94
95
96
97
...
189
190
191
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193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203

#include "fts3Int.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts3_tokenizer.h"

typedef struct simple_tokenizer {
  sqlite3_tokenizer base;
  char delim[128];             /* flag ASCII delimiters */
} simple_tokenizer;
................................................................................
  int nTokenAllocated;         /* space allocated to zToken buffer */
} simple_tokenizer_cursor;


static int simpleDelim(simple_tokenizer *t, unsigned char c){
  return c<0x80 && t->delim[c];
}




/*
** Create a new tokenizer instance.
*/
static int simpleCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
................................................................................
      }
      t->delim[ch] = 1;
    }
  } else {
    /* Mark non-alphanumeric ASCII characters as delimiters */
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<0x80; i++){
      t->delim[i] = !isalnum(i) ? -1 : 0;
    }
  }

  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
        c->pToken = pNew;
      }
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        /* TODO(shess) This needs expansion to handle UTF-8
        ** case-insensitivity.
        */
        unsigned char ch = p[iStartOffset+i];
        c->pToken[i] = (char)(ch<0x80 ? tolower(ch) : ch);
      }
      *ppToken = c->pToken;
      *pnBytes = n;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;








<







 







>
>
>







 







|







 







|







26
27
28
29
30
31
32

33
34
35
36
37
38
39
..
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
..
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
...
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205

#include "fts3Int.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>


#include "fts3_tokenizer.h"

typedef struct simple_tokenizer {
  sqlite3_tokenizer base;
  char delim[128];             /* flag ASCII delimiters */
} simple_tokenizer;
................................................................................
  int nTokenAllocated;         /* space allocated to zToken buffer */
} simple_tokenizer_cursor;


static int simpleDelim(simple_tokenizer *t, unsigned char c){
  return c<0x80 && t->delim[c];
}
static int fts3_isalnum(int x){
  return (x>='0' && x<='9') || (x>='A' && x<='Z') || (x>='a' && x<='z');
}

/*
** Create a new tokenizer instance.
*/
static int simpleCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
................................................................................
      }
      t->delim[ch] = 1;
    }
  } else {
    /* Mark non-alphanumeric ASCII characters as delimiters */
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<0x80; i++){
      t->delim[i] = !fts3_isalnum(i) ? -1 : 0;
    }
  }

  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
        c->pToken = pNew;
      }
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        /* TODO(shess) This needs expansion to handle UTF-8
        ** case-insensitivity.
        */
        unsigned char ch = p[iStartOffset+i];
        c->pToken[i] = (char)((ch>='A' && ch<='Z') ? ch-'A'+'a' : ch);
      }
      *ppToken = c->pToken;
      *pnBytes = n;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;

Changes to ext/icu/README.txt.

135
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144
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147
148
149
...
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
    always uses the built-in LIKE operator.

    The ICU extension LIKE operator is always case insensitive.

  3.2 The SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH Macro

    Passing very long patterns to the built-in SQLite LIKE operator can
    cause a stack overflow. To curb this problem, SQLite defines the
    SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH macro as the maximum length of a
    pattern in bytes (irrespective of encoding). The default value is
    defined in internal header file "limits.h".
    
    The ICU extension LIKE implementation suffers from the same 
    problem and uses the same solution. However, since the ICU extension
    code does not include the SQLite file "limits.h", modifying
................................................................................
    or other programming errors that could be exploited by a malicious
    programmer.

    If the ICU extension is used in an environment where potentially
    malicious users may execute arbitrary SQL (i.e. gears), they
    should be prevented from invoking the icu_load_collation() function,
    possibly using the authorisation callback.








|







 







<
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
...
163
164
165
166
167
168
169

    always uses the built-in LIKE operator.

    The ICU extension LIKE operator is always case insensitive.

  3.2 The SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH Macro

    Passing very long patterns to the built-in SQLite LIKE operator can
    cause excessive CPU usage. To curb this problem, SQLite defines the
    SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH macro as the maximum length of a
    pattern in bytes (irrespective of encoding). The default value is
    defined in internal header file "limits.h".
    
    The ICU extension LIKE implementation suffers from the same 
    problem and uses the same solution. However, since the ICU extension
    code does not include the SQLite file "limits.h", modifying
................................................................................
    or other programming errors that could be exploited by a malicious
    programmer.

    If the ICU extension is used in an environment where potentially
    malicious users may execute arbitrary SQL (i.e. gears), they
    should be prevented from invoking the icu_load_collation() function,
    possibly using the authorisation callback.

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree.c.

1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
** Rtree virtual table module xBestIndex method. There are three
** table scan strategies to choose from (in order from most to 
** least desirable):
**
**   idxNum     idxStr        Strategy
**   ------------------------------------------------
**     1        Unused        Direct lookup by rowid.
**     2        See below     R-tree query.
**     3        Unused        Full table scan.
**   ------------------------------------------------
**
** If strategy 1 or 3 is used, then idxStr is not meaningful. If strategy
** 2 is used, idxStr is formatted to contain 2 bytes for each 
** constraint used. The first two bytes of idxStr correspond to 
** the constraint in sqlite3_index_info.aConstraintUsage[] with
** (argvIndex==1) etc.
**
** The first of each pair of bytes in idxStr identifies the constraint
** operator as follows:







|
<


|







1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076

1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
** Rtree virtual table module xBestIndex method. There are three
** table scan strategies to choose from (in order from most to 
** least desirable):
**
**   idxNum     idxStr        Strategy
**   ------------------------------------------------
**     1        Unused        Direct lookup by rowid.
**     2        See below     R-tree query or full-table scan.

**   ------------------------------------------------
**
** If strategy 1 is used, then idxStr is not meaningful. If strategy
** 2 is used, idxStr is formatted to contain 2 bytes for each 
** constraint used. The first two bytes of idxStr correspond to 
** the constraint in sqlite3_index_info.aConstraintUsage[] with
** (argvIndex==1) etc.
**
** The first of each pair of bytes in idxStr identifies the constraint
** operator as follows:

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree6.test.

84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
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95
96
97
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101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:Ca} \
  {TABLE t2 USING PRIMARY KEY}        \
]

do_test rtree6.2.3 {
  query_plan {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii}
} [list \
  {TABLE t2}                          \
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}   \
]

do_test rtree6.2.4 {
  query_plan {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10}
} [list \
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:CaEb}   \
  {TABLE t2}                              \
]

do_test rtree6.2.5 {
  query_plan {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v}
} [list \
  {TABLE t2}                              \
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}   \
]

finish_test







|
|












|
|



84
85
86
87
88
89
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93
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95
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99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:Ca} \
  {TABLE t2 USING PRIMARY KEY}        \
]

do_test rtree6.2.3 {
  query_plan {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii}
} [list \
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}   \
  {TABLE t2 USING PRIMARY KEY}        \
]

do_test rtree6.2.4 {
  query_plan {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10}
} [list \
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:CaEb}   \
  {TABLE t2}                              \
]

do_test rtree6.2.5 {
  query_plan {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v}
} [list \
  {TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}   \
  {TABLE t2 USING PRIMARY KEY}        \
]

finish_test

Changes to src/alter.c.

765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
  ** table because user table are not allowed to have the "sqlite_"
  ** prefix on their name.
  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nRef = 1;
  pNew->dbMem = pTab->dbMem;
  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_altertab_%s", pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){







<







765
766
767
768
769
770
771

772
773
774
775
776
777
778
  ** table because user table are not allowed to have the "sqlite_"
  ** prefix on their name.
  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_altertab_%s", pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){

Changes to src/analyze.c.

486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
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508
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510
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512
513
514
...
539
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541
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547
548
549
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551
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...
583
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602
603
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617
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619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    sqlite3 *dbMem = pIdx->pTable->dbMem;
    for(j=0; j<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(pIdx->pTable->dbMem, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(dbMem, pIdx->aSample);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }
#else

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(pIdx);

  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        char *zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        Index *pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, sInfo.zDatabase);
        if( pIdx ){
          int iSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
          sqlite3 *dbMem = pIdx->pTable->dbMem;
          assert( dbMem==db || dbMem==0 );
          if( iSample<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && iSample>=0 ){
            int eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 2);

            if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
              static const int sz = sizeof(IndexSample)*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
              pIdx->aSample = (IndexSample *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(dbMem, sz);
              if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
                db->mallocFailed = 1;
                break;
              }

            }

            assert( pIdx->aSample );
            {
              IndexSample *pSample = &pIdx->aSample[iSample];
              pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
              if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
................................................................................
                if( n>24 ){
                  n = 24;
                }
                pSample->nByte = (u8)n;
                if( n < 1){
                  pSample->u.z = 0;
                }else{
                  pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(dbMem, n);
                  if( pSample->u.z ){
                    memcpy(pSample->u.z, z, n);
                  }else{
                    db->mallocFailed = 1;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }







|



<



|


<
|


>







 







|
>







 







<
<





|




>







 







|
|
<
<







486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496

497
498
499
500
501
502

503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
...
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
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...
583
584
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590
591
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593
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607
...
616
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618
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621
622
623
624


625
626
627
628
629
630
631
  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;

    for(j=0; j<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        char *zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        Index *pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, sInfo.zDatabase);
        if( pIdx ){
          int iSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);


          if( iSample<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && iSample>=0 ){
            int eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 2);

            if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
              static const int sz = sizeof(IndexSample)*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
              pIdx->aSample = (IndexSample *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, sz);
              if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
                db->mallocFailed = 1;
                break;
              }
	      memset(pIdx->aSample, 0, sz);
            }

            assert( pIdx->aSample );
            {
              IndexSample *pSample = &pIdx->aSample[iSample];
              pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
              if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
................................................................................
                if( n>24 ){
                  n = 24;
                }
                pSample->nByte = (u8)n;
                if( n < 1){
                  pSample->u.z = 0;
                }else{
                  pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(0, z, n);
                  if( pSample->u.z==0 ){


                    db->mallocFailed = 1;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }

Changes to src/bitvec.c.

33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
** Bitvec object is the number of pages in the database file at the
** start of a transaction, and is thus usually less than a few thousand,
** but can be as large as 2 billion for a really big database.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/* Size of the Bitvec structure in bytes. */
#define BITVEC_SZ        (sizeof(void*)*128)  /* 512 on 32bit.  1024 on 64bit */

/* Round the union size down to the nearest pointer boundary, since that's how 
** it will be aligned within the Bitvec struct. */
#define BITVEC_USIZE     (((BITVEC_SZ-(3*sizeof(u32)))/sizeof(Bitvec*))*sizeof(Bitvec*))

/* Type of the array "element" for the bitmap representation. 
** Should be a power of 2, and ideally, evenly divide into BITVEC_USIZE. 







|







33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
** Bitvec object is the number of pages in the database file at the
** start of a transaction, and is thus usually less than a few thousand,
** but can be as large as 2 billion for a really big database.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/* Size of the Bitvec structure in bytes. */
#define BITVEC_SZ        512

/* Round the union size down to the nearest pointer boundary, since that's how 
** it will be aligned within the Bitvec struct. */
#define BITVEC_USIZE     (((BITVEC_SZ-(3*sizeof(u32)))/sizeof(Bitvec*))*sizeof(Bitvec*))

/* Type of the array "element" for the bitmap representation. 
** Should be a power of 2, and ideally, evenly divide into BITVEC_USIZE. 

Changes to src/btree.c.

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35










36
37
38
39
40
41
42
....
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
....
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
....
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
....
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
....
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
....
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
....
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
....
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
....
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315

2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
....
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420

2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
....
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333




3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
....
4422
4423
4424
4425
4426
4427
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
4434
4435
4436
4437
4438
....
5318
5319
5320
5321
5322
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
....
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
....
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
....
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479
5480
5481
5482
5483
5484
5485
5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
....
5544
5545
5546
5547
5548
5549
5550

5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
5556
5557
5558
....
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883
5884
5885
5886
5887
....
7442
7443
7444
7445
7446
7447
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453
7454
7455
7456
....
7653
7654
7655
7656
7657
7658
7659
7660
7661
7662
7663
7664
7665
7666
7667
7668
7669
7670
7671
7672
7673
7674
7675
7676
7677
7678
7679
7680
....
7759
7760
7761
7762
7763
7764
7765

7766
7767
7768
7769
7770
7771
7772
....
7857
7858
7859
7860
7861
7862
7863























7864
7865
7866
7867
7868
7869
7870
....
7896
7897
7898
7899
7900
7901
7902
7903
7904
7905
7906
7907
7908
7909
7910
#if 0
int sqlite3BtreeTrace=1;  /* True to enable tracing */
# define TRACE(X)  if(sqlite3BtreeTrace){printf X;fflush(stdout);}
#else
# define TRACE(X)
#endif













#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  assert( nByte < usableSize-8 );

  nFrag = data[hdr+7];
  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );

  if( nFrag>=60 ){
    /* Always defragment highly fragmented pages */
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  }else if( gap+2<=top ){
    /* Search the freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy 
    ** the request. The allocation is made from the first free slot in 
    ** the list that is large enough to accomadate it.
    */
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
................................................................................
  /* Check to make sure there is enough space in the gap to satisfy
  ** the allocation.  If not, defragment.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }


  /* Allocate memory from the gap in between the cell pointer array
  ** and the cell content area.  The btreeInitPage() call has already
  ** validated the freelist.  Given that the freelist is valid, there
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );

  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    u16 pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
    u8 hdr;            /* Offset to beginning of page header */
    u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
    BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
    u16 usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
    u16 cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
    u16 nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
    u16 top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */
    int iCellFirst;    /* First allowable cell or freeblock offset */
    int iCellLast;     /* Last possible cell or freeblock offset */

    pBt = pPage->pBt;

    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;
    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
    pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    testcase( pPage->nCell==MX_CELL(pBt) );

................................................................................
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = pBt->usableSize - first;
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
  pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}


/*
** Convert a DbPage obtained from the pager into a MemPage used by
................................................................................
  
    pBt->pCursor = 0;
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    pBt->readOnly = sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager);
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
    pBt->secureDelete = 1;
#endif
    pBt->pageSize = get2byte(&zDbHeader[16]);
    if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
         || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
      pBt->pageSize = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the magic name ":memory:" will create an in-memory database, then
      ** leave the autoVacuum mode at 0 (do not auto-vacuum), even if
      ** SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM is true. On the other hand, if
................................................................................
    ** Clean out and delete the BtShared object.
    */
    assert( !pBt->pCursor );
    sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
      pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pBt->pSchema);
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  assert( p->wantToLock==0 );
  assert( p->locked==0 );
................................................................................
    nReserve = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  }
  assert( nReserve>=0 && nReserve<=255 );
  if( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE &&
        ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)==0 ){
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    assert( !pBt->pPage1 && !pBt->pCursor );
    pBt->pageSize = (u16)pageSize;
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
  }
  rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize, nReserve);
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - (u16)nReserve;
  if( iFix ) pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  nPage = nPageHeader = get4byte(28+(u8*)pPage1->aData);
  if( (rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPageFile))!=SQLITE_OK ){;
    goto page1_init_failed;
  }
  if( nPage==0 || memcmp(24+(u8*)pPage1->aData, 92+(u8*)pPage1->aData,4)!=0 ){
    nPage = nPageFile;
  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    int pageSize;
    int usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
................................................................................
    ** embedded fraction must be 12.5% for both leaf-data and non-leaf-data.
    ** The original design allowed these amounts to vary, but as of
    ** version 3.6.0, we require them to be fixed.
    */
    if( memcmp(&page1[21], "\100\040\040",3)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pageSize = get2byte(&page1[16]);
    if( ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)!=0 || pageSize<512 ||
        (SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE<32768 && pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE)

    ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    usableSize = pageSize - page1[20];
    if( pageSize!=pBt->pageSize ){
      /* After reading the first page of the database assuming a page size
      ** of BtShared.pageSize, we have discovered that the page-size is
      ** actually pageSize. Unlock the database, leave pBt->pPage1 at
      ** zero and return SQLITE_OK. The caller will call this function
      ** again with the correct page-size.
      */
      releasePage(pPage1);
      pBt->usableSize = (u16)usableSize;
      pBt->pageSize = (u16)pageSize;
      freeTempSpace(pBt);
      rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize,
                                   pageSize-usableSize);
      return rc;
    }
    if( nPageHeader>nPageFile ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    if( usableSize<480 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pBt->pageSize = (u16)pageSize;
    pBt->usableSize = (u16)usableSize;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
    pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
#endif
  }

  /* maxLocal is the maximum amount of payload to store locally for
................................................................................
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pP1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  put2byte(&data[16], pBt->pageSize);

  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  assert( pBt->usableSize<=pBt->pageSize && pBt->usableSize+255>=pBt->pageSize);
  data[20] = (u8)(pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize);
  data[21] = 64;
  data[22] = 32;
  data[23] = 32;
................................................................................
    assert( iSavepoint>=0 || (iSavepoint==-1 && op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK) );
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pBt->pPager, op, iSavepoint);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iSavepoint<0 && pBt->initiallyEmpty ) pBt->nPage = 0;
      rc = newDatabase(pBt);
      pBt->nPage = get4byte(28 + pBt->pPage1->aData);
      if( pBt->nPage==0 ){
        sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, (int*)&pBt->nPage);
      }




    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey>intKey );
          c = +1;
        }
        pCur->validNKey = 1;
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
      }else{
        /* The maximum supported page-size is 32768 bytes. This means that
        ** the maximum number of record bytes stored on an index B-Tree
        ** page is at most 8198 bytes, which may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
        ** 2 bytes of the cell.
        */
        int nCell = pCell[0];
        if( !(nCell & 0x80) && nCell<=pPage->maxLocal ){
................................................................................
** the cell content has been copied someplace else.  This routine just
** removes the reference to the cell from pPage.
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz, int *pRC){
  int i;          /* Loop counter */
  int pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */
  int rc;         /* The return code */
  int hdr;        /* Beginning of the header.  0 most pages.  100 page 1 */

  if( *pRC ) return;

................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + 2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  testcase( pc==get2byte(&data[hdr+5]) );
  testcase( pc+sz==pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  if( pc < get2byte(&data[hdr+5]) || pc+sz > pPage->pBt->usableSize ){
    *pRC = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    return;
  }
  rc = freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  if( rc ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
................................................................................
  u8 *ptr;          /* Used for moving information around in data[] */

  int nSkip = (iChild ? 4 : 0);

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=5460 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->aOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
  ** the term after the || in the following assert(). */
................................................................................
  int cellbody;     /* Address of next cell body */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;             /* Pointer to data for pPage */
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;           /* Offset of header on pPage */
  const int nUsable = pPage->pBt->usableSize; /* Usable size of page */

  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nCell>=0 && nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=5460 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );

  /* Check that the page has just been zeroed by zeroPage() */
  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( get2byte(&data[hdr+5])==nUsable );

  pCellptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + nCell*2];
  cellbody = nUsable;
  for(i=nCell-1; i>=0; i--){
    pCellptr -= 2;
    cellbody -= aSize[i];
    put2byte(pCellptr, cellbody);
................................................................................
  int rc;                              /* Return Code */
  Pgno pgnoNew;                        /* Page number of pNew */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==1 );


  if( pPage->nCell<=0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  /* Allocate a new page. This page will become the right-sibling of 
  ** pPage. Make the parent page writable, so that the new divider cell
  ** may be inserted. If both these operations are successful, proceed.
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

................................................................................
      ** Unless SQLite is compiled in secure-delete mode. In this case,
      ** the dropCell() routine will overwrite the entire cell with zeroes.
      ** In this case, temporarily copy the cell into the aOvflSpace[]
      ** buffer. It will be copied out again as soon as the aSpace[] buffer
      ** is allocated.  */
      if( pBt->secureDelete ){
        int iOff = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(apDiv[i]) - SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pParent->aData);
        if( (iOff+szNew[i])>pBt->usableSize ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }else{
          memcpy(&aOvflSpace[iOff], apDiv[i], szNew[i]);
          apDiv[i] = &aOvflSpace[apDiv[i]-pParent->aData];
        }
................................................................................
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvflData[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
      }
#endif
      if( n>pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-2 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvflData[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
  */
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  hit = sqlite3PageMalloc( pBt->pageSize );
  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{
    u16 contentOffset = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( contentOffset<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
    memset(hit+contentOffset, 0, usableSize-contentOffset);
    memset(hit, 1, contentOffset);
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u16 size = 1024;
      int j;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0, 
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }
    i = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=0; i<=sCheck.nPage; i++){ sCheck.anRef[i] = 0; }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ){
    sCheck.anRef[i] = 1;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), 20000);


  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

  /* Check all the tables.
................................................................................
** Return non-zero if a transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree *p){
  assert( p==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  return (p && (p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE));
}
























/*
** Return non-zero if a read (or write) transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree *p){
  assert( p );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  return p->inTrans!=TRANS_NONE;
................................................................................
** blob of allocated memory. This function should not call sqlite3_free()
** on the memory, the btree layer does that.
*/
void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *p, int nBytes, void(*xFree)(void *)){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( !pBt->pSchema && nBytes ){
    pBt->pSchema = sqlite3MallocZero(nBytes);
    pBt->xFreeSchema = xFree;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return pBt->pSchema;
}

/*







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#if 0
int sqlite3BtreeTrace=1;  /* True to enable tracing */
# define TRACE(X)  if(sqlite3BtreeTrace){printf X;fflush(stdout);}
#else
# define TRACE(X)
#endif


/*
** Extract a 2-byte big-endian integer from an array of unsigned bytes.
** But if the value is zero, make it 65536.
**
** This routine is used to extract the "offset to cell content area" value
** from the header of a btree page.  If the page size is 65536 and the page
** is empty, the offset should be 65536, but the 2-byte value stores zero.
** This routine makes the necessary adjustment to 65536.
*/
#define get2byteNotZero(X)  (((((int)get2byte(X))-1)&0xffff)+1)

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  assert( nByte < usableSize-8 );

  nFrag = data[hdr+7];
  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );

  if( nFrag>=60 ){
    /* Always defragment highly fragmented pages */
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  }else if( gap+2<=top ){
    /* Search the freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy 
    ** the request. The allocation is made from the first free slot in 
    ** the list that is large enough to accomadate it.
    */
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
................................................................................
  /* Check to make sure there is enough space in the gap to satisfy
  ** the allocation.  If not, defragment.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }


  /* Allocate memory from the gap in between the cell pointer array
  ** and the cell content area.  The btreeInitPage() call has already
  ** validated the freelist.  Given that the freelist is valid, there
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );

  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    u16 pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
    u8 hdr;            /* Offset to beginning of page header */
    u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
    BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
    int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
    int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
    int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
    int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */
    int iCellFirst;    /* First allowable cell or freeblock offset */
    int iCellLast;     /* Last possible cell or freeblock offset */

    pBt = pPage->pBt;

    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;
    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
    pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    testcase( pPage->nCell==MX_CELL(pBt) );

................................................................................
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = pBt->usableSize - first;
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
  pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}


/*
** Convert a DbPage obtained from the pager into a MemPage used by
................................................................................
  
    pBt->pCursor = 0;
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    pBt->readOnly = sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager);
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
    pBt->secureDelete = 1;
#endif
    pBt->pageSize = (zDbHeader[16]<<8) | (zDbHeader[17]<<16);
    if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
         || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
      pBt->pageSize = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the magic name ":memory:" will create an in-memory database, then
      ** leave the autoVacuum mode at 0 (do not auto-vacuum), even if
      ** SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM is true. On the other hand, if
................................................................................
    ** Clean out and delete the BtShared object.
    */
    assert( !pBt->pCursor );
    sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
      pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pBt->pSchema);
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  assert( p->wantToLock==0 );
  assert( p->locked==0 );
................................................................................
    nReserve = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  }
  assert( nReserve>=0 && nReserve<=255 );
  if( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE &&
        ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)==0 ){
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    assert( !pBt->pPage1 && !pBt->pCursor );
    pBt->pageSize = (u32)pageSize;
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
  }
  rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize, nReserve);
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - (u16)nReserve;
  if( iFix ) pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  nPage = nPageHeader = get4byte(28+(u8*)pPage1->aData);
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPageFile);


  if( nPage==0 || memcmp(24+(u8*)pPage1->aData, 92+(u8*)pPage1->aData,4)!=0 ){
    nPage = nPageFile;
  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    u32 pageSize;
    u32 usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
................................................................................
    ** embedded fraction must be 12.5% for both leaf-data and non-leaf-data.
    ** The original design allowed these amounts to vary, but as of
    ** version 3.6.0, we require them to be fixed.
    */
    if( memcmp(&page1[21], "\100\040\040",3)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pageSize = (page1[16]<<8) | (page1[17]<<16);
    if( ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)!=0
     || pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || pageSize<=256 
    ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    usableSize = pageSize - page1[20];
    if( pageSize!=pBt->pageSize ){
      /* After reading the first page of the database assuming a page size
      ** of BtShared.pageSize, we have discovered that the page-size is
      ** actually pageSize. Unlock the database, leave pBt->pPage1 at
      ** zero and return SQLITE_OK. The caller will call this function
      ** again with the correct page-size.
      */
      releasePage(pPage1);
      pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
      pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
      freeTempSpace(pBt);
      rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize,
                                   pageSize-usableSize);
      return rc;
    }
    if( nPageHeader>nPageFile ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    if( usableSize<480 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
    pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
    pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
#endif
  }

  /* maxLocal is the maximum amount of payload to store locally for
................................................................................
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pP1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  data[16] = (pBt->pageSize>>8)&0xff;
  data[17] = (pBt->pageSize>>16)&0xff;
  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  assert( pBt->usableSize<=pBt->pageSize && pBt->usableSize+255>=pBt->pageSize);
  data[20] = (u8)(pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize);
  data[21] = 64;
  data[22] = 32;
  data[23] = 32;
................................................................................
    assert( iSavepoint>=0 || (iSavepoint==-1 && op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK) );
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pBt->pPager, op, iSavepoint);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iSavepoint<0 && pBt->initiallyEmpty ) pBt->nPage = 0;
      rc = newDatabase(pBt);
      pBt->nPage = get4byte(28 + pBt->pPage1->aData);



      /* The database size was written into the offset 28 of the header
      ** when the transaction started, so we know that the value at offset
      ** 28 is nonzero. */
      assert( pBt->nPage>0 );
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey>intKey );
          c = +1;
        }
        pCur->validNKey = 1;
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
      }else{
        /* The maximum supported page-size is 65536 bytes. This means that
        ** the maximum number of record bytes stored on an index B-Tree
        ** page is less than 16384 bytes and may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
        ** 2 bytes of the cell.
        */
        int nCell = pCell[0];
        if( !(nCell & 0x80) && nCell<=pPage->maxLocal ){
................................................................................
** the cell content has been copied someplace else.  This routine just
** removes the reference to the cell from pPage.
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz, int *pRC){
  int i;          /* Loop counter */
  u32 pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */
  int rc;         /* The return code */
  int hdr;        /* Beginning of the header.  0 most pages.  100 page 1 */

  if( *pRC ) return;

................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + 2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  testcase( pc==get2byte(&data[hdr+5]) );
  testcase( pc+sz==pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  if( pc < (u32)get2byte(&data[hdr+5]) || pc+sz > pPage->pBt->usableSize ){
    *pRC = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    return;
  }
  rc = freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  if( rc ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
................................................................................
  u8 *ptr;          /* Used for moving information around in data[] */

  int nSkip = (iChild ? 4 : 0);

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->aOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
  ** the term after the || in the following assert(). */
................................................................................
  int cellbody;     /* Address of next cell body */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;             /* Pointer to data for pPage */
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;           /* Offset of header on pPage */
  const int nUsable = pPage->pBt->usableSize; /* Usable size of page */

  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nCell>=0 && nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );

  /* Check that the page has just been zeroed by zeroPage() */
  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5])==nUsable );

  pCellptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + nCell*2];
  cellbody = nUsable;
  for(i=nCell-1; i>=0; i--){
    pCellptr -= 2;
    cellbody -= aSize[i];
    put2byte(pCellptr, cellbody);
................................................................................
  int rc;                              /* Return Code */
  Pgno pgnoNew;                        /* Page number of pNew */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==1 );

  /* This error condition is now caught prior to reaching this function */
  if( NEVER(pPage->nCell<=0) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  /* Allocate a new page. This page will become the right-sibling of 
  ** pPage. Make the parent page writable, so that the new divider cell
  ** may be inserted. If both these operations are successful, proceed.
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

................................................................................
      ** Unless SQLite is compiled in secure-delete mode. In this case,
      ** the dropCell() routine will overwrite the entire cell with zeroes.
      ** In this case, temporarily copy the cell into the aOvflSpace[]
      ** buffer. It will be copied out again as soon as the aSpace[] buffer
      ** is allocated.  */
      if( pBt->secureDelete ){
        int iOff = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(apDiv[i]) - SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pParent->aData);
        if( (iOff+szNew[i])>(int)pBt->usableSize ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }else{
          memcpy(&aOvflSpace[iOff], apDiv[i], szNew[i]);
          apDiv[i] = &aOvflSpace[apDiv[i]-pParent->aData];
        }
................................................................................
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvflData[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
      }
#endif
      if( n>(int)pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-2 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvflData[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
  */
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  hit = sqlite3PageMalloc( pBt->pageSize );
  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{
    int contentOffset = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( contentOffset<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
    memset(hit+contentOffset, 0, usableSize-contentOffset);
    memset(hit, 1, contentOffset);
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      int j;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0, 
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }
    i = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=0; i<=sCheck.nPage; i++){ sCheck.anRef[i] = 0; }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ){
    sCheck.anRef[i] = 1;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), 20000);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

  /* Check all the tables.
................................................................................
** Return non-zero if a transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree *p){
  assert( p==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  return (p && (p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE));
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/*
** Run a checkpoint on the Btree passed as the first argument.
**
** Return SQLITE_LOCKED if this or any other connection has an open 
** transaction on the shared-cache the argument Btree is connected to.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCheckpoint(Btree *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_NONE ){
      rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(pBt->pPager);
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** Return non-zero if a read (or write) transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree *p){
  assert( p );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  return p->inTrans!=TRANS_NONE;
................................................................................
** blob of allocated memory. This function should not call sqlite3_free()
** on the memory, the btree layer does that.
*/
void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *p, int nBytes, void(*xFree)(void *)){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( !pBt->pSchema && nBytes ){
    pBt->pSchema = sqlite3DbMallocZero(0, nBytes);
    pBt->xFreeSchema = xFree;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return pBt->pSchema;
}

/*

Changes to src/btree.h.

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int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree*);
#endif





/*
** If we are not using shared cache, then there is no need to
** use mutexes to access the BtShared structures.  So make the
** Enter and Leave procedures no-ops.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE







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int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3BtreeCheckpoint(Btree*);
#endif

/*
** If we are not using shared cache, then there is no need to
** use mutexes to access the BtShared structures.  So make the
** Enter and Leave procedures no-ops.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE

Changes to src/btreeInt.h.

42
43
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** page has a small header which contains the Ptr(N) pointer and other
** information such as the size of key and data.
**
** FORMAT DETAILS
**
** The file is divided into pages.  The first page is called page 1,
** the second is page 2, and so forth.  A page number of zero indicates
** "no such page".  The page size can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768.
** Each page can be either a btree page, a freelist page, an overflow
** page, or a pointer-map page.
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
................................................................................
  u8 pageSizeFixed;     /* True if the page size can no longer be changed */
  u8 secureDelete;      /* True if secure_delete is enabled */
  u8 initiallyEmpty;    /* Database is empty at start of transaction */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  u8 autoVacuum;        /* True if auto-vacuum is enabled */
  u8 incrVacuum;        /* True if incr-vacuum is enabled */
#endif
  u16 pageSize;         /* Total number of bytes on a page */
  u16 usableSize;       /* Number of usable bytes on each page */
  u16 maxLocal;         /* Maximum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 minLocal;         /* Minimum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 maxLeaf;          /* Maximum local payload in a LEAFDATA table */
  u16 minLeaf;          /* Minimum local payload in a LEAFDATA table */
  u8 inTransaction;     /* Transaction state */
  u8 doNotUseWAL;       /* If true, do not open write-ahead-log file */


  int nTransaction;     /* Number of open transactions (read + write) */
  u32 nPage;            /* Number of pages in the database */
  void *pSchema;        /* Pointer to space allocated by sqlite3BtreeSchema() */
  void (*xFreeSchema)(void*);  /* Destructor for BtShared.pSchema */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex; /* Non-recursive mutex required to access this struct */
  Bitvec *pHasContent;  /* Set of pages moved to free-list this transaction */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE







|







 







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** page has a small header which contains the Ptr(N) pointer and other
** information such as the size of key and data.
**
** FORMAT DETAILS
**
** The file is divided into pages.  The first page is called page 1,
** the second is page 2, and so forth.  A page number of zero indicates
** "no such page".  The page size can be any power of 2 between 512 and 65536.
** Each page can be either a btree page, a freelist page, an overflow
** page, or a pointer-map page.
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
................................................................................
  u8 pageSizeFixed;     /* True if the page size can no longer be changed */
  u8 secureDelete;      /* True if secure_delete is enabled */
  u8 initiallyEmpty;    /* Database is empty at start of transaction */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  u8 autoVacuum;        /* True if auto-vacuum is enabled */
  u8 incrVacuum;        /* True if incr-vacuum is enabled */
#endif


  u16 maxLocal;         /* Maximum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 minLocal;         /* Minimum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 maxLeaf;          /* Maximum local payload in a LEAFDATA table */
  u16 minLeaf;          /* Minimum local payload in a LEAFDATA table */
  u8 inTransaction;     /* Transaction state */
  u8 doNotUseWAL;       /* If true, do not open write-ahead-log file */
  u32 pageSize;         /* Total number of bytes on a page */
  u32 usableSize;       /* Number of usable bytes on each page */
  int nTransaction;     /* Number of open transactions (read + write) */
  u32 nPage;            /* Number of pages in the database */
  void *pSchema;        /* Pointer to space allocated by sqlite3BtreeSchema() */
  void (*xFreeSchema)(void*);  /* Destructor for BtShared.pSchema */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex; /* Non-recursive mutex required to access this struct */
  Bitvec *pHasContent;  /* Set of pages moved to free-list this transaction */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE

Changes to src/build.c.

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  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(Index *p){
  sqlite3 *db = p->pTable->dbMem;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(p);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Remove the given index from the index hash table, and free
** its memory structures.
**
** The index is removed from the database hash tables but
** it is not unlinked from the Table that it indexes.
** Unlinking from the Table must be done by the calling function.
*/
static void sqlite3DeleteIndex(Index *p){
  Index *pOld;
  const char *zName = p->zName;

  pOld = sqlite3HashInsert(&p->pSchema->idxHash, zName,
                           sqlite3Strlen30(zName), 0);
  assert( pOld==0 || pOld==p );
  freeIndex(p);
}

/*
** For the index called zIdxName which is found in the database iDb,
** unlike that index from its Table then remove the index from
** the index hash table and free all memory structures associated
** with the index.
*/
void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, const char *zIdxName){
................................................................................
      ** indices. */
      p = pIndex->pTable->pIndex;
      while( ALWAYS(p) && p->pNext!=pIndex ){ p = p->pNext; }
      if( ALWAYS(p && p->pNext==pIndex) ){
        p->pNext = pIndex->pNext;
      }
    }
    freeIndex(pIndex);
  }
  db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Erase all schema information from the in-memory hash tables of
** a single database.  This routine is called to reclaim memory
................................................................................
** This routine is called when a commit occurs.
*/
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3 *db){
  db->flags &= ~SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Clear the column names from a table or view.

*/
static void sqliteResetColumnNames(Table *pTable){

  int i;
  Column *pCol;
  sqlite3 *db = pTable->dbMem;
  testcase( db==0 );
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zDflt);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zType);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zColl);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->aCol);
  }
  pTable->aCol = 0;
  pTable->nCol = 0;
}

/*
** Remove the memory data structures associated with the given
** Table.  No changes are made to disk by this routine.
**
** This routine just deletes the data structure.  It does not unlink
** the table data structure from the hash table.  But it does destroy
** memory structures of the indices and foreign keys associated with 
** the table.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteTable(Table *pTable){
  Index *pIndex, *pNext;
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( pTable==0 ) return;
  db = pTable->dbMem;
  testcase( db==0 );


  /* Do not delete the table until the reference count reaches zero. */
  pTable->nRef--;
  if( pTable->nRef>0 ){
    return;

  }
  assert( pTable->nRef==0 );

  /* Delete all indices associated with this table
  */
  for(pIndex = pTable->pIndex; pIndex; pIndex=pNext){
    pNext = pIndex->pNext;
    assert( pIndex->pSchema==pTable->pSchema );
    sqlite3DeleteIndex(pIndex);







  }

  /* Delete any foreign keys attached to this table. */
  sqlite3FkDelete(pTable);

  /* Delete the Table structure itself.
  */
  sqliteResetColumnNames(pTable);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zColAff);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTable->pSelect);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTable->pCheck);
#endif

  sqlite3VtabClear(pTable);

  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable);
}

/*
** Unlink the given table from the hash tables and the delete the
** table structure with all its indices and foreign keys.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( zTabName );
  testcase( zTabName[0]==0 );  /* Zero-length table names are allowed */
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  p = sqlite3HashInsert(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash, zTabName,
                        sqlite3Strlen30(zTabName),0);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(p);
  db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Given a token, return a string that consists of the text of that
** token.  Space to hold the returned string
** is obtained from sqliteMalloc() and must be freed by the calling
................................................................................
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->dbMem = 0;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
    zEnd = ")";
  }else{
    zSep = "\n  ";
    zSep2 = ",\n  ";
    zEnd = "\n)";
  }
  n += 35 + 6*p->nCol;
  zStmt = sqlite3Malloc( n );
  if( zStmt==0 ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n, zStmt, "CREATE TABLE ");
  k = sqlite3Strlen30(zStmt);
  identPut(zStmt, &k, p->zName);
................................................................................
        pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSelect);
        if( pSelTab==0 ) return;
        assert( p->aCol==0 );
        p->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
        p->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
        pSelTab->nCol = 0;
        pSelTab->aCol = 0;
        sqlite3DeleteTable(pSelTab);
      }
    }

    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE statement */
    if( pSelect ){
      zStmt = createTableStmt(db, p);
    }else{
................................................................................
    pParse->nTab = n;
    if( pSelTab ){
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(pSelTab);
      pTable->pSchema->flags |= DB_UnresetViews;
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
    }
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
  } else {
................................................................................
*/
static void sqliteViewResetAll(sqlite3 *db, int idx){
  HashElem *i;
  if( !DbHasProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews) ) return;
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[idx].pSchema->tblHash); i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
    if( pTab->pSelect ){
      sqliteResetColumnNames(pTab);


    }
  }
  DbClearProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews);
}
#else
# define sqliteViewResetAll(A,B)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */
................................................................................
    pRet = pIndex;
    pIndex = 0;
  }

  /* Clean up before exiting */
exit_create_index:
  if( pIndex ){
    sqlite3_free(pIndex->zColAff);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIndex);
  }
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTblName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndex);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}








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805
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809
810
811
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1349
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1359
1360
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1362
1363
....
1530
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1774
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3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}



















/*
** For the index called zIdxName which is found in the database iDb,
** unlike that index from its Table then remove the index from
** the index hash table and free all memory structures associated
** with the index.
*/
void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, const char *zIdxName){
................................................................................
      ** indices. */
      p = pIndex->pTable->pIndex;
      while( ALWAYS(p) && p->pNext!=pIndex ){ p = p->pNext; }
      if( ALWAYS(p && p->pNext==pIndex) ){
        p->pNext = pIndex->pNext;
      }
    }
    freeIndex(db, pIndex);
  }
  db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Erase all schema information from the in-memory hash tables of
** a single database.  This routine is called to reclaim memory
................................................................................
** This routine is called when a commit occurs.
*/
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3 *db){
  db->flags &= ~SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Delete memory allocated for the column names of a table or view (the
** Table.aCol[] array).
*/

static void sqliteDeleteColumnNames(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable){
  int i;
  Column *pCol;


  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zDflt);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zType);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zColl);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->aCol);
  }


}

/*
** Remove the memory data structures associated with the given
** Table.  No changes are made to disk by this routine.
**
** This routine just deletes the data structure.  It does not unlink
** the table data structure from the hash table.  But it does destroy
** memory structures of the indices and foreign keys associated with 
** the table.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable){
  Index *pIndex, *pNext;





  assert( !pTable || pTable->nRef>0 );

  /* Do not delete the table until the reference count reaches zero. */


  if( !pTable ) return;
  if( ((!db || db->pnBytesFreed==0) && (--pTable->nRef)>0) ) return;



  /* Delete all indices associated with this table. */

  for(pIndex = pTable->pIndex; pIndex; pIndex=pNext){
    pNext = pIndex->pNext;
    assert( pIndex->pSchema==pTable->pSchema );
    if( !db || db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
      char *zName = pIndex->zName; 
      TESTONLY ( Index *pOld = ) sqlite3HashInsert(
	  &pIndex->pSchema->idxHash, zName, sqlite3Strlen30(zName), 0
      );
      assert( pOld==pIndex || pOld==0 );
    }
    freeIndex(db, pIndex);
  }

  /* Delete any foreign keys attached to this table. */
  sqlite3FkDelete(db, pTable);

  /* Delete the Table structure itself.
  */
  sqliteDeleteColumnNames(db, pTable);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zColAff);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTable->pSelect);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTable->pCheck);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3VtabClear(db, pTable);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable);
}

/*
** Unlink the given table from the hash tables and the delete the
** table structure with all its indices and foreign keys.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( zTabName );
  testcase( zTabName[0]==0 );  /* Zero-length table names are allowed */
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  p = sqlite3HashInsert(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash, zTabName,
                        sqlite3Strlen30(zTabName),0);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(db, p);
  db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Given a token, return a string that consists of the text of that
** token.  Space to hold the returned string
** is obtained from sqliteMalloc() and must be freed by the calling
................................................................................
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;

  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
    zEnd = ")";
  }else{
    zSep = "\n  ";
    zSep2 = ",\n  ";
    zEnd = "\n)";
  }
  n += 35 + 6*p->nCol;
  zStmt = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, n);
  if( zStmt==0 ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n, zStmt, "CREATE TABLE ");
  k = sqlite3Strlen30(zStmt);
  identPut(zStmt, &k, p->zName);
................................................................................
        pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSelect);
        if( pSelTab==0 ) return;
        assert( p->aCol==0 );
        p->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
        p->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
        pSelTab->nCol = 0;
        pSelTab->aCol = 0;
        sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      }
    }

    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE statement */
    if( pSelect ){
      zStmt = createTableStmt(db, p);
    }else{
................................................................................
    pParse->nTab = n;
    if( pSelTab ){
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      pTable->pSchema->flags |= DB_UnresetViews;
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
    }
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
  } else {
................................................................................
*/
static void sqliteViewResetAll(sqlite3 *db, int idx){
  HashElem *i;
  if( !DbHasProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews) ) return;
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[idx].pSchema->tblHash); i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
    if( pTab->pSelect ){
      sqliteDeleteColumnNames(db, pTab);
      pTab->aCol = 0;
      pTab->nCol = 0;
    }
  }
  DbClearProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews);
}
#else
# define sqliteViewResetAll(A,B)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */
................................................................................
    pRet = pIndex;
    pIndex = 0;
  }

  /* Clean up before exiting */
exit_create_index:
  if( pIndex ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIndex->zColAff);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIndex);
  }
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTblName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndex);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

Changes to src/callback.c.

418
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421
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  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp2); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    sqlite3DeleteTrigger(0, (Trigger*)sqliteHashData(pElem));
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp2);
  sqlite3HashInit(&pSchema->tblHash);
  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp1); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(pElem);
    assert( pTab->dbMem==0 );
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pTab);
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp1);
  sqlite3HashClear(&pSchema->fkeyHash);
  pSchema->pSeqTab = 0;
  pSchema->flags &= ~DB_SchemaLoaded;
}

................................................................................
** a new one if necessary.
*/
Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *db, Btree *pBt){
  Schema * p;
  if( pBt ){
    p = (Schema *)sqlite3BtreeSchema(pBt, sizeof(Schema), sqlite3SchemaFree);
  }else{
    p = (Schema *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Schema));
  }
  if( !p ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else if ( 0==p->file_format ){
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->tblHash);
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->idxHash);
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->trigHash);
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->fkeyHash);
    p->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
  }
  return p;
}







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418
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424

425
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  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp2); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    sqlite3DeleteTrigger(0, (Trigger*)sqliteHashData(pElem));
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp2);
  sqlite3HashInit(&pSchema->tblHash);
  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp1); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(pElem);

    sqlite3DeleteTable(0, pTab);
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp1);
  sqlite3HashClear(&pSchema->fkeyHash);
  pSchema->pSeqTab = 0;
  pSchema->flags &= ~DB_SchemaLoaded;
}

................................................................................
** a new one if necessary.
*/
Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *db, Btree *pBt){
  Schema * p;
  if( pBt ){
    p = (Schema *)sqlite3BtreeSchema(pBt, sizeof(Schema), sqlite3SchemaFree);
  }else{
    p = (Schema *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(0, sizeof(Schema));
  }
  if( !p ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else if ( 0==p->file_format ){
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->tblHash);
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->idxHash);
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->trigHash);
    sqlite3HashInit(&p->fkeyHash);
    p->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
  }
  return p;
}

Changes to src/delete.c.

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
*/
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pSrc){
  struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
  Table *pTab;
  assert( pItem && pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pItem->zName, pItem->zDatabase);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(pItem->pTab);
  pItem->pTab = pTab;
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->nRef++;
  }
  if( sqlite3IndexedByLookup(pParse, pItem) ){
    pTab = 0;
  }







|







20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
*/
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pSrc){
  struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
  Table *pTab;
  assert( pItem && pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pItem->zName, pItem->zDatabase);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->db, pItem->pTab);
  pItem->pTab = pTab;
  if( pTab ){
    pTab->nRef++;
  }
  if( sqlite3IndexedByLookup(pParse, pItem) ){
    pTab = 0;
  }

Changes to src/expr.c.

50
51
52
53
54
55
56












57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
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77
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83
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543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550

551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
    int j = pExpr->iColumn;
    if( j<0 ) return SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    assert( pExpr->pTab && j<pExpr->pTab->nCol );
    return pExpr->pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
  }
  return pExpr->affinity;
}













/*
** Set the collating sequence for expression pExpr to be the collating
** sequence named by pToken.   Return a pointer to the revised expression.
** The collating sequence is marked as "explicit" using the EP_ExpCollate
** flag.  An explicit collating sequence will override implicit
** collating sequences.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprSetColl(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  char *zColl = 0;            /* Dequoted name of collation sequence */
  CollSeq *pColl;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  zColl = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pCollName);
  if( pExpr && zColl ){
    pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
    if( pColl ){
      pExpr->pColl = pColl;
      pExpr->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
    }
  }

  sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the default collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no default collation type, return 0.
................................................................................
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
  }else if( z[0]=='?' ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?nnn".  Convert "nnn" to an integer and
    ** use it as the variable number */
    int i = atoi((char*)&z[1]);

    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)i;
    testcase( i==0 );
    testcase( i==1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]-1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] );
    if( i<1 || i>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "variable number must be between ?1 and ?%d",
          db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]);
    }
    if( i>pParse->nVar ){
      pParse->nVar = i;
    }
  }else{







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>
>
>
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>
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50
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83
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564
565
566
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571
    int j = pExpr->iColumn;
    if( j<0 ) return SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    assert( pExpr->pTab && j<pExpr->pTab->nCol );
    return pExpr->pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
  }
  return pExpr->affinity;
}

/*
** Set the explicit collating sequence for an expression to the
** collating sequence supplied in the second argument.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprSetColl(Expr *pExpr, CollSeq *pColl){
  if( pExpr && pColl ){
    pExpr->pColl = pColl;
    pExpr->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
  }
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Set the collating sequence for expression pExpr to be the collating
** sequence named by pToken.   Return a pointer to the revised expression.
** The collating sequence is marked as "explicit" using the EP_ExpCollate
** flag.  An explicit collating sequence will override implicit
** collating sequences.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprSetCollByToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  char *zColl = 0;            /* Dequoted name of collation sequence */
  CollSeq *pColl;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  zColl = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pCollName);

  pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);





  sqlite3ExprSetColl(pExpr, pColl);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the default collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no default collation type, return 0.
................................................................................
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
  }else if( z[0]=='?' ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?nnn".  Convert "nnn" to an integer and
    ** use it as the variable number */
    i64 i;
    int bOk = sqlite3Atoi64(&z[1], &i);
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)i;
    testcase( i==0 );
    testcase( i==1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]-1 );
    testcase( i==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] );
    if( bOk==0 || i<1 || i>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "variable number must be between ?1 and ?%d",
          db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]);
    }
    if( i>pParse->nVar ){
      pParse->nVar = i;
    }
  }else{

Changes to src/fkey.c.

496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503

504
505
506
507
508
509
510
....
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
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1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
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1074
1075
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1165
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1187
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1190
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    pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
    if( pLeft ){
      /* Set the collation sequence and affinity of the LHS of each TK_EQ
      ** expression to the parent key column defaults.  */
      if( pIdx ){
        Column *pCol;
        iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        pCol = &pIdx->pTable->aCol[iCol];

        pLeft->iTable = regData+iCol+1;
        pLeft->affinity = pCol->affinity;
        pLeft->pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pCol->zColl);
      }else{
        pLeft->iTable = regData;
        pLeft->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }
................................................................................
          sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, &tFrom, 0),
          pWhere,
          0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
      );
      pWhere = 0;
    }

    /* In the current implementation, pTab->dbMem==0 for all tables except
    ** for temporary tables used to describe subqueries.  And temporary
    ** tables do not have foreign key constraints.  Hence, pTab->dbMem
    ** should always be 0 there.
    */
    enableLookaside = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;

    pTrigger = (Trigger *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
        sizeof(Trigger) +         /* struct Trigger */
        sizeof(TriggerStep) +     /* Single step in trigger program */
        nFrom + 1                 /* Space for pStep->target.z */
................................................................................
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Free all memory associated with foreign key definitions attached to
** table pTab. Remove the deleted foreign keys from the Schema.fkeyHash
** hash table.
*/
void sqlite3FkDelete(Table *pTab){
  FKey *pFKey;                    /* Iterator variable */
  FKey *pNext;                    /* Copy of pFKey->pNextFrom */

  for(pFKey=pTab->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pNext){

    /* Remove the FK from the fkeyHash hash table. */

    if( pFKey->pPrevTo ){
      pFKey->pPrevTo->pNextTo = pFKey->pNextTo;
    }else{
      void *data = (void *)pFKey->pNextTo;
      const char *z = (data ? pFKey->pNextTo->zTo : pFKey->zTo);
      sqlite3HashInsert(&pTab->pSchema->fkeyHash, z, sqlite3Strlen30(z), data);
    }
    if( pFKey->pNextTo ){
      pFKey->pNextTo->pPrevTo = pFKey->pPrevTo;
    }

    /* Delete any triggers created to implement actions for this FK. */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    fkTriggerDelete(pTab->dbMem, pFKey->apTrigger[0]);
    fkTriggerDelete(pTab->dbMem, pFKey->apTrigger[1]);
#endif

    /* EV: R-30323-21917 Each foreign key constraint in SQLite is
    ** classified as either immediate or deferred.
    */
    assert( pFKey->isDeferred==0 || pFKey->isDeferred==1 );







    pNext = pFKey->pNextFrom;
    sqlite3DbFree(pTab->dbMem, pFKey);
  }
}
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */







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....
1148
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1173





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    pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
    if( pLeft ){
      /* Set the collation sequence and affinity of the LHS of each TK_EQ
      ** expression to the parent key column defaults.  */
      if( pIdx ){
        Column *pCol;
        iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
        if( pTab->iPKey==iCol ) iCol = -1;
        pLeft->iTable = regData+iCol+1;
        pLeft->affinity = pCol->affinity;
        pLeft->pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pCol->zColl);
      }else{
        pLeft->iTable = regData;
        pLeft->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }
................................................................................
          sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, &tFrom, 0),
          pWhere,
          0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
      );
      pWhere = 0;
    }

    /* Disable lookaside memory allocation */




    enableLookaside = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;

    pTrigger = (Trigger *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
        sizeof(Trigger) +         /* struct Trigger */
        sizeof(TriggerStep) +     /* Single step in trigger program */
        nFrom + 1                 /* Space for pStep->target.z */
................................................................................
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Free all memory associated with foreign key definitions attached to
** table pTab. Remove the deleted foreign keys from the Schema.fkeyHash
** hash table.
*/
void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTab){
  FKey *pFKey;                    /* Iterator variable */
  FKey *pNext;                    /* Copy of pFKey->pNextFrom */

  for(pFKey=pTab->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pNext){

    /* Remove the FK from the fkeyHash hash table. */
    if( !db || db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
      if( pFKey->pPrevTo ){
        pFKey->pPrevTo->pNextTo = pFKey->pNextTo;
      }else{
        void *p = (void *)pFKey->pNextTo;
        const char *z = (p ? pFKey->pNextTo->zTo : pFKey->zTo);
        sqlite3HashInsert(&pTab->pSchema->fkeyHash, z, sqlite3Strlen30(z), p);
      }
      if( pFKey->pNextTo ){
        pFKey->pNextTo->pPrevTo = pFKey->pPrevTo;
      }
    }






    /* EV: R-30323-21917 Each foreign key constraint in SQLite is
    ** classified as either immediate or deferred.
    */
    assert( pFKey->isDeferred==0 || pFKey->isDeferred==1 );

    /* Delete any triggers created to implement actions for this FK. */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    fkTriggerDelete(db, pFKey->apTrigger[0]);
    fkTriggerDelete(db, pFKey->apTrigger[1]);
#endif

    pNext = pFKey->pNextFrom;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pFKey);
  }
}
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */

Changes to src/func.c.

787
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796
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...
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....
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1391
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zOptName;
  assert( argc==1 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  /* IMP: R-xxxx This function is an SQL wrapper around the
  ** sqlite3_compileoption_used() C interface. */


  if( (zOptName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))!=0 ){
    sqlite3_result_int(context, sqlite3_compileoption_used(zOptName));
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

/*
................................................................................
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int n;
  assert( argc==1 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  /* IMP: R-xxxx This function is an SQL wrapper around the
  ** sqlite3_compileoption_get() C interface. */

  n = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, sqlite3_compileoption_get(n), -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

/* Array for converting from half-bytes (nybbles) into ASCII hex
** digits. */
................................................................................
      u8 *zOld;
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
      nOut += nRep - nPattern;
      testcase( nOut-1==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] );
      testcase( nOut-2==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] );
      if( nOut-1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
        sqlite3_result_error_toobig(context);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zOut);
        return;
      }
      zOld = zOut;
      zOut = sqlite3_realloc(zOut, (int)nOut);
      if( zOut==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zOld);
        return;
      }
      memcpy(&zOut[j], zRep, nRep);
      j += nRep;
      i += nPattern-1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  assert( argc==1 || argc==2 );
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])==SQLITE_NULL ) return;
  pAccum = (StrAccum*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, sizeof(*pAccum));

  if( pAccum ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
    int firstTerm = pAccum->useMalloc==0;
    pAccum->useMalloc = 1;
    pAccum->mxAlloc = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH];
    if( !firstTerm ){
      if( argc==2 ){
        zSep = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
        nSep = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      }else{
        zSep = ",";







|
|
>
>







 







|
|
>







 







|






|







 







|







787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
...
811
812
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815
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818
819
820
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822
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827
....
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1016
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....
1380
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1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zOptName;
  assert( argc==1 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  /* IMP: R-39564-36305 The sqlite_compileoption_used() SQL
  ** function is a wrapper around the sqlite3_compileoption_used() C/C++
  ** function.
  */
  if( (zOptName = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))!=0 ){
    sqlite3_result_int(context, sqlite3_compileoption_used(zOptName));
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

/*
................................................................................
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int n;
  assert( argc==1 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  /* IMP: R-04922-24076 The sqlite_compileoption_get() SQL function
  ** is a wrapper around the sqlite3_compileoption_get() C/C++ function.
  */
  n = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, sqlite3_compileoption_get(n), -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

/* Array for converting from half-bytes (nybbles) into ASCII hex
** digits. */
................................................................................
      u8 *zOld;
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
      nOut += nRep - nPattern;
      testcase( nOut-1==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] );
      testcase( nOut-2==db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] );
      if( nOut-1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
        sqlite3_result_error_toobig(context);
        sqlite3_free(zOut);
        return;
      }
      zOld = zOut;
      zOut = sqlite3_realloc(zOut, (int)nOut);
      if( zOut==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        sqlite3_free(zOld);
        return;
      }
      memcpy(&zOut[j], zRep, nRep);
      j += nRep;
      i += nPattern-1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  assert( argc==1 || argc==2 );
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])==SQLITE_NULL ) return;
  pAccum = (StrAccum*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, sizeof(*pAccum));

  if( pAccum ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
    int firstTerm = pAccum->useMalloc==0;
    pAccum->useMalloc = 2;
    pAccum->mxAlloc = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH];
    if( !firstTerm ){
      if( argc==2 ){
        zSep = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
        nSep = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      }else{
        zSep = ",";

Changes to src/insert.c.

63
64
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77
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119
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1216
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1222

1223
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    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3Malloc(pIdx->nColumn+2);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[n]].affinity;
    }
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3DeleteTable() when the Table structure itself is cleaned up.
  */
  if( !pTab->zColAff ){
    char *zColAff;
    int i;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);

    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3Malloc(pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
................................................................................
    int allOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    pParse->ckBase = regData;
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pTab->pCheck, allOk, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
    if( onError==OE_Ignore ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
    }else{

      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, onError, 0, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key







|







 







|







 







>







63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
...
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106
107
108
109
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111
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113
114
115
116
117
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119
....
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pIdx->nColumn+2);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[n]].affinity;
    }
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3DeleteTable() when the Table structure itself is cleaned up.
  */
  if( !pTab->zColAff ){
    char *zColAff;
    int i;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);

    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
................................................................................
    int allOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    pParse->ckBase = regData;
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pTab->pCheck, allOk, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
    if( onError==OE_Ignore ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
    }else{
      if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, onError, 0, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key

Changes to src/loadext.c.

372
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382
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384
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393
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395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
  if( zProc==0 ){
    zProc = "sqlite3_extension_init";
  }

  handle = sqlite3OsDlOpen(pVfs, zFile);
  if( handle==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      zErrmsg = sqlite3StackAllocZero(db, nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg, 
            "unable to open shared library [%s]", zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
        *pzErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, zErrmsg);
        sqlite3StackFree(db, zErrmsg);
      }
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zProc);
  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      zErrmsg = sqlite3StackAllocZero(db, nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg,
            "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zProc,zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
        *pzErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, zErrmsg);
        sqlite3StackFree(db, zErrmsg);
      }
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else if( xInit(db, &zErrmsg, &sqlite3Apis) ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error during initialization: %s", zErrmsg);







|




<
<








|




<
<







372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383


384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396


397
398
399
400
401
402
403
  if( zProc==0 ){
    zProc = "sqlite3_extension_init";
  }

  handle = sqlite3OsDlOpen(pVfs, zFile);
  if( handle==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg, 
            "unable to open shared library [%s]", zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);


      }
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zProc);
  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg,
            "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zProc,zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);


      }
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else if( xInit(db, &zErrmsg, &sqlite3Apis) ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error during initialization: %s", zErrmsg);

Changes to src/main.c.

1311
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1313
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1316
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1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through attached dbs */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  for(i=0; i<db->nDb && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    if( i==iDb || iDb==SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED ){
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        if( sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pBt) ){
          rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
        }else{
          sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBt);
          rc = sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
          sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBt);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */








|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318









1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through attached dbs */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  for(i=0; i<db->nDb && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    if( i==iDb || iDb==SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCheckpoint(db->aDb[i].pBt);









    }
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

Changes to src/malloc.c.

247
248
249
250
251
252
253

254
255
256
257
258
259
260
...
364
365
366
367
368
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376

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383
...
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422

423
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431

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440

441
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444

445
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451
452
453
454
455
456
457





458
459
460
461
462
463



464


465
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492
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498

499
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570

571
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...
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...
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623

624
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626

627
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629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
  if( p==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
    sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc(nFull);
  }
  if( p ){
    nFull = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nFull);

  }
  *pp = p;
  return nFull;
}

/*
** Allocate memory.  This routine is like sqlite3_malloc() except that it
................................................................................
}
void sqlite3ScratchFree(void *p){
  if( p ){
    if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch==0
           || p<sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch
           || p>=(void*)mem0.aScratchFree ){
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_SCRATCH) );

      sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
        int iSize = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
        sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
        sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW, -iSize);
        sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, -iSize);

        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
        sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
      }else{
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
      }
    }else{
      int i;
................................................................................
}

/*
** TRUE if p is a lookaside memory allocation from db
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
static int isLookaside(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  return db && p && p>=db->lookaside.pStart && p<db->lookaside.pEnd;
}
#else
#define isLookaside(A,B) 0
#endif

/*
** Return the size of a memory allocation previously obtained from
** sqlite3Malloc() or sqlite3_malloc().
*/
int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );

  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
    return db->lookaside.sz;
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p,
             db ? (MEMTYPE_DB|MEMTYPE_HEAP) : MEMTYPE_HEAP) );

    return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
  }
}

/*
** Free memory previously obtained from sqlite3Malloc().
*/
void sqlite3_free(void *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;

  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, -sqlite3MallocSize(p));

    sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  }else{
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
  }
}

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );





  if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
    LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;
    pBuf->pNext = db->lookaside.pFree;
    db->lookaside.pFree = pBuf;
    db->lookaside.nOut--;
  }else{



    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );


    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
void *sqlite3Realloc(void *pOld, int nBytes){
  int nOld, nNew;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, nBytes);
    if( sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED)+nNew-nOld >= 
          mem0.alarmThreshold ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nNew-nOld);
    }
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(pOld, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );

    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nBytes);
      pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    }
    if( pNew ){
      nNew = sqlite3MallocSize(pNew);
................................................................................
**
** In other words, if a subsequent malloc (ex: "b") worked, it is assumed
** that all prior mallocs (ex: "a") worked too.
*/
void *sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3 *db, int n){
  void *p;
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
  if( db ){
    LookasideSlot *pBuf;
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      return 0;
    }
    if( db->lookaside.bEnabled && n<=db->lookaside.sz
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  p = sqlite3Malloc(n);
  if( !p && db ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p,
            (db && db->lookaside.bEnabled) ? MEMTYPE_DB : MEMTYPE_HEAP);
  return p;
}

/*
** Resize the block of memory pointed to by p to n bytes. If the
** resize fails, set the mallocFailed flag in the connection object.
*/
................................................................................
      }
      pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, n);
      if( pNew ){
        memcpy(pNew, p, db->lookaside.sz);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
      }
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );

      sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
      pNew = sqlite3_realloc(p, n);
      if( !pNew ){

        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
      sqlite3MemdebugSetType(pNew,
            db->lookaside.bEnabled ? MEMTYPE_DB : MEMTYPE_HEAP);
    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Attempt to reallocate p.  If the reallocation fails, then free p







>







 







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  if( p==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
    sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc(nFull);
  }
  if( p ){
    nFull = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nFull);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, 1);
  }
  *pp = p;
  return nFull;
}

/*
** Allocate memory.  This routine is like sqlite3_malloc() except that it
................................................................................
}
void sqlite3ScratchFree(void *p){
  if( p ){
    if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch==0
           || p<sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch
           || p>=(void*)mem0.aScratchFree ){
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_SCRATCH) );
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, ~MEMTYPE_SCRATCH) );
      sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
        int iSize = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
        sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
        sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW, -iSize);
        sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, -iSize);
        sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, -1);
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
        sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
      }else{
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
      }
    }else{
      int i;
................................................................................
}

/*
** TRUE if p is a lookaside memory allocation from db
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
static int isLookaside(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  return p && p>=db->lookaside.pStart && p<db->lookaside.pEnd;
}
#else
#define isLookaside(A,B) 0
#endif

/*
** Return the size of a memory allocation previously obtained from
** sqlite3Malloc() or sqlite3_malloc().
*/
int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( db && isLookaside(db, p) ){
    return db->lookaside.sz;
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    assert( db!=0 || sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE) );
    return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
  }
}

/*
** Free memory previously obtained from sqlite3Malloc().
*/
void sqlite3_free(void *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, -sqlite3MallocSize(p));
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, -1);
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  }else{
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xFree(p);
  }
}

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;
      pBuf->pNext = db->lookaside.pFree;
      db->lookaside.pFree = pBuf;
      db->lookaside.nOut--;

      return;
    }
  }
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  assert( db!=0 || sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE) );
  sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
  sqlite3_free(p);

}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
void *sqlite3Realloc(void *pOld, int nBytes){
  int nOld, nNew;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, nBytes);
    if( sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED)+nNew-nOld >= 
          mem0.alarmThreshold ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nNew-nOld);
    }
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(pOld, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(pOld, ~MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nBytes);
      pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    }
    if( pNew ){
      nNew = sqlite3MallocSize(pNew);
................................................................................
**
** In other words, if a subsequent malloc (ex: "b") worked, it is assumed
** that all prior mallocs (ex: "a") worked too.
*/
void *sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3 *db, int n){
  void *p;
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( db==0 || db->pnBytesFreed==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
  if( db ){
    LookasideSlot *pBuf;
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      return 0;
    }
    if( db->lookaside.bEnabled && n<=db->lookaside.sz
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  p = sqlite3Malloc(n);
  if( !p && db ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_DB |
         ((db && db->lookaside.bEnabled) ? MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE : MEMTYPE_HEAP));
  return p;
}

/*
** Resize the block of memory pointed to by p to n bytes. If the
** resize fails, set the mallocFailed flag in the connection object.
*/
................................................................................
      }
      pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, n);
      if( pNew ){
        memcpy(pNew, p, db->lookaside.sz);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
      }
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
      sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP);
      pNew = sqlite3_realloc(p, n);
      if( !pNew ){
        sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_DB|MEMTYPE_HEAP);
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
      sqlite3MemdebugSetType(pNew, MEMTYPE_DB | 
            (db->lookaside.bEnabled ? MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE : MEMTYPE_HEAP));
    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Attempt to reallocate p.  If the reallocation fails, then free p

Changes to src/mem2.c.

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*/
int sqlite3MemdebugHasType(void *p, u8 eType){
  int rc = 1;
  if( p ){
    struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
    pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
    assert( pHdr->iForeGuard==FOREGUARD );         /* Allocation is valid */
    assert( (pHdr->eType & (pHdr->eType-1))==0 );  /* Only one type bit set */
    if( (pHdr->eType&eType)==0 ){
      void **pBt;
      pBt = (void**)pHdr;
      pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
      backtrace_symbols_fd(pBt, pHdr->nBacktrace, fileno(stderr));
      fprintf(stderr, "\n");
      rc = 0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
 






















/*
** Set the number of backtrace levels kept for each allocation.
** A value of zero turns off backtracing.  The number is always rounded
** up to a multiple of 2.
*/
void sqlite3MemdebugBacktrace(int depth){







<

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<
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<





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*/
int sqlite3MemdebugHasType(void *p, u8 eType){
  int rc = 1;
  if( p ){
    struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
    pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
    assert( pHdr->iForeGuard==FOREGUARD );         /* Allocation is valid */

    if( (pHdr->eType&eType)==0 ){





      rc = 0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the mask of type in eType matches no bits of the type of the
** allocation p.  Also return true if p==NULL.
**
** This routine is designed for use within an assert() statement, to
** verify the type of an allocation.  For example:
**
**     assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, MEMTYPE_DB) );
*/
int sqlite3MemdebugNoType(void *p, u8 eType){
  int rc = 1;
  if( p ){
    struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
    pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
    assert( pHdr->iForeGuard==FOREGUARD );         /* Allocation is valid */
    if( (pHdr->eType&eType)!=0 ){
      rc = 0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set the number of backtrace levels kept for each allocation.
** A value of zero turns off backtracing.  The number is always rounded
** up to a multiple of 2.
*/
void sqlite3MemdebugBacktrace(int depth){

Changes to src/mutex_unix.c.

231
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    }
  }
#else
  /* Use the built-in recursive mutexes if they are available.
  */
  pthread_mutex_lock(&p->mutex);
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF

  p->owner = pthread_self();
  p->nRef++;
#endif
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){
................................................................................
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered or
** is not currently allocated.  SQLite will never do either.
*/
static void pthreadMutexLeave(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  assert( pthreadMutexHeld(p) );
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
  p->nRef--;

#endif
  assert( p->nRef==0 || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );

#ifdef SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&p->mutex);
  }







>







 







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    }
  }
#else
  /* Use the built-in recursive mutexes if they are available.
  */
  pthread_mutex_lock(&p->mutex);
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
  assert( p->nRef>0 || p->owner==0 );
  p->owner = pthread_self();
  p->nRef++;
#endif
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){
................................................................................
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered or
** is not currently allocated.  SQLite will never do either.
*/
static void pthreadMutexLeave(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  assert( pthreadMutexHeld(p) );
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ) p->owner = 0;
#endif
  assert( p->nRef==0 || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );

#ifdef SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&p->mutex);
  }

Changes to src/mutex_w32.c.

216
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300
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306
/*
** This routine deallocates a previously
** allocated mutex.  SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** mutex that it allocates.
*/
static void winMutexFree(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  assert( p );
  assert( p->nRef==0 );
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
  DeleteCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
................................................................................
static void winMutexEnter(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId(); 
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE || winMutexNotheld2(p, tid) );
#endif
  EnterCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG

  p->owner = tid; 
  p->nRef++;
  if( p->trace ){
    printf("enter mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);
  }
#endif
}
................................................................................
*/
static void winMutexLeave(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  assert( p->owner==tid );
  p->nRef--;

  assert( p->nRef==0 || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
#endif
  LeaveCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){
    printf("leave mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);
  }







|







 







>







 







>







216
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/*
** This routine deallocates a previously
** allocated mutex.  SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** mutex that it allocates.
*/
static void winMutexFree(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  assert( p );
  assert( p->nRef==0 && p->owner==0 );
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
  DeleteCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
................................................................................
static void winMutexEnter(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId(); 
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE || winMutexNotheld2(p, tid) );
#endif
  EnterCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( p->nRef>0 || p->owner==0 );
  p->owner = tid; 
  p->nRef++;
  if( p->trace ){
    printf("enter mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);
  }
#endif
}
................................................................................
*/
static void winMutexLeave(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  assert( p->owner==tid );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ) p->owner = 0;
  assert( p->nRef==0 || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
#endif
  LeaveCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){
    printf("leave mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);
  }

Changes to src/notify.c.

251
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        nArg = 0;
      }

      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      assert( aArg==aDyn || (aDyn==0 && aArg==aStatic) );
      assert( nArg<=(int)ArraySize(aStatic) || aArg==aDyn );
      if( (!aDyn && nArg==(int)ArraySize(aStatic))
       || (aDyn && nArg==(int)(sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, aDyn)/sizeof(void*)))
      ){
        /* The aArg[] array needs to grow. */
        void **pNew = (void **)sqlite3Malloc(nArg*sizeof(void *)*2);
        if( pNew ){
          memcpy(pNew, aArg, nArg*sizeof(void *));
          sqlite3_free(aDyn);
          aDyn = aArg = pNew;







|







251
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253
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255
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257
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259
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261
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265
        nArg = 0;
      }

      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      assert( aArg==aDyn || (aDyn==0 && aArg==aStatic) );
      assert( nArg<=(int)ArraySize(aStatic) || aArg==aDyn );
      if( (!aDyn && nArg==(int)ArraySize(aStatic))
       || (aDyn && nArg==(int)(sqlite3MallocSize(aDyn)/sizeof(void*)))
      ){
        /* The aArg[] array needs to grow. */
        void **pNew = (void **)sqlite3Malloc(nArg*sizeof(void *)*2);
        if( pNew ){
          memcpy(pNew, aArg, nArg*sizeof(void *));
          sqlite3_free(aDyn);
          aDyn = aArg = pNew;

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

206
207
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210
211
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  unsigned char eFileLock;            /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  int fileFlags;                      /* Miscellanous flags */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE || defined(__APPLE__)
  unsigned fsFlags;                   /* cached details from statfs() */
#endif
#if OS_VXWORKS
................................................................................
  while( amt>0 && (wrote = seekAndWrite(pFile, offset, pBuf, amt))>0 ){
    amt -= wrote;
    offset += wrote;
    pBuf = &((char*)pBuf)[wrote];
  }
  SimulateIOError(( wrote=(-1), amt=1 ));
  SimulateDiskfullError(( wrote=0, amt=1 ));

  if( amt>0 ){
    if( wrote<0 ){
      /* lastErrno set by seekAndWrite */
      return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }else{
      pFile->lastErrno = 0; /* not a system error */
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Count the number of fullsyncs and normal syncs.  This is used to test
** that syncs and fullsyncs are occurring at the right times.
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
static int unixTruncate(sqlite3_file *id, i64 nByte){

  int rc;
  assert( id );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE );










  rc = ftruncate(((unixFile*)id)->h, (off_t)nByte);
  if( rc ){
    ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno = errno;
    return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }else{
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* If we are doing a normal write to a database file (as opposed to
    ** doing a hot-journal rollback or a write to some file other than a
    ** normal database file) and we truncate the file to zero length,
    ** that effectively updates the change counter.  This might happen
    ** when restoring a database using the backup API from a zero-length
    ** source.
    */
    if( ((unixFile*)id)->inNormalWrite && nByte==0 ){
      ((unixFile*)id)->transCntrChng = 1;
    }
#endif

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

................................................................................
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && defined(__APPLE__)
/*
** Handler for proxy-locking file-control verbs.  Defined below in the
** proxying locking division.
*/
static int proxyFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
#endif


















































#if (SQLITE_ENABLE_APPLE_SPI>0) && defined(__APPLE__)
#include "sqlite3_private.h"
#include <copyfile.h>
static int getDbPathForUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, char *dbPath);
#endif

................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->eFileLock;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
#if 0 /* No performance advantage seen on Linux */
      sqlite3_int64 szFile = *(sqlite3_int64*)pArg;
      unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
      ftruncate(pFile->h, szFile);
#endif
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
................................................................................
    pCtx->pOldMethod = pFile->pMethod;
    pFile->pMethod = &proxyIoMethods;
  }else{
    if( pCtx->conchFile ){ 
      pCtx->conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)pCtx->conchFile);
      sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath); 
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
  }
  OSTRACE(("TRANSPROXY  %d %s\n", pFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed")));
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
        rc = proxyReleaseConch(pFile);
        if( rc ) return rc;
      }
      rc = conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file*)conchFile);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->dbPath);
    /* restore the original locking context and pMethod then close it */
    pFile->lockingContext = pCtx->oldLockingContext;
    pFile->pMethod = pCtx->pOldMethod;
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
    return pFile->pMethod->xClose(id);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;







>







 







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  unsigned char eFileLock;            /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  int fileFlags;                      /* Miscellanous flags */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE || defined(__APPLE__)
  unsigned fsFlags;                   /* cached details from statfs() */
#endif
#if OS_VXWORKS
................................................................................
  while( amt>0 && (wrote = seekAndWrite(pFile, offset, pBuf, amt))>0 ){
    amt -= wrote;
    offset += wrote;
    pBuf = &((char*)pBuf)[wrote];
  }
  SimulateIOError(( wrote=(-1), amt=1 ));
  SimulateDiskfullError(( wrote=0, amt=1 ));

  if( amt>0 ){
    if( wrote<0 ){
      /* lastErrno set by seekAndWrite */
      return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }else{
      pFile->lastErrno = 0; /* not a system error */
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Count the number of fullsyncs and normal syncs.  This is used to test
** that syncs and fullsyncs are occurring at the right times.
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
static int unixTruncate(sqlite3_file *id, i64 nByte){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile *)id;
  int rc;
  assert( pFile );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE );

  /* If the user has configured a chunk-size for this file, truncate the
  ** file so that it consists of an integer number of chunks (i.e. the
  ** actual file size after the operation may be larger than the requested
  ** size).
  */
  if( pFile->szChunk ){
    nByte = ((nByte + pFile->szChunk - 1)/pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
  }

  rc = ftruncate(pFile->h, (off_t)nByte);
  if( rc ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }else{
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* If we are doing a normal write to a database file (as opposed to
    ** doing a hot-journal rollback or a write to some file other than a
    ** normal database file) and we truncate the file to zero length,
    ** that effectively updates the change counter.  This might happen
    ** when restoring a database using the backup API from a zero-length
    ** source.
    */
    if( pFile->inNormalWrite && nByte==0 ){
      pFile->transCntrChng = 1;
    }
#endif

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

................................................................................
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && defined(__APPLE__)
/*
** Handler for proxy-locking file-control verbs.  Defined below in the
** proxying locking division.
*/
static int proxyFileControl(sqlite3_file*,int,void*);
#endif

/* 
** This function is called to handle the SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT 
** file-control operation.
**
** If the user has configured a chunk-size for this file, it could be
** that the file needs to be extended at this point. Otherwise, the
** SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT operation is a no-op for Unix.
*/
static int fcntlSizeHint(unixFile *pFile, i64 nByte){
  if( pFile->szChunk ){
    i64 nSize;                    /* Required file size */
    struct stat buf;              /* Used to hold return values of fstat() */
   
    if( fstat(pFile->h, &buf) ) return SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;

    nSize = ((nByte+pFile->szChunk-1) / pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
    if( nSize>(i64)buf.st_size ){
#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
      if( posix_fallocate(pFile->h, buf.st_size, nSize-buf.st_size) ){
        return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
      }
#else
      /* If the OS does not have posix_fallocate(), fake it. First use
      ** ftruncate() to set the file size, then write a single byte to
      ** the last byte in each block within the extended region. This
      ** is the same technique used by glibc to implement posix_fallocate()
      ** on systems that do not have a real fallocate() system call.
      */
      int nBlk = buf.st_blksize;  /* File-system block size */
      i64 iWrite;                 /* Next offset to write to */
      int nWrite;                 /* Return value from seekAndWrite() */

      if( ftruncate(pFile->h, nSize) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
      }
      iWrite = ((buf.st_size + 2*nBlk - 1)/nBlk)*nBlk-1;
      do {
        nWrite = seekAndWrite(pFile, iWrite, "", 1);
        iWrite += nBlk;
      } while( nWrite==1 && iWrite<nSize );
      if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
#endif
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#if (SQLITE_ENABLE_APPLE_SPI>0) && defined(__APPLE__)
#include "sqlite3_private.h"
#include <copyfile.h>
static int getDbPathForUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, char *dbPath);
#endif

................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->eFileLock;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      ((unixFile*)id)->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      return fcntlSizeHint((unixFile *)id, *(i64 *)pArg);

    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
................................................................................
    pCtx->pOldMethod = pFile->pMethod;
    pFile->pMethod = &proxyIoMethods;
  }else{
    if( pCtx->conchFile ){ 
      pCtx->conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)pCtx->conchFile);
      sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath); 
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
  }
  OSTRACE(("TRANSPROXY  %d %s\n", pFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed")));
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
        rc = proxyReleaseConch(pFile);
        if( rc ) return rc;
      }
      rc = conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file*)conchFile);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      sqlite3_free(conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath);
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pCtx->dbPath);
    /* restore the original locking context and pMethod then close it */
    pFile->lockingContext = pCtx->oldLockingContext;
    pFile->pMethod = pCtx->pOldMethod;
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
    return pFile->pMethod->xClose(id);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;

Changes to src/os_win.c.

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1141
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1148
1149
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1152
1153
1154
  HANDLE h;               /* Handle for accessing the file */
  unsigned char locktype; /* Type of lock currently held on this file */
  short sharedLockByte;   /* Randomly chosen byte used as a shared lock */
  DWORD lastErrno;        /* The Windows errno from the last I/O error */
  DWORD sectorSize;       /* Sector size of the device file is on */
  winShm *pShm;           /* Instance of shared memory on this file */
  const char *zPath;      /* Full pathname of this file */

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  WCHAR *zDeleteOnClose;  /* Name of file to delete when closing */
  HANDLE hMutex;          /* Mutex used to control access to shared lock */  
  HANDLE hShared;         /* Shared memory segment used for locking */
  winceLock local;        /* Locks obtained by this instance of winFile */
  winceLock *shared;      /* Global shared lock memory for the file  */
#endif
................................................................................
*****************************************************************************/
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE */

/*****************************************************************************
** The next group of routines implement the I/O methods specified
** by the sqlite3_io_methods object.
******************************************************************************/





































/*
** Close a file.
**
** It is reported that an attempt to close a handle might sometimes
** fail.  This is a very unreasonable result, but windows is notorious
** for being unreasonable so I do not doubt that it might happen.  If
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d %s\n", pFile->h, rc ? "ok" : "failed"));
  OpenCounter(-1);
  return rc ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR;
}

/*
** Some microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
# define INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER ((DWORD)-1)
#endif

/*
** Read data from a file into a buffer.  Return SQLITE_OK if all
** bytes were read successfully and SQLITE_IOERR if anything goes
** wrong.
*/
static int winRead(
  sqlite3_file *id,          /* File to read from */
  void *pBuf,                /* Write content into this buffer */
  int amt,                   /* Number of bytes to read */
  sqlite3_int64 offset       /* Begin reading at this offset */
){
  LONG upperBits = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  LONG lowerBits = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
  DWORD rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  DWORD got;


  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_READ);
  OSTRACE(("READ %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  if( !ReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &got, 0) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    return SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
  }
  if( got==(DWORD)amt ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    /* Unread parts of the buffer must be zero-filled */
    memset(&((char*)pBuf)[got], 0, amt-got);
    return SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
  }
}

/*
** Write data from a buffer into a file.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
** or some other error code on failure.
*/
static int winWrite(
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* File to write into */
  const void *pBuf,         /* The bytes to be written */
  int amt,                  /* Number of bytes to write */
  sqlite3_int64 offset      /* Offset into the file to begin writing at */
){
  LONG upperBits = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  LONG lowerBits = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
  DWORD rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  DWORD wrote = 0;

  assert( id!=0 );

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE);
  SimulateDiskfullError(return SQLITE_FULL);

  OSTRACE(("WRITE %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    if( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_HANDLE_DISK_FULL ){
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }





  }
  assert( amt>0 );
  while(
     amt>0
     && (rc = WriteFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &wrote, 0))!=0
     && wrote>0
  ){
    amt -= wrote;
    pBuf = &((char*)pBuf)[wrote];



  }
  if( !rc || amt>(int)wrote ){

    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();





    if( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_HANDLE_DISK_FULL ){
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }

  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
static int winTruncate(sqlite3_file *id, sqlite3_int64 nByte){
  LONG upperBits = (LONG)((nByte>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  LONG lowerBits = (LONG)(nByte & 0xffffffff);
  DWORD dwRet;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE(("TRUNCATE %d %lld\n", pFile->h, nByte));
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE);
  dwRet = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  /* SetEndOfFile will fail if nByte is negative */
  }else if( !SetEndOfFile(pFile->h) ){





    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }

  OSTRACE(("TRUNCATE %d %lld %s\n", pFile->h, nByte, rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Count the number of fullsyncs and normal syncs.  This is used to test
** that syncs and fullsyncs are occuring at the right times.
................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((winFile*)id)->locktype;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = (int)((winFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;




    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      sqlite3_int64 sz = *(sqlite3_int64*)pArg;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      winTruncate(id, sz);
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      return SQLITE_OK;







>







 







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  HANDLE h;               /* Handle for accessing the file */
  unsigned char locktype; /* Type of lock currently held on this file */
  short sharedLockByte;   /* Randomly chosen byte used as a shared lock */
  DWORD lastErrno;        /* The Windows errno from the last I/O error */
  DWORD sectorSize;       /* Sector size of the device file is on */
  winShm *pShm;           /* Instance of shared memory on this file */
  const char *zPath;      /* Full pathname of this file */
  int szChunk;            /* Chunk size configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  WCHAR *zDeleteOnClose;  /* Name of file to delete when closing */
  HANDLE hMutex;          /* Mutex used to control access to shared lock */  
  HANDLE hShared;         /* Shared memory segment used for locking */
  winceLock local;        /* Locks obtained by this instance of winFile */
  winceLock *shared;      /* Global shared lock memory for the file  */
#endif
................................................................................
*****************************************************************************/
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE */

/*****************************************************************************
** The next group of routines implement the I/O methods specified
** by the sqlite3_io_methods object.
******************************************************************************/

/*
** Some microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
# define INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER ((DWORD)-1)
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first 
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0. 
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int seekWinFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */

  upperBits = (LONG)((iOffset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  lowerBits = (LONG)(iOffset & 0xffffffff);

  /* API oddity: If successful, SetFilePointer() returns a dword 
  ** containing the lower 32-bits of the new file-offset. Or, if it fails,
  ** it returns INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER. However according to MSDN, 
  ** INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER may also be a valid new offset. So to determine 
  ** whether an error has actually occured, it is also necessary to call 
  ** GetLastError().
  */
  dwRet = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && GetLastError()!=NO_ERROR) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    return 1;
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Close a file.
**
** It is reported that an attempt to close a handle might sometimes
** fail.  This is a very unreasonable result, but windows is notorious
** for being unreasonable so I do not doubt that it might happen.  If
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d %s\n", pFile->h, rc ? "ok" : "failed"));
  OpenCounter(-1);
  return rc ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR;
}








/*
** Read data from a file into a buffer.  Return SQLITE_OK if all
** bytes were read successfully and SQLITE_IOERR if anything goes
** wrong.
*/
static int winRead(
  sqlite3_file *id,          /* File to read from */
  void *pBuf,                /* Write content into this buffer */
  int amt,                   /* Number of bytes to read */
  sqlite3_int64 offset       /* Begin reading at this offset */
){



  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;  /* file handle */


  DWORD nRead;                    /* Number of bytes actually read from file */

  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_READ);
  OSTRACE(("READ %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));


  if( seekWinFile(pFile, offset) ){

    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  if( !ReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    return SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
  }
  if( nRead<(DWORD)amt ){
    /* Unread parts of the buffer must be zero-filled */
    memset(&((char*)pBuf)[nRead], 0, amt-nRead);
    return SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Write data from a buffer into a file.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
** or some other error code on failure.
*/
static int winWrite(
  sqlite3_file *id,               /* File to write into */
  const void *pBuf,               /* The bytes to be written */
  int amt,                        /* Number of bytes to write */
  sqlite3_int64 offset            /* Offset into the file to begin writing at */
){
  int rc;                         /* True if error has occured, else false */


  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;  /* File handle */



  assert( amt>0 );
  assert( pFile );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE);
  SimulateDiskfullError(return SQLITE_FULL);

  OSTRACE(("WRITE %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));








  rc = seekWinFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
    u8 *aRem = (u8 *)pBuf;        /* Data yet to be written */
    int nRem = amt;               /* Number of bytes yet to be written */
    DWORD nWrite;                 /* Bytes written by each WriteFile() call */









    while( nRem>0 && WriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) && nWrite>0 ){
      aRem += nWrite;
      nRem -= nWrite;
    }

    if( nRem>0 ){
      pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
      rc = 1;
    }
  }

  if( rc ){
    if( pFile->lastErrno==ERROR_HANDLE_DISK_FULL ){
      return SQLITE_FULL;


    }
    return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
static int winTruncate(sqlite3_file *id, sqlite3_int64 nByte){
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;  /* File handle object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code for this function */

  assert( pFile );

  OSTRACE(("TRUNCATE %d %lld\n", pFile->h, nByte));
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE);

  /* If the user has configured a chunk-size for this file, truncate the
  ** file so that it consists of an integer number of chunks (i.e. the
  ** actual file size after the operation may be larger than the requested
  ** size).
  */
  if( pFile->szChunk ){
    nByte = ((nByte + pFile->szChunk - 1)/pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
  }

  /* SetEndOfFile() returns non-zero when successful, or zero when it fails. */
  if( seekWinFile(pFile, nByte) ){
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }else if( 0==SetEndOfFile(pFile->h) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }

  OSTRACE(("TRUNCATE %d %lld %s\n", pFile->h, nByte, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** Count the number of fullsyncs and normal syncs.  This is used to test
** that syncs and fullsyncs are occuring at the right times.
................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((winFile*)id)->locktype;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = (int)((winFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      ((winFile*)id)->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      sqlite3_int64 sz = *(sqlite3_int64*)pArg;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      winTruncate(id, sz);
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      return SQLITE_OK;

Changes to src/pager.c.

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2964
....
2971
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2990
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2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003

3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
....
3047
3048
3049
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3051
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
....
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123






3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
....
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
3176
3177
3178
3179
3180
....
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204











3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
....
3276
3277
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282
3283





3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289

3290
3291
3292
3293








3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
....
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
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3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348

3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
....
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
....
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380

3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
....
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396


3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
....
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540





3541
3542

3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
....
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569

3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
....
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606

3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
....
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
....
3800
3801
3802
3803
3804
3805
3806
3807
3808
3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
....
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835

3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
....
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877

3878

3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
....
3946
3947
3948
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
3955
3956

3957
3958
3959
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
3972
3973
3974
3975
3976
3977
3978
3979
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
....
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
4049
4050
4051
4052
....
4053
4054
4055
4056
4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074



4075


4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085

4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
4100
4101
4102
4103
4104


4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114

4115
4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130



4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140

4141
4142
4143
4144
4145






4146
4147
4148


4149

4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
4191
4192

4193
4194
4195

4196




4197
















4198
4199
4200
4201

4202
4203
4204
4205
4206

4207

4208
4209
4210
4211
4212
4213
4214
....
4217
4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229

4230
4231
4232
4233
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
....
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
4249
4250
4251
4252










4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258



4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
....
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337

4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
....
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
....
4435
4436
4437
4438
4439
4440
4441
4442
4443
4444
4445
4446
4447
4448
4449
4450
4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
4461
4462
4463
4464
....
4495
4496
4497
4498
4499
4500
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4507

4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
4514
4515
4516
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
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4527
4528
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4533
4534
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4538
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4547
4548
4549
4550
4551
4552
4553
4554
4555
4556
4557
4558
4559
4560

4561
4562
4563



4564

4565
4566
4567
4568
4569
4570
4571
4572
4573
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578
4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595



4596
4597
4598

4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4607
4608
4609
4610
4611
4612
4613
4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622
4623
4624
4625
4626
4627
4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664


4665
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
....
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
4681
4682
4683
4684

4685
4686




4687
4688
4689
4690

4691
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
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4707
4708
4709
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722
4723
4724
4725
4726
4727

4728
4729
4730
4731
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737

4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746










4747
4748
4749
4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755

4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792
4793
4794
4795
4796
4797
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
....
4809
4810
4811
4812
4813
4814
4815
4816
4817
4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
....
4837
4838
4839
4840
4841
4842
4843




4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
....
4858
4859
4860
4861
4862
4863
4864
4865
4866
4867
4868
4869
4870
4871
4872
4873
4874
4875
4876
4877
4878
4879
4880
4881
4882
4883
4884
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
....
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
4911
4912
4913
4914
4915
4916
4917
4918
4919
4920
4921
4922
4923
4924
....
4976
4977
4978
4979
4980
4981
4982





4983
4984
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
....
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
....
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
























5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
....
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108




5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115



5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
....
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
....
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193
5194
5195
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
....
5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227

5228
5229
5230







5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238
5239
5240
5241
5242
5243
5244
5245
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
5258
5259
5260
5261
5262
5263



5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270
....
5284
5285
5286
5287
5288
5289
5290
5291
5292
5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308

5309
5310
5311
5312

5313
5314
5315
5316
5317
5318
5319
5320
5321
5322
5323



5324



5325
5326
5327
5328
5329

5330
5331
5332
5333

5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
5362
5363
5364
5365
5366
5367









5368
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
5391
5392


5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
....
5420
5421
5422
5423
5424
5425
5426
5427

5428
5429

5430
5431
5432
5433
5434
5435
5436
....
5441
5442
5443
5444
5445
5446
5447
5448
5449
5450
5451
5452
5453
5454
5455
5456
....
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479



5480
5481
5482
5483
5484
5485
5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
5493
5494
....
5497
5498
5499
5500
5501
5502
5503
5504
5505
5506
5507
5508
5509
5510
5511
5512
5513
5514
5515
5516
5517
5518
....
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
....
5592
5593
5594
5595
5596
5597
5598
5599
5600
5601
5602
5603
5604
5605
5606
5607
....
5691
5692
5693
5694
5695
5696
5697




5698
5699
5700
5701
5702
5703
5704
....
5740
5741
5742
5743
5744
5745
5746
5747
5748
5749
5750
5751
5752
5753
5754
5755
5756
5757
5758
5759
5760
5761
5762
5763
5764
5765
5766
5767
5768
5769
5770
5771
5772
5773










5774
5775
5776
5777
5778
5779
5780
5781
5782
5783
5784
5785
5786
5787
5788
5789
5790
5791
5792
5793
5794
5795
5796
5797
5798
5799
5800
5801
5802
5803
5804
5805
5806
5807
5808
5809
5810
5811
5812
5813
5814
5815
5816
5817
5818
5819
5820
5821
5822
5823
5824
5825
5826
....
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883







5884
5885
5886
5887
5888
5889
5890
....
5903
5904
5905
5906
5907
5908
5909
5910
5911
5912
5913
5914
5915
5916
5917
5918
5919

5920
5921
5922
5923
5924
5925
5926
5927
5928
5929
5930
....
5937
5938
5939
5940
5941
5942
5943




5944
5945

5946
5947
5948
5949

5950
5951
5952
5953
5954
5955
5956
5957
5958
5959
5960
5961

5962
5963
5964
5965
5966
5967
5968
....
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982

5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
5988
5989
....
6040
6041
6042
6043
6044
6045
6046
6047
6048
6049
6050
6051
6052
6053
6054
6055
6056
6057
6058
6059

6060


6061
6062
6063
6064



6065
6066
6067
6068
6069
6070
6071
6072

6073
6074
6075
6076
6077
6078
6079
6080
6081
6082
....
6094
6095
6096
6097
6098
6099
6100
6101
6102
6103
6104
6105
6106
6107
6108
....
6110
6111
6112
6113
6114
6115
6116
6117
6118
6119
6120
6121
6122
6123
6124
6125
6126
6127
6128
6129
6130
6131
6132
6133
6134
** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "wal.h"

/*

******************** NOTES ON THE DESIGN OF THE PAGER ************************




**
** Within this comment block, a page is deemed to have been synced
** automatically as soon as it is written when PRAGMA synchronous=OFF.
** Otherwise, the page is not synced until the xSync method of the VFS
** is called successfully on the file containing the page.
**
** Definition:  A page of the database file is said to be "overwriteable" if
................................................................................
** 
** (2) The content of a page written into the rollback journal exactly matches
**     both the content in the database when the rollback journal was written
**     and the content in the database at the beginning of the current
**     transaction.
** 
** (3) Writes to the database file are an integer multiple of the page size
**     in length and are aligned to a page boundary.
** 
** (4) Reads from the database file are either aligned on a page boundary and
**     an integer multiple of the page size in length or are taken from the
**     first 100 bytes of the database file.
** 
** (5) All writes to the database file are synced prior to the rollback journal
**     being deleted, truncated, or zeroed.
................................................................................
**     is called to restore the database file to the same size it was at
**     the beginning of the transaction.  (In some VFSes, the xTruncate
**     method is a no-op, but that does not change the fact the SQLite will
**     invoke it.)
** 
** (9) Whenever the database file is modified, at least one bit in the range
**     of bytes from 24 through 39 inclusive will be changed prior to releasing
**     the EXCLUSIVE lock.

**
** (10) The pattern of bits in bytes 24 through 39 shall not repeat in less
**      than one billion transactions.
**
** (11) A database file is well-formed at the beginning and at the conclusion
**      of every transaction.
**
** (12) An EXCLUSIVE lock is held on the database file when writing to
**      the database file.
**
** (13) A SHARED lock is held on the database file while reading any
**      content out of the database file.
*/


/*
** Macros for troubleshooting.  Normally turned off
*/
#if 0
int sqlite3PagerTrace=1;  /* True to enable tracing */
#define sqlite3DebugPrintf printf
................................................................................
** associated file-descriptor is returned. FILEHANDLEID() takes an sqlite3_file
** struct as its argument.
*/
#define PAGERID(p) ((int)(p->fd))
#define FILEHANDLEID(fd) ((int)fd)

/*
** The page cache as a whole is always in one of the following

** states:
**
**   PAGER_UNLOCK        The page cache is not currently reading or 
**                       writing the database file.  There is no
**                       data held in memory.  This is the initial
**                       state.
**
**   PAGER_SHARED        The page cache is reading the database.
**                       Writing is not permitted.  There can be
**                       multiple readers accessing the same database
**                       file at the same time.
**
**   PAGER_RESERVED      This process has reserved the database for writing
**                       but has not yet made any changes.  Only one process
**                       at a time can reserve the database.  The original
**                       database file has not been modified so other
**                       processes may still be reading the on-disk
**                       database file.

**
**   PAGER_EXCLUSIVE     The page cache is writing the database.
**                       Access is exclusive.  No other processes or
**                       threads can be reading or writing while one
**                       process is writing.
**

**   PAGER_SYNCED        The pager moves to this state from PAGER_EXCLUSIVE
**                       after all dirty pages have been written to the
**                       database file and the file has been synced to
**                       disk. All that remains to do is to remove or
**                       truncate the journal file and the transaction 
**                       will be committed.

**
** The page cache comes up in PAGER_UNLOCK.  The first time a
** sqlite3PagerGet() occurs, the state transitions to PAGER_SHARED.
** After all pages have been released using sqlite_page_unref(),
** the state transitions back to PAGER_UNLOCK.  The first time
** that sqlite3PagerWrite() is called, the state transitions to
** PAGER_RESERVED.  (Note that sqlite3PagerWrite() can only be
** called on an outstanding page which means that the pager must
** be in PAGER_SHARED before it transitions to PAGER_RESERVED.)
** PAGER_RESERVED means that there is an open rollback journal.
** The transition to PAGER_EXCLUSIVE occurs before any changes
** are made to the database file, though writes to the rollback






































































































































** journal occurs with just PAGER_RESERVED.  After an sqlite3PagerRollback()


** or sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(), the state can go back to PAGER_SHARED,
** or it can stay at PAGER_EXCLUSIVE if we are in exclusive access mode.


































*/
#define PAGER_UNLOCK      0
#define PAGER_SHARED      1   /* same as SHARED_LOCK */
#define PAGER_RESERVED    2   /* same as RESERVED_LOCK */
#define PAGER_EXCLUSIVE   4   /* same as EXCLUSIVE_LOCK */
#define PAGER_SYNCED      5
























































/*
** A macro used for invoking the codec if there is one
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
# define CODEC1(P,D,N,X,E) \
    if( P->xCodec && P->xCodec(P->pCodec,D,N,X)==0 ){ E; }
................................................................................
  Pgno iSubRec;                /* Index of first record in sub-journal */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u32 aWalData[WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA];        /* WAL savepoint context */
#endif
};

/*
** A open page cache is an instance of the following structure.
**
** errCode
**
**   Pager.errCode may be set to SQLITE_IOERR, SQLITE_CORRUPT, or
**   or SQLITE_FULL. Once one of the first three errors occurs, it persists
**   and is returned as the result of every major pager API call.  The
**   SQLITE_FULL return code is slightly different. It persists only until the
**   next successful rollback is performed on the pager cache. Also,
**   SQLITE_FULL does not affect the sqlite3PagerGet() and sqlite3PagerLookup()
**   APIs, they may still be used successfully.
**
** dbSizeValid, dbSize, dbOrigSize, dbFileSize
**
**   Managing the size of the database file in pages is a little complicated.
**   The variable Pager.dbSize contains the number of pages that the database
**   image currently contains. As the database image grows or shrinks this
**   variable is updated. The variable Pager.dbFileSize contains the number
**   of pages in the database file. This may be different from Pager.dbSize
**   if some pages have been appended to the database image but not yet written
**   out from the cache to the actual file on disk. Or if the image has been
**   truncated by an incremental-vacuum operation. The Pager.dbOrigSize variable
**   contains the number of pages in the database image when the current
**   transaction was opened. The contents of all three of these variables is
**   only guaranteed to be correct if the boolean Pager.dbSizeValid is true.
**
**   TODO: Under what conditions is dbSizeValid set? Cleared?
**
** changeCountDone
**
**   This boolean variable is used to make sure that the change-counter 
**   (the 4-byte header field at byte offset 24 of the database file) is 
**   not updated more often than necessary. 
**
................................................................................
**   The changeCountDone flag is inspected. If it is true, the work of
**   updating the change-counter is omitted for the current transaction.
**
**   This mechanism means that when running in exclusive mode, a connection 
**   need only update the change-counter once, for the first transaction
**   committed.
**
** dbModified
**
**   The dbModified flag is set whenever a database page is dirtied.
**   It is cleared at the end of each transaction.

**
**   It is used when committing or otherwise ending a transaction. If
**   the dbModified flag is clear then less work has to be done.
**
** journalStarted
**
**   This flag is set whenever the the main journal is opened and
**   initialized


**
**   The point of this flag is that it must be set after the 
**   first journal header in a journal file has been synced to disk.
**   After this has happened, new pages appended to the database 
**   do not need the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag set, as they do not need
**   to wait for a journal sync before they can be written out to
**   the database file (see function pager_write()).
**   
** setMaster



**
**   This variable is used to ensure that the master journal file name
**   (if any) is only written into the journal file once.

**
**   When committing a transaction, the master journal file name (if any)
**   may be written into the journal file while the pager is still in
**   PAGER_RESERVED state (see CommitPhaseOne() for the action). It
**   then attempts to upgrade to an exclusive lock. If this attempt
**   fails, then SQLITE_BUSY may be returned to the user and the user
**   may attempt to commit the transaction again later (calling
**   CommitPhaseOne() again). This flag is used to ensure that the 
**   master journal name is only written to the journal file the first
**   time CommitPhaseOne() is called.
**




** doNotSpill, doNotSyncSpill
**
**   When enabled, cache spills are prohibited.  The doNotSpill variable
**   inhibits all cache spill and doNotSyncSpill inhibits those spills that
**   would require a journal sync.  The doNotSyncSpill is set and cleared 
**   by sqlite3PagerWrite() in order to prevent a journal sync from happening 
**   in between the journalling of two pages on the same sector.  The
**   doNotSpill value set to prevent pagerStress() from trying to use
**   the journal during a rollback.
**
** needSync
**
**   TODO: It might be easier to set this variable in writeJournalHdr()
**   and writeMasterJournal() only. Change its meaning to "unsynced data
**   has been written to the journal".
**
** subjInMemory
**
**   This is a boolean variable. If true, then any required sub-journal
**   is opened as an in-memory journal file. If false, then in-memory
**   sub-journals are only used for in-memory pager files.
































































*/
struct Pager {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;          /* OS functions to use for IO */
  u8 exclusiveMode;           /* Boolean. True if locking_mode==EXCLUSIVE */
  u8 journalMode;             /* On of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_* values */
  u8 useJournal;              /* Use a rollback journal on this file */
  u8 noReadlock;              /* Do not bother to obtain readlocks */
  u8 noSync;                  /* Do not sync the journal if true */
  u8 fullSync;                /* Do extra syncs of the journal for robustness */
  u8 sync_flags;              /* One of SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL */
  u8 tempFile;                /* zFilename is a temporary file */
  u8 readOnly;                /* True for a read-only database */
  u8 memDb;                   /* True to inhibit all file I/O */


  /* The following block contains those class members that are dynamically
  ** modified during normal operations. The other variables in this structure
  ** are either constant throughout the lifetime of the pager, or else
  ** used to store configuration parameters that affect the way the pager 
  ** operates.
  **
  ** The 'state' variable is described in more detail along with the
  ** descriptions of the values it may take - PAGER_UNLOCK etc. Many of the
  ** other variables in this block are described in the comment directly 
  ** above this class definition.
  */
  u8 state;                   /* PAGER_UNLOCK, _SHARED, _RESERVED, etc. */
  u8 dbModified;              /* True if there are any changes to the Db */
  u8 needSync;                /* True if an fsync() is needed on the journal */
  u8 journalStarted;          /* True if header of journal is synced */


  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 doNotSyncSpill;          /* Do not do a spill that requires jrnl sync */
  u8 dbSizeValid;             /* Set when dbSize is correct */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */

  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
  u32 nSubRec;                /* Number of records written to sub-journal */
  Bitvec *pInJournal;         /* One bit for each page in the database file */
  sqlite3_file *fd;           /* File descriptor for database */
  sqlite3_file *jfd;          /* File descriptor for main journal */
  sqlite3_file *sjfd;         /* File descriptor for sub-journal */
  i64 journalOff;             /* Current write offset in the journal file */
  i64 journalHdr;             /* Byte offset to previous journal header */
  i64 journalSizeLimit;       /* Size limit for persistent journal files */
  PagerSavepoint *aSavepoint; /* Array of active savepoints */
  int nSavepoint;             /* Number of elements in aSavepoint[] */
  char dbFileVers[16];        /* Changes whenever database file changes */
  u32 sectorSize;             /* Assumed sector size during rollback */



  u16 nExtra;                 /* Add this many bytes to each in-memory page */
  i16 nReserve;               /* Number of unused bytes at end of each page */
  u32 vfsFlags;               /* Flags for sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */

  int pageSize;               /* Number of bytes in a page */
  Pgno mxPgno;                /* Maximum allowed size of the database */

  char *zFilename;            /* Name of the database file */
  char *zJournal;             /* Name of the journal file */
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void*); /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg;      /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nHit, nMiss;            /* Cache hits and missing */
  int nRead, nWrite;          /* Database pages read/written */
................................................................................
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void (*xCodecSizeChng)(void*,int,int); /* Notify of page size changes */
  void (*xCodecFree)(void*);             /* Destructor for the codec */
  void *pCodec;               /* First argument to xCodec... methods */
#endif
  char *pTmpSpace;            /* Pager.pageSize bytes of space for tmp use */
  PCache *pPCache;            /* Pointer to page cache object */
  sqlite3_backup *pBackup;    /* Pointer to list of ongoing backup processes */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  Wal *pWal;                  /* Write-ahead log used by "journal_mode=wal" */
  char *zWal;                 /* File name for write-ahead log */
#endif
};

/*
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** The maximum legal page number is (2^31 - 1).
*/
#define PAGER_MAX_PGNO 2147483647































#ifndef NDEBUG 
/*
** Usage:
**
**   assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );



*/
static int assert_pager_state(Pager *pPager){


  /* A temp-file is always in PAGER_EXCLUSIVE or PAGER_SYNCED state. */
  assert( pPager->tempFile==0 || pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE );












  /* The changeCountDone flag is always set for temp-files */


  assert( pPager->tempFile==0 || pPager->changeCountDone );










































































































  return 1;
}

















































#endif

/*
** Return true if it is necessary to write page *pPg into the sub-journal.
** A page needs to be written into the sub-journal if there exists one
** or more open savepoints for which:
**
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write a 32-bit integer into a string buffer in big-endian byte order.
*/
#define put32bits(A,B)  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)A,B)


/*
** Write a 32-bit integer into the given file descriptor.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success or an error code is something goes wrong.
*/
static int write32bits(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 offset, u32 val){
  char ac[4];
  put32bits(ac, val);
  return sqlite3OsWrite(fd, ac, 4, offset);
}

/*
** The argument to this macro is a file descriptor (type sqlite3_file*).
** Return 0 if it is not open, or non-zero (but not 1) if it is.
**
** This is so that expressions can be written as:
**

**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/



#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods)













/*
** If file pFd is open, call sqlite3OsUnlock() on it.








*/
static int osUnlock(sqlite3_file *pFd, int eLock){
  if( !isOpen(pFd) ){

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return sqlite3OsUnlock(pFd, eLock);









}

/*
** This function determines whether or not the atomic-write optimization
** can be used with this pager. The optimization can be used if:
**
**  (a) the value returned by OsDeviceCharacteristics() indicates that
................................................................................
** - 4 bytes: Database page size.
** 
** Followed by (JOURNAL_HDR_SZ - 28) bytes of unused space.
*/
static int writeJournalHdr(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                 /* Return code */
  char *zHeader = pPager->pTmpSpace;  /* Temporary space used to build header */
  u32 nHeader = pPager->pageSize;     /* Size of buffer pointed to by zHeader */
  u32 nWrite;                         /* Bytes of header sector written */
  int ii;                             /* Loop counter */

  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );      /* Journal file must be open. */

  if( nHeader>JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) ){
    nHeader = JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
................................................................................
  **   * When the pager is in no-sync mode. Corruption can follow a
  **     power failure in this case anyway.
  **
  **   * When the SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND flag is set. This guarantees
  **     that garbage data is never appended to the journal file.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->noSync );
  if( (pPager->noSync) || (pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY)
   || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND) 
  ){
    memcpy(zHeader, aJournalMagic, sizeof(aJournalMagic));
    put32bits(&zHeader[sizeof(aJournalMagic)], 0xffffffff);
  }else{
    memset(zHeader, 0, sizeof(aJournalMagic)+4);
  }
................................................................................
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  if( pPager->journalOff==0 ){
    u32 iPageSize;               /* Page-size field of journal header */
    u32 iSectorSize;             /* Sector-size field of journal header */
    u16 iPageSize16;             /* Copy of iPageSize in 16-bit variable */

    /* Read the page-size and sector-size journal header fields. */
    if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+20, &iSectorSize))
     || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+24, &iPageSize))
    ){
      return rc;
    }
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }

    /* Update the page-size to match the value read from the journal. 
    ** Use a testcase() macro to make sure that malloc failure within 
    ** PagerSetPagesize() is tested.
    */
    iPageSize16 = (u16)iPageSize;
    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pPager, &iPageSize16, -1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || iPageSize16==(u16)iPageSize );

    /* Update the assumed sector-size to match the value used by 
    ** the process that created this journal. If this journal was
    ** created by a process other than this one, then this routine
    ** is being called from within pager_playback(). The local value
    ** of Pager.sectorSize is restored at the end of that routine.
    */
................................................................................
static int writeMasterJournal(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster){
  int rc;                          /* Return code */
  int nMaster;                     /* Length of string zMaster */
  i64 iHdrOff;                     /* Offset of header in journal file */
  i64 jrnlSize;                    /* Size of journal file on disk */
  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  if( !zMaster || pPager->setMaster



   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
................................................................................
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster, nMaster)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+4, cksum)))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, aJournalMagic, 8, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+8)))
  ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPager->journalOff += (nMaster+20);
  pPager->needSync = !pPager->noSync;

  /* If the pager is in peristent-journal mode, then the physical 
  ** journal-file may extend past the end of the master-journal name
  ** and 8 bytes of magic data just written to the file. This is 
  ** dangerous because the code to rollback a hot-journal file
  ** will not be able to find the master-journal name to determine 
  ** whether or not the journal is hot. 
................................................................................
  ** fail, since no attempt to allocate dynamic memory will be made.
  */
  (void)sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0, &p);
  return p;
}

/*
** Unless the pager is in error-state, discard all in-memory pages. If
** the pager is in error-state, then this call is a no-op.
**
** TODO: Why can we not reset the pager while in error state?
*/
static void pager_reset(Pager *pPager){
  if( SQLITE_OK==pPager->errCode ){
    sqlite3BackupRestart(pPager->pBackup);
    sqlite3PcacheClear(pPager->pPCache);
    pPager->dbSizeValid = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Free all structures in the Pager.aSavepoint[] array and set both
** Pager.aSavepoint and Pager.nSavepoint to zero. Close the sub-journal
** if it is open and the pager is not in exclusive mode.
*/
................................................................................
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log instead of the usual
** rollback journal. Otherwise false.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
static int pagerUseWal(Pager *pPager){
  return (pPager->pWal!=0);
}
#else
# define pagerUseWal(x) 0
# define pagerRollbackWal(x) 0
# define pagerWalFrames(v,w,x,y,z) 0
# define pagerOpenWalIfPresent(z) SQLITE_OK
# define pagerBeginReadTransaction(z) SQLITE_OK
#endif

/*
** Unlock the database file. This function is a no-op if the pager
** is in exclusive mode.
**
** If the pager is currently in error state, discard the contents of 
** the cache and reset the Pager structure internal state. If there is
** an open journal-file, then the next time a shared-lock is obtained
** on the pager file (by this or any other process), it will be
** treated as a hot-journal and rolled back.
*/
static void pager_unlock(Pager *pPager){
  if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */





    int iDc = isOpen(pPager->fd)?sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd):0;

    /* If the operating system support deletion of open files, then
    ** close the journal file when dropping the database lock.  Otherwise
    ** another connection with journal_mode=delete might delete the file
    ** out from under us.
    */
................................................................................
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST  & 5)==1 );
    if( 0==(iDc & SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN)
     || 1!=(pPager->journalMode & 5)
    ){
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
    }

    sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
    pPager->pInJournal = 0;
    releaseAllSavepoints(pPager);

    /* If the file is unlocked, somebody else might change it. The
    ** values stored in Pager.dbSize etc. might become invalid if
    ** this happens.  One can argue that this doesn't need to be cleared
    ** until the change-counter check fails in PagerSharedLock().
    ** Clearing the page size cache here is being conservative.
    */
    pPager->dbSizeValid = 0;

    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);
    }else{
      rc = osUnlock(pPager->fd, NO_LOCK);
    }
    if( rc ){
      pPager->errCode = rc;
    }
    IOTRACE(("UNLOCK %p\n", pPager))

    /* If Pager.errCode is set, the contents of the pager cache cannot be
    ** trusted. Now that the pager file is unlocked, the contents of the
    ** cache can be discarded and the error code safely cleared.
    */
    if( pPager->errCode ){
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
      }
      pager_reset(pPager);
    }

    pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
    pPager->state = PAGER_UNLOCK;
    pPager->dbModified = 0;
  }
}

/*
** This function should be called when an IOERR, CORRUPT or FULL error
** may have occurred. The first argument is a pointer to the pager 
** structure, the second the error-code about to be returned by a pager 
** API function. The value returned is a copy of the second argument 
** to this function. 
**
** If the second argument is SQLITE_IOERR, SQLITE_CORRUPT, or SQLITE_FULL
** the error becomes persistent. Until the persistent error is cleared,
** subsequent API calls on this Pager will immediately return the same 
** error code.
**
** A persistent error indicates that the contents of the pager-cache 
** cannot be trusted. This state can be cleared by completely discarding 
** the contents of the pager-cache. If a transaction was active when
** the persistent error occurred, then the rollback journal may need
** to be replayed to restore the contents of the database file (as if
** it were a hot-journal).
*/
static int pager_error(Pager *pPager, int rc){
................................................................................
  assert(
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_FULL ||
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK ||
       (pPager->errCode & 0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR
  );
  if( rc2==SQLITE_FULL || rc2==SQLITE_IOERR ){
    pPager->errCode = rc;

  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Execute a rollback if a transaction is active and unlock the 
** database file. 
**
** If the pager has already entered the error state, do not attempt 
** the rollback at this time. Instead, pager_unlock() is called. The
** call to pager_unlock() will discard all in-memory pages, unlock
** the database file and clear the error state. If this means that
** there is a hot-journal left in the file-system, the next connection
** to obtain a shared lock on the pager (which may be this one) will
** roll it back.
**
** If the pager has not already entered the error state, but an IO or
** malloc error occurs during a rollback, then this will itself cause 
** the pager to enter the error state. Which will be cleared by the
** call to pager_unlock(), as described above.
*/
static void pagerUnlockAndRollback(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK && pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED ){
    sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
    sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  }
  pager_unlock(pPager);
}

/*
** This routine ends a transaction. A transaction is usually ended by 
** either a COMMIT or a ROLLBACK operation. This routine may be called 
** after rollback of a hot-journal, or if an error occurs while opening
** the journal file or writing the very first journal-header of a
** database transaction.
** 
** If the pager is in PAGER_SHARED or PAGER_UNLOCK state when this
** routine is called, it is a no-op (returns SQLITE_OK).

**
** Otherwise, any active savepoints are released.
**
** If the journal file is open, then it is "finalized". Once a journal 
** file has been finalized it is not possible to use it to roll back a 
** transaction. Nor will it be considered to be a hot-journal by this
** or any other database connection. Exactly how a journal is finalized
................................................................................
**     The journal file is closed and deleted using sqlite3OsDelete().
**
**     If the pager is running in exclusive mode, this method of finalizing
**     the journal file is never used. Instead, if the journalMode is
**     DELETE and the pager is in exclusive mode, the method described under
**     journalMode==PERSIST is used instead.
**
** After the journal is finalized, if running in non-exclusive mode, the
** pager moves to PAGER_SHARED state (and downgrades the lock on the
** database file accordingly).
**
** If the pager is running in exclusive mode and is in PAGER_SYNCED state,
** it moves to PAGER_EXCLUSIVE. No locks are downgraded when running in
** exclusive mode.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs. If an error occurs during
** any of the IO operations to finalize the journal file or unlock the
** database then the IO error code is returned to the user. If the 
** operation to finalize the journal file fails, then the code still
** tries to unlock the database file if not in exclusive mode. If the
** unlock operation fails as well, then the first error code related
................................................................................
** to the first error encountered (the journal finalization one) is
** returned.
*/
static int pager_end_transaction(Pager *pPager, int hasMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Error code from journal finalization operation */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Error code from db file unlock operation */

  if( pPager->state<PAGER_RESERVED ){















    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  releaseAllSavepoints(pPager);


  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->pInJournal==0 );
  if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

    /* Finalize the journal file. */
    if( sqlite3IsMemJournal(pPager->jfd) ){
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );
................................................................................
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE ){
      if( pPager->journalOff==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->jfd, 0);
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
      pPager->journalStarted = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster);
      pager_error(pPager, rc);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
      pPager->journalStarted = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal. 
      */
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
................................................................................
    sqlite3PcacheIterateDirty(pPager->pPCache, pager_set_pagehash);
#endif
  }
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
  pPager->pInJournal = 0;
  pPager->nRec = 0;
  sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);


  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc2 = sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pPager->pWal);
    assert( rc2==SQLITE_OK );
    pPager->state = PAGER_SHARED;

    /* If the connection was in locking_mode=exclusive mode but is no longer,
    ** drop the EXCLUSIVE lock held on the database file.
    */
    if( !pPager->exclusiveMode && sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 0) ){
      rc2 = osUnlock(pPager->fd, SHARED_LOCK);


    }
  }else if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){


    rc2 = osUnlock(pPager->fd, SHARED_LOCK);
    pPager->state = PAGER_SHARED;
    pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
  }else if( pPager->state==PAGER_SYNCED ){
    pPager->state = PAGER_EXCLUSIVE;
  }

  pPager->setMaster = 0;
  pPager->needSync = 0;
  pPager->dbModified = 0;





  /* TODO: Is this optimal? Why is the db size invalidated here 
  ** when the database file is not unlocked? */
  pPager->dbOrigSize = 0;

  sqlite3PcacheTruncate(pPager->pPCache, pPager->dbSize);
  if( !MEMDB ){
    pPager->dbSizeValid = 0;




















  }

  return (rc==SQLITE_OK?rc2:rc);

}

/*
** Parameter aData must point to a buffer of pPager->pageSize bytes
** of data. Compute and return a checksum based ont the contents of the 
** page of data and the current value of pPager->cksumInit.
**
** This is not a real checksum. It is really just the sum of the 
................................................................................

/*
** Read a single page from either the journal file (if isMainJrnl==1) or
** from the sub-journal (if isMainJrnl==0) and playback that page.
** The page begins at offset *pOffset into the file. The *pOffset
** value is increased to the start of the next page in the journal.
**
** The isMainJrnl flag is true if this is the main rollback journal and
** false for the statement journal.  The main rollback journal uses
** checksums - the statement journal does not.
**
** If the page number of the page record read from the (sub-)journal file
** is greater than the current value of Pager.dbSize, then playback is
** skipped and SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** If pDone is not NULL, then it is a record of pages that have already
** been played back.  If the page at *pOffset has already been played back
................................................................................
  assert( (isSavepnt&~1)==0 );       /* isSavepnt is 0 or 1 */
  assert( isMainJrnl || pDone );     /* pDone always used on sub-journals */
  assert( isSavepnt || pDone==0 );   /* pDone never used on non-savepoint */

  aData = pPager->pTmpSpace;
  assert( aData );         /* Temp storage must have already been allocated */
  assert( pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 || (!isMainJrnl && isSavepnt) );












  /* Read the page number and page data from the journal or sub-journal
  ** file. Return an error code to the caller if an IO error occurs.
  */
  jfd = isMainJrnl ? pPager->jfd : pPager->sjfd;
  rc = read32bits(jfd, *pOffset, &pgno);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................

  /* If this page has already been played by before during the current
  ** rollback, then don't bother to play it back again.
  */
  if( pDone && (rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pDone, pgno))!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pPager->state==PAGER_RESERVED || pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE );

  /* When playing back page 1, restore the nReserve setting
  */
  if( pgno==1 && pPager->nReserve!=((u8*)aData)[20] ){
    pPager->nReserve = ((u8*)aData)[20];
    pagerReportSize(pPager);
  }

  /* If the pager is in RESERVED state, then there must be a copy of this
  ** page in the pager cache. In this case just update the pager cache,
  ** not the database file. The page is left marked dirty in this case.
  **
  ** An exception to the above rule: If the database is in no-sync mode
  ** and a page is moved during an incremental vacuum then the page may
  ** not be in the pager cache. Later: if a malloc() or IO error occurs
  ** during a Movepage() call, then the page may not be in the cache
  ** either. So the condition described in the above paragraph is not
  ** assert()able.
  **
  ** If in EXCLUSIVE state, then we update the pager cache if it exists
  ** and the main file. The page is then marked not dirty.



  **
  ** Ticket #1171:  The statement journal might contain page content that is
  ** different from the page content at the start of the transaction.
  ** This occurs when a page is changed prior to the start of a statement
  ** then changed again within the statement.  When rolling back such a
  ** statement we must not write to the original database unless we know
  ** for certain that original page contents are synced into the main rollback
................................................................................
  */
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    pPg = 0;
  }else{
    pPg = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  }
  assert( pPg || !MEMDB );

  PAGERTRACE(("PLAYBACK %d page %d hash(%08x) %s\n",
           PAGERID(pPager), pgno, pager_datahash(pPager->pageSize, (u8*)aData),
           (isMainJrnl?"main-journal":"sub-journal")
  ));
  if( isMainJrnl ){
    isSynced = pPager->noSync || (*pOffset <= pPager->journalHdr);
  }else{
    isSynced = (pPg==0 || 0==(pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC));
  }
  if( (pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE)
   && isOpen(pPager->fd)

   && isSynced
  ){
    i64 ofst = (pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;
    testcase( !isSavepnt && pPg!=0 && (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 );
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->fd, (u8*)aData, pPager->pageSize, ofst);
    if( pgno>pPager->dbFileSize ){
................................................................................


/*
** This function is used to change the actual size of the database 
** file in the file-system. This only happens when committing a transaction,
** or rolling back a transaction (including rolling back a hot-journal).
**
** If the main database file is not open, or an exclusive lock is not
** held, this function is a no-op. Otherwise, the size of the file is
** changed to nPage pages (nPage*pPager->pageSize bytes). If the file
** on disk is currently larger than nPage pages, then use the VFS
** xTruncate() method to truncate it.
**
** Or, it might might be the case that the file on disk is smaller than 
** nPage pages. Some operating system implementations can get confused if 
** you try to truncate a file to some size that is larger than it 
** currently is, so detect this case and write a single zero byte to 
** the end of the new file instead.
**
** If successful, return SQLITE_OK. If an IO error occurs while modifying
** the database file, return the error code to the caller.
*/
static int pager_truncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



  if( pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE && isOpen(pPager->fd) ){


    i64 currentSize, newSize;

    /* TODO: Is it safe to use Pager.dbFileSize here? */
    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->fd, &currentSize);
    newSize = pPager->pageSize*(i64)nPage;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && currentSize!=newSize ){
      if( currentSize>newSize ){
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->fd, newSize);
      }else{
................................................................................
  int needPagerReset;      /* True to reset page prior to first page rollback */

  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || szJ==0 ){
    goto end_playback;
  }

  /* Read the master journal name from the journal, if it is present.
  ** If a master journal file name is specified, but the file is not
  ** present on disk, then the journal is not hot and does not need to be
  ** played back.
................................................................................
  /* This loop terminates either when a readJournalHdr() or 
  ** pager_playback_one_page() call returns SQLITE_DONE or an IO error 
  ** occurs. 
  */
  while( 1 ){
    /* Read the next journal header from the journal file.  If there are
    ** not enough bytes left in the journal file for a complete header, or
    ** it is corrupted, then a process must of failed while writing it.
    ** This indicates nothing more needs to be rolled back.
    */
    rc = readJournalHdr(pPager, isHot, szJ, &nRec, &mxPg);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){ 
      if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }
................................................................................
  pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    zMaster = pPager->pTmpSpace;
    rc = readMasterJournal(pPager->jfd, zMaster, pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->noSync==0 && pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE ){


    rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->sync_flags);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, zMaster[0]!='\0');
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zMaster[0] && res ){
................................................................................
static int readDbPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* Pager object associated with page pPg */
  Pgno pgno = pPg->pgno;       /* Page number to read */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */
  int isInWal = 0;             /* True if page is in log file */
  int pgsz = pPager->pageSize; /* Number of bytes to read */

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED && !MEMDB );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );

  if( NEVER(!isOpen(pPager->fd)) ){
    assert( pPager->tempFile );
    memset(pPg->pData, 0, pPager->pageSize);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
................................................................................
** other writers or checkpointers.
*/
static int pagerBeginReadTransaction(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int changed = 0;                /* True if cache must be reset */

  assert( pagerUseWal(pPager) );


  /* sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction() was not called for the previous
  ** transaction in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE.  So call it now.  If we
  ** are in locking_mode=NORMAL and EndRead() was previously called,
  ** the duplicate call is harmless.
  */
  sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);

  rc = sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(pPager->pWal, &changed);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int dummy;
    if( changed ){
      pager_reset(pPager);
      assert( pPager->errCode || pPager->dbSizeValid==0 );
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &dummy);
  }
  pPager->state = PAGER_SHARED;





































  return rc;
}




















/*
** Check if the *-wal file that corresponds to the database opened by pPager
** exists if the database is not empy, or verify that the *-wal file does
** not exist (by deleting it) if the database file is empty.
**
** If the database is not empty and the *-wal file exists, open the pager
** in WAL mode.  If the database is empty or if no *-wal file exists and
** if no error occurs, make sure Pager.journalMode is not set to
** PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK or an error code.
**
** If the WAL file is opened, also open a snapshot (read transaction).
**
** The caller must hold a SHARED lock on the database file to call this
** function. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock on the db file is required to delete 
** a WAL on a none-empty database, this ensures there is no race condition 
** between the xAccess() below and an xDelete() being executed by some 
** other connection.
*/
static int pagerOpenWalIfPresent(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



  if( !pPager->tempFile ){
    int isWal;                    /* True if WAL file exists */
    int nPage;                    /* Size of the database file */
    assert( pPager->state>=SHARED_LOCK );

    rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( nPage==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, 0);
      isWal = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &isWal
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( isWal ){
        pager_reset(pPager);
        rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pPager, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = pagerBeginReadTransaction(pPager);
        }
      }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
*/
static int pagerPlaybackSavepoint(Pager *pPager, PagerSavepoint *pSavepoint){
  i64 szJ;                 /* Effective size of the main journal */
  i64 iHdrOff;             /* End of first segment of main-journal records */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Return code */
  Bitvec *pDone = 0;       /* Bitvec to ensure pages played back only once */

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED );


  /* Allocate a bitvec to use to store the set of pages rolled back */
  if( pSavepoint ){
    pDone = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pSavepoint->nOrig);
    if( !pDone ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
................................................................................
** and FULL=3.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager *pPager, int level, int bFullFsync){
  pPager->noSync =  (level==1 || pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  pPager->fullSync = (level==3 && !pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  pPager->sync_flags = (bFullFsync?SQLITE_SYNC_FULL:SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL);
  if( pPager->noSync ) pPager->needSync = 0;
}
#endif

/*
** The following global variable is incremented whenever the library
** attempts to open a temporary file.  This information is used for
** testing and analysis only.  
................................................................................

/*
** Change the page size used by the Pager object. The new page size 
** is passed in *pPageSize.
**
** If the pager is in the error state when this function is called, it
** is a no-op. The value returned is the error state error code (i.e. 
** one of SQLITE_IOERR, SQLITE_CORRUPT or SQLITE_FULL).
**
** Otherwise, if all of the following are true:
**
**   * the new page size (value of *pPageSize) is valid (a power 
**     of two between 512 and SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE, inclusive), and
**
**   * there are no outstanding page references, and
................................................................................
** In all other cases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** If the page size is not changed, either because one of the enumerated
** conditions above is not true, the pager was in error state when this
** function was called, or because the memory allocation attempt failed, 
** then *pPageSize is set to the old, retained page size before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager *pPager, u16 *pPageSize, int nReserve){
  int rc = pPager->errCode;

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){









    u16 pageSize = *pPageSize;
    assert( pageSize==0 || (pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE) );
    if( (pPager->memDb==0 || pPager->dbSize==0)
     && sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0 
     && pageSize && pageSize!=pPager->pageSize 
    ){







      char *pNew = (char *)sqlite3PageMalloc(pageSize);
      if( !pNew ){


        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        pager_reset(pPager);

        pPager->pageSize = pageSize;
        sqlite3PageFree(pPager->pTmpSpace);
        pPager->pTmpSpace = pNew;
        sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(pPager->pPCache, pageSize);
      }
    }

    *pPageSize = (u16)pPager->pageSize;

    if( nReserve<0 ) nReserve = pPager->nReserve;
    assert( nReserve>=0 && nReserve<1000 );
    pPager->nReserve = (i16)nReserve;
    pagerReportSize(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** Attempt to set the maximum database page count if mxPage is positive. 
** Make no changes if mxPage is zero or negative.  And never reduce the
** maximum page count below the current size of the database.
**
** Regardless of mxPage, return the current maximum page count.
*/
int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager *pPager, int mxPage){
  int nPage;
  if( mxPage>0 ){
    pPager->mxPgno = mxPage;
  }
  if( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK ){
    sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
    assert( (int)pPager->mxPgno>=nPage );
  }
  return pPager->mxPgno;
}

/*
** The following set of routines are used to disable the simulated
** I/O error mechanism.  These routines are used to avoid simulated
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*

** Return the total number of pages in the database file associated 
** with pPager. Normally, this is calculated as (<db file size>/<page-size>).

** However, if the file is between 1 and <page-size> bytes in size, then 
** this is considered a 1 page file.
**
** If the pager is in error state when this function is called, then the
** error state error code is returned and *pnPage left unchanged. Or,
** if the file system has to be queried for the size of the file and
** the query attempt returns an IO error, the IO error code is returned
** and *pnPage is left unchanged.
**
** Otherwise, if everything is successful, then SQLITE_OK is returned
** and *pnPage is set to the number of pages in the database.
*/
int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager *pPager, int *pnPage){
  Pgno nPage = 0;           /* Value to return via *pnPage */

  /* Determine the number of pages in the file. Store this in nPage. */
  if( pPager->dbSizeValid ){
    nPage = pPager->dbSize;
  }else{
    int rc;                 /* Error returned by OsFileSize() */
    i64 n = 0;              /* File size in bytes returned by OsFileSize() */

    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) && pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK ){
      sqlite3WalDbsize(pPager->pWal, &nPage);
    }

    if( nPage==0 ){
      assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->tempFile );
      if( isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
        if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->fd, &n)) ){
          pager_error(pPager, rc);
          return rc;
        }
      }
      if( n>0 && n<pPager->pageSize ){
        nPage = 1;
      }else{
        nPage = (Pgno)(n / pPager->pageSize);
      }
    }
    if( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK ){


      pPager->dbSize = nPage;
      pPager->dbFileSize = nPage;
      pPager->dbSizeValid = 1;
    }
  }

  /* If the current number of pages in the file is greater than the 
  ** configured maximum pager number, increase the allowed limit so
  ** that the file can be read.
  */
  if( nPage>pPager->mxPgno ){
    pPager->mxPgno = (Pgno)nPage;
  }

  /* Set the output variable and return SQLITE_OK */
  *pnPage = nPage;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Try to obtain a lock of type locktype on the database file. If
** a similar or greater lock is already held, this function is a no-op
** (returning SQLITE_OK immediately).
................................................................................
** Return SQLITE_OK on success and an error code if we cannot obtain
** the lock. If the lock is obtained successfully, set the Pager.state 
** variable to locktype before returning.
*/
static int pager_wait_on_lock(Pager *pPager, int locktype){
  int rc;                              /* Return code */

  /* The OS lock values must be the same as the Pager lock values */
  assert( PAGER_SHARED==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( PAGER_RESERVED==RESERVED_LOCK );
  assert( PAGER_EXCLUSIVE==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );

  /* If the file is currently unlocked then the size must be unknown. It
  ** must not have been modified at this point.
  */
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED || pPager->dbSizeValid==0 );
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED || pPager->dbModified==0 );

  /* Check that this is either a no-op (because the requested lock is 
  ** already held, or one of the transistions that the busy-handler
  ** may be invoked during, according to the comment above
  ** sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler().
  */
  assert( (pPager->state>=locktype)
       || (pPager->state==PAGER_UNLOCK && locktype==PAGER_SHARED)
       || (pPager->state==PAGER_RESERVED && locktype==PAGER_EXCLUSIVE)
  );

  if( pPager->state>=locktype ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    do {
      rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, locktype);

    }while( rc==SQLITE_BUSY && pPager->xBusyHandler(pPager->pBusyHandlerArg) );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->state = (u8)locktype;
      IOTRACE(("LOCK %p %d\n", pPager, locktype))
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Function assertTruncateConstraint(pPager) checks that one of the 
** following is true for all dirty pages currently in the page-cache:
**
................................................................................
/*
** Truncate the in-memory database file image to nPage pages. This 
** function does not actually modify the database file on disk. It 
** just sets the internal state of the pager object so that the 
** truncation will be done when the current transaction is committed.
*/
void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  assert( pPager->dbSizeValid );
  assert( pPager->dbSize>=nPage );
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  pPager->dbSize = nPage;
  assertTruncateConstraint(pPager);
}


/*
** This function is called before attempting a hot-journal rollback. It
................................................................................
** to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager){
  u8 *pTmp = (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace;

  disable_simulated_io_errors();
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  pPager->errCode = 0;
  pPager->exclusiveMode = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal,
    (pPager->noSync ? 0 : pPager->sync_flags), 
    pPager->pageSize, pTmp
  );
  pPager->pWal = 0;
#endif
  pager_reset(pPager);
  if( MEMDB ){
    pager_unlock(pPager);
  }else{
    /* Set Pager.journalHdr to -1 for the benefit of the pager_playback() 
    ** call which may be made from within pagerUnlockAndRollback(). If it
    ** is not -1, then the unsynced portion of an open journal file may
    ** be played back into the database. If a power failure occurs while
    ** this is happening, the database may become corrupt.






    */
    if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      pPager->errCode = pagerSyncHotJournal(pPager);
    }
    pagerUnlockAndRollback(pPager);
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  enable_simulated_io_errors();
  PAGERTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  IOTRACE(("CLOSE %p\n", pPager))
................................................................................
}

/*
** Sync the journal. In other words, make sure all the pages that have
** been written to the journal have actually reached the surface of the
** disk and can be restored in the event of a hot-journal rollback.
**
** If the Pager.needSync flag is not set, then this function is a
** no-op. Otherwise, the actions required depend on the journal-mode
** and the device characteristics of the the file-system, as follows:
**
**   * If the journal file is an in-memory journal file, no action need
**     be taken.
**
**   * Otherwise, if the device does not support the SAFE_APPEND property,
**     then the nRec field of the most recently written journal header
**     is updated to contain the number of journal records that have
................................................................................
**     if( NOT SAFE_APPEND ){
**       if( <full-sync mode> ) xSync(<journal file>);
**       <update nRec field>
**     } 
**     if( NOT SEQUENTIAL ) xSync(<journal file>);
**   }
**
** The Pager.needSync flag is never be set for temporary files, or any
** file operating in no-sync mode (Pager.noSync set to non-zero).
**
** If successful, this routine clears the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag of every 
** page currently held in memory before returning SQLITE_OK. If an IO
** error is encountered, then the IO error code is returned to the caller.
*/
static int syncJournal(Pager *pPager){











  if( pPager->needSync ){
    assert( !pPager->tempFile );
    if( pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
      int rc;                              /* Return code */
      const int iDc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);
      assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );

      if( 0==(iDc&SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND) ){
        /* This block deals with an obscure problem. If the last connection
        ** that wrote to this database was operating in persistent-journal
        ** mode, then the journal file may at this point actually be larger
................................................................................
        PAGERTRACE(("SYNC journal of %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
        IOTRACE(("JSYNC %p\n", pPager))
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->sync_flags| 
          (pPager->sync_flags==SQLITE_SYNC_FULL?SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY:0)
        );
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
      }
    }






    /* The journal file was just successfully synced. Set Pager.needSync 
    ** to zero and clear the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag on all pagess.
    */
    pPager->needSync = 0;
    pPager->journalStarted = 1;

    pPager->journalHdr = pPager->journalOff;
    sqlite3PcacheClearSyncFlags(pPager->pPCache);
  }









  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The argument is the first in a linked list of dirty pages connected
** by the PgHdr.pDirty pointer. This function writes each one of the
** in-memory pages in the list to the database file. The argument may
................................................................................
** the database file.
**
** If everything is successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an IO error 
** occurs, an IO error code is returned. Or, if the EXCLUSIVE lock cannot
** be obtained, SQLITE_BUSY is returned.
*/
static int pager_write_pagelist(Pager *pPager, PgHdr *pList){
  int rc;                              /* Return code */

  /* At this point there may be either a RESERVED or EXCLUSIVE lock on the
  ** database file. If there is already an EXCLUSIVE lock, the following
  ** call is a no-op.
  **
  ** Moving the lock from RESERVED to EXCLUSIVE actually involves going
  ** through an intermediate state PENDING.   A PENDING lock prevents new
  ** readers from attaching to the database but is unsufficient for us to
  ** write.  The idea of a PENDING lock is to prevent new readers from
  ** coming in while we wait for existing readers to clear.
  **
  ** While the pager is in the RESERVED state, the original database file
  ** is unchanged and we can rollback without having to playback the
  ** journal into the original database file.  Once we transition to
  ** EXCLUSIVE, it means the database file has been changed and any rollback
  ** will require a journal playback.
  */
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);

  /* If the file is a temp-file has not yet been opened, open it now. It
  ** is not possible for rc to be other than SQLITE_OK if this branch
  ** is taken, as pager_wait_on_lock() is a no-op for temp-files.
  */
  if( !isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
    assert( pPager->tempFile && rc==SQLITE_OK );
................................................................................
  }

#if 0
  /* Before the first write, give the VFS a hint of what the final
  ** file size will be.
  */
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->dbSize>(pPager->dbOrigSize+1) ){
    sqlite3_int64 szFile = pPager->pageSize * (sqlite3_int64)pPager->dbSize;
    sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &szFile);
  }
#endif

  /* Before the first write, give the VFS a hint of what the final
  ** file size will be.
................................................................................
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && pPager->dbSize>(pPager->dbFileSize+1)
   && isOpen(pPager->fd)
  ){
    sqlite3_int64 szFile = pPager->pageSize * (sqlite3_int64)pPager->dbSize;
    sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &szFile);

  }

  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pList ){
    Pgno pgno = pList->pgno;

    /* If there are dirty pages in the page cache with page numbers greater
    ** than Pager.dbSize, this means sqlite3PagerTruncateImage() was called to
................................................................................
    **
    ** Also, do not write out any page that has the PGHDR_DONT_WRITE flag
    ** set (set by sqlite3PagerDontWrite()).
    */
    if( pgno<=pPager->dbSize && 0==(pList->flags&PGHDR_DONT_WRITE) ){
      i64 offset = (pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;   /* Offset to write */
      char *pData;                                   /* Data to write */    



      /* Encode the database */
      CODEC2(pPager, pList->pData, pgno, 6, return SQLITE_NOMEM, pData);

      /* Write out the page data. */
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->fd, pData, pPager->pageSize, offset);

................................................................................
  ** journal (and adding a new header) is not allowed.  This occurs
  ** during calls to sqlite3PagerWrite() while trying to journal multiple
  ** pages belonging to the same sector.
  **
  ** The doNotSpill flag inhibits all cache spilling regardless of whether
  ** or not a sync is required.  This is set during a rollback.
  **
  ** Spilling is also inhibited when in an error state.





  */
  if( pPager->errCode ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pPager->doNotSpill ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSyncSpill && (pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pagerWalFrames(pPager, pPg, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
  
    /* Sync the journal file if required. */
    if( pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC ){
      assert( !pPager->noSync );
      rc = syncJournal(pPager);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 
        !(pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY) &&
        !(sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND)
      ){
        pPager->nRec = 0;
        rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);
      }

    }
  
    /* If the page number of this page is larger than the current size of
    ** the database image, it may need to be written to the sub-journal.
    ** This is because the call to pager_write_pagelist() below will not
    ** actually write data to the file in this case.
    **
................................................................................
        rc==SQLITE_OK && pPg->pgno>pPager->dbSize && subjRequiresPage(pPg)
    ) ){
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg);
    }
  
    /* Write the contents of the page out to the database file. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager, pPg);
    }
  }

  /* Mark the page as clean. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    PAGERTRACE(("STRESS %d page %d\n", PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno));
................................................................................
  int readOnly = 0;        /* True if this is a read-only file */
  int journalFileSize;     /* Bytes to allocate for each journal fd */
  char *zPathname = 0;     /* Full path to database file */
  int nPathname = 0;       /* Number of bytes in zPathname */
  int useJournal = (flags & PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL)==0; /* False to omit journal */
  int noReadlock = (flags & PAGER_NO_READLOCK)!=0;  /* True to omit read-lock */
  int pcacheSize = sqlite3PcacheSize();       /* Bytes to allocate for PCache */
  u16 szPageDflt = SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE;  /* Default page size */

  /* Figure out how much space is required for each journal file-handle
  ** (there are two of them, the main journal and the sub-journal). This
  ** is the maximum space required for an in-memory journal file handle 
  ** and a regular journal file-handle. Note that a "regular journal-handle"
  ** may be a wrapper capable of caching the first portion of the journal
  ** file in memory to implement the atomic-write optimization (see 
................................................................................
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !readOnly ){
      setSectorSize(pPager);
      assert(SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE<=SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE);
      if( szPageDflt<pPager->sectorSize ){
        if( pPager->sectorSize>SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE ){
          szPageDflt = SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE;
        }else{
          szPageDflt = (u16)pPager->sectorSize;
        }
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
      {
        int iDc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);
        int ii;
        assert(SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512==(512>>8));
................................................................................
    ** opening the file until the first call to OsWrite().
    **
    ** This branch is also run for an in-memory database. An in-memory
    ** database is the same as a temp-file that is never written out to
    ** disk and uses an in-memory rollback journal.
    */ 
    tempFile = 1;
    pPager->state = PAGER_EXCLUSIVE;

    readOnly = (vfsFlags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  }

  /* The following call to PagerSetPagesize() serves to set the value of 
  ** Pager.pageSize and to allocate the Pager.pTmpSpace buffer.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  IOTRACE(("OPEN %p %s\n", pPager, pPager->zFilename))

  pPager->useJournal = (u8)useJournal;
  pPager->noReadlock = (noReadlock && readOnly) ?1:0;
  /* pPager->stmtOpen = 0; */
  /* pPager->stmtInUse = 0; */
  /* pPager->nRef = 0; */
  pPager->dbSizeValid = (u8)memDb;
  /* pPager->stmtSize = 0; */
  /* pPager->stmtJSize = 0; */
  /* pPager->nPage = 0; */
  pPager->mxPgno = SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT;
  /* pPager->state = PAGER_UNLOCK; */

  assert( pPager->state == (tempFile ? PAGER_EXCLUSIVE : PAGER_UNLOCK) );

  /* pPager->errMask = 0; */
  pPager->tempFile = (u8)tempFile;
  assert( tempFile==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL 
          || tempFile==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE );
  assert( PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE==1 );
  pPager->exclusiveMode = (u8)tempFile; 
  pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->memDb = (u8)memDb;
  pPager->readOnly = (u8)readOnly;
  /* pPager->needSync = 0; */
  assert( useJournal || pPager->tempFile );
  pPager->noSync = pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->fullSync = pPager->noSync ?0:1;
  pPager->sync_flags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
  /* pPager->pFirst = 0; */
  /* pPager->pFirstSynced = 0; */
  /* pPager->pLast = 0; */
................................................................................
*/
static int hasHotJournal(Pager *pPager, int *pExists){
  sqlite3_vfs * const pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;           /* Return code */
  int exists = 1;               /* True if a journal file is present */
  int jrnlOpen = !!isOpen(pPager->jfd);

  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pPager->useJournal );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  assert( pPager->state <= PAGER_SHARED );

  assert( jrnlOpen==0 || ( sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->jfd) &
    SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
  ));

  *pExists = 0;
  if( !jrnlOpen ){
    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &exists);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && exists ){
    int locked;                 /* True if some process holds a RESERVED lock */

    /* Race condition here:  Another process might have been holding the
    ** the RESERVED lock and have a journal open at the sqlite3OsAccess() 
    ** call above, but then delete the journal and drop the lock before
    ** we get to the following sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock() call.  If that
    ** is the case, this routine might think there is a hot journal when
    ** in fact there is none.  This results in a false-positive which will
    ** be dealt with by the playback routine.  Ticket #3883.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd, &locked);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !locked ){
      int nPage;

      /* Check the size of the database file. If it consists of 0 pages,
      ** then delete the journal file. See the header comment above for 
      ** the reasoning here.  Delete the obsolete journal file under
      ** a RESERVED lock to avoid race conditions and to avoid violating
      ** [H33020].
      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( nPage==0 ){
          sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
          if( sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, RESERVED_LOCK)==SQLITE_OK ){
            sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
            sqlite3OsUnlock(pPager->fd, SHARED_LOCK);
          }
          sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
        }else{
          /* The journal file exists and no other connection has a reserved
          ** or greater lock on the database file. Now check that there is
          ** at least one non-zero bytes at the start of the journal file.
          ** If there is, then we consider this journal to be hot. If not, 
................................................................................
** This function is called to obtain a shared lock on the database file.
** It is illegal to call sqlite3PagerAcquire() until after this function
** has been successfully called. If a shared-lock is already held when
** this function is called, it is a no-op.
**
** The following operations are also performed by this function.
**
**   1) If the pager is currently in PAGER_UNLOCK state (no lock held
**      on the database file), then an attempt is made to obtain a
**      SHARED lock on the database file. Immediately after obtaining
**      the SHARED lock, the file-system is checked for a hot-journal,
**      which is played back if present. Following any hot-journal 
**      rollback, the contents of the cache are validated by checking
**      the 'change-counter' field of the database file header and
**      discarded if they are found to be invalid.
................................................................................
**
**   2) If the pager is running in exclusive-mode, and there are currently
**      no outstanding references to any pages, and is in the error state,
**      then an attempt is made to clear the error state by discarding
**      the contents of the page cache and rolling back any open journal
**      file.
**
** If the operation described by (2) above is not attempted, and if the
** pager is in an error state other than SQLITE_FULL when this is called,
** the error state error code is returned. It is permitted to read the
** database when in SQLITE_FULL error state.
**
** Otherwise, if everything is successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an
** IO error occurs while locking the database, checking for a hot-journal
** file or rolling back a journal file, the IO error code is returned.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                /* Return code */
  int isErrorReset = 0;              /* True if recovering from error state */

  /* This routine is only called from b-tree and only when there are no
  ** outstanding pages */



  assert( sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );


  if( NEVER(MEMDB && pPager->errCode) ){ return pPager->errCode; }

  /* If this database is in an error-state, now is a chance to clear
  ** the error. Discard the contents of the pager-cache and rollback
  ** any hot journal in the file-system.
  */
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->zJournal ){
      isErrorReset = 1;
    }

    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
    pager_reset(pPager);
  }

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc = pagerBeginReadTransaction(pPager);
  }else if( pPager->state==PAGER_UNLOCK || isErrorReset ){
    sqlite3_vfs * const pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
    int isHotJournal = 0;
    assert( !MEMDB );
    assert( sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
    if( pPager->noReadlock ){
      assert( pPager->readOnly );
      pPager->state = PAGER_SHARED;
    }else{
      rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pPager->state==PAGER_UNLOCK );
        return pager_error(pPager, rc);


      }
    }
    assert( pPager->state>=SHARED_LOCK );

    /* If a journal file exists, and there is no RESERVED lock on the
    ** database file, then it either needs to be played back or deleted.
    */
    if( !isErrorReset ){
      assert( pPager->state <= PAGER_SHARED );
      rc = hasHotJournal(pPager, &isHotJournal);

      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto failed;
      }
    }
    if( isErrorReset || isHotJournal ){
      /* Get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. At this point it is
      ** important that a RESERVED lock is not obtained on the way to the
      ** EXCLUSIVE lock. If it were, another process might open the
      ** database file, detect the RESERVED lock, and conclude that the
      ** database is safe to read while this process is still rolling the 
      ** hot-journal back.
      ** 
      ** Because the intermediate RESERVED lock is not requested, any
      ** other process attempting to access the database file will get to 
      ** this point in the code and fail to obtain its own EXCLUSIVE lock 
      ** on the database file.



      */
      if( pPager->state<EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
        rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = pager_error(pPager, rc);
          goto failed;
        }
        pPager->state = PAGER_EXCLUSIVE;
      }
 

      /* Open the journal for read/write access. This is because in 
      ** exclusive-access mode the file descriptor will be kept open and
      ** possibly used for a transaction later on. On some systems, the
      ** OsTruncate() call used in exclusive-access mode also requires
      ** a read/write file handle.






      */
      if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
        int res;


        rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs,pPager->zJournal,SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS,&res);

        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          if( res ){
            int fout = 0;
            int f = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL;
            assert( !pPager->tempFile );
            rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, f, &fout);
            assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
            if( rc==SQLITE_OK && fout&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY ){
              rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
              sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
            }
          }else{
            /* If the journal does not exist, it usually means that some 
            ** other connection managed to get in and roll it back before 
            ** this connection obtained the exclusive lock above. Or, it 
            ** may mean that the pager was in the error-state when this
            ** function was called and the journal file does not exist.  */
            rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0);
          }
        }
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto failed;
      }

      /* Reset the journal status fields to indicates that we have no
      ** rollback journal at this time. */
      pPager->journalStarted = 0;
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
      pPager->setMaster = 0;
      pPager->journalHdr = 0;
 
      /* Make sure the journal file has been synced to disk. */
 
      /* Playback and delete the journal.  Drop the database write
      ** lock and reacquire the read lock. Purge the cache before
      ** playing back the hot-journal so that we don't end up with
      ** an inconsistent cache.  Sync the hot journal before playing
      ** it back since the process that crashed and left the hot journal
      ** probably did not sync it and we are required to always sync
      ** the journal before playing it back.
      */
      if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){

        rc = pagerSyncHotJournal(pPager);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = pager_playback(pPager, 1);

        }




        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
















          rc = pager_error(pPager, rc);
          goto failed;
        }
      }

      assert( (pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED)
           || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->state>PAGER_SHARED)
      );
    }


    if( pPager->pBackup || sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)>0 ){

      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired on the database file
      ** and there are already pages in the cache (from a previous
      ** read or write transaction).  Check to see if the database
      ** has been modified.  If the database has changed, flush the
      ** cache.
      **
      ** Database changes is detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
................................................................................
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
      ** a codec is in use.
      ** 
      ** There is a vanishingly small chance that a change will not be 
      ** detected.  The chance of an undetected change is so small that
      ** it can be neglected.
      */
      int nPage = 0;
      char dbFileVers[sizeof(pPager->dbFileVers)];
      sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);

      if( pPager->errCode ){
        rc = pPager->errCode;

        goto failed;
      }

      if( nPage>0 ){
        IOTRACE(("CKVERS %p %d\n", pPager, sizeof(dbFileVers)));
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pPager->fd, &dbFileVers, sizeof(dbFileVers), 24);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto failed;
        }
................................................................................
        memset(dbFileVers, 0, sizeof(dbFileVers));
      }

      if( memcmp(pPager->dbFileVers, dbFileVers, sizeof(dbFileVers))!=0 ){
        pager_reset(pPager);
      }
    }
    assert( pPager->exclusiveMode || pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED );

    /* If there is a WAL file in the file-system, open this database in WAL
    ** mode. Otherwise, the following function call is a no-op.
    */
    rc = pagerOpenWalIfPresent(pPager);










  }

 failed:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* pager_unlock() is a no-op for exclusive mode and in-memory databases. */
    pager_unlock(pPager);



  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** If the reference count has reached zero, rollback any active
** transaction and unlock the pager.
**
** Except, in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE when there is nothing to in
** the rollback journal, the unlock is not performed and there is
** nothing to rollback, so this routine is a no-op.
*/ 
static void pagerUnlockIfUnused(Pager *pPager){
  if( (sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0)
   && (!pPager->exclusiveMode || pPager->journalOff>0) 
  ){
    pagerUnlockAndRollback(pPager);
  }
}

/*
** Acquire a reference to page number pgno in pager pPager (a page
** reference has type DbPage*). If the requested reference is 
................................................................................
  Pgno pgno,          /* Page number to fetch */
  DbPage **ppPage,    /* Write a pointer to the page here */
  int noContent       /* Do not bother reading content from disk if true */
){
  int rc;
  PgHdr *pPg;


  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->state>PAGER_UNLOCK );

  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK && pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_FULL ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 1, ppPage);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Either the call to sqlite3PcacheFetch() returned an error or the
................................................................................
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    PAGER_INCR(pPager->nHit);
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */
    int nMax;

    PAGER_INCR(pPager->nMiss);
    pPg = *ppPage;
    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
    }

    rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nMax);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto pager_acquire_err;
    }

    if( MEMDB || nMax<(int)pgno || noContent || !isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
      if( pgno>pPager->mxPgno ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
      if( noContent ){
        /* Failure to set the bits in the InJournal bit-vectors is benign.
        ** It merely means that we might do some extra work to journal a 
................................................................................
  *ppPage = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Acquire a page if it is already in the in-memory cache.  Do
** not read the page from disk.  Return a pointer to the page,
** or 0 if the page is not in cache. Also, return 0 if the 
** pager is in PAGER_UNLOCK state when this function is called,
** or if the pager is in an error state other than SQLITE_FULL.
**
** See also sqlite3PagerGet().  The difference between this routine
** and sqlite3PagerGet() is that _get() will go to the disk and read
** in the page if the page is not already in cache.  This routine
** returns NULL if the page is not in cache or if a disk I/O error 
** has ever happened.
*/
DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg = 0;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  assert( pPager->state > PAGER_UNLOCK );
  sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0, &pPg);
  return pPg;
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
................................................................................
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything is successful. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_NOMEM if the attempt to allocate Pager.pInJournal fails, or 
** an IO error code if opening or writing the journal file fails.
*/
static int pager_open_journal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                        /* Return code */
  int nPage;                                 /* Size of database file */
  sqlite3_vfs * const pVfs = pPager->pVfs;   /* Local cache of vfs pointer */

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  assert( pPager->useJournal );
  assert( pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF );

  assert( pPager->pInJournal==0 );
  
  /* If already in the error state, this function is a no-op.  But on
  ** the other hand, this routine is never called if we are already in
  ** an error state. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  testcase( pPager->dbSizeValid==0 );
  rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPager->pInJournal = sqlite3BitvecCreate(nPage);
  if( pPager->pInJournal==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Open the journal file if it is not already open. */
  if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
    if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
      sqlite3MemJournalOpen(pPager->jfd);
    }else{
      const int flags =                   /* VFS flags to open journal file */
        SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
        (pPager->tempFile ? 
          (SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL):
          (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL)
        );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
      rc = sqlite3JournalOpen(
          pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, jrnlBufferSize(pPager)
      );
#else
      rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, 0);
#endif
    }
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  }


  /* Write the first journal header to the journal file and open 
  ** the sub-journal if necessary.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* TODO: Check if all of these are really required. */
    pPager->dbOrigSize = pPager->dbSize;
    pPager->journalStarted = 0;
    pPager->needSync = 0;
    pPager->nRec = 0;
    pPager->journalOff = 0;
    pPager->setMaster = 0;
    pPager->journalHdr = 0;
    rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);
  }


  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
    pPager->pInJournal = 0;



  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Begin a write-transaction on the specified pager object. If a 
** write-transaction has already been opened, this function is a no-op.
**
** If the exFlag argument is false, then acquire at least a RESERVED
** lock on the database file. If exFlag is true, then acquire at least
** an EXCLUSIVE lock. If such a lock is already held, no locking 
** functions need be called.
**
** If this is not a temporary or in-memory file and, the journal file is 
** opened if it has not been already. For a temporary file, the opening 
** of the journal file is deferred until there is an actual need to 
** write to the journal. TODO: Why handle temporary files differently?
**
** If the journal file is opened (or if it is already open), then a
** journal-header is written to the start of it.
**
** If the subjInMemory argument is non-zero, then any sub-journal opened
** within this transaction will be opened as an in-memory file. This
** has no effect if the sub-journal is already opened (as it may be when
** running in exclusive mode) or if the transaction does not require a
** sub-journal. If the subjInMemory argument is zero, then any required
** sub-journal is implemented in-memory if pPager is an in-memory database, 
** or using a temporary file otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager *pPager, int exFlag, int subjInMemory){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK );



  pPager->subjInMemory = (u8)subjInMemory;

  if( pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED ){

    assert( pPager->pInJournal==0 );
    assert( !MEMDB && !pPager->tempFile );

    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      /* If the pager is configured to use locking_mode=exclusive, and an
      ** exclusive lock on the database is not already held, obtain it now.
      */
      if( pPager->exclusiveMode && sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, -1) ){
        rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
        pPager->state = PAGER_SHARED;
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 1);
      }

      /* Grab the write lock on the log file. If successful, upgrade to
      ** PAGER_RESERVED state. Otherwise, return an error code to the caller.
      ** The busy-handler is not invoked if another connection already
      ** holds the write-lock. If possible, the upper layer will call it.
      **
      ** WAL mode sets Pager.state to PAGER_RESERVED when it has an open
      ** transaction, but never to PAGER_EXCLUSIVE. This is because in 
      ** PAGER_EXCLUSIVE state the code to roll back savepoint transactions
      ** may copy data from the sub-journal into the database file as well
      ** as into the page cache. Which would be incorrect in WAL mode.
      */
      rc = sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(pPager->pWal);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pPager->dbOrigSize = pPager->dbSize;
        pPager->state = PAGER_RESERVED;
        pPager->journalOff = 0;
      }

      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPager->state==PAGER_RESERVED );
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED );
    }else{
      /* Obtain a RESERVED lock on the database file. If the exFlag parameter
      ** is true, then immediately upgrade this to an EXCLUSIVE lock. The
      ** busy-handler callback can be used when upgrading to the EXCLUSIVE
      ** lock, but not when obtaining the RESERVED lock.
      */
      rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, RESERVED_LOCK);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pPager->state = PAGER_RESERVED;
        if( exFlag ){
          rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
        }
      }
    }

    /* No need to open the journal file at this time.  It will be
    ** opened before it is written to.  If we defer opening the journal,
    ** we might save the work of creating a file if the transaction
    ** ends up being a no-op.
    */

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( !pPager->dbModified );
      /* Ignore any IO error that occurs within pager_end_transaction(). The
      ** purpose of this call is to reset the internal state of the pager
      ** sub-system. It doesn't matter if the journal-file is not properly
      ** finalized at this point (since it is not a valid journal file anyway).
      */
      pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0);
    }


  }

  PAGERTRACE(("TRANSACTION %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** of any open savepoints as appropriate.
*/
static int pager_write(PgHdr *pPg){
  void *pData = pPg->pData;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* This routine is not called unless a transaction has already been
  ** started.

  */
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );





  /* If an error has been previously detected, report the same error
  ** again.
  */

  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) )  return pPager->errCode;

  /* Higher-level routines never call this function if database is not
  ** writable.  But check anyway, just for robustness. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->readOnly) ) return SQLITE_PERM;

  assert( !pPager->setMaster );

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* Mark the page as dirty.  If the page has already been written
  ** to the journal then we can return right away.
  */
  sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);
  if( pageInJournal(pPg) && !subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
    pPager->dbModified = 1;
  }else{

    /* If we get this far, it means that the page needs to be
    ** written to the transaction journal or the ckeckpoint journal
    ** or both.
    **
    ** Higher level routines should have already started a transaction,
    ** which means they have acquired the necessary locks but the rollback
    ** journal might not yet be open.
    */
    assert( pPager->state>=RESERVED_LOCK );
    if( pPager->pInJournal==0
     && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
     && !pagerUseWal(pPager)
    ){
      assert( pPager->useJournal );
      rc = pager_open_journal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }
    pPager->dbModified = 1;

  
    /* The transaction journal now exists and we have a RESERVED or an
    ** EXCLUSIVE lock on the main database file.  Write the current page to
    ** the transaction journal if it is not there already.
    */
    if( !pageInJournal(pPg) && isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      if( pPg->pgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize ){
        u32 cksum;
        char *pData2;


        /* We should never write to the journal file the page that
        ** contains the database locks.  The following assert verifies
        ** that we do not. */
        assert( pPg->pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );

        assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );
        CODEC2(pPager, pData, pPg->pgno, 7, return SQLITE_NOMEM, pData2);
        cksum = pager_cksum(pPager, (u8*)pData2);










        rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, pPager->journalOff, pPg->pgno);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, pData2, pPager->pageSize,
                              pPager->journalOff + 4);
          pPager->journalOff += pPager->pageSize+4;
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, pPager->journalOff, cksum);
          pPager->journalOff += 4;

        }
        IOTRACE(("JOUT %p %d %lld %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, 
                 pPager->journalOff, pPager->pageSize));
        PAGER_INCR(sqlite3_pager_writej_count);
        PAGERTRACE(("JOURNAL %d page %d needSync=%d hash(%08x)\n",
             PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, 
             ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0), pager_pagehash(pPg)));

        /* Even if an IO or diskfull error occurred while journalling the
        ** page in the block above, set the need-sync flag for the page.
        ** Otherwise, when the transaction is rolled back, the logic in
        ** playback_one_page() will think that the page needs to be restored
        ** in the database file. And if an IO error occurs while doing so,
        ** then corruption may follow.
        */
        if( !pPager->noSync ){
          pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
          pPager->needSync = 1;
        }

        /* An error has occurred writing to the journal file. The 
        ** transaction will be rolled back by the layer above.
        */
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }

        pPager->nRec++;
        assert( pPager->pInJournal!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno);
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        rc |= addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pPg->pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
          return rc;
        }
      }else{
        if( !pPager->journalStarted && !pPager->noSync ){
          pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
          pPager->needSync = 1;
        }
        PAGERTRACE(("APPEND %d page %d needSync=%d\n",
                PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno,
               ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0)));
      }
    }
  
................................................................................
    if( subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg);
    }
  }

  /* Update the database size and return.
  */
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED );
  if( pPager->dbSize<pPg->pgno ){
    pPager->dbSize = pPg->pgno;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage *pDbPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  PgHdr *pPg = pDbPage;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);





  if( nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage = 0;            /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
    int ii;                   /* Loop counter */
    int needSync = 0;         /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */

................................................................................

    /* This trick assumes that both the page-size and sector-size are
    ** an integer power of 2. It sets variable pg1 to the identifier
    ** of the first page of the sector pPg is located on.
    */
    pg1 = ((pPg->pgno-1) & ~(nPagePerSector-1)) + 1;

    rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, (int *)&nPageCount);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( pPg->pgno>nPageCount ){
        nPage = (pPg->pgno - pg1)+1;
      }else if( (pg1+nPagePerSector-1)>nPageCount ){
        nPage = nPageCount+1-pg1;
      }else{
        nPage = nPagePerSector;
      }
      assert(nPage>0);
      assert(pg1<=pPg->pgno);
      assert((pg1+nPage)>pPg->pgno);
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<nPage && rc==SQLITE_OK; ii++){
      Pgno pg = pg1+ii;
      PgHdr *pPage;
      if( pg==pPg->pgno || !sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, pg) ){
        if( pg!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
          rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pg, &pPage);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = pager_write(pPage);
            if( pPage->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC ){
              needSync = 1;
              assert(pPager->needSync);
            }
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
          }
        }
      }else if( (pPage = pager_lookup(pPager, pg))!=0 ){
        if( pPage->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC ){
          needSync = 1;
................................................................................
    /* If the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag is set for any of the nPage pages 
    ** starting at pg1, then it needs to be set for all of them. Because
    ** writing to any of these nPage pages may damage the others, the
    ** journal file must contain sync()ed copies of all of them
    ** before any of them can be written out to the database file.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && needSync ){
      assert( !MEMDB && pPager->noSync==0 );
      for(ii=0; ii<nPage; ii++){
        PgHdr *pPage = pager_lookup(pPager, pg1+ii);
        if( pPage ){
          pPage->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
        }
      }
      assert(pPager->needSync);
    }

    assert( pPager->doNotSyncSpill==1 );
    pPager->doNotSyncSpill--;
  }else{
    rc = pager_write(pDbPage);
  }
................................................................................
** with the SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE macro defined. In this case,
** if isDirect is non-zero, then the database file is updated directly
** by writing an updated version of page 1 using a call to the 
** sqlite3OsWrite() function.
*/
static int pager_incr_changecounter(Pager *pPager, int isDirectMode){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;






  /* Declare and initialize constant integer 'isDirect'. If the
  ** atomic-write optimization is enabled in this build, then isDirect
  ** is initialized to the value passed as the isDirectMode parameter
  ** to this function. Otherwise, it is always set to zero.
  **
  ** The idea is that if the atomic-write optimization is not
................................................................................
# define DIRECT_MODE 0
  assert( isDirectMode==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(isDirectMode);
#else
# define DIRECT_MODE isDirectMode
#endif

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  if( !pPager->changeCountDone && pPager->dbSize>0 ){
    PgHdr *pPgHdr;                /* Reference to page 1 */
    u32 change_counter;           /* Initial value of change-counter field */

    assert( !pPager->tempFile && isOpen(pPager->fd) );

    /* Open page 1 of the file for writing. */
................................................................................
  if( pPager->noSync ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->sync_flags);
  }
  return rc;
}

























/*
** Sync the database file for the pager pPager. zMaster points to the name
** of a master journal file that should be written into the individual
** journal file. zMaster may be NULL, which is interpreted as no master
** journal (a single database transaction).
**
................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  const char *zMaster,            /* If not NULL, the master journal name */
  int noSync                      /* True to omit the xSync on the db file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  /* The dbOrigSize is never set if journal_mode=OFF */
  assert( pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF || pPager->dbOrigSize==0 );





  /* If a prior error occurred, report that error again. */
  if( pPager->errCode ) return pPager->errCode;

  PAGERTRACE(("DATABASE SYNC: File=%s zMaster=%s nSize=%d\n", 
      pPager->zFilename, zMaster, pPager->dbSize));




  if( MEMDB && pPager->dbModified ){
    /* If this is an in-memory db, or no pages have been written to, or this
    ** function has already been called, it is mostly a no-op.  However, any
    ** backup in progress needs to be restarted.
    */
    sqlite3BackupRestart(pPager->pBackup);
  }else if( pPager->state!=PAGER_SYNCED && pPager->dbModified ){
    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      PgHdr *pList = sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache);
      if( pList ){
        rc = pagerWalFrames(pPager, pList, pPager->dbSize, 1, 
            (pPager->fullSync ? pPager->sync_flags : 0)
        );
      }
................................................................................
      PgHdr *pPg;
      assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
      );
      if( !zMaster && isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
       && pPager->journalOff==jrnlBufferSize(pPager) 
       && pPager->dbSize>=pPager->dbFileSize
       && (0==(pPg = sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache)) || 0==pPg->pDirty)
      ){
        /* Update the db file change counter via the direct-write method. The 
        ** following call will modify the in-memory representation of page 1 
        ** to include the updated change counter and then write page 1 
        ** directly to the database file. Because of the atomic-write 
        ** property of the host file-system, this is safe.
................................................................................
      ** file. This can only happen in auto-vacuum mode.
      **
      ** Before reading the pages with page numbers larger than the 
      ** current value of Pager.dbSize, set dbSize back to the value
      ** that it took at the start of the transaction. Otherwise, the
      ** calls to sqlite3PagerGet() return zeroed pages instead of 
      ** reading data from the database file.
      **
      ** When journal_mode==OFF the dbOrigSize is always zero, so this
      ** block never runs if journal_mode=OFF.
      */
  #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pPager->dbSize<pPager->dbOrigSize 
       && ALWAYS(pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF)
      ){
        Pgno i;                                   /* Iterator variable */
        const Pgno iSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager); /* Pending lock page */
        const Pgno dbSize = pPager->dbSize;       /* Database image size */ 
        pPager->dbSize = pPager->dbOrigSize;
        for( i=dbSize+1; i<=pPager->dbOrigSize; i++ ){
          if( !sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, i) && i!=iSkip ){
................................................................................
      /* Write the master journal name into the journal file. If a master 
      ** journal file name has already been written to the journal file, 
      ** or if zMaster is NULL (no master journal), then this call is a no-op.
      */
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  

      /* Sync the journal file. If the atomic-update optimization is being
      ** used, this call will not create the journal file or perform any
      ** real IO.







      */
      rc = syncJournal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* Write all dirty pages to the database file. */
      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager,sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );
        goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
      sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);
  
      /* If the file on disk is not the same size as the database image,
      ** then use pager_truncate to grow or shrink the file here.
      */
      if( pPager->dbSize!=pPager->dbFileSize ){
        Pgno nNew = pPager->dbSize - (pPager->dbSize==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager));
        assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE );
        rc = pager_truncate(pPager, nNew);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
  
      /* Finally, sync the database file. */
      if( !pPager->noSync && !noSync ){
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->sync_flags);
      }
      IOTRACE(("DBSYNC %p\n", pPager))
    }

    pPager->state = PAGER_SYNCED;
  }

commit_phase_one_exit:



  return rc;
}


/*
** When this function is called, the database file has been completely
** updated to reflect the changes made by the current transaction and
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */

  /* This routine should not be called if a prior error has occurred.
  ** But if (due to a coding error elsewhere in the system) it does get
  ** called, just return the same error code without doing anything. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  /* This function should not be called if the pager is not in at least
  ** PAGER_RESERVED state. **FIXME**: Make it so that this test always
  ** fails - make it so that we never reach this point if we do not hold
  ** all necessary locks.
  */
  if( NEVER(pPager->state<PAGER_RESERVED) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  /* An optimization. If the database was not actually modified during
  ** this transaction, the pager is running in exclusive-mode and is
  ** using persistent journals, then this function is a no-op.
  **
  ** The start of the journal file currently contains a single journal 
  ** header with the nRec field set to 0. If such a journal is used as
  ** a hot-journal during hot-journal rollback, 0 changes will be made
  ** to the database file. So there is no need to zero the journal 
  ** header. Since the pager is in exclusive mode, there is no need
  ** to drop any locks either.
  */

  if( pPager->dbModified==0 && pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  assert( pPager->state==PAGER_SYNCED || MEMDB || !pPager->dbModified );
  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** Rollback all changes. The database falls back to PAGER_SHARED mode.



**



** This function performs two tasks:
**
**   1) It rolls back the journal file, restoring all database file and 
**      in-memory cache pages to the state they were in when the transaction
**      was opened, and

**   2) It finalizes the journal file, so that it is not used for hot
**      rollback at any point in the future.
**
** subject to the following qualifications:

**
** * If the journal file is not yet open when this function is called,
**   then only (2) is performed. In this case there is no journal file
**   to roll back.
**
** * If in an error state other than SQLITE_FULL, then task (1) is 
**   performed. If successful, task (2). Regardless of the outcome
**   of either, the error state error code is returned to the caller
**   (i.e. either SQLITE_IOERR or SQLITE_CORRUPT).
**
** * If the pager is in PAGER_RESERVED state, then attempt (1). Whether
**   or not (1) is successful, also attempt (2). If successful, return
**   SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, enter the error state and return the first 
**   error code encountered. 
**
**   In this case there is no chance that the database was written to. 
**   So is safe to finalize the journal file even if the playback 
**   (operation 1) failed. However the pager must enter the error state
**   as the contents of the in-memory cache are now suspect.
**
** * Finally, if in PAGER_EXCLUSIVE state, then attempt (1). Only
**   attempt (2) if (1) is successful. Return SQLITE_OK if successful,
**   otherwise enter the error state and return the error code from the 
**   failing operation.
**
**   In this case the database file may have been written to. So if the
**   playback operation did not succeed it would not be safe to finalize
**   the journal file. It needs to be left in the file-system so that
**   some other process can use it to restore the database state (by
**   hot-journal rollback).
*/
int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */
  PAGERTRACE(("ROLLBACK %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));









  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    int rc2;

    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pPager, SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, -1);
    rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
    rc = pager_error(pPager, rc);
  }else if( !pPager->dbModified || !isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
  }else if( pPager->errCode && pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_FULL ){
    if( pPager->state>=PAGER_EXCLUSIVE ){
      pager_playback(pPager, 0);
    }
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    if( pPager->state==PAGER_RESERVED ){
      int rc2;
      rc = pager_playback(pPager, 0);
      rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = rc2;
      }
    }else{
      rc = pager_playback(pPager, 0);
    }



    if( !MEMDB ){
      pPager->dbSizeValid = 0;
    }

    /* If an error occurs during a ROLLBACK, we can no longer trust the pager
    ** cache. So call pager_error() on the way out to make any error 
    ** persistent.
    */
    rc = pager_error(pPager, rc);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the database file is opened read-only.  Return FALSE
** if the database is (in theory) writable.
*/
u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the approximate number of bytes of memory currently
** used by the pager and its associated cache.
*/
int sqlite3PagerMemUsed(Pager *pPager){
  int perPageSize = pPager->pageSize + pPager->nExtra + 20;

  return perPageSize*sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)
           + sqlite3MallocSize(pPager);

}

/*
** Return the number of references to the specified page.
*/
int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage *pPage){
  return sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(pPage);
................................................................................
** This routine is used for testing and analysis only.
*/
int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager *pPager){
  static int a[11];
  a[0] = sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache);
  a[1] = sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache);
  a[2] = sqlite3PcacheGetCachesize(pPager->pPCache);
  a[3] = pPager->dbSizeValid ? (int) pPager->dbSize : -1;
  a[4] = pPager->state;
  a[5] = pPager->errCode;
  a[6] = pPager->nHit;
  a[7] = pPager->nMiss;
  a[8] = 0;  /* Used to be pPager->nOvfl */
  a[9] = pPager->nRead;
  a[10] = pPager->nWrite;
  return a;
................................................................................
** If a memory allocation fails, SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. If an error 
** occurs while opening the sub-journal file, then an IO error code is
** returned. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int nSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                       /* Return code */
  int nCurrent = pPager->nSavepoint;        /* Current number of savepoints */




  if( nSavepoint>nCurrent && pPager->useJournal ){
    int ii;                                 /* Iterator variable */
    PagerSavepoint *aNew;                   /* New Pager.aSavepoint array */
    int nPage;                              /* Size of database file */

    rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;

    /* Grow the Pager.aSavepoint array using realloc(). Return SQLITE_NOMEM
    ** if the allocation fails. Otherwise, zero the new portion in case a 
    ** malloc failure occurs while populating it in the for(...) loop below.
    */
    aNew = (PagerSavepoint *)sqlite3Realloc(
        pPager->aSavepoint, sizeof(PagerSavepoint)*nSavepoint
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memset(&aNew[nCurrent], 0, (nSavepoint-nCurrent) * sizeof(PagerSavepoint));
    pPager->aSavepoint = aNew;

    /* Populate the PagerSavepoint structures just allocated. */
    for(ii=nCurrent; ii<nSavepoint; ii++){
      aNew[ii].nOrig = nPage;
      if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalOff>0 ){
        aNew[ii].iOffset = pPager->journalOff;
      }else{
        aNew[ii].iOffset = JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
      }
      aNew[ii].iSubRec = pPager->nSubRec;
      aNew[ii].pInSavepoint = sqlite3BitvecCreate(nPage);
      if( !aNew[ii].pInSavepoint ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        sqlite3WalSavepoint(pPager->pWal, aNew[ii].aWalData);
      }
      pPager->nSavepoint = ii+1;
................................................................................
** then savepoint iSavepoint is also destroyed.
**
** This function may return SQLITE_NOMEM if a memory allocation fails,
** or an IO error code if an IO error occurs while rolling back a 
** savepoint. If no errors occur, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/ 
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( op==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
  assert( iSavepoint>=0 || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );

  if( iSavepoint<pPager->nSavepoint ){
    int ii;            /* Iterator variable */
    int nNew;          /* Number of remaining savepoints after this op. */

    /* Figure out how many savepoints will still be active after this
    ** operation. Store this value in nNew. Then free resources associated 
    ** with any savepoints that are destroyed by this operation.
    */
................................................................................
    ** the database file, so the playback operation can be skipped.
    */
    else if( pagerUseWal(pPager) || isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      PagerSavepoint *pSavepoint = (nNew==0)?0:&pPager->aSavepoint[nNew-1];
      rc = pagerPlaybackSavepoint(pPager, pSavepoint);
      assert(rc!=SQLITE_DONE);
    }
  
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager *pPager, DbPage *pPg, Pgno pgno, int isCommit){
  PgHdr *pPgOld;               /* The page being overwritten. */
  Pgno needSyncPgno = 0;       /* Old value of pPg->pgno, if sync is required */
  int rc;                      /* Return code */
  Pgno origPgno;               /* The original page number */

  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );





  /* In order to be able to rollback, an in-memory database must journal
  ** the page we are moving from.
  */
  if( MEMDB ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  ** the journal needs to be sync()ed before database page pPg->pgno 
  ** can be written to. The caller has already promised not to write to it.
  */
  if( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC) && !isCommit ){
    needSyncPgno = pPg->pgno;
    assert( pageInJournal(pPg) || pPg->pgno>pPager->dbOrigSize );
    assert( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
    assert( pPager->needSync );
  }

  /* If the cache contains a page with page-number pgno, remove it
  ** from its hash chain. Also, if the PgHdr.needSync was set for 
  ** page pgno before the 'move' operation, it needs to be retained 
  ** for the page moved there.
  */
  pPg->flags &= ~PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
  pPgOld = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  assert( !pPgOld || pPgOld->nRef==1 );
  if( pPgOld ){
    pPg->flags |= (pPgOld->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC);
    if( MEMDB ){
      /* Do not discard pages from an in-memory database since we might
      ** need to rollback later.  Just move the page out of the way. */
      assert( pPager->dbSizeValid );
      sqlite3PcacheMove(pPgOld, pPager->dbSize+1);
    }else{
      sqlite3PcacheDrop(pPgOld);
    }
  }

  origPgno = pPg->pgno;
  sqlite3PcacheMove(pPg, pgno);
  sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);
  pPager->dbModified = 1;











  if( needSyncPgno ){
    /* If needSyncPgno is non-zero, then the journal file needs to be 
    ** sync()ed before any data is written to database file page needSyncPgno.
    ** Currently, no such page exists in the page-cache and the 
    ** "is journaled" bitvec flag has been set. This needs to be remedied by
    ** loading the page into the pager-cache and setting the PgHdr.needSync 
    ** flag.
    **
    ** If the attempt to load the page into the page-cache fails, (due
    ** to a malloc() or IO failure), clear the bit in the pInJournal[]
    ** array. Otherwise, if the page is loaded and written again in
    ** this transaction, it may be written to the database file before
    ** it is synced into the journal file. This way, it may end up in
    ** the journal file twice, but that is not a problem.
    **
    ** The sqlite3PagerGet() call may cause the journal to sync. So make
    ** sure the Pager.needSync flag is set too.
    */
    PgHdr *pPgHdr;
    assert( pPager->needSync );
    rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, needSyncPgno, &pPgHdr);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( needSyncPgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize ){
        assert( pPager->pTmpSpace!=0 );
        sqlite3BitvecClear(pPager->pInJournal, needSyncPgno, pPager->pTmpSpace);
      }
      return rc;
    }
    pPager->needSync = 1;
    assert( pPager->noSync==0 && !MEMDB );
    pPgHdr->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgHdr);
  }

  /*
  ** For an in-memory database, make sure the original page continues
  ** to exist, in case the transaction needs to roll back.  Use pPgOld
  ** as the original page since it has already been allocated.
  */
  if( MEMDB ){
    sqlite3PcacheMove(pPgOld, origPgno);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgOld);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
................................................................................
**
**   *  Temporary databases cannot have _WAL journalmode.
**
** The returned indicate the current (possibly updated) journal-mode.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *pPager, int eMode){
  u8 eOld = pPager->journalMode;    /* Prior journalmode */








  /* The eMode parameter is always valid */
  assert(      eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
................................................................................
    assert( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY || eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF );
    if( eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY && eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF ){
      eMode = eOld;
    }
  }

  if( eMode!=eOld ){
    /* When changing between rollback modes, close the journal file prior
    ** to the change.  But when changing from a rollback mode to WAL, keep
    ** the journal open since there is a rollback-style transaction in play
    ** used to convert the version numbers in the btree header.
    */
    if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) && eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
    }

    /* Change the journal mode. */

    pPager->journalMode = (u8)eMode;

    /* When transistioning from TRUNCATE or PERSIST to any other journal
    ** mode except WAL (and we are not in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE) then 
    ** delete the journal file.
    */
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY & 5)==4 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF & 5)==0 );
................................................................................
      ** not possible, then that is not a problem. Deleting the journal file
      ** here is an optimization only.
      **
      ** Before deleting the journal file, obtain a RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file. This ensures that the journal file is not deleted
      ** while it is in use by some other client.
      */




      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      int state = pPager->state;

      if( state<PAGER_SHARED ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSharedLock(pPager);
      }
      if( pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED ){

        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
        rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, RESERVED_LOCK);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && state==PAGER_SHARED ){
        sqlite3OsUnlock(pPager->fd, SHARED_LOCK);
      }else if( state==PAGER_UNLOCK ){
        pager_unlock(pPager);
      }
      assert( state==pPager->state );

    }
  }

  /* Return the new journal mode */
  return (int)pPager->journalMode;
}

................................................................................

/*
** Return TRUE if the pager is in a state where it is OK to change the
** journalmode.  Journalmode changes can only happen when the database
** is unmodified.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->dbModified ) return 0;

  if( NEVER(isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalOff>0) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Get/set the size-limit used for persistent journal files.
**
................................................................................
** The caller must be holding a SHARED lock on the database file to call
** this function.
**
** If the pager passed as the first argument is open on a real database
** file (not a temp file or an in-memory database), and the WAL file
** is not already open, make an attempt to open it now. If successful,
** return SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs or the VFS used by the pager does 
** not support the xShmXXX() methods, return an error code. *pisOpen is
** not modified in either case.
**
** If the pager is open on a temp-file (or in-memory database), or if
** the WAL file is already open, set *pisOpen to 1 and return SQLITE_OK
** without doing anything.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  int *pisOpen                    /* OUT: Set to true if call is a no-op */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */


  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED );


  assert( (pisOpen==0 && !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal) || *pisOpen==0 );

  if( !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal ){
    if( !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager) ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;




    /* Open the connection to the log file. If this operation fails, 
    ** (e.g. due to malloc() failure), unlock the database file and 
    ** return an error code.
    */
    rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs, pPager->fd, pPager->zWal, &pPager->pWal);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL;

    }
  }else{
    *pisOpen = 1;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called to close the connection to the log file prior
................................................................................

  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
  */
  if( !pPager->pWal ){
    int logexists = 0;
    rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &logexists
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && logexists ){
      rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs, pPager->fd,
................................................................................
    }
  }
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){
    rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal,
                           (pPager->noSync ? 0 : pPager->sync_flags), 
        pPager->pageSize, (u8*)pPager->pTmpSpace
      );
      pPager->pWal = 0;
    }else{
      /* If we cannot get an EXCLUSIVE lock, downgrade the PENDING lock
      ** that we did get back to SHARED. */
      sqlite3OsUnlock(pPager->fd, SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
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18
19
20
21
22
23
24

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
..
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
..
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
...
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138

139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155

156
157

158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167

168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
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192
193
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195
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199
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207
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209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
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222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
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239
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241
242
243
244
245
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250
251
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253
254
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262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
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281
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283
284
285
286
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289
290
291
292
293
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295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315

316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351



352
353
354
355
356
357
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359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
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379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
...
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478





479
480
481
482
483
484
485
...
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502

503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511


512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521


522
523


524
525
526




527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538


539






540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
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568
569
570
571
572
573
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579
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581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
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591
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601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624

625
626
627
628
629
630


631




632
633
634
635
636
637

638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
...
678
679
680
681
682
683
684

685
686
687
688
689
690
691
...
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804


805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
....
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044

1045
1046
1047
1048



1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067

1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076


1077
1078
1079

1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
....
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
....
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
....
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503

1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
....
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532

1533
1534

1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
....
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
....
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614

1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
....
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650



1651
1652

1653
1654


1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
....
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
....
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798


1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
....
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819


























1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
....
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862




1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
....
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894

1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
....
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911

1912
1913
1914
1915

1916

1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
....
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943

1944


1945
1946
1947


1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954

1955


1956
1957
1958


1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965

1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
....
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046

2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
....
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
....
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146

2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
....
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205

2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
....
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
....
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
....
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
....
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
....
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
....
2933
2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950


2951

2952

2953

2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024


3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038

3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053



3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
....
3098
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
....
3238
3239
3240
3241
3242
3243
3244

3245
3246
3247
3248
3249
3250
3251
....
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
....
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
3358
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380

3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
....
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419

3420
3421
3422
3423

3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
....
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490

3491
3492
3493









3494
3495




























3496
3497
3498
















3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
....
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518











3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528



3529

3530
3531





3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
....
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575

3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
....
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
3639
3640
3641

3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
....
3690
3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
....
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722



3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741

3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
....
3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
3817
3818
3819
3820
3821
3822





3823
3824

3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
....
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873















3874
3875
3876

3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
....
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
....
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
....
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
3923
3924
3925
3926
3927
3928
3929
3930
3931
3932
....
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075

4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
....
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095




4096



4097
4098
4099
4100
4101
4102
4103
4104
....
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
....
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
....
4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
....
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
....
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401

4402
4403
4404
4405
4406
4407
4408
4409
4410
4411
4412
4413
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418

4419
4420
4421
4422
4423
4424
4425
....
4476
4477
4478
4479
4480
4481
4482

4483
4484
4485
4486
4487
4488
4489
4490
4491
4492
4493
4494
4495
4496
4497
4498
4499
4500
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4507
4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
4514
4515
4516
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
4529
....
4568
4569
4570
4571
4572
4573
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578
4579
4580
4581
4582
....
4583
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589





4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595

4596
4597
4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606




4607
4608

4609
4610
4611

4612








4613



4614
4615


4616
4617
4618
4619

4620
4621
4622
4623
4624

4625
4626
4627
4628
4629

4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645

4646
4647

4648
4649

4650

4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664

4665
4666
4667
4668
4669

4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678







4679
4680













4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688
4689
4690
4691
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4707
4708
4709
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722
4723
4724
4725
4726
4727
4728
4729
4730
4731
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737
....
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748

4749


4750
4751

4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
....
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766

4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792
4793
4794
4795
4796
4797
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
4804


4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
....
4861
4862
4863
4864
4865
4866
4867
4868
4869

4870
4871
4872
4873
4874
4875
4876
4877
4878
4879
4880
4881
4882
4883
4884
....
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902

4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
4911
4912
4913
4914





4915
4916
4917
4918
4919
4920
4921
4922
....
4959
4960
4961
4962
4963
4964
4965
4966


4967
4968
4969
4970
4971
4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
4977
4978
4979
4980
4981
4982
4983
4984
4985
4986
....
5017
5018
5019
5020
5021
5022
5023

5024
5025

5026

5027
5028
5029
5030
5031
5032
5033
5034
5035


5036
5037
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068



5069
5070
5071
5072
5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090
5091
5092
5093
5094
5095
5096








5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106

5107
5108
5109
5110
5111

5112
5113

5114
5115
5116
5117
5118
5119
5120

5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130






5131
5132








5133
5134
5135
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
5156
5157
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
....
5176
5177
5178
5179
5180
5181
5182
5183
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193


5194
5195
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200


5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5215
5216
5217
5218
5219

5220




5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227
5228
5229
5230
5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238
5239
5240
5241
5242
5243
5244
5245
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
5258



5259
5260

5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270


















5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
5276
5277
5278
5279
5280
5281
5282
5283

5284
5285
5286
5287
5288
5289
5290
....
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302

5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
....
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
....
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355

5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
5362
5363
5364
5365

5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
5375
5376

5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
....
5389
5390
5391
5392
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402
5403

5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
....
5462
5463
5464
5465
5466
5467
5468
5469
5470
5471
5472
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479
5480
....
5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492

5493
5494
5495
5496
5497
5498
5499
....
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
5572
5573
5574
5575
5576
5577
5578
5579
5580
5581
5582
5583
5584
5585
5586
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** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "wal.h"



/******************* NOTES ON THE DESIGN OF THE PAGER ************************
**
** This comment block describes invariants that hold when using a rollback
** journal.  These invariants do not apply for journal_mode=WAL,
** journal_mode=MEMORY, or journal_mode=OFF.
**
** Within this comment block, a page is deemed to have been synced
** automatically as soon as it is written when PRAGMA synchronous=OFF.
** Otherwise, the page is not synced until the xSync method of the VFS
** is called successfully on the file containing the page.
**
** Definition:  A page of the database file is said to be "overwriteable" if
................................................................................
** 
** (2) The content of a page written into the rollback journal exactly matches
**     both the content in the database when the rollback journal was written
**     and the content in the database at the beginning of the current
**     transaction.
** 
** (3) Writes to the database file are an integer multiple of the page size
**     in length and are aligned on a page boundary.
** 
** (4) Reads from the database file are either aligned on a page boundary and
**     an integer multiple of the page size in length or are taken from the
**     first 100 bytes of the database file.
** 
** (5) All writes to the database file are synced prior to the rollback journal
**     being deleted, truncated, or zeroed.
................................................................................
**     is called to restore the database file to the same size it was at
**     the beginning of the transaction.  (In some VFSes, the xTruncate
**     method is a no-op, but that does not change the fact the SQLite will
**     invoke it.)
** 
** (9) Whenever the database file is modified, at least one bit in the range
**     of bytes from 24 through 39 inclusive will be changed prior to releasing
**     the EXCLUSIVE lock, thus signaling other connections on the same
**     database to flush their caches.
**
** (10) The pattern of bits in bytes 24 through 39 shall not repeat in less
**      than one billion transactions.
**
** (11) A database file is well-formed at the beginning and at the conclusion
**      of every transaction.
**
** (12) An EXCLUSIVE lock is held on the database file when writing to
**      the database file.
**
** (13) A SHARED lock is held on the database file while reading any
**      content out of the database file.
**
******************************************************************************/

/*
** Macros for troubleshooting.  Normally turned off
*/
#if 0
int sqlite3PagerTrace=1;  /* True to enable tracing */
#define sqlite3DebugPrintf printf
................................................................................
** associated file-descriptor is returned. FILEHANDLEID() takes an sqlite3_file
** struct as its argument.
*/
#define PAGERID(p) ((int)(p->fd))
#define FILEHANDLEID(fd) ((int)fd)

/*
** The Pager.eState variable stores the current 'state' of a pager. A
** pager may be in any one of the seven states shown in the following
** state diagram.
**

**                            OPEN <------+------+
**                              |         |      |
**                              V         |      |
**               +---------> READER-------+      |
**               |              |                |
**               |              V                |
**               |<-------WRITER_LOCKED------> ERROR
**               |              |                ^  
**               |              V                |
**               |<------WRITER_CACHEMOD-------->|
**               |              |                |
**               |              V                |
**               |<-------WRITER_DBMOD---------->|
**               |              |                |
**               |              V                |
**               +<------WRITER_FINISHED-------->+
**

**
** List of state transitions and the C [function] that performs each:

** 
**   OPEN              -> READER              [sqlite3PagerSharedLock]
**   READER            -> OPEN                [pager_unlock]
**
**   READER            -> WRITER_LOCKED       [sqlite3PagerBegin]
**   WRITER_LOCKED     -> WRITER_CACHEMOD     [pager_open_journal]
**   WRITER_CACHEMOD   -> WRITER_DBMOD        [syncJournal]
**   WRITER_DBMOD      -> WRITER_FINISHED     [sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne]
**   WRITER_***        -> READER              [pager_end_transaction]
**

**   WRITER_***        -> ERROR               [pager_error]
**   ERROR             -> OPEN                [pager_unlock]
** 
**
**  OPEN:
**
**    The pager starts up in this state. Nothing is guaranteed in this
**    state - the file may or may not be locked and the database size is
**    unknown. The database may not be read or written.
**
**    * No read or write transaction is active.
**    * Any lock, or no lock at all, may be held on the database file.
**    * The dbSize, dbOrigSize and dbFileSize variables may not be trusted.
**
**  READER:
**
**    In this state all the requirements for reading the database in 
**    rollback (non-WAL) mode are met. Unless the pager is (or recently
**    was) in exclusive-locking mode, a user-level read transaction is 
**    open. The database size is known in this state.
**
**    A connection running with locking_mode=normal enters this state when
**    it opens a read-transaction on the database and returns to state
**    OPEN after the read-transaction is completed. However a connection
**    running in locking_mode=exclusive (including temp databases) remains in
**    this state even after the read-transaction is closed. The only way
**    a locking_mode=exclusive connection can transition from READER to OPEN
**    is via the ERROR state (see below).
** 
**    * A read transaction may be active (but a write-transaction cannot).
**    * A SHARED or greater lock is held on the database file.
**    * The dbSize variable may be trusted (even if a user-level read 
**      transaction is not active). The dbOrigSize and dbFileSize variables
**      may not be trusted at this point.
**    * If the database is a WAL database, then the WAL connection is open.
**    * Even if a read-transaction is not open, it is guaranteed that 
**      there is no hot-journal in the file-system.
**
**  WRITER_LOCKED:
**
**    The pager moves to this state from READER when a write-transaction
**    is first opened on the database. In WRITER_LOCKED state, all locks 
**    required to start a write-transaction are held, but no actual 
**    modifications to the cache or database have taken place.
**
**    In rollback mode, a RESERVED or (if the transaction was opened with 
**    BEGIN EXCLUSIVE) EXCLUSIVE lock is obtained on the database file when
**    moving to this state, but the journal file is not written to or opened 
**    to in this state. If the transaction is committed or rolled back while 
**    in WRITER_LOCKED state, all that is required is to unlock the database 
**    file.
**
**    IN WAL mode, WalBeginWriteTransaction() is called to lock the log file.
**    If the connection is running with locking_mode=exclusive, an attempt
**    is made to obtain an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file.
**
**    * A write transaction is active.
**    * If the connection is open in rollback-mode, a RESERVED or greater 
**      lock is held on the database file.
**    * If the connection is open in WAL-mode, a WAL write transaction
**      is open (i.e. sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction() has been successfully
**      called).
**    * The dbSize, dbOrigSize and dbFileSize variables are all valid.
**    * The contents of the pager cache have not been modified.
**    * The journal file may or may not be open.
**    * Nothing (not even the first header) has been written to the journal.
**
**  WRITER_CACHEMOD:
**
**    A pager moves from WRITER_LOCKED state to this state when a page is
**    first modified by the upper layer. In rollback mode the journal file
**    is opened (if it is not already open) and a header written to the
**    start of it. The database file on disk has not been modified.
**
**    * A write transaction is active.
**    * A RESERVED or greater lock is held on the database file.
**    * The journal file is open and the first header has been written 
**      to it, but the header has not been synced to disk.
**    * The contents of the page cache have been modified.
**
**  WRITER_DBMOD:
**
**    The pager transitions from WRITER_CACHEMOD into WRITER_DBMOD state
**    when it modifies the contents of the database file. WAL connections
**    never enter this state (since they do not modify the database file,
**    just the log file).
**
**    * A write transaction is active.
**    * An EXCLUSIVE or greater lock is held on the database file.
**    * The journal file is open and the first header has been written 
**      and synced to disk.
**    * The contents of the page cache have been modified (and possibly
**      written to disk).
**
**  WRITER_FINISHED:
**
**    It is not possible for a WAL connection to enter this state.
**
**    A rollback-mode pager changes to WRITER_FINISHED state from WRITER_DBMOD
**    state after the entire transaction has been successfully written into the
**    database file. In this state the transaction may be committed simply
**    by finalizing the journal file. Once in WRITER_FINISHED state, it is 
**    not possible to modify the database further. At this point, the upper 
**    layer must either commit or rollback the transaction.
**
**    * A write transaction is active.
**    * An EXCLUSIVE or greater lock is held on the database file.
**    * All writing and syncing of journal and database data has finished.
**      If no error occured, all that remains is to finalize the journal to
**      commit the transaction. If an error did occur, the caller will need
**      to rollback the transaction. 
**
**  ERROR:
**
**    The ERROR state is entered when an IO or disk-full error (including
**    SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM) occurs at a point in the code that makes it 
**    difficult to be sure that the in-memory pager state (cache contents, 
**    db size etc.) are consistent with the contents of the file-system.
**
**    Temporary pager files may enter the ERROR state, but in-memory pagers
**    cannot.
**
**    For example, if an IO error occurs while performing a rollback, 
**    the contents of the page-cache may be left in an inconsistent state.
**    At this point it would be dangerous to change back to READER state
**    (as usually happens after a rollback). Any subsequent readers might
**    report database corruption (due to the inconsistent cache), and if
**    they upgrade to writers, they may inadvertently corrupt the database
**    file. To avoid this hazard, the pager switches into the ERROR state
**    instead of READER following such an error.
**
**    Once it has entered the ERROR state, any attempt to use the pager
**    to read or write data returns an error. Eventually, once all 
**    outstanding transactions have been abandoned, the pager is able to
**    transition back to OPEN state, discarding the contents of the 
**    page-cache and any other in-memory state at the same time. Everything
**    is reloaded from disk (and, if necessary, hot-journal rollback peformed)
**    when a read-transaction is next opened on the pager (transitioning
**    the pager into READER state). At that point the system has recovered 
**    from the error.
**
**    Specifically, the pager jumps into the ERROR state if:
**
**      1. An error occurs while attempting a rollback. This happens in
**         function sqlite3PagerRollback().
**
**      2. An error occurs while attempting to finalize a journal file
**         following a commit in function sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo().

**
**      3. An error occurs while attempting to write to the journal or
**         database file in function pagerStress() in order to free up
**         memory.
**
**    In other cases, the error is returned to the b-tree layer. The b-tree
**    layer then attempts a rollback operation. If the error condition 
**    persists, the pager enters the ERROR state via condition (1) above.
**
**    Condition (3) is necessary because it can be triggered by a read-only
**    statement executed within a transaction. In this case, if the error
**    code were simply returned to the user, the b-tree layer would not
**    automatically attempt a rollback, as it assumes that an error in a
**    read-only statement cannot leave the pager in an internally inconsistent 
**    state.
**
**    * The Pager.errCode variable is set to something other than SQLITE_OK.
**    * There are one or more outstanding references to pages (after the
**      last reference is dropped the pager should move back to OPEN state).
**    * The pager is not an in-memory pager.
**    
**
** Notes:
**
**   * A pager is never in WRITER_DBMOD or WRITER_FINISHED state if the
**     connection is open in WAL mode. A WAL connection is always in one
**     of the first four states.
**
**   * Normally, a connection open in exclusive mode is never in PAGER_OPEN
**     state. There are two exceptions: immediately after exclusive-mode has
**     been turned on (and before any read or write transactions are 
**     executed), and when the pager is leaving the "error state".
**
**   * See also: assert_pager_state().
*/
#define PAGER_OPEN                  0



#define PAGER_READER                1
#define PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED         2
#define PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD       3
#define PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD          4
#define PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED       5
#define PAGER_ERROR                 6

/*
** The Pager.eLock variable is almost always set to one of the 
** following locking-states, according to the lock currently held on
** the database file: NO_LOCK, SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK or EXCLUSIVE_LOCK.
** This variable is kept up to date as locks are taken and released by
** the pagerLockDb() and pagerUnlockDb() wrappers.
**
** If the VFS xLock() or xUnlock() returns an error other than SQLITE_BUSY
** (i.e. one of the SQLITE_IOERR subtypes), it is not clear whether or not
** the operation was successful. In these circumstances pagerLockDb() and
** pagerUnlockDb() take a conservative approach - eLock is always updated
** when unlocking the file, and only updated when locking the file if the
** VFS call is successful. This way, the Pager.eLock variable may be set
** to a less exclusive (lower) value than the lock that is actually held
** at the system level, but it is never set to a more exclusive value.
**
** This is usually safe. If an xUnlock fails or appears to fail, there may 
** be a few redundant xLock() calls or a lock may be held for longer than
** required, but nothing really goes wrong.
**
** The exception is when the database file is unlocked as the pager moves
** from ERROR to OPEN state. At this point there may be a hot-journal file 
** in the file-system that needs to be rolled back (as part of a OPEN->SHARED
** transition, by the same pager or any other). If the call to xUnlock()
** fails at this point and the pager is left holding an EXCLUSIVE lock, this
** can confuse the call to xCheckReservedLock() call made later as part
** of hot-journal detection.
**
** xCheckReservedLock() is defined as returning true "if there is a RESERVED 
** lock held by this process or any others". So xCheckReservedLock may 
** return true because the caller itself is holding an EXCLUSIVE lock (but
** doesn't know it because of a previous error in xUnlock). If this happens
** a hot-journal may be mistaken for a journal being created by an active
** transaction in another process, causing SQLite to read from the database
** without rolling it back.
**
** To work around this, if a call to xUnlock() fails when unlocking the
** database in the ERROR state, Pager.eLock is set to UNKNOWN_LOCK. It
** is only changed back to a real locking state after a successful call
** to xLock(EXCLUSIVE). Also, the code to do the OPEN->SHARED state transition
** omits the check for a hot-journal if Pager.eLock is set to UNKNOWN_LOCK 
** lock. Instead, it assumes a hot-journal exists and obtains an EXCLUSIVE
** lock on the database file before attempting to roll it back. See function
** PagerSharedLock() for more detail.
**
** Pager.eLock may only be set to UNKNOWN_LOCK when the pager is in 
** PAGER_OPEN state.
*/
#define UNKNOWN_LOCK                (EXCLUSIVE_LOCK+1)

/*
** A macro used for invoking the codec if there is one
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
# define CODEC1(P,D,N,X,E) \
    if( P->xCodec && P->xCodec(P->pCodec,D,N,X)==0 ){ E; }
................................................................................
  Pgno iSubRec;                /* Index of first record in sub-journal */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u32 aWalData[WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA];        /* WAL savepoint context */
#endif
};

/*
** A open page cache is an instance of struct Pager. A description of
** some of the more important member variables follows:
**
** eState
**
**   The current 'state' of the pager object. See the comment and state
**   diagram above for a description of the pager state.
**
** eLock
**
**   For a real on-disk database, the current lock held on the database file -
**   NO_LOCK, SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK or EXCLUSIVE_LOCK.
**
**   For a temporary or in-memory database (neither of which require any
**   locks), this variable is always set to EXCLUSIVE_LOCK. Since such
**   databases always have Pager.exclusiveMode==1, this tricks the pager
**   logic into thinking that it already has all the locks it will ever
**   need (and no reason to release them).
**
**   In some (obscure) circumstances, this variable may also be set to
**   UNKNOWN_LOCK. See the comment above the #define of UNKNOWN_LOCK for
**   details.





**
** changeCountDone
**
**   This boolean variable is used to make sure that the change-counter 
**   (the 4-byte header field at byte offset 24 of the database file) is 
**   not updated more often than necessary. 
**
................................................................................
**   The changeCountDone flag is inspected. If it is true, the work of
**   updating the change-counter is omitted for the current transaction.
**
**   This mechanism means that when running in exclusive mode, a connection 
**   need only update the change-counter once, for the first transaction
**   committed.
**
** setMaster
**
**   When PagerCommitPhaseOne() is called to commit a transaction, it may
**   (or may not) specify a master-journal name to be written into the 
**   journal file before it is synced to disk.
**

**   Whether or not a journal file contains a master-journal pointer affects 
**   the way in which the journal file is finalized after the transaction is 
**   committed or rolled back when running in "journal_mode=PERSIST" mode.
**   If a journal file does not contain a master-journal pointer, it is
**   finalized by overwriting the first journal header with zeroes. If
**   it does contain a master-journal pointer the journal file is finalized 
**   by truncating it to zero bytes, just as if the connection were 
**   running in "journal_mode=truncate" mode.
**


**   Journal files that contain master journal pointers cannot be finalized
**   simply by overwriting the first journal-header with zeroes, as the
**   master journal pointer could interfere with hot-journal rollback of any
**   subsequently interrupted transaction that reuses the journal file.
**
**   The flag is cleared as soon as the journal file is finalized (either
**   by PagerCommitPhaseTwo or PagerRollback). If an IO error prevents the
**   journal file from being successfully finalized, the setMaster flag
**   is cleared anyway (and the pager will move to ERROR state).
**


** doNotSpill, doNotSyncSpill
**


**   These two boolean variables control the behaviour of cache-spills
**   (calls made by the pcache module to the pagerStress() routine to
**   write cached data to the file-system in order to free up memory).




**
**   When doNotSpill is non-zero, writing to the database from pagerStress()
**   is disabled altogether. This is done in a very obscure case that
**   comes up during savepoint rollback that requires the pcache module
**   to allocate a new page to prevent the journal file from being written
**   while it is being traversed by code in pager_playback().
** 
**   If doNotSyncSpill is non-zero, writing to the database from pagerStress()
**   is permitted, but syncing the journal file is not. This flag is set
**   by sqlite3PagerWrite() when the file-system sector-size is larger than
**   the database page-size in order to prevent a journal sync from happening 
**   in between the journalling of two pages on the same sector. 


**






** subjInMemory
**
**   This is a boolean variable. If true, then any required sub-journal
**   is opened as an in-memory journal file. If false, then in-memory
**   sub-journals are only used for in-memory pager files.
**
**   This variable is updated by the upper layer each time a new 
**   write-transaction is opened.
**
** dbSize, dbOrigSize, dbFileSize
**
**   Variable dbSize is set to the number of pages in the database file.
**   It is valid in PAGER_READER and higher states (all states except for
**   OPEN and ERROR). 
**
**   dbSize is set based on the size of the database file, which may be 
**   larger than the size of the database (the value stored at offset
**   28 of the database header by the btree). If the size of the file
**   is not an integer multiple of the page-size, the value stored in
**   dbSize is rounded down (i.e. a 5KB file with 2K page-size has dbSize==2).
**   Except, any file that is greater than 0 bytes in size is considered
**   to have at least one page. (i.e. a 1KB file with 2K page-size leads
**   to dbSize==1).
**
**   During a write-transaction, if pages with page-numbers greater than
**   dbSize are modified in the cache, dbSize is updated accordingly.
**   Similarly, if the database is truncated using PagerTruncateImage(), 
**   dbSize is updated.
**
**   Variables dbOrigSize and dbFileSize are valid in states 
**   PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED and higher. dbOrigSize is a copy of the dbSize
**   variable at the start of the transaction. It is used during rollback,
**   and to determine whether or not pages need to be journalled before
**   being modified.
**
**   Throughout a write-transaction, dbFileSize contains the size of
**   the file on disk in pages. It is set to a copy of dbSize when the
**   write-transaction is first opened, and updated when VFS calls are made
**   to write or truncate the database file on disk. 
**
**   The only reason the dbFileSize variable is required is to suppress 
**   unnecessary calls to xTruncate() after committing a transaction. If, 
**   when a transaction is committed, the dbFileSize variable indicates 
**   that the database file is larger than the database image (Pager.dbSize), 
**   pager_truncate() is called. The pager_truncate() call uses xFilesize()
**   to measure the database file on disk, and then truncates it if required.
**   dbFileSize is not used when rolling back a transaction. In this case
**   pager_truncate() is called unconditionally (which means there may be
**   a call to xFilesize() that is not strictly required). In either case,
**   pager_truncate() may cause the file to become smaller or larger.
**
** dbHintSize
**
**   The dbHintSize variable is used to limit the number of calls made to
**   the VFS xFileControl(FCNTL_SIZE_HINT) method. 
**
**   dbHintSize is set to a copy of the dbSize variable when a
**   write-transaction is opened (at the same time as dbFileSize and
**   dbOrigSize). If the xFileControl(FCNTL_SIZE_HINT) method is called,
**   dbHintSize is increased to the number of pages that correspond to the
**   size-hint passed to the method call. See pager_write_pagelist() for 
**   details.
**
** errCode
**
**   The Pager.errCode variable is only ever used in PAGER_ERROR state. It
**   is set to zero in all other states. In PAGER_ERROR state, Pager.errCode 
**   is always set to SQLITE_FULL, SQLITE_IOERR or one of the SQLITE_IOERR_XXX 
**   sub-codes.
*/
struct Pager {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;          /* OS functions to use for IO */
  u8 exclusiveMode;           /* Boolean. True if locking_mode==EXCLUSIVE */
  u8 journalMode;             /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_* values */
  u8 useJournal;              /* Use a rollback journal on this file */
  u8 noReadlock;              /* Do not bother to obtain readlocks */
  u8 noSync;                  /* Do not sync the journal if true */
  u8 fullSync;                /* Do extra syncs of the journal for robustness */
  u8 sync_flags;              /* One of SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL */
  u8 tempFile;                /* zFilename is a temporary file */
  u8 readOnly;                /* True for a read-only database */
  u8 memDb;                   /* True to inhibit all file I/O */

  /**************************************************************************
  ** The following block contains those class members that change during

  ** routine opertion.  Class members not in this block are either fixed
  ** when the pager is first created or else only change when there is a
  ** significant mode change (such as changing the page_size, locking_mode,
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
  ** the "state" of the pager, while other class members describe the
  ** "configuration" of the pager.


  */




  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 doNotSyncSpill;          /* Do not do a spill that requires jrnl sync */

  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
  u32 nSubRec;                /* Number of records written to sub-journal */
  Bitvec *pInJournal;         /* One bit for each page in the database file */
  sqlite3_file *fd;           /* File descriptor for database */
  sqlite3_file *jfd;          /* File descriptor for main journal */
  sqlite3_file *sjfd;         /* File descriptor for sub-journal */
  i64 journalOff;             /* Current write offset in the journal file */
  i64 journalHdr;             /* Byte offset to previous journal header */
  sqlite3_backup *pBackup;    /* Pointer to list of ongoing backup processes */
  PagerSavepoint *aSavepoint; /* Array of active savepoints */
  int nSavepoint;             /* Number of elements in aSavepoint[] */
  char dbFileVers[16];        /* Changes whenever database file changes */
  /*
  ** End of the routinely-changing class members
  ***************************************************************************/

  u16 nExtra;                 /* Add this many bytes to each in-memory page */
  i16 nReserve;               /* Number of unused bytes at end of each page */
  u32 vfsFlags;               /* Flags for sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
  u32 sectorSize;             /* Assumed sector size during rollback */
  int pageSize;               /* Number of bytes in a page */
  Pgno mxPgno;                /* Maximum allowed size of the database */
  i64 journalSizeLimit;       /* Size limit for persistent journal files */
  char *zFilename;            /* Name of the database file */
  char *zJournal;             /* Name of the journal file */
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void*); /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg;      /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nHit, nMiss;            /* Cache hits and missing */
  int nRead, nWrite;          /* Database pages read/written */
................................................................................
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void (*xCodecSizeChng)(void*,int,int); /* Notify of page size changes */
  void (*xCodecFree)(void*);             /* Destructor for the codec */
  void *pCodec;               /* First argument to xCodec... methods */
#endif
  char *pTmpSpace;            /* Pager.pageSize bytes of space for tmp use */
  PCache *pPCache;            /* Pointer to page cache object */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  Wal *pWal;                  /* Write-ahead log used by "journal_mode=wal" */
  char *zWal;                 /* File name for write-ahead log */
#endif
};

/*
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** The maximum legal page number is (2^31 - 1).
*/
#define PAGER_MAX_PGNO 2147483647

/*
** The argument to this macro is a file descriptor (type sqlite3_file*).
** Return 0 if it is not open, or non-zero (but not 1) if it is.
**
** This is so that expressions can be written as:
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods)

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log instead of the usual
** rollback journal. Otherwise false.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
static int pagerUseWal(Pager *pPager){
  return (pPager->pWal!=0);
}
#else
# define pagerUseWal(x) 0
# define pagerRollbackWal(x) 0
# define pagerWalFrames(v,w,x,y,z) 0
# define pagerOpenWalIfPresent(z) SQLITE_OK
# define pagerBeginReadTransaction(z) SQLITE_OK
#endif

#ifndef NDEBUG 
/*
** Usage:
**
**   assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
**
** This function runs many asserts to try to find inconsistencies in
** the internal state of the Pager object.
*/
static int assert_pager_state(Pager *p){
  Pager *pPager = p;



  /* State must be valid. */
  assert( p->eState==PAGER_OPEN
       || p->eState==PAGER_READER
       || p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
       || p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED
       || p->eState==PAGER_ERROR
  );

  /* Regardless of the current state, a temp-file connection always behaves
  ** as if it has an exclusive lock on the database file. It never updates
  ** the change-counter field, so the changeCountDone flag is always set.
  */
  assert( p->tempFile==0 || p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
  assert( p->tempFile==0 || pPager->changeCountDone );

  /* If the useJournal flag is clear, the journal-mode must be "OFF". 
  ** And if the journal-mode is "OFF", the journal file must not be open.
  */
  assert( p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF || p->useJournal );
  assert( p->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF || !isOpen(p->jfd) );

  /* Check that MEMDB implies noSync. And an in-memory journal. Since 
  ** this means an in-memory pager performs no IO at all, it cannot encounter 
  ** either SQLITE_IOERR or SQLITE_FULL during rollback or while finalizing 
  ** a journal file. (although the in-memory journal implementation may 
  ** return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM while the journal file is being written). It 
  ** is therefore not possible for an in-memory pager to enter the ERROR 
  ** state.
  */
  if( MEMDB ){
    assert( p->noSync );
    assert( p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
         || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
    );
    assert( p->eState!=PAGER_ERROR && p->eState!=PAGER_OPEN );
    assert( pagerUseWal(p)==0 );
  }

  /* If changeCountDone is set, a RESERVED lock or greater must be held
  ** on the file.
  */
  assert( pPager->changeCountDone==0 || pPager->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
  assert( p->eLock!=PENDING_LOCK );

  switch( p->eState ){
    case PAGER_OPEN:
      assert( !MEMDB );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0 || pPager->tempFile );
      break;

    case PAGER_READER:
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( p->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK );
      assert( p->eLock>=SHARED_LOCK || p->noReadlock );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED:
      assert( p->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbSize==pPager->dbOrigSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD:
      assert( p->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        /* It is possible that if journal_mode=wal here that neither the
        ** journal file nor the WAL file are open. This happens during
        ** a rollback transaction that switches from journal_mode=off
        ** to journal_mode=wal.
        */
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
        assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
        );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD:
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( p->eLock>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
      );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize<=pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED:
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
      );
      break;

    case PAGER_ERROR:
      /* There must be at least one outstanding reference to the pager if
      ** in ERROR state. Otherwise the pager should have already dropped
      ** back to OPEN state.
      */
      assert( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK );
      assert( sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)>0 );
      break;
  }

  return 1;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a human readable string in a static buffer
** containing the state of the Pager object passed as an argument. This
** is intended to be used within debuggers. For example, as an alternative
** to "print *pPager" in gdb:
**
** (gdb) printf "%s", print_pager_state(pPager)
*/
static char *print_pager_state(Pager *p){
  static char zRet[1024];

  sqlite3_snprintf(1024, zRet,
      "Filename:      %s\n"
      "State:         %s errCode=%d\n"
      "Lock:          %s\n"
      "Locking mode:  locking_mode=%s\n"
      "Journal mode:  journal_mode=%s\n"
      "Backing store: tempFile=%d memDb=%d useJournal=%d\n"
      "Journal:       journalOff=%lld journalHdr=%lld\n"
      "Size:          dbsize=%d dbOrigSize=%d dbFileSize=%d\n"
      , p->zFilename
      , p->eState==PAGER_OPEN            ? "OPEN" :
        p->eState==PAGER_READER          ? "READER" :
        p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED   ? "WRITER_LOCKED" :
        p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD ? "WRITER_CACHEMOD" :
        p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD    ? "WRITER_DBMOD" :
        p->eState==PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED ? "WRITER_FINISHED" :
        p->eState==PAGER_ERROR           ? "ERROR" : "?error?"
      , (int)p->errCode
      , p->eLock==NO_LOCK         ? "NO_LOCK" :
        p->eLock==RESERVED_LOCK   ? "RESERVED" :
        p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK  ? "EXCLUSIVE" :
        p->eLock==SHARED_LOCK     ? "SHARED" :
        p->eLock==UNKNOWN_LOCK    ? "UNKNOWN" : "?error?"
      , p->exclusiveMode ? "exclusive" : "normal"
      , p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY   ? "memory" :
        p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF      ? "off" :
        p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE   ? "delete" :
        p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST  ? "persist" :
        p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE ? "truncate" :
        p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL      ? "wal" : "?error?"
      , (int)p->tempFile, (int)p->memDb, (int)p->useJournal
      , p->journalOff, p->journalHdr
      , (int)p->dbSize, (int)p->dbOrigSize, (int)p->dbFileSize
  );

  return zRet;
}
#endif

/*
** Return true if it is necessary to write page *pPg into the sub-journal.
** A page needs to be written into the sub-journal if there exists one
** or more open savepoints for which:
**
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write a 32-bit integer into a string buffer in big-endian byte order.
*/
#define put32bits(A,B)  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)A,B)


/*
** Write a 32-bit integer into the given file descriptor.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success or an error code is something goes wrong.
*/
static int write32bits(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 offset, u32 val){
  char ac[4];
  put32bits(ac, val);
  return sqlite3OsWrite(fd, ac, 4, offset);
}

/*
** Unlock the database file to level eLock, which must be either NO_LOCK
** or SHARED_LOCK. Regardless of whether or not the call to xUnlock()
** succeeds, set the Pager.eLock variable to match the (attempted) new lock.

**
** Except, if Pager.eLock is set to UNKNOWN_LOCK when this function is
** called, do not modify it. See the comment above the #define of 
** UNKNOWN_LOCK for an explanation of this.



*/
static int pagerUnlockDb(Pager *pPager, int eLock){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( !pPager->exclusiveMode );
  assert( eLock==NO_LOCK || eLock==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( eLock!=NO_LOCK || pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 );
  if( isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
    assert( pPager->eLock>=eLock );
    rc = sqlite3OsUnlock(pPager->fd, eLock);
    if( pPager->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK ){
      pPager->eLock = eLock;
    }
    IOTRACE(("UNLOCK %p %d\n", pPager, eLock))
  }
  return rc;
}

/*

** Lock the database file to level eLock, which must be either SHARED_LOCK,
** RESERVED_LOCK or EXCLUSIVE_LOCK. If the caller is successful, set the
** Pager.eLock variable to the new locking state. 
**
** Except, if Pager.eLock is set to UNKNOWN_LOCK when this function is 
** called, do not modify it unless the new locking state is EXCLUSIVE_LOCK. 
** See the comment above the #define of UNKNOWN_LOCK for an explanation 
** of this.
*/


static int pagerLockDb(Pager *pPager, int eLock){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  assert( eLock==SHARED_LOCK || eLock==RESERVED_LOCK || eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
  if( pPager->eLock<eLock || pPager->eLock==UNKNOWN_LOCK ){
    rc = sqlite3OsLock(pPager->fd, eLock);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (pPager->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK||eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK) ){
      pPager->eLock = eLock;
      IOTRACE(("LOCK %p %d\n", pPager, eLock))
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function determines whether or not the atomic-write optimization
** can be used with this pager. The optimization can be used if:
**
**  (a) the value returned by OsDeviceCharacteristics() indicates that
................................................................................
** - 4 bytes: Database page size.
** 
** Followed by (JOURNAL_HDR_SZ - 28) bytes of unused space.
*/
static int writeJournalHdr(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                 /* Return code */
  char *zHeader = pPager->pTmpSpace;  /* Temporary space used to build header */
  u32 nHeader = (u32)pPager->pageSize;/* Size of buffer pointed to by zHeader */
  u32 nWrite;                         /* Bytes of header sector written */
  int ii;                             /* Loop counter */

  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );      /* Journal file must be open. */

  if( nHeader>JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) ){
    nHeader = JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
................................................................................
  **   * When the pager is in no-sync mode. Corruption can follow a
  **     power failure in this case anyway.
  **
  **   * When the SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND flag is set. This guarantees
  **     that garbage data is never appended to the journal file.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->noSync );
  if( pPager->noSync || (pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY)
   || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND) 
  ){
    memcpy(zHeader, aJournalMagic, sizeof(aJournalMagic));
    put32bits(&zHeader[sizeof(aJournalMagic)], 0xffffffff);
  }else{
    memset(zHeader, 0, sizeof(aJournalMagic)+4);
  }
................................................................................
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  if( pPager->journalOff==0 ){
    u32 iPageSize;               /* Page-size field of journal header */
    u32 iSectorSize;             /* Sector-size field of journal header */


    /* Read the page-size and sector-size journal header fields. */
    if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+20, &iSectorSize))
     || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+24, &iPageSize))
    ){
      return rc;
    }
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }

    /* Update the page-size to match the value read from the journal. 
    ** Use a testcase() macro to make sure that malloc failure within 
    ** PagerSetPagesize() is tested.
    */

    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pPager, &iPageSize, -1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );


    /* Update the assumed sector-size to match the value used by 
    ** the process that created this journal. If this journal was
    ** created by a process other than this one, then this routine
    ** is being called from within pager_playback(). The local value
    ** of Pager.sectorSize is restored at the end of that routine.
    */
................................................................................
static int writeMasterJournal(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster){
  int rc;                          /* Return code */
  int nMaster;                     /* Length of string zMaster */
  i64 iHdrOff;                     /* Offset of header in journal file */
  i64 jrnlSize;                    /* Size of journal file on disk */
  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zMaster 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
................................................................................
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster, nMaster)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+4, cksum)))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, aJournalMagic, 8, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+8)))
  ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPager->journalOff += (nMaster+20);


  /* If the pager is in peristent-journal mode, then the physical 
  ** journal-file may extend past the end of the master-journal name
  ** and 8 bytes of magic data just written to the file. This is 
  ** dangerous because the code to rollback a hot-journal file
  ** will not be able to find the master-journal name to determine 
  ** whether or not the journal is hot. 
................................................................................
  ** fail, since no attempt to allocate dynamic memory will be made.
  */
  (void)sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0, &p);
  return p;
}

/*
** Discard the entire contents of the in-memory page-cache.



*/
static void pager_reset(Pager *pPager){

  sqlite3BackupRestart(pPager->pBackup);
  sqlite3PcacheClear(pPager->pPCache);


}

/*
** Free all structures in the Pager.aSavepoint[] array and set both
** Pager.aSavepoint and Pager.nSavepoint to zero. Close the sub-journal
** if it is open and the pager is not in exclusive mode.
*/
................................................................................
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is a no-op if the pager is in exclusive mode and not
** in the ERROR state. Otherwise, it switches the pager to PAGER_OPEN
** state.
**
** If the pager is not in exclusive-access mode, the database file is
** completely unlocked. If the file is unlocked and the file-system does
** not exhibit the UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN property, the journal file is
** closed (if it is open).
**
** If the pager is in ERROR state when this function is called, the 
** contents of the pager cache are discarded before switching back to 
** the OPEN state. Regardless of whether the pager is in exclusive-mode
** or not, any journal file left in the file-system will be treated
** as a hot-journal and rolled back the next time a read-transaction
** is opened (by this or by any other connection).
*/
static void pager_unlock(Pager *pPager){

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER 
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN 
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR 
  );

  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
  pPager->pInJournal = 0;
  releaseAllSavepoints(pPager);

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    assert( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
    sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);
    pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
  }else if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){
    int rc;                       /* Error code returned by pagerUnlockDb() */
    int iDc = isOpen(pPager->fd)?sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd):0;

    /* If the operating system support deletion of open files, then
    ** close the journal file when dropping the database lock.  Otherwise
    ** another connection with journal_mode=delete might delete the file
    ** out from under us.
    */
................................................................................
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST  & 5)==1 );
    if( 0==(iDc & SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN)
     || 1!=(pPager->journalMode & 5)
    ){
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
    }

    /* If the pager is in the ERROR state and the call to unlock the database
    ** file fails, set the current lock to UNKNOWN_LOCK. See the comment
    ** above the #define for UNKNOWN_LOCK for an explanation of why this
    ** is necessary.
    */
    rc = pagerUnlockDb(pPager, NO_LOCK);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR ){
      pPager->eLock = UNKNOWN_LOCK;
    }

    /* The pager state may be changed from PAGER_ERROR to PAGER_OPEN here
    ** without clearing the error code. This is intentional - the error
    ** code is cleared and the cache reset in the block below.
    */
    assert( pPager->errCode || pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
    pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
  }

  /* If Pager.errCode is set, the contents of the pager cache cannot be
  ** trusted. Now that there are no outstanding references to the pager,
  ** it can safely move back to PAGER_OPEN state. This happens in both
  ** normal and exclusive-locking mode.
  */
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    pager_reset(pPager);
    pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;
}

/*
** This function is called whenever an IOERR or FULL error that requires
** the pager to transition into the ERROR state may ahve occurred.
** The first argument is a pointer to the pager structure, the second 
** the error-code about to be returned by a pager API function. The 
** value returned is a copy of the second argument to this function. 
**
** If the second argument is SQLITE_FULL, SQLITE_IOERR or one of the
** IOERR sub-codes, the pager enters the ERROR state and the error code
** is stored in Pager.errCode. While the pager remains in the ERROR state,
** all major API calls on the Pager will immediately return Pager.errCode.
**
** The ERROR state indicates that the contents of the pager-cache 


** cannot be trusted. This state can be cleared by completely discarding 
** the contents of the pager-cache. If a transaction was active when
** the persistent error occurred, then the rollback journal may need
** to be replayed to restore the contents of the database file (as if
** it were a hot-journal).
*/
static int pager_error(Pager *pPager, int rc){
................................................................................
  assert(
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_FULL ||
       pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK ||
       (pPager->errCode & 0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR
  );
  if( rc2==SQLITE_FULL || rc2==SQLITE_IOERR ){
    pPager->errCode = rc;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}



























/*
** This routine ends a transaction. A transaction is usually ended by 
** either a COMMIT or a ROLLBACK operation. This routine may be called 
** after rollback of a hot-journal, or if an error occurs while opening
** the journal file or writing the very first journal-header of a
** database transaction.
** 
** This routine is never called in PAGER_ERROR state. If it is called
** in PAGER_NONE or PAGER_SHARED state and the lock held is less
** exclusive than a RESERVED lock, it is a no-op.
**
** Otherwise, any active savepoints are released.
**
** If the journal file is open, then it is "finalized". Once a journal 
** file has been finalized it is not possible to use it to roll back a 
** transaction. Nor will it be considered to be a hot-journal by this
** or any other database connection. Exactly how a journal is finalized
................................................................................
**     The journal file is closed and deleted using sqlite3OsDelete().
**
**     If the pager is running in exclusive mode, this method of finalizing
**     the journal file is never used. Instead, if the journalMode is
**     DELETE and the pager is in exclusive mode, the method described under
**     journalMode==PERSIST is used instead.
**
** After the journal is finalized, the pager moves to PAGER_READER state.
** If running in non-exclusive rollback mode, the lock on the file is 
** downgraded to a SHARED_LOCK.




**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs. If an error occurs during
** any of the IO operations to finalize the journal file or unlock the
** database then the IO error code is returned to the user. If the 
** operation to finalize the journal file fails, then the code still
** tries to unlock the database file if not in exclusive mode. If the
** unlock operation fails as well, then the first error code related
................................................................................
** to the first error encountered (the journal finalization one) is
** returned.
*/
static int pager_end_transaction(Pager *pPager, int hasMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Error code from journal finalization operation */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Error code from db file unlock operation */

  /* Do nothing if the pager does not have an open write transaction
  ** or at least a RESERVED lock. This function may be called when there
  ** is no write-transaction active but a RESERVED or greater lock is
  ** held under two circumstances:
  **
  **   1. After a successful hot-journal rollback, it is called with
  **      eState==PAGER_NONE and eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK.
  **
  **   2. If a connection with locking_mode=exclusive holding an EXCLUSIVE 
  **      lock switches back to locking_mode=normal and then executes a
  **      read-transaction, this function is called with eState==PAGER_READER 
  **      and eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK when the read-transaction is closed.
  */
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  if( pPager->eState<PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED && pPager->eLock<RESERVED_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }


  releaseAllSavepoints(pPager);
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->pInJournal==0 );
  if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

    /* Finalize the journal file. */
    if( sqlite3IsMemJournal(pPager->jfd) ){
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );
................................................................................
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE ){
      if( pPager->journalOff==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->jfd, 0);
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;

    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster);

      pPager->journalOff = 0;

    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal. 
      */
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
................................................................................
    sqlite3PcacheIterateDirty(pPager->pPCache, pager_set_pagehash);
#endif
  }
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
  pPager->pInJournal = 0;
  pPager->nRec = 0;
  sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);
  sqlite3PcacheTruncate(pPager->pPCache, pPager->dbSize);

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){

    /* Drop the WAL write-lock, if any. Also, if the connection was in 


    ** locking_mode=exclusive mode but is no longer, drop the EXCLUSIVE 
    ** lock held on the database file.
    */


    rc2 = sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pPager->pWal);
    assert( rc2==SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( !pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && (!pagerUseWal(pPager) || sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 0))
  ){
    rc2 = pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);

    pPager->changeCountDone = 0;


  }
  pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;



  return (rc==SQLITE_OK?rc2:rc);
}

/*
** Execute a rollback if a transaction is active and unlock the 
** database file. 

**
** If the pager has already entered the ERROR state, do not attempt 
** the rollback at this time. Instead, pager_unlock() is called. The
** call to pager_unlock() will discard all in-memory pages, unlock
** the database file and move the pager back to OPEN state. If this 
** means that there is a hot-journal left in the file-system, the next 
** connection to obtain a shared lock on the pager (which may be this one) 
** will roll it back.
**
** If the pager has not already entered the ERROR state, but an IO or
** malloc error occurs during a rollback, then this will itself cause 
** the pager to enter the ERROR state. Which will be cleared by the
** call to pager_unlock(), as described above.
*/
static void pagerUnlockAndRollback(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR && pPager->eState!=PAGER_OPEN ){
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
    if( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }else if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){
      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
      pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0);
    }
  }

  pager_unlock(pPager);
}

/*
** Parameter aData must point to a buffer of pPager->pageSize bytes
** of data. Compute and return a checksum based ont the contents of the 
** page of data and the current value of pPager->cksumInit.
**
** This is not a real checksum. It is really just the sum of the 
................................................................................

/*
** Read a single page from either the journal file (if isMainJrnl==1) or
** from the sub-journal (if isMainJrnl==0) and playback that page.
** The page begins at offset *pOffset into the file. The *pOffset
** value is increased to the start of the next page in the journal.
**
** The main rollback journal uses checksums - the statement journal does 
** not.

**
** If the page number of the page record read from the (sub-)journal file
** is greater than the current value of Pager.dbSize, then playback is
** skipped and SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** If pDone is not NULL, then it is a record of pages that have already
** been played back.  If the page at *pOffset has already been played back
................................................................................
  assert( (isSavepnt&~1)==0 );       /* isSavepnt is 0 or 1 */
  assert( isMainJrnl || pDone );     /* pDone always used on sub-journals */
  assert( isSavepnt || pDone==0 );   /* pDone never used on non-savepoint */

  aData = pPager->pTmpSpace;
  assert( aData );         /* Temp storage must have already been allocated */
  assert( pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 || (!isMainJrnl && isSavepnt) );

  /* Either the state is greater than PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD (a transaction 
  ** or savepoint rollback done at the request of the caller) or this is
  ** a hot-journal rollback. If it is a hot-journal rollback, the pager
  ** is in state OPEN and holds an EXCLUSIVE lock. Hot-journal rollback
  ** only reads from the main journal, not the sub-journal.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || (pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN && pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK)
  );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD || isMainJrnl );

  /* Read the page number and page data from the journal or sub-journal
  ** file. Return an error code to the caller if an IO error occurs.
  */
  jfd = isMainJrnl ? pPager->jfd : pPager->sjfd;
  rc = read32bits(jfd, *pOffset, &pgno);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................

  /* If this page has already been played by before during the current
  ** rollback, then don't bother to play it back again.
  */
  if( pDone && (rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pDone, pgno))!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }


  /* When playing back page 1, restore the nReserve setting
  */
  if( pgno==1 && pPager->nReserve!=((u8*)aData)[20] ){
    pPager->nReserve = ((u8*)aData)[20];
    pagerReportSize(pPager);
  }

  /* If the pager is in CACHEMOD state, then there must be a copy of this
  ** page in the pager cache. In this case just update the pager cache,
  ** not the database file. The page is left marked dirty in this case.
  **
  ** An exception to the above rule: If the database is in no-sync mode
  ** and a page is moved during an incremental vacuum then the page may
  ** not be in the pager cache. Later: if a malloc() or IO error occurs
  ** during a Movepage() call, then the page may not be in the cache
  ** either. So the condition described in the above paragraph is not
  ** assert()able.
  **
  ** If in WRITER_DBMOD, WRITER_FINISHED or OPEN state, then we update the
  ** pager cache if it exists and the main file. The page is then marked 
  ** not dirty. Since this code is only executed in PAGER_OPEN state for
  ** a hot-journal rollback, it is guaranteed that the page-cache is empty
  ** if the pager is in OPEN state.
  **
  ** Ticket #1171:  The statement journal might contain page content that is
  ** different from the page content at the start of the transaction.
  ** This occurs when a page is changed prior to the start of a statement
  ** then changed again within the statement.  When rolling back such a
  ** statement we must not write to the original database unless we know
  ** for certain that original page contents are synced into the main rollback
................................................................................
  */
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    pPg = 0;
  }else{
    pPg = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  }
  assert( pPg || !MEMDB );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_OPEN || pPg==0 );
  PAGERTRACE(("PLAYBACK %d page %d hash(%08x) %s\n",
           PAGERID(pPager), pgno, pager_datahash(pPager->pageSize, (u8*)aData),
           (isMainJrnl?"main-journal":"sub-journal")
  ));
  if( isMainJrnl ){
    isSynced = pPager->noSync || (*pOffset <= pPager->journalHdr);
  }else{
    isSynced = (pPg==0 || 0==(pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC));
  }

  if( isOpen(pPager->fd)
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN)
   && isSynced
  ){
    i64 ofst = (pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;
    testcase( !isSavepnt && pPg!=0 && (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 );
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->fd, (u8*)aData, pPager->pageSize, ofst);
    if( pgno>pPager->dbFileSize ){
................................................................................


/*
** This function is used to change the actual size of the database 
** file in the file-system. This only happens when committing a transaction,
** or rolling back a transaction (including rolling back a hot-journal).
**
** If the main database file is not open, or the pager is not in either
** DBMOD or OPEN state, this function is a no-op. Otherwise, the size 
** of the file is changed to nPage pages (nPage*pPager->pageSize bytes). 
** If the file on disk is currently larger than nPage pages, then use the VFS
** xTruncate() method to truncate it.
**
** Or, it might might be the case that the file on disk is smaller than 
** nPage pages. Some operating system implementations can get confused if 
** you try to truncate a file to some size that is larger than it 
** currently is, so detect this case and write a single zero byte to 
** the end of the new file instead.
**
** If successful, return SQLITE_OK. If an IO error occurs while modifying
** the database file, return the error code to the caller.
*/
static int pager_truncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_READER );
  
  if( isOpen(pPager->fd) 
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN) 
  ){
    i64 currentSize, newSize;
    assert( pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
    /* TODO: Is it safe to use Pager.dbFileSize here? */
    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->fd, &currentSize);
    newSize = pPager->pageSize*(i64)nPage;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && currentSize!=newSize ){
      if( currentSize>newSize ){
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->fd, newSize);
      }else{
................................................................................
  int needPagerReset;      /* True to reset page prior to first page rollback */

  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto end_playback;
  }

  /* Read the master journal name from the journal, if it is present.
  ** If a master journal file name is specified, but the file is not
  ** present on disk, then the journal is not hot and does not need to be
  ** played back.
................................................................................
  /* This loop terminates either when a readJournalHdr() or 
  ** pager_playback_one_page() call returns SQLITE_DONE or an IO error 
  ** occurs. 
  */
  while( 1 ){
    /* Read the next journal header from the journal file.  If there are
    ** not enough bytes left in the journal file for a complete header, or
    ** it is corrupted, then a process must have failed while writing it.
    ** This indicates nothing more needs to be rolled back.
    */
    rc = readJournalHdr(pPager, isHot, szJ, &nRec, &mxPg);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){ 
      if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }
................................................................................
  pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    zMaster = pPager->pTmpSpace;
    rc = readMasterJournal(pPager->jfd, zMaster, pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pPager->noSync 
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN)
  ){
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->sync_flags);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, zMaster[0]!='\0');
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zMaster[0] && res ){
................................................................................
static int readDbPage(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager; /* Pager object associated with page pPg */
  Pgno pgno = pPg->pgno;       /* Page number to read */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code */
  int isInWal = 0;             /* True if page is in log file */
  int pgsz = pPager->pageSize; /* Number of bytes to read */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && !MEMDB );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );

  if( NEVER(!isOpen(pPager->fd)) ){
    assert( pPager->tempFile );
    memset(pPg->pData, 0, pPager->pageSize);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
................................................................................
** other writers or checkpointers.
*/
static int pagerBeginReadTransaction(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int changed = 0;                /* True if cache must be reset */

  assert( pagerUseWal(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN || pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );

  /* sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction() was not called for the previous
  ** transaction in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE.  So call it now.  If we
  ** are in locking_mode=NORMAL and EndRead() was previously called,
  ** the duplicate call is harmless.
  */
  sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);

  rc = sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(pPager->pWal, &changed);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && changed ){


    pager_reset(pPager);

  }



  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called as part of the transition from PAGER_OPEN
** to PAGER_READER state to determine the size of the database file
** in pages (assuming the page size currently stored in Pager.pageSize).
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned and the size of the database
** in pages is stored in *pnPage. Otherwise, an error code (perhaps
** SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT) is returned and *pnPage is left unmodified.
*/
static int pagerPagecount(Pager *pPager, Pgno *pnPage){
  Pgno nPage;                     /* Value to return via *pnPage */

  /* Query the WAL sub-system for the database size. The WalDbsize()
  ** function returns zero if the WAL is not open (i.e. Pager.pWal==0), or
  ** if the database size is not available. The database size is not
  ** available from the WAL sub-system if the log file is empty or
  ** contains no valid committed transactions.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
  assert( pPager->eLock>=SHARED_LOCK || pPager->noReadlock );
  nPage = sqlite3WalDbsize(pPager->pWal);

  /* If the database size was not available from the WAL sub-system,
  ** determine it based on the size of the database file. If the size
  ** of the database file is not an integer multiple of the page-size,
  ** round down to the nearest page. Except, any file larger than 0
  ** bytes in size is considered to contain at least one page.
  */
  if( nPage==0 ){
    i64 n = 0;                    /* Size of db file in bytes */
    assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->tempFile );
    if( isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
      int rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->fd, &n);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    nPage = (Pgno)(n / pPager->pageSize);
    if( nPage==0 && n>0 ){
      nPage = 1;
    }
  }

  /* If the current number of pages in the file is greater than the
  ** configured maximum pager number, increase the allowed limit so
  ** that the file can be read.
  */
  if( nPage>pPager->mxPgno ){
    pPager->mxPgno = (Pgno)nPage;
  }

  *pnPage = nPage;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Check if the *-wal file that corresponds to the database opened by pPager
** exists if the database is not empy, or verify that the *-wal file does
** not exist (by deleting it) if the database file is empty.
**
** If the database is not empty and the *-wal file exists, open the pager
** in WAL mode.  If the database is empty or if no *-wal file exists and
** if no error occurs, make sure Pager.journalMode is not set to
** PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK or an error code.
**


** The caller must hold a SHARED lock on the database file to call this
** function. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock on the db file is required to delete 
** a WAL on a none-empty database, this ensures there is no race condition 
** between the xAccess() below and an xDelete() being executed by some 
** other connection.
*/
static int pagerOpenWalIfPresent(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
  assert( pPager->eLock>=SHARED_LOCK || pPager->noReadlock );

  if( !pPager->tempFile ){
    int isWal;                    /* True if WAL file exists */
    Pgno nPage;                   /* Size of the database file */


    rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( nPage==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, 0);
      isWal = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &isWal
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( isWal ){
        testcase( sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
        rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pPager, 0);



      }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
*/
static int pagerPlaybackSavepoint(Pager *pPager, PagerSavepoint *pSavepoint){
  i64 szJ;                 /* Effective size of the main journal */
  i64 iHdrOff;             /* End of first segment of main-journal records */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Return code */
  Bitvec *pDone = 0;       /* Bitvec to ensure pages played back only once */

  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );

  /* Allocate a bitvec to use to store the set of pages rolled back */
  if( pSavepoint ){
    pDone = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pSavepoint->nOrig);
    if( !pDone ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
................................................................................
** and FULL=3.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager *pPager, int level, int bFullFsync){
  pPager->noSync =  (level==1 || pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  pPager->fullSync = (level==3 && !pPager->tempFile) ?1:0;
  pPager->sync_flags = (bFullFsync?SQLITE_SYNC_FULL:SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL);

}
#endif

/*
** The following global variable is incremented whenever the library
** attempts to open a temporary file.  This information is used for
** testing and analysis only.  
................................................................................

/*
** Change the page size used by the Pager object. The new page size 
** is passed in *pPageSize.
**
** If the pager is in the error state when this function is called, it
** is a no-op. The value returned is the error state error code (i.e. 
** one of SQLITE_IOERR, an SQLITE_IOERR_xxx sub-code or SQLITE_FULL).
**
** Otherwise, if all of the following are true:
**
**   * the new page size (value of *pPageSize) is valid (a power 
**     of two between 512 and SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE, inclusive), and
**
**   * there are no outstanding page references, and
................................................................................
** In all other cases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** If the page size is not changed, either because one of the enumerated
** conditions above is not true, the pager was in error state when this
** function was called, or because the memory allocation attempt failed, 
** then *pPageSize is set to the old, retained page size before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager *pPager, u32 *pPageSize, int nReserve){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* It is not possible to do a full assert_pager_state() here, as this
  ** function may be called from within PagerOpen(), before the state
  ** of the Pager object is internally consistent.
  **
  ** At one point this function returned an error if the pager was in 
  ** PAGER_ERROR state. But since PAGER_ERROR state guarantees that
  ** there is at least one outstanding page reference, this function
  ** is a no-op for that case anyhow.
  */

  u32 pageSize = *pPageSize;
  assert( pageSize==0 || (pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE) );
  if( (pPager->memDb==0 || pPager->dbSize==0)
   && sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0 
   && pageSize && pageSize!=(u32)pPager->pageSize 
  ){
    char *pNew;                 /* New temp space */
    i64 nByte = 0;

    if( pPager->eState>PAGER_OPEN && isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
      rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->fd, &nByte);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pNew = (char *)sqlite3PageMalloc(pageSize);
      if( !pNew ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      pager_reset(pPager);
      pPager->dbSize = nByte/pageSize;
      pPager->pageSize = pageSize;
      sqlite3PageFree(pPager->pTmpSpace);
      pPager->pTmpSpace = pNew;
      sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(pPager->pPCache, pageSize);
    }
  }

  *pPageSize = pPager->pageSize;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nReserve<0 ) nReserve = pPager->nReserve;
    assert( nReserve>=0 && nReserve<1000 );
    pPager->nReserve = (i16)nReserve;
    pagerReportSize(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** Attempt to set the maximum database page count if mxPage is positive. 
** Make no changes if mxPage is zero or negative.  And never reduce the
** maximum page count below the current size of the database.
**
** Regardless of mxPage, return the current maximum page count.
*/
int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager *pPager, int mxPage){

  if( mxPage>0 ){
    pPager->mxPgno = mxPage;
  }
  if( pPager->eState!=PAGER_OPEN && pPager->mxPgno<pPager->dbSize ){

    pPager->mxPgno = pPager->dbSize;
  }
  return pPager->mxPgno;
}

/*
** The following set of routines are used to disable the simulated
** I/O error mechanism.  These routines are used to avoid simulated
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function may only be called when a read-transaction is open on
** the pager. It returns the total number of pages in the database.

**
** However, if the file is between 1 and <page-size> bytes in size, then 
** this is considered a 1 page file.









*/
void sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager *pPager, int *pnPage){




























  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED );
  *pnPage = (int)pPager->dbSize;
















}


/*
** Try to obtain a lock of type locktype on the database file. If
** a similar or greater lock is already held, this function is a no-op
** (returning SQLITE_OK immediately).
................................................................................
** Return SQLITE_OK on success and an error code if we cannot obtain
** the lock. If the lock is obtained successfully, set the Pager.state 
** variable to locktype before returning.
*/
static int pager_wait_on_lock(Pager *pPager, int locktype){
  int rc;                              /* Return code */












  /* Check that this is either a no-op (because the requested lock is 
  ** already held, or one of the transistions that the busy-handler
  ** may be invoked during, according to the comment above
  ** sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler().
  */
  assert( (pPager->eLock>=locktype)
       || (pPager->eLock==NO_LOCK && locktype==SHARED_LOCK)
       || (pPager->eLock==RESERVED_LOCK && locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK)
  );




  do {

    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, locktype);
  }while( rc==SQLITE_BUSY && pPager->xBusyHandler(pPager->pBusyHandlerArg) );





  return rc;
}

/*
** Function assertTruncateConstraint(pPager) checks that one of the 
** following is true for all dirty pages currently in the page-cache:
**
................................................................................
/*
** Truncate the in-memory database file image to nPage pages. This 
** function does not actually modify the database file on disk. It 
** just sets the internal state of the pager object so that the 
** truncation will be done when the current transaction is committed.
*/
void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){

  assert( pPager->dbSize>=nPage );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
  pPager->dbSize = nPage;
  assertTruncateConstraint(pPager);
}


/*
** This function is called before attempting a hot-journal rollback. It
................................................................................
** to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager){
  u8 *pTmp = (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace;

  disable_simulated_io_errors();
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  /* pPager->errCode = 0; */
  pPager->exclusiveMode = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal,
    (pPager->noSync ? 0 : pPager->sync_flags), 
    pPager->pageSize, pTmp
  );
  pPager->pWal = 0;
#endif
  pager_reset(pPager);
  if( MEMDB ){
    pager_unlock(pPager);
  }else{
    /* If it is open, sync the journal file before calling UnlockAndRollback.
    ** If this is not done, then an unsynced portion of the open journal 

    ** file may be played back into the database. If a power failure occurs 
    ** while this is happening, the database could become corrupt.
    **
    ** If an error occurs while trying to sync the journal, shift the pager
    ** into the ERROR state. This causes UnlockAndRollback to unlock the
    ** database and close the journal file without attempting to roll it
    ** back or finalize it. The next database user will have to do hot-journal
    ** rollback before accessing the database file.
    */
    if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      pager_error(pPager, pagerSyncHotJournal(pPager));
    }
    pagerUnlockAndRollback(pPager);
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  enable_simulated_io_errors();
  PAGERTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  IOTRACE(("CLOSE %p\n", pPager))
................................................................................
}

/*
** Sync the journal. In other words, make sure all the pages that have
** been written to the journal have actually reached the surface of the
** disk and can be restored in the event of a hot-journal rollback.
**
** If the Pager.noSync flag is set, then this function is a no-op.
** Otherwise, the actions required depend on the journal-mode and the 
** device characteristics of the the file-system, as follows:
**
**   * If the journal file is an in-memory journal file, no action need
**     be taken.
**
**   * Otherwise, if the device does not support the SAFE_APPEND property,
**     then the nRec field of the most recently written journal header
**     is updated to contain the number of journal records that have
................................................................................
**     if( NOT SAFE_APPEND ){
**       if( <full-sync mode> ) xSync(<journal file>);
**       <update nRec field>
**     } 
**     if( NOT SEQUENTIAL ) xSync(<journal file>);
**   }
**



** If successful, this routine clears the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag of every 
** page currently held in memory before returning SQLITE_OK. If an IO
** error is encountered, then the IO error code is returned to the caller.
*/
static int syncJournal(Pager *pPager, int newHdr){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  rc = sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  if( !pPager->noSync ){
    assert( !pPager->tempFile );
    if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){

      const int iDc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);
      assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );

      if( 0==(iDc&SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND) ){
        /* This block deals with an obscure problem. If the last connection
        ** that wrote to this database was operating in persistent-journal
        ** mode, then the journal file may at this point actually be larger
................................................................................
        PAGERTRACE(("SYNC journal of %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
        IOTRACE(("JSYNC %p\n", pPager))
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->sync_flags| 
          (pPager->sync_flags==SQLITE_SYNC_FULL?SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY:0)
        );
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
      }

      pPager->journalHdr = pPager->journalOff;
      if( newHdr && 0==(iDc&SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND) ){
        pPager->nRec = 0;
        rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
      }





    }else{
      pPager->journalHdr = pPager->journalOff;

    }
  }

  /* Unless the pager is in noSync mode, the journal file was just 
  ** successfully synced. Either way, clear the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag on 
  ** all pages.
  */
  sqlite3PcacheClearSyncFlags(pPager->pPCache);
  pPager->eState = PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD;
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The argument is the first in a linked list of dirty pages connected
** by the PgHdr.pDirty pointer. This function writes each one of the
** in-memory pages in the list to the database file. The argument may
................................................................................
** the database file.
**
** If everything is successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an IO error 
** occurs, an IO error code is returned. Or, if the EXCLUSIVE lock cannot
** be obtained, SQLITE_BUSY is returned.
*/
static int pager_write_pagelist(Pager *pPager, PgHdr *pList){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */

  /* This function is only called for rollback pagers in WRITER_DBMOD state. */















  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD );
  assert( pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );


  /* If the file is a temp-file has not yet been opened, open it now. It
  ** is not possible for rc to be other than SQLITE_OK if this branch
  ** is taken, as pager_wait_on_lock() is a no-op for temp-files.
  */
  if( !isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
    assert( pPager->tempFile && rc==SQLITE_OK );
................................................................................
  }

#if 0
  /* Before the first write, give the VFS a hint of what the final
  ** file size will be.
  */
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->dbSize>pPager->dbHintSize ){
    sqlite3_int64 szFile = pPager->pageSize * (sqlite3_int64)pPager->dbSize;
    sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &szFile);
  }
#endif

  /* Before the first write, give the VFS a hint of what the final
  ** file size will be.
................................................................................
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && pPager->dbSize>(pPager->dbFileSize+1)
   && isOpen(pPager->fd)
  ){
    sqlite3_int64 szFile = pPager->pageSize * (sqlite3_int64)pPager->dbSize;
    sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &szFile);
    pPager->dbHintSize = pPager->dbSize;
  }

  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pList ){
    Pgno pgno = pList->pgno;

    /* If there are dirty pages in the page cache with page numbers greater
    ** than Pager.dbSize, this means sqlite3PagerTruncateImage() was called to
................................................................................
    **
    ** Also, do not write out any page that has the PGHDR_DONT_WRITE flag
    ** set (set by sqlite3PagerDontWrite()).
    */
    if( pgno<=pPager->dbSize && 0==(pList->flags&PGHDR_DONT_WRITE) ){
      i64 offset = (pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize;   /* Offset to write */
      char *pData;                                   /* Data to write */    

      assert( (pList->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)==0 );

      /* Encode the database */
      CODEC2(pPager, pList->pData, pgno, 6, return SQLITE_NOMEM, pData);

      /* Write out the page data. */
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->fd, pData, pPager->pageSize, offset);

................................................................................
  ** journal (and adding a new header) is not allowed.  This occurs
  ** during calls to sqlite3PagerWrite() while trying to journal multiple
  ** pages belonging to the same sector.
  **
  ** The doNotSpill flag inhibits all cache spilling regardless of whether
  ** or not a sync is required.  This is set during a rollback.
  **
  ** Spilling is also prohibited when in an error state since that could
  ** lead to database corruption.   In the current implementaton it 
  ** is impossible for sqlite3PCacheFetch() to be called with createFlag==1
  ** while in the error state, hence it is impossible for this routine to
  ** be called in the error state.  Nevertheless, we include a NEVER()
  ** test for the error state as a safeguard against future changes.
  */

  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSpill ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSyncSpill && (pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pagerWalFrames(pPager, pPg, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }else{
  
    /* Sync the journal file if required. */
    if( pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC 
     || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD




    ){



      rc = syncJournal(pPager, 1);
    }
  
    /* If the page number of this page is larger than the current size of
    ** the database image, it may need to be written to the sub-journal.
    ** This is because the call to pager_write_pagelist() below will not
    ** actually write data to the file in this case.
    **
................................................................................
        rc==SQLITE_OK && pPg->pgno>pPager->dbSize && subjRequiresPage(pPg)
    ) ){
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg);
    }
  
    /* Write the contents of the page out to the database file. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)==0 );
      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager, pPg);
    }
  }

  /* Mark the page as clean. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    PAGERTRACE(("STRESS %d page %d\n", PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno));
................................................................................
  int readOnly = 0;        /* True if this is a read-only file */
  int journalFileSize;     /* Bytes to allocate for each journal fd */
  char *zPathname = 0;     /* Full path to database file */
  int nPathname = 0;       /* Number of bytes in zPathname */
  int useJournal = (flags & PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL)==0; /* False to omit journal */
  int noReadlock = (flags & PAGER_NO_READLOCK)!=0;  /* True to omit read-lock */
  int pcacheSize = sqlite3PcacheSize();       /* Bytes to allocate for PCache */
  u32 szPageDflt = SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE;  /* Default page size */

  /* Figure out how much space is required for each journal file-handle
  ** (there are two of them, the main journal and the sub-journal). This
  ** is the maximum space required for an in-memory journal file handle 
  ** and a regular journal file-handle. Note that a "regular journal-handle"
  ** may be a wrapper capable of caching the first portion of the journal
  ** file in memory to implement the atomic-write optimization (see 
................................................................................
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !readOnly ){
      setSectorSize(pPager);
      assert(SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE<=SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE);
      if( szPageDflt<pPager->sectorSize ){
        if( pPager->sectorSize>SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE ){
          szPageDflt = SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE;
        }else{
          szPageDflt = (u32)pPager->sectorSize;
        }
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
      {
        int iDc = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->fd);
        int ii;
        assert(SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512==(512>>8));
................................................................................
    ** opening the file until the first call to OsWrite().
    **
    ** This branch is also run for an in-memory database. An in-memory
    ** database is the same as a temp-file that is never written out to
    ** disk and uses an in-memory rollback journal.
    */ 
    tempFile = 1;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    pPager->eLock = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    readOnly = (vfsFlags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  }

  /* The following call to PagerSetPagesize() serves to set the value of 
  ** Pager.pageSize and to allocate the Pager.pTmpSpace buffer.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  IOTRACE(("OPEN %p %s\n", pPager, pPager->zFilename))

  pPager->useJournal = (u8)useJournal;
  pPager->noReadlock = (noReadlock && readOnly) ?1:0;
  /* pPager->stmtOpen = 0; */
  /* pPager->stmtInUse = 0; */
  /* pPager->nRef = 0; */

  /* pPager->stmtSize = 0; */
  /* pPager->stmtJSize = 0; */
  /* pPager->nPage = 0; */
  pPager->mxPgno = SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT;
  /* pPager->state = PAGER_UNLOCK; */
#if 0
  assert( pPager->state == (tempFile ? PAGER_EXCLUSIVE : PAGER_UNLOCK) );
#endif
  /* pPager->errMask = 0; */
  pPager->tempFile = (u8)tempFile;
  assert( tempFile==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL 
          || tempFile==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE );
  assert( PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE==1 );
  pPager->exclusiveMode = (u8)tempFile; 
  pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->memDb = (u8)memDb;
  pPager->readOnly = (u8)readOnly;

  assert( useJournal || pPager->tempFile );
  pPager->noSync = pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->fullSync = pPager->noSync ?0:1;
  pPager->sync_flags = SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL;
  /* pPager->pFirst = 0; */
  /* pPager->pFirstSynced = 0; */
  /* pPager->pLast = 0; */
................................................................................
*/
static int hasHotJournal(Pager *pPager, int *pExists){
  sqlite3_vfs * const pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;           /* Return code */
  int exists = 1;               /* True if a journal file is present */
  int jrnlOpen = !!isOpen(pPager->jfd);


  assert( pPager->useJournal );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );

  assert( jrnlOpen==0 || ( sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pPager->jfd) &
    SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
  ));

  *pExists = 0;
  if( !jrnlOpen ){
    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &exists);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && exists ){
    int locked = 0;             /* True if some process holds a RESERVED lock */

    /* Race condition here:  Another process might have been holding the
    ** the RESERVED lock and have a journal open at the sqlite3OsAccess() 
    ** call above, but then delete the journal and drop the lock before
    ** we get to the following sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock() call.  If that
    ** is the case, this routine might think there is a hot journal when
    ** in fact there is none.  This results in a false-positive which will
    ** be dealt with by the playback routine.  Ticket #3883.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd, &locked);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !locked ){
      Pgno nPage;                 /* Number of pages in database file */

      /* Check the size of the database file. If it consists of 0 pages,
      ** then delete the journal file. See the header comment above for 
      ** the reasoning here.  Delete the obsolete journal file under
      ** a RESERVED lock to avoid race conditions and to avoid violating
      ** [H33020].
      */
      rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( nPage==0 ){
          sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
          if( pagerLockDb(pPager, RESERVED_LOCK)==SQLITE_OK ){
            sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
            pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
          }
          sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
        }else{
          /* The journal file exists and no other connection has a reserved
          ** or greater lock on the database file. Now check that there is
          ** at least one non-zero bytes at the start of the journal file.
          ** If there is, then we consider this journal to be hot. If not, 
................................................................................
** This function is called to obtain a shared lock on the database file.
** It is illegal to call sqlite3PagerAcquire() until after this function
** has been successfully called. If a shared-lock is already held when
** this function is called, it is a no-op.
**
** The following operations are also performed by this function.
**
**   1) If the pager is currently in PAGER_OPEN state (no lock held
**      on the database file), then an attempt is made to obtain a
**      SHARED lock on the database file. Immediately after obtaining
**      the SHARED lock, the file-system is checked for a hot-journal,
**      which is played back if present. Following any hot-journal 
**      rollback, the contents of the cache are validated by checking
**      the 'change-counter' field of the database file header and
**      discarded if they are found to be invalid.
................................................................................
**
**   2) If the pager is running in exclusive-mode, and there are currently
**      no outstanding references to any pages, and is in the error state,
**      then an attempt is made to clear the error state by discarding
**      the contents of the page cache and rolling back any open journal
**      file.
**





** If everything is successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an IO error 
** occurs while locking the database, checking for a hot-journal file or 
** rolling back a journal file, the IO error code is returned.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                /* Return code */


  /* This routine is only called from b-tree and only when there are no
  ** outstanding pages. This implies that the pager state should either
  ** be OPEN or READER. READER is only possible if the pager is or was in 
  ** exclusive access mode.
  */
  assert( sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN || pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
  if( NEVER(MEMDB && pPager->errCode) ){ return pPager->errCode; }





  if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) && pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN ){
    int bHotJournal = 1;          /* True if there exists a hot journal-file */


    assert( !MEMDB );
    assert( pPager->noReadlock==0 || pPager->readOnly );










    if( pPager->noReadlock==0 ){



      rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){


        assert( pPager->eLock==NO_LOCK || pPager->eLock==UNKNOWN_LOCK );
        goto failed;
      }
    }


    /* If a journal file exists, and there is no RESERVED lock on the
    ** database file, then it either needs to be played back or deleted.
    */
    if( pPager->eLock<=SHARED_LOCK ){

      rc = hasHotJournal(pPager, &bHotJournal);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto failed;
    }

    if( bHotJournal ){
      /* Get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. At this point it is
      ** important that a RESERVED lock is not obtained on the way to the
      ** EXCLUSIVE lock. If it were, another process might open the
      ** database file, detect the RESERVED lock, and conclude that the
      ** database is safe to read while this process is still rolling the 
      ** hot-journal back.
      ** 
      ** Because the intermediate RESERVED lock is not requested, any
      ** other process attempting to access the database file will get to 
      ** this point in the code and fail to obtain its own EXCLUSIVE lock 
      ** on the database file.
      **
      ** Unless the pager is in locking_mode=exclusive mode, the lock is
      ** downgraded to SHARED_LOCK before this function returns.
      */

      rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

        goto failed;
      }

 

      /* If it is not already open and the file exists on disk, open the 
      ** journal for read/write access. Write access is required because 
      ** in exclusive-access mode the file descriptor will be kept open 
      ** and possibly used for a transaction later on. Also, write-access 
      ** is usually required to finalize the journal in journal_mode=persist 
      ** mode (and also for journal_mode=truncate on some systems).
      **
      ** If the journal does not exist, it usually means that some 
      ** other connection managed to get in and roll it back before 
      ** this connection obtained the exclusive lock above. Or, it 
      ** may mean that the pager was in the error-state when this
      ** function was called and the journal file does not exist.
      */
      if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){

        sqlite3_vfs * const pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
        int bExists;              /* True if journal file exists */
        rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
            pVfs, pPager->zJournal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &bExists);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bExists ){

          int fout = 0;
          int f = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL;
          assert( !pPager->tempFile );
          rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, f, &fout);
          assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK && fout&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY ){
            rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
            sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
          }







        }
      }













 
      /* Playback and delete the journal.  Drop the database write
      ** lock and reacquire the read lock. Purge the cache before
      ** playing back the hot-journal so that we don't end up with
      ** an inconsistent cache.  Sync the hot journal before playing
      ** it back since the process that crashed and left the hot journal
      ** probably did not sync it and we are required to always sync
      ** the journal before playing it back.
      */
      if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
        rc = pagerSyncHotJournal(pPager);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = pager_playback(pPager, 1);
          pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
        }
      }else if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){
        pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
      }

      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        /* This branch is taken if an error occurs while trying to open
        ** or roll back a hot-journal while holding an EXCLUSIVE lock. The
        ** pager_unlock() routine will be called before returning to unlock
        ** the file. If the unlock attempt fails, then Pager.eLock must be
        ** set to UNKNOWN_LOCK (see the comment above the #define for 
        ** UNKNOWN_LOCK above for an explanation). 
        **
        ** In order to get pager_unlock() to do this, set Pager.eState to
        ** PAGER_ERROR now. This is not actually counted as a transition
        ** to ERROR state in the state diagram at the top of this file,
        ** since we know that the same call to pager_unlock() will very
        ** shortly transition the pager object to the OPEN state. Calling
        ** assert_pager_state() would fail now, as it should not be possible
        ** to be in ERROR state when there are zero outstanding page 
        ** references.
        */
        pager_error(pPager, rc);
        goto failed;
      }

      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
      assert( (pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK)
           || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->eLock>SHARED_LOCK)
      );
    }

    if( !pPager->tempFile 
     && (pPager->pBackup || sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)>0) 
    ){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired on the database file
      ** and there are already pages in the cache (from a previous
      ** read or write transaction).  Check to see if the database
      ** has been modified.  If the database has changed, flush the
      ** cache.
      **
      ** Database changes is detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
................................................................................
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
      ** a codec is in use.
      ** 
      ** There is a vanishingly small chance that a change will not be 
      ** detected.  The chance of an undetected change is so small that
      ** it can be neglected.
      */
      Pgno nPage = 0;
      char dbFileVers[sizeof(pPager->dbFileVers)];




      rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( rc ) goto failed;


      if( nPage>0 ){
        IOTRACE(("CKVERS %p %d\n", pPager, sizeof(dbFileVers)));
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pPager->fd, &dbFileVers, sizeof(dbFileVers), 24);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto failed;
        }
................................................................................
        memset(dbFileVers, 0, sizeof(dbFileVers));
      }

      if( memcmp(pPager->dbFileVers, dbFileVers, sizeof(dbFileVers))!=0 ){
        pager_reset(pPager);
      }
    }


    /* If there is a WAL file in the file-system, open this database in WAL
    ** mode. Otherwise, the following function call is a no-op.
    */
    rc = pagerOpenWalIfPresent(pPager);
    assert( pPager->pWal==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );
  }

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
    rc = pagerBeginReadTransaction(pPager);
  }

  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &pPager->dbSize);
  }

 failed:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    pager_unlock(pPager);
    assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
  }else{
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** If the reference count has reached zero, rollback any active
** transaction and unlock the pager.
**
** Except, in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE when there is nothing to in
** the rollback journal, the unlock is not performed and there is
** nothing to rollback, so this routine is a no-op.
*/ 
static void pagerUnlockIfUnused(Pager *pPager){
  if( (sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache)==0) ){


    pagerUnlockAndRollback(pPager);
  }
}

/*
** Acquire a reference to page number pgno in pager pPager (a page
** reference has type DbPage*). If the requested reference is 
................................................................................
  Pgno pgno,          /* Page number to fetch */
  DbPage **ppPage,    /* Write a pointer to the page here */
  int noContent       /* Do not bother reading content from disk if true */
){
  int rc;
  PgHdr *pPg;

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );


  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 1, ppPage);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Either the call to sqlite3PcacheFetch() returned an error or the
................................................................................
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    PAGER_INCR(pPager->nHit);
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */


    PAGER_INCR(pPager->nMiss);
    pPg = *ppPage;
    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto pager_acquire_err;
    }






    if( MEMDB || pPager->dbSize<pgno || noContent || !isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
      if( pgno>pPager->mxPgno ){
        rc = SQLITE_FULL;
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
      if( noContent ){
        /* Failure to set the bits in the InJournal bit-vectors is benign.
        ** It merely means that we might do some extra work to journal a 
................................................................................
  *ppPage = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Acquire a page if it is already in the in-memory cache.  Do
** not read the page from disk.  Return a pointer to the page,
** or 0 if the page is not in cache. 


**
** See also sqlite3PagerGet().  The difference between this routine
** and sqlite3PagerGet() is that _get() will go to the disk and read
** in the page if the page is not already in cache.  This routine
** returns NULL if the page is not in cache or if a disk I/O error 
** has ever happened.
*/
DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg = 0;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0, &pPg);
  return pPg;
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
................................................................................
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything is successful. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_NOMEM if the attempt to allocate Pager.pInJournal fails, or 
** an IO error code if opening or writing the journal file fails.
*/
static int pager_open_journal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                        /* Return code */

  sqlite3_vfs * const pVfs = pPager->pVfs;   /* Local cache of vfs pointer */


  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );

  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->pInJournal==0 );
  
  /* If already in the error state, this function is a no-op.  But on
  ** the other hand, this routine is never called if we are already in
  ** an error state. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF ){


    pPager->pInJournal = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pPager->dbSize);
    if( pPager->pInJournal==0 ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  
    /* Open the journal file if it is not already open. */
    if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
        sqlite3MemJournalOpen(pPager->jfd);
      }else{
        const int flags =                   /* VFS flags to open journal file */
          SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
          (pPager->tempFile ? 
            (SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL):
            (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL)
          );
  #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
        rc = sqlite3JournalOpen(
            pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, jrnlBufferSize(pPager)
        );
  #else
        rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->jfd, flags, 0);
  #endif
      }
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
    }
  
  
    /* Write the first journal header to the journal file and open 
    ** the sub-journal if necessary.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* TODO: Check if all of these are really required. */



      pPager->nRec = 0;
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
      pPager->setMaster = 0;
      pPager->journalHdr = 0;
      rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
    pPager->pInJournal = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Begin a write-transaction on the specified pager object. If a 
** write-transaction has already been opened, this function is a no-op.
**
** If the exFlag argument is false, then acquire at least a RESERVED
** lock on the database file. If exFlag is true, then acquire at least
** an EXCLUSIVE lock. If such a lock is already held, no locking 
** functions need be called.
**








** If the subjInMemory argument is non-zero, then any sub-journal opened
** within this transaction will be opened as an in-memory file. This
** has no effect if the sub-journal is already opened (as it may be when
** running in exclusive mode) or if the transaction does not require a
** sub-journal. If the subjInMemory argument is zero, then any required
** sub-journal is implemented in-memory if pPager is an in-memory database, 
** or using a temporary file otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager *pPager, int exFlag, int subjInMemory){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  if( pPager->errCode ) return pPager->errCode;
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER && pPager->eState<PAGER_ERROR );
  pPager->subjInMemory = (u8)subjInMemory;


  if( ALWAYS(pPager->eState==PAGER_READER) ){
    assert( pPager->pInJournal==0 );


    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      /* If the pager is configured to use locking_mode=exclusive, and an
      ** exclusive lock on the database is not already held, obtain it now.
      */
      if( pPager->exclusiveMode && sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, -1) ){
        rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);

        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 1);
      }

      /* Grab the write lock on the log file. If successful, upgrade to
      ** PAGER_RESERVED state. Otherwise, return an error code to the caller.
      ** The busy-handler is not invoked if another connection already
      ** holds the write-lock. If possible, the upper layer will call it.






      */
      rc = sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(pPager->pWal);








    }else{
      /* Obtain a RESERVED lock on the database file. If the exFlag parameter
      ** is true, then immediately upgrade this to an EXCLUSIVE lock. The
      ** busy-handler callback can be used when upgrading to the EXCLUSIVE
      ** lock, but not when obtaining the RESERVED lock.
      */
      rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, RESERVED_LOCK);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && exFlag ){
        rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
      }
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* Change to WRITER_LOCKED state.
      **
      ** WAL mode sets Pager.eState to PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED or CACHEMOD
      ** when it has an open transaction, but never to DBMOD or FINISHED.
      ** This is because in those states the code to roll back savepoint 
      ** transactions may copy data from the sub-journal into the database 
      ** file as well as into the page cache. Which would be incorrect in 
      ** WAL mode.
      */
      pPager->eState = PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED;
      pPager->dbHintSize = pPager->dbSize;
      pPager->dbFileSize = pPager->dbSize;
      pPager->dbOrigSize = pPager->dbSize;
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }

    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("TRANSACTION %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** of any open savepoints as appropriate.
*/
static int pager_write(PgHdr *pPg){
  void *pData = pPg->pData;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* This routine is not called unless a write-transaction has already 
  ** been started. The journal file may or may not be open at this point.
  ** It is never called in the ERROR state.
  */
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* If an error has been previously detected, report the same error


  ** again. This should not happen, but the check provides robustness. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) )  return pPager->errCode;

  /* Higher-level routines never call this function if database is not
  ** writable.  But check anyway, just for robustness. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->readOnly) ) return SQLITE_PERM;



  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* Mark the page as dirty.  If the page has already been written
  ** to the journal then we can return right away.
  */
  sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);
  if( pageInJournal(pPg) && !subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){
    assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
    assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
  }else{

    /* If we get this far, it means that the page needs to be
    ** written to the transaction journal or the checkpoint journal
    ** or both.
    **
    ** Higher level routines have already obtained the necessary locks
    ** to begin the write-transaction, but the rollback journal might not 
    ** yet be open. Open it now if this is the case.
    */

    if( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){




      rc = pager_open_journal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }
    assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  
    /* The transaction journal now exists and we have a RESERVED or an
    ** EXCLUSIVE lock on the main database file.  Write the current page to
    ** the transaction journal if it is not there already.
    */
    if( !pageInJournal(pPg) && !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      assert( pagerUseWal(pPager)==0 );
      if( pPg->pgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize && isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
        u32 cksum;
        char *pData2;
        i64 iOff = pPager->journalOff;

        /* We should never write to the journal file the page that
        ** contains the database locks.  The following assert verifies
        ** that we do not. */
        assert( pPg->pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );

        assert( pPager->journalHdr<=pPager->journalOff );
        CODEC2(pPager, pData, pPg->pgno, 7, return SQLITE_NOMEM, pData2);
        cksum = pager_cksum(pPager, (u8*)pData2);

        /* Even if an IO or diskfull error occurs while journalling the
        ** page in the block above, set the need-sync flag for the page.
        ** Otherwise, when the transaction is rolled back, the logic in
        ** playback_one_page() will think that the page needs to be restored
        ** in the database file. And if an IO error occurs while doing so,
        ** then corruption may follow.
        */
        pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;

        rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iOff, pPg->pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, pData2, pPager->pageSize, iOff+4);



        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
        rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iOff+pPager->pageSize+4, cksum);

        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

        IOTRACE(("JOUT %p %d %lld %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, 
                 pPager->journalOff, pPager->pageSize));
        PAGER_INCR(sqlite3_pager_writej_count);
        PAGERTRACE(("JOURNAL %d page %d needSync=%d hash(%08x)\n",
             PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, 
             ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0), pager_pagehash(pPg)));

        pPager->journalOff += 8 + pPager->pageSize;


















        pPager->nRec++;
        assert( pPager->pInJournal!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pPager->pInJournal, pPg->pgno);
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        rc |= addToSavepointBitvecs(pPager, pPg->pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
          return rc;
        }
      }else{
        if( pPager->eState!=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD ){
          pPg->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;

        }
        PAGERTRACE(("APPEND %d page %d needSync=%d\n",
                PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno,
               ((pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)?1:0)));
      }
    }
  
................................................................................
    if( subjRequiresPage(pPg) ){
      rc = subjournalPage(pPg);
    }
  }

  /* Update the database size and return.
  */

  if( pPager->dbSize<pPg->pgno ){
    pPager->dbSize = pPg->pgno;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage *pDbPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  PgHdr *pPg = pDbPage;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  if( nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage = 0;            /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
    int ii;                   /* Loop counter */
    int needSync = 0;         /* True if any page has PGHDR_NEED_SYNC */

................................................................................

    /* This trick assumes that both the page-size and sector-size are
    ** an integer power of 2. It sets variable pg1 to the identifier
    ** of the first page of the sector pPg is located on.
    */
    pg1 = ((pPg->pgno-1) & ~(nPagePerSector-1)) + 1;

    nPageCount = pPager->dbSize;

    if( pPg->pgno>nPageCount ){
      nPage = (pPg->pgno - pg1)+1;
    }else if( (pg1+nPagePerSector-1)>nPageCount ){
      nPage = nPageCount+1-pg1;
    }else{
      nPage = nPagePerSector;
    }
    assert(nPage>0);
    assert(pg1<=pPg->pgno);
    assert((pg1+nPage)>pPg->pgno);


    for(ii=0; ii<nPage && rc==SQLITE_OK; ii++){
      Pgno pg = pg1+ii;
      PgHdr *pPage;
      if( pg==pPg->pgno || !sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, pg) ){
        if( pg!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
          rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pg, &pPage);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = pager_write(pPage);
            if( pPage->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC ){
              needSync = 1;

            }
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
          }
        }
      }else if( (pPage = pager_lookup(pPager, pg))!=0 ){
        if( pPage->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC ){
          needSync = 1;
................................................................................
    /* If the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag is set for any of the nPage pages 
    ** starting at pg1, then it needs to be set for all of them. Because
    ** writing to any of these nPage pages may damage the others, the
    ** journal file must contain sync()ed copies of all of them
    ** before any of them can be written out to the database file.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && needSync ){
      assert( !MEMDB );
      for(ii=0; ii<nPage; ii++){
        PgHdr *pPage = pager_lookup(pPager, pg1+ii);
        if( pPage ){
          pPage->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
        }
      }

    }

    assert( pPager->doNotSyncSpill==1 );
    pPager->doNotSyncSpill--;
  }else{
    rc = pager_write(pDbPage);
  }
................................................................................
** with the SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE macro defined. In this case,
** if isDirect is non-zero, then the database file is updated directly
** by writing an updated version of page 1 using a call to the 
** sqlite3OsWrite() function.
*/
static int pager_incr_changecounter(Pager *pPager, int isDirectMode){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* Declare and initialize constant integer 'isDirect'. If the
  ** atomic-write optimization is enabled in this build, then isDirect
  ** is initialized to the value passed as the isDirectMode parameter
  ** to this function. Otherwise, it is always set to zero.
  **
  ** The idea is that if the atomic-write optimization is not
................................................................................
# define DIRECT_MODE 0
  assert( isDirectMode==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(isDirectMode);
#else
# define DIRECT_MODE isDirectMode
#endif


  if( !pPager->changeCountDone && pPager->dbSize>0 ){
    PgHdr *pPgHdr;                /* Reference to page 1 */
    u32 change_counter;           /* Initial value of change-counter field */

    assert( !pPager->tempFile && isOpen(pPager->fd) );

    /* Open page 1 of the file for writing. */
................................................................................
  if( pPager->noSync ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->sync_flags);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function may only be called while a write-transaction is active in
** rollback. If the connection is in WAL mode, this call is a no-op. 
** Otherwise, if the connection does not already have an EXCLUSIVE lock on 
** the database file, an attempt is made to obtain one.
**
** If the EXCLUSIVE lock is already held or the attempt to obtain it is
** successful, or the connection is in WAL mode, SQLITE_OK is returned.
** Otherwise, either SQLITE_BUSY or an SQLITE_IOERR_XXX error code is 
** returned.
*/
int sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD 
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD 
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED 
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( 0==pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Sync the database file for the pager pPager. zMaster points to the name
** of a master journal file that should be written into the individual
** journal file. zMaster may be NULL, which is interpreted as no master
** journal (a single database transaction).
**
................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  const char *zMaster,            /* If not NULL, the master journal name */
  int noSync                      /* True to omit the xSync on the db file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* If a prior error occurred, report that error again. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  PAGERTRACE(("DATABASE SYNC: File=%s zMaster=%s nSize=%d\n", 
      pPager->zFilename, zMaster, pPager->dbSize));

  /* If no database changes have been made, return early. */
  if( pPager->eState<PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( MEMDB ){
    /* If this is an in-memory db, or no pages have been written to, or this
    ** function has already been called, it is mostly a no-op.  However, any
    ** backup in progress needs to be restarted.
    */
    sqlite3BackupRestart(pPager->pBackup);
  }else{
    if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
      PgHdr *pList = sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache);
      if( pList ){
        rc = pagerWalFrames(pPager, pList, pPager->dbSize, 1, 
            (pPager->fullSync ? pPager->sync_flags : 0)
        );
      }
................................................................................
      PgHdr *pPg;
      assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
      );
      if( !zMaster && isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
       && pPager->journalOff==jrnlBufferSize(pPager) 
       && pPager->dbSize>=pPager->dbOrigSize
       && (0==(pPg = sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache)) || 0==pPg->pDirty)
      ){
        /* Update the db file change counter via the direct-write method. The 
        ** following call will modify the in-memory representation of page 1 
        ** to include the updated change counter and then write page 1 
        ** directly to the database file. Because of the atomic-write 
        ** property of the host file-system, this is safe.
................................................................................
      ** file. This can only happen in auto-vacuum mode.
      **
      ** Before reading the pages with page numbers larger than the 
      ** current value of Pager.dbSize, set dbSize back to the value
      ** that it took at the start of the transaction. Otherwise, the
      ** calls to sqlite3PagerGet() return zeroed pages instead of 
      ** reading data from the database file.



      */
  #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pPager->dbSize<pPager->dbOrigSize 
       && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
      ){
        Pgno i;                                   /* Iterator variable */
        const Pgno iSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager); /* Pending lock page */
        const Pgno dbSize = pPager->dbSize;       /* Database image size */ 
        pPager->dbSize = pPager->dbOrigSize;
        for( i=dbSize+1; i<=pPager->dbOrigSize; i++ ){
          if( !sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, i) && i!=iSkip ){
................................................................................
      /* Write the master journal name into the journal file. If a master 
      ** journal file name has already been written to the journal file, 
      ** or if zMaster is NULL (no master journal), then this call is a no-op.
      */
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* Sync the journal file and write all dirty pages to the database.
      ** If the atomic-update optimization is being used, this sync will not 
      ** create the journal file or perform any real IO.

      **
      ** Because the change-counter page was just modified, unless the
      ** atomic-update optimization is used it is almost certain that the
      ** journal requires a sync here. However, in locking_mode=exclusive
      ** on a system under memory pressure it is just possible that this is 
      ** not the case. In this case it is likely enough that the redundant
      ** xSync() call will be changed to a no-op by the OS anyhow. 
      */
      rc = syncJournal(pPager, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  

      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager,sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );
        goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
      sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);
  
      /* If the file on disk is not the same size as the database image,
      ** then use pager_truncate to grow or shrink the file here.
      */
      if( pPager->dbSize!=pPager->dbFileSize ){
        Pgno nNew = pPager->dbSize - (pPager->dbSize==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager));
        assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD );
        rc = pager_truncate(pPager, nNew);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
  
      /* Finally, sync the database file. */
      if( !pPager->noSync && !noSync ){
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->sync_flags);
      }
      IOTRACE(("DBSYNC %p\n", pPager))
    }


  }

commit_phase_one_exit:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    pPager->eState = PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** When this function is called, the database file has been completely
** updated to reflect the changes made by the current transaction and
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */

  /* This routine should not be called if a prior error has occurred.
  ** But if (due to a coding error elsewhere in the system) it does get
  ** called, just return the same error code without doing anything. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED
       || (pagerUseWal(pPager) && pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD)
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );


  /* An optimization. If the database was not actually modified during
  ** this transaction, the pager is running in exclusive-mode and is
  ** using persistent journals, then this function is a no-op.
  **
  ** The start of the journal file currently contains a single journal 
  ** header with the nRec field set to 0. If such a journal is used as
  ** a hot-journal during hot-journal rollback, 0 changes will be made
  ** to the database file. So there is no need to zero the journal 
  ** header. Since the pager is in exclusive mode, there is no need
  ** to drop any locks either.
  */
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED 
   && pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));

  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
** The pager falls back to PAGER_READER state if successful, or PAGER_ERROR
** state if an error occurs.
**
** If the pager is already in PAGER_ERROR state when this function is called,
** it returns Pager.errCode immediately. No work is performed in this case.
**
** Otherwise, in rollback mode, this function performs two functions:
**
**   1) It rolls back the journal file, restoring all database file and 
**      in-memory cache pages to the state they were in when the transaction
**      was opened, and
**
**   2) It finalizes the journal file, so that it is not used for hot
**      rollback at any point in the future.
**
** Finalization of the journal file (task 2) is only performed if the 
** rollback is successful.
**

** In WAL mode, all cache-entries containing data modified within the
** current transaction are either expelled from the cache or reverted to
** their pre-transaction state by re-reading data from the database or
** WAL files. The WAL transaction is then closed.
























*/
int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */
  PAGERTRACE(("ROLLBACK %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));

  /* PagerRollback() is a no-op if called in READER or OPEN state. If
  ** the pager is already in the ERROR state, the rollback is not 
  ** attempted here. Instead, the error code is returned to the caller.
  */
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR ) return pPager->errCode;
  if( pPager->eState<=PAGER_READER ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    int rc2;

    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pPager, SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, -1);
    rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }else if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){

    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0);





  }else{


    rc = pager_playback(pPager, 0);



  }



  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_FULL || (rc&0xFF)==SQLITE_IOERR );





  /* If an error occurs during a ROLLBACK, we can no longer trust the pager
  ** cache. So call pager_error() on the way out to make any error persistent.

  */
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);


}

/*
** Return TRUE if the database file is opened read-only.  Return FALSE
** if the database is (in theory) writable.
*/
u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the approximate number of bytes of memory currently
** used by the pager and its associated cache.
*/
int sqlite3PagerMemUsed(Pager *pPager){
  int perPageSize = pPager->pageSize + pPager->nExtra + sizeof(PgHdr)
                                     + 5*sizeof(void*);
  return perPageSize*sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)
           + sqlite3MallocSize(pPager)
           + pPager->pageSize;
}

/*
** Return the number of references to the specified page.
*/
int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage *pPage){
  return sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(pPage);
................................................................................
** This routine is used for testing and analysis only.
*/
int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager *pPager){
  static int a[11];
  a[0] = sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache);
  a[1] = sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache);
  a[2] = sqlite3PcacheGetCachesize(pPager->pPCache);
  a[3] = pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN ? -1 : (int) pPager->dbSize;
  a[4] = pPager->eState;
  a[5] = pPager->errCode;
  a[6] = pPager->nHit;
  a[7] = pPager->nMiss;
  a[8] = 0;  /* Used to be pPager->nOvfl */
  a[9] = pPager->nRead;
  a[10] = pPager->nWrite;
  return a;
................................................................................
** If a memory allocation fails, SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. If an error 
** occurs while opening the sub-journal file, then an IO error code is
** returned. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int nSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                       /* Return code */
  int nCurrent = pPager->nSavepoint;        /* Current number of savepoints */

  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  if( nSavepoint>nCurrent && pPager->useJournal ){
    int ii;                                 /* Iterator variable */
    PagerSavepoint *aNew;                   /* New Pager.aSavepoint array */





    /* Grow the Pager.aSavepoint array using realloc(). Return SQLITE_NOMEM
    ** if the allocation fails. Otherwise, zero the new portion in case a 
    ** malloc failure occurs while populating it in the for(...) loop below.
    */
    aNew = (PagerSavepoint *)sqlite3Realloc(
        pPager->aSavepoint, sizeof(PagerSavepoint)*nSavepoint
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memset(&aNew[nCurrent], 0, (nSavepoint-nCurrent) * sizeof(PagerSavepoint));
    pPager->aSavepoint = aNew;

    /* Populate the PagerSavepoint structures just allocated. */
    for(ii=nCurrent; ii<nSavepoint; ii++){
      aNew[ii].nOrig = pPager->dbSize;
      if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalOff>0 ){
        aNew[ii].iOffset = pPager->journalOff;
      }else{
        aNew[ii].iOffset = JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
      }
      aNew[ii].iSubRec = pPager->nSubRec;
      aNew[ii].pInSavepoint = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pPager->dbSize);
      if( !aNew[ii].pInSavepoint ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        sqlite3WalSavepoint(pPager->pWal, aNew[ii].aWalData);
      }
      pPager->nSavepoint = ii+1;
................................................................................
** then savepoint iSavepoint is also destroyed.
**
** This function may return SQLITE_NOMEM if a memory allocation fails,
** or an IO error code if an IO error occurs while rolling back a 
** savepoint. If no errors occur, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/ 
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint){
  int rc = pPager->errCode;       /* Return code */

  assert( op==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
  assert( iSavepoint>=0 || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iSavepoint<pPager->nSavepoint ){
    int ii;            /* Iterator variable */
    int nNew;          /* Number of remaining savepoints after this op. */

    /* Figure out how many savepoints will still be active after this
    ** operation. Store this value in nNew. Then free resources associated 
    ** with any savepoints that are destroyed by this operation.
    */
................................................................................
    ** the database file, so the playback operation can be skipped.
    */
    else if( pagerUseWal(pPager) || isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){
      PagerSavepoint *pSavepoint = (nNew==0)?0:&pPager->aSavepoint[nNew-1];
      rc = pagerPlaybackSavepoint(pPager, pSavepoint);
      assert(rc!=SQLITE_DONE);
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager *pPager, DbPage *pPg, Pgno pgno, int isCommit){
  PgHdr *pPgOld;               /* The page being overwritten. */
  Pgno needSyncPgno = 0;       /* Old value of pPg->pgno, if sync is required */
  int rc;                      /* Return code */
  Pgno origPgno;               /* The original page number */

  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
  );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );

  /* In order to be able to rollback, an in-memory database must journal
  ** the page we are moving from.
  */
  if( MEMDB ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
  ** the journal needs to be sync()ed before database page pPg->pgno 
  ** can be written to. The caller has already promised not to write to it.
  */
  if( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC) && !isCommit ){
    needSyncPgno = pPg->pgno;
    assert( pageInJournal(pPg) || pPg->pgno>pPager->dbOrigSize );
    assert( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );

  }

  /* If the cache contains a page with page-number pgno, remove it
  ** from its hash chain. Also, if the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag was set for 
  ** page pgno before the 'move' operation, it needs to be retained 
  ** for the page moved there.
  */
  pPg->flags &= ~PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
  pPgOld = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  assert( !pPgOld || pPgOld->nRef==1 );
  if( pPgOld ){
    pPg->flags |= (pPgOld->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC);
    if( MEMDB ){
      /* Do not discard pages from an in-memory database since we might
      ** need to rollback later.  Just move the page out of the way. */

      sqlite3PcacheMove(pPgOld, pPager->dbSize+1);
    }else{
      sqlite3PcacheDrop(pPgOld);
    }
  }

  origPgno = pPg->pgno;
  sqlite3PcacheMove(pPg, pgno);
  sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPg);


  /* For an in-memory database, make sure the original page continues
  ** to exist, in case the transaction needs to roll back.  Use pPgOld
  ** as the original page since it has already been allocated.
  */
  if( MEMDB ){
    assert( pPgOld );
    sqlite3PcacheMove(pPgOld, origPgno);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgOld);
  }

  if( needSyncPgno ){
    /* If needSyncPgno is non-zero, then the journal file needs to be 
    ** sync()ed before any data is written to database file page needSyncPgno.
    ** Currently, no such page exists in the page-cache and the 
    ** "is journaled" bitvec flag has been set. This needs to be remedied by
    ** loading the page into the pager-cache and setting the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC
    ** flag.
    **
    ** If the attempt to load the page into the page-cache fails, (due
    ** to a malloc() or IO failure), clear the bit in the pInJournal[]
    ** array. Otherwise, if the page is loaded and written again in
    ** this transaction, it may be written to the database file before
    ** it is synced into the journal file. This way, it may end up in
    ** the journal file twice, but that is not a problem.



    */
    PgHdr *pPgHdr;

    rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, needSyncPgno, &pPgHdr);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( needSyncPgno<=pPager->dbOrigSize ){
        assert( pPager->pTmpSpace!=0 );
        sqlite3BitvecClear(pPager->pInJournal, needSyncPgno, pPager->pTmpSpace);
      }
      return rc;
    }


    pPgHdr->flags |= PGHDR_NEED_SYNC;
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgHdr);
  }











  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
................................................................................
**
**   *  Temporary databases cannot have _WAL journalmode.
**
** The returned indicate the current (possibly updated) journal-mode.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *pPager, int eMode){
  u8 eOld = pPager->journalMode;    /* Prior journalmode */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The print_pager_state() routine is intended to be used by the debugger
  ** only.  We invoke it once here to suppress a compiler warning. */
  print_pager_state(pPager);
#endif


  /* The eMode parameter is always valid */
  assert(      eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
................................................................................
    assert( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY || eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF );
    if( eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY && eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF ){
      eMode = eOld;
    }
  }

  if( eMode!=eOld ){









    /* Change the journal mode. */
    assert( pPager->eState!=PAGER_ERROR );
    pPager->journalMode = (u8)eMode;

    /* When transistioning from TRUNCATE or PERSIST to any other journal
    ** mode except WAL, unless the pager is in locking_mode=exclusive mode,
    ** delete the journal file.
    */
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY & 5)==4 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF & 5)==0 );
................................................................................
      ** not possible, then that is not a problem. Deleting the journal file
      ** here is an optimization only.
      **
      ** Before deleting the journal file, obtain a RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file. This ensures that the journal file is not deleted
      ** while it is in use by some other client.
      */
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
      if( pPager->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
        sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
      }else{
        int rc = SQLITE_OK;
        int state = pPager->eState;
        assert( state==PAGER_OPEN || state==PAGER_READER );
        if( state==PAGER_OPEN ){
          rc = sqlite3PagerSharedLock(pPager);
        }

        if( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER ){
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
          rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, RESERVED_LOCK);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && state==PAGER_READER ){
          pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
        }else if( state==PAGER_OPEN ){
          pager_unlock(pPager);
        }
        assert( state==pPager->eState );
      }
    }
  }

  /* Return the new journal mode */
  return (int)pPager->journalMode;
}

................................................................................

/*
** Return TRUE if the pager is in a state where it is OK to change the
** journalmode.  Journalmode changes can only happen when the database
** is unmodified.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager *pPager){
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(isOpen(pPager->jfd) && pPager->journalOff>0) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Get/set the size-limit used for persistent journal files.
**
................................................................................
** The caller must be holding a SHARED lock on the database file to call
** this function.
**
** If the pager passed as the first argument is open on a real database
** file (not a temp file or an in-memory database), and the WAL file
** is not already open, make an attempt to open it now. If successful,
** return SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs or the VFS used by the pager does 
** not support the xShmXXX() methods, return an error code. *pbOpen is
** not modified in either case.
**
** If the pager is open on a temp-file (or in-memory database), or if
** the WAL file is already open, set *pbOpen to 1 and return SQLITE_OK
** without doing anything.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  int *pbOpen                     /* OUT: Set to true if call is a no-op */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN   || pbOpen );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || !pbOpen );
  assert( pbOpen==0 || *pbOpen==0 );
  assert( pbOpen!=0 || (!pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal) );

  if( !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal ){
    if( !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager) ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;

    /* Close any rollback journal previously open */
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);

    /* Open the connection to the log file. If this operation fails, 
    ** (e.g. due to malloc() failure), unlock the database file and 
    ** return an error code.
    */
    rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs, pPager->fd, pPager->zWal, &pPager->pWal);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }
  }else{
    *pbOpen = 1;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called to close the connection to the log file prior
................................................................................

  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
  */
  if( !pPager->pWal ){
    int logexists = 0;
    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &logexists
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && logexists ){
      rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs, pPager->fd,
................................................................................
    }
  }
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){
    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal,
                           (pPager->noSync ? 0 : pPager->sync_flags), 
        pPager->pageSize, (u8*)pPager->pTmpSpace
      );
      pPager->pWal = 0;
    }else{
      /* If we cannot get an EXCLUSIVE lock, downgrade the PENDING lock
      ** that we did get back to SHARED. */
      pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*

Changes to src/pager.h.

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107
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109
...
122
123
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131

132
133
134
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136
137
138
  void(*)(DbPage*)
);
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);

/* Functions used to configure a Pager object. */
void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, int(*)(void *), void *);
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u16*, int);
int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager*,int,int);
int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *, int);
int sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager*,DbPage*,Pgno,int);
int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *); 
void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *); 

/* Functions used to manage pager transactions and savepoints. */
int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager*, int exFlag, int);
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, int);

int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int n);
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);








|







 







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>







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139
  void(*)(DbPage*)
);
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);

/* Functions used to configure a Pager object. */
void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, int(*)(void *), void *);
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u32*, int);
int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager*,int,int);
int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *, int);
int sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager*,DbPage*,Pgno,int);
int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *); 
void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *); 

/* Functions used to manage pager transactions and savepoints. */
void sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager*, int exFlag, int);
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, int);
int sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int n);
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

Changes to src/parse.y.

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788
789
790
....
1104
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1111
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1118
1119
1120
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1122
1123
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1128
1129
}
expr(A) ::= VARIABLE(X).     {
  spanExpr(&A, pParse, TK_VARIABLE, &X);
  sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(pParse, A.pExpr);
  spanSet(&A, &X, &X);
}
expr(A) ::= expr(E) COLLATE ids(C). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, E.pExpr, &C);
  A.zStart = E.zStart;
  A.zEnd = &C.z[C.n];
}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= CAST(X) LP expr(E) AS typetoken(T) RP(Y). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, E.pExpr, 0, &T);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);
................................................................................

idxlist_opt(A) ::= .                         {A = 0;}
idxlist_opt(A) ::= LP idxlist(X) RP.         {A = X;}
idxlist(A) ::= idxlist(X) COMMA nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z).  {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse,A,&Y,1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
idxlist(A) ::= nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z). {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetColl(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, A, &Y, 1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}








|







 







|










|







776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
....
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
}
expr(A) ::= VARIABLE(X).     {
  spanExpr(&A, pParse, TK_VARIABLE, &X);
  sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(pParse, A.pExpr);
  spanSet(&A, &X, &X);
}
expr(A) ::= expr(E) COLLATE ids(C). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprSetCollByToken(pParse, E.pExpr, &C);
  A.zStart = E.zStart;
  A.zEnd = &C.z[C.n];
}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= CAST(X) LP expr(E) AS typetoken(T) RP(Y). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, E.pExpr, 0, &T);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);
................................................................................

idxlist_opt(A) ::= .                         {A = 0;}
idxlist_opt(A) ::= LP idxlist(X) RP.         {A = X;}
idxlist(A) ::= idxlist(X) COMMA nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z).  {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetCollByToken(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,X, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse,A,&Y,1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}
idxlist(A) ::= nm(Y) collate(C) sortorder(Z). {
  Expr *p = 0;
  if( C.n>0 ){
    p = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprSetCollByToken(pParse, p, &C);
  }
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, A, &Y, 1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, A, "index");
  if( A ) A->a[A->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)Z;
}

Changes to src/pcache1.c.

148
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154

155
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163
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166
** configured using sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE) option. If no 
** such buffer exists or there is no space left in it, this function falls 
** back to sqlite3Malloc().
*/
static void *pcache1Alloc(int nByte){
  void *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pcache1.mutex) );

  if( nByte<=pcache1.szSlot && pcache1.pFree ){
    assert( pcache1.isInit );
    p = (PgHdr1 *)pcache1.pFree;
    pcache1.pFree = pcache1.pFree->pNext;
    sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE, nByte);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, 1);
  }else{

    /* Allocate a new buffer using sqlite3Malloc. Before doing so, exit the
    ** global pcache mutex and unlock the pager-cache object pCache. This is 
    ** so that if the attempt to allocate a new buffer causes the the 
    ** configured soft-heap-limit to be breached, it will be possible to







>




<







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160
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** configured using sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE) option. If no 
** such buffer exists or there is no space left in it, this function falls 
** back to sqlite3Malloc().
*/
static void *pcache1Alloc(int nByte){
  void *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pcache1.mutex) );
  sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE, nByte);
  if( nByte<=pcache1.szSlot && pcache1.pFree ){
    assert( pcache1.isInit );
    p = (PgHdr1 *)pcache1.pFree;
    pcache1.pFree = pcache1.pFree->pNext;

    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, 1);
  }else{

    /* Allocate a new buffer using sqlite3Malloc. Before doing so, exit the
    ** global pcache mutex and unlock the pager-cache object pCache. This is 
    ** so that if the attempt to allocate a new buffer causes the the 
    ** configured soft-heap-limit to be breached, it will be possible to

Changes to src/pragma.c.

764
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778
       || (SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==1 && db->temp_store<=1)
       || (SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==2 && db->temp_store==1)
      ){
        invalidateTempStorage(pParse);
      }
      sqlite3_free(sqlite3_temp_directory);
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else








|







764
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778
       || (SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==1 && db->temp_store<=1)
       || (SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==2 && db->temp_store==1)
      ){
        invalidateTempStorage(pParse);
      }
      sqlite3_free(sqlite3_temp_directory);
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else

Changes to src/prepare.c.

669
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    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
  }

  /* Delete any TriggerPrg structures allocated while parsing this statement. */
  while( pParse->pTriggerPrg ){
    TriggerPrg *pT = pParse->pTriggerPrg;
    pParse->pTriggerPrg = pT->pNext;
    sqlite3VdbeProgramDelete(db, pT->pProgram, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pT);
  }

end_prepare:

  sqlite3StackFree(db, pParse);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);







<







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676
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    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
  }

  /* Delete any TriggerPrg structures allocated while parsing this statement. */
  while( pParse->pTriggerPrg ){
    TriggerPrg *pT = pParse->pTriggerPrg;
    pParse->pTriggerPrg = pT->pNext;

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pT);
  }

end_prepare:

  sqlite3StackFree(db, pParse);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);

Changes to src/printf.c.

768
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776
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800



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815

816



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898
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902
903
904
      if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->tooBig = 1;
        return;
      }else{
        p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
      }

      zNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nAlloc );



      if( zNew ){
        memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/
char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText ){
    p->zText[p->nChar] = 0;
    if( p->useMalloc && p->zText==p->zBase ){

      p->zText = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nChar+1 );



      if( p->zText ){
        memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Reset an StrAccum string.  Reclaim all malloced memory.
*/
void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText!=p->zBase ){

    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zText);



  }
  p->zText = 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a string accumulator
*/
................................................................................
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);

  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  return z;
}

/*
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc()().  Omit the internal







>
|
>
>
>







 







>
|
>
>
>







 







>
|
>
>
>







 







>







768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
...
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
...
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
...
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
      if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->tooBig = 1;
        return;
      }else{
        p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
      }
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        zNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nAlloc );
      }else{
        zNew = sqlite3_malloc(p->nAlloc);
      }
      if( zNew ){
        memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/
char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText ){
    p->zText[p->nChar] = 0;
    if( p->useMalloc && p->zText==p->zBase ){
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        p->zText = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nChar+1 );
      }else{
        p->zText = sqlite3_malloc(p->nChar+1);
      }
      if( p->zText ){
        memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Reset an StrAccum string.  Reclaim all malloced memory.
*/
void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText!=p->zBase ){
    if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zText);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(p->zText);
    }
  }
  p->zText = 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a string accumulator
*/
................................................................................
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  acc.useMalloc = 2;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  return z;
}

/*
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc()().  Omit the internal

Changes to src/select.c.

1294
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1303
1304
1305
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1313
1314
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1316
1317
....
1795
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1805
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1808
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2500
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2502
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2505
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2508
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2510
2511
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2517
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2530
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2533
....
2610
2611
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2619
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2622
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2626
....
3092
3093
3094
3095
3096
3097
3098
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
  while( pSelect->pPrior ) pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  db->flags = savedFlags;
  pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table) );
  if( pTab==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled, so we might as well hard-code pTab->dbMem to NULL. */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->dbMem = 0;
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}

/*
** Get a VDBE for the given parser context.  Create a new one if necessary.
................................................................................
** The data to be output is contained in pIn->iMem.  There are
** pIn->nMem columns to be output.  pDest is where the output should
** be sent.
**
** regReturn is the number of the register holding the subroutine
** return address.
**
** If regPrev>0 then it is a the first register in a vector that
** records the previous output.  mem[regPrev] is a flag that is false
** if there has been no previous output.  If regPrev>0 then code is
** generated to suppress duplicates.  pKeyInfo is used for comparing
** keys.
**
** If the LIMIT found in p->iLimit is reached, jump immediately to
** iBreak.
................................................................................
** Flattening is only attempted if all of the following are true:
**
**   (1)  The subquery and the outer query do not both use aggregates.
**
**   (2)  The subquery is not an aggregate or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (3)  The subquery is not the right operand of a left outer join
**        (Originally ticket #306.  Strenghtened by ticket #3300)
**
**   (4)  The subquery is not DISTINCT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (5)  The subquery is not DISTINCT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.

**
**   (6)  The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery has a FROM clause.
**
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
................................................................................
**        use LIMIT.
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT
**
**  (14)  The subquery does not use OFFSET
**
**  (15)  The outer query is not part of a compound select or the
**        subquery does not have a LIMIT clause.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  The outer query is not an aggregate or the subquery does
**        not contain ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( p->pRightmost && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( ((pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSub->pLimit) 
         && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){          /* Restrictions (4)(5)(8)(9) */
     return 0;       
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 && subqueryIsAgg ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (6)  */
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
................................................................................
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->dbMem = db->lookaside.bEnabled ? db : 0;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_subquery_%p_", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif







|

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3099
3100
3101
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  while( pSelect->pPrior ) pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  db->flags = savedFlags;
  pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table) );
  if( pTab==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );

  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}

/*
** Get a VDBE for the given parser context.  Create a new one if necessary.
................................................................................
** The data to be output is contained in pIn->iMem.  There are
** pIn->nMem columns to be output.  pDest is where the output should
** be sent.
**
** regReturn is the number of the register holding the subroutine
** return address.
**
** If regPrev>0 then it is the first register in a vector that
** records the previous output.  mem[regPrev] is a flag that is false
** if there has been no previous output.  If regPrev>0 then code is
** generated to suppress duplicates.  pKeyInfo is used for comparing
** keys.
**
** If the LIMIT found in p->iLimit is reached, jump immediately to
** iBreak.
................................................................................
** Flattening is only attempted if all of the following are true:
**
**   (1)  The subquery and the outer query do not both use aggregates.
**
**   (2)  The subquery is not an aggregate or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (3)  The subquery is not the right operand of a left outer join
**        (Originally ticket #306.  Strengthened by ticket #3300)
**
**   (4)  The subquery is not DISTINCT.
**
**  (**)  At one point restrictions (4) and (5) defined a subset of DISTINCT
**        sub-queries that were excluded from this optimization. Restriction 
**        (4) has since been expanded to exclude all DISTINCT subqueries.
**
**   (6)  The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query is not
**        DISTINCT.
**
**   (7)  The subquery has a FROM clause.
**
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
................................................................................
**        use LIMIT.
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
**
**  (14)  The subquery does not use OFFSET.
**
**  (15)  The outer query is not part of a compound select or the
**        subquery does not have a LIMIT clause.
**        (See ticket #2339 and ticket [02a8e81d44]).
**
**  (16)  The outer query is not an aggregate or the subquery does
**        not contain ORDER BY.  (Ticket #2942)  This used to not matter
................................................................................
  ** and (14). */
  if( pSub->pLimit && p->pLimit ) return 0;              /* Restriction (13) */
  if( pSub->pOffset ) return 0;                          /* Restriction (14) */
  if( p->pRightmost && pSub->pLimit ){
    return 0;                                            /* Restriction (15) */
  }
  if( pSubSrc->nSrc==0 ) return 0;                       /* Restriction (7)  */
  if( pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct ) return 0;           /* Restriction (5)  */
  if( pSub->pLimit && (pSrc->nSrc>1 || isAgg) ){
     return 0;         /* Restrictions (8)(9) */
  }
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 && subqueryIsAgg ){
     return 0;         /* Restriction (6)  */
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy && pSub->pOrderBy ){
     return 0;                                           /* Restriction (11) */
  }
................................................................................
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;

      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_subquery_%p_", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif

Changes to src/shell.c.

394
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401
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....
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2558
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** An pointer to an instance of this structure is passed from
** the main program to the callback.  This is used to communicate
** state and mode information.
*/
struct callback_data {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */

  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char separator[20];    /* Separator character for MODE_List */
................................................................................
  int nErrMsg = 1+strlen30(sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  char *zErrMsg = sqlite3_malloc(nErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    memcpy(zErrMsg, sqlite3_errmsg(db), nErrMsg);
  }
  return zErrMsg;
}

















































































/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print 
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode 
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec() 
................................................................................
    }else{
      if( !pStmt ){
        /* this happens for a comment or white-space */
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( isspace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
        continue;
      }







      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out,"%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
................................................................................
            int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
            int i;
            assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *)); 
            /* save off ptrs to column names */
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }
            /* save off the prepared statment handle and reset row count */
            if( pArg ){
              pArg->pStmt = pStmt;
              pArg->cnt = 0;
            }
            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
                azVals[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
                aiTypes[i] = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
                  rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
                }else{
                  rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
                }
              }
            } while( SQLITE_ROW == rc );
            sqlite3_free(pData);
            if( pArg ){
              pArg->pStmt = NULL;
            }
          }
        }else{
          do{
            rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
          } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
        }
      }






      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a 
      ** copy of the error message. Otherwise, set zSql to point to the
      ** next statement to execute. */
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( isspace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
      }else if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }





    }
  } /* end while */

  return rc;
}


................................................................................
  ".read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME\n"
  ".restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default \"main\") from FILE\n"
  ".schema ?TABLE?        Show the CREATE statements\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".separator STRING      Change separator used by output mode and .import\n"
  ".show                  Show the current values for various settings\n"

  ".tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only list tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds\n"
  ".width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for \"column\" mode\n"
;

................................................................................
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullvalue);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","output",
            strlen30(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "separator");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->separator);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");

    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ","width");
    for (i=0;i<(int)ArraySize(p->colWidth) && p->colWidth[i] != 0;i++) {
      fprintf(p->out,"%d ",p->colWidth[i]);
    }
    fprintf(p->out,"\n");
  }else





  if( c=='t' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "tables", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    char **azResult;
    int nRow;
    char *zErrMsg;
    open_db(p);
    if( nArg==1 ){
................................................................................
  "   -batch               force batch I/O\n"
  "   -column              set output mode to 'column'\n"
  "   -csv                 set output mode to 'csv'\n"
  "   -html                set output mode to HTML\n"
  "   -line                set output mode to 'line'\n"
  "   -list                set output mode to 'list'\n"
  "   -separator 'x'       set output field separator (|)\n"

  "   -nullvalue 'text'    set text string for NULL values\n"
  "   -version             show SQLite version\n"
;
static void usage(int showDetail){
  fprintf(stderr,
      "Usage: %s [OPTIONS] FILENAME [SQL]\n"  
      "FILENAME is the name of an SQLite database. A new database is created\n"
................................................................................
                       "%.*s",(int)sizeof(data.nullvalue)-1,argv[i]);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-header")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-noheader")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-echo")==0 ){
      data.echoOn = 1;


    }else if( strcmp(z,"-bail")==0 ){
      bail_on_error = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-version")==0 ){
      printf("%s\n", sqlite3_libversion());
      return 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-interactive")==0 ){
      stdin_is_interactive = 1;







>







 







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2662
** An pointer to an instance of this structure is passed from
** the main program to the callback.  This is used to communicate
** state and mode information.
*/
struct callback_data {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char separator[20];    /* Separator character for MODE_List */
................................................................................
  int nErrMsg = 1+strlen30(sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  char *zErrMsg = sqlite3_malloc(nErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    memcpy(zErrMsg, sqlite3_errmsg(db), nErrMsg);
  }
  return zErrMsg;
}

/*
** Display memory stats.
*/
static int display_stats(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Database to query */
  struct callback_data *pArg, /* Pointer to struct callback_data */
  int bReset                  /* True to reset the stats */
){
  int iCur;
  int iHiwtr;

  if( pArg && pArg->out ){
    
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Memory Used:                         %d (max %d) bytes\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Allocations:               %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
/*
** Not currently used by the CLI.
**    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
**    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
**    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Pcache Pages Used:         %d (max %d) pages\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
*/
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Pcache Overflow Bytes:     %d (max %d) bytes\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
/*
** Not currently used by the CLI.
**    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
**    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
**    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Scratch Allocations Used:  %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
*/
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Scratch Overflow Bytes:    %d (max %d) bytes\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Largest Allocation:                  %d bytes\n", iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Largest Pcache Allocation:           %d bytes\n", iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Largest Scratch Allocation:          %d bytes\n", iHiwtr);
#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Deepest Parser Stack:                %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
#endif
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db ){
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside Slots Used:                %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Pager Heap Usage:                    %d bytes\n", iCur); 
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Schema Heap Usage:                   %d bytes\n", iCur); 
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Statement Heap/Lookaside Usage:      %d bytes\n", iCur); 
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db && pArg->pStmt ){
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Fullscan Steps:                      %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Sort Operations:                     %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   %d\n", iCur);
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print 
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode 
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec() 
................................................................................
    }else{
      if( !pStmt ){
        /* this happens for a comment or white-space */
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( isspace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
        continue;
      }

      /* save off the prepared statment handle and reset row count */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = pStmt;
        pArg->cnt = 0;
      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
................................................................................
            int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
            int i;
            assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *)); 
            /* save off ptrs to column names */
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }





            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
                azVals[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
                aiTypes[i] = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
                  rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
                }else{
                  rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
                }
              }
            } while( SQLITE_ROW == rc );
            sqlite3_free(pData);



          }
        }else{
          do{
            rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
          } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
        }
      }

      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a 
      ** copy of the error message. Otherwise, set zSql to point to the
      ** next statement to execute. */
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( isspace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
      }else if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }

      /* clear saved stmt handle */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = NULL;
      }
    }
  } /* end while */

  return rc;
}


................................................................................
  ".read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME\n"
  ".restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default \"main\") from FILE\n"
  ".schema ?TABLE?        Show the CREATE statements\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".separator STRING      Change separator used by output mode and .import\n"
  ".show                  Show the current values for various settings\n"
  ".stats ON|OFF          Turn stats on or off\n"
  ".tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only list tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds\n"
  ".width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for \"column\" mode\n"
;

................................................................................
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullvalue);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","output",
            strlen30(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "separator");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->separator);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","stats", p->statsOn ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ","width");
    for (i=0;i<(int)ArraySize(p->colWidth) && p->colWidth[i] != 0;i++) {
      fprintf(p->out,"%d ",p->colWidth[i]);
    }
    fprintf(p->out,"\n");
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "stats", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->statsOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='t' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "tables", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    char **azResult;
    int nRow;
    char *zErrMsg;
    open_db(p);
    if( nArg==1 ){
................................................................................
  "   -batch               force batch I/O\n"
  "   -column              set output mode to 'column'\n"
  "   -csv                 set output mode to 'csv'\n"
  "   -html                set output mode to HTML\n"
  "   -line                set output mode to 'line'\n"
  "   -list                set output mode to 'list'\n"
  "   -separator 'x'       set output field separator (|)\n"
  "   -stats               print memory stats before each finalize\n"
  "   -nullvalue 'text'    set text string for NULL values\n"
  "   -version             show SQLite version\n"
;
static void usage(int showDetail){
  fprintf(stderr,
      "Usage: %s [OPTIONS] FILENAME [SQL]\n"  
      "FILENAME is the name of an SQLite database. A new database is created\n"
................................................................................
                       "%.*s",(int)sizeof(data.nullvalue)-1,argv[i]);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-header")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-noheader")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-echo")==0 ){
      data.echoOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-stats")==0 ){
      data.statsOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-bail")==0 ){
      bail_on_error = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-version")==0 ){
      printf("%s\n", sqlite3_libversion());
      return 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-interactive")==0 ){
      stdin_is_interactive = 1;

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER for any given release of SQLite will also
** be larger than the release from which it is derived.  Either Y will
** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
** and Z will be reset to zero.
**
** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evalutes to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1 
** indicating whether the specified option was defined at 
** compile time.  ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the 
** option name passed to sqlite3_compileoption_used().  
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_get() function allows interating
** over the list of options that were defined at compile time by
** returning the N-th compile time option string.  ^If N is out of range,
** sqlite3_compileoption_get() returns a NULL pointer.  ^The SQLITE_ 
** prefix is omitted from any strings returned by 
** sqlite3_compileoption_get().
**
** ^Support for the diagnostic functions sqlite3_compileoption_used()
** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifing the 
** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
**
** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() routine is the destructor for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() return SQLITE_OK if the [sqlite3] object is
** successfullly destroyed and all associated resources are deallocated.
**
** Applications must [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements]
** and [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles] associated with
** the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
** sqlite3_close() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements] or [BLOB handles], then it returns
** SQLITE_BUSY.
................................................................................
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT] opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS
** layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the
** current transaction.  This hint is not guaranteed to be accurate but it
** is often close.  The underlying VFS might choose to preallocate database
** file space based on this hint in order to help writes to the database
** file run faster.








*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** ^(Additional sqlite3_trace() callbacks might occur
** as each triggered subprogram is entered.  The callbacks for triggers
** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.)^
**
** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
** as each SQL statement finishes.  ^The profile callback contains
** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
** of how long that statement took to run.






*/
void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
................................................................................
** <li>  ?NNN
** <li>  :VVV
** <li>  @VVV
** <li>  $VVV
** </ul>
**
** In the templates above, NNN represents an integer literal,
** and VVV represents an alphanumeric identifer.)^  ^The values of these
** parameters (also called "host parameter names" or "SQL parameters")
** can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here.
**
** ^The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines is always
** a pointer to the [sqlite3_stmt] object returned from
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or its variants.
**
................................................................................
const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
**
** Implementions of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
**
** ^The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine is called 
** for a particular aggregate function, SQLite
** allocates N of memory, zeroes out that memory, and returns a pointer
** to the new memory. ^On second and subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_aggregate_context() for the same aggregate function instance,
................................................................................
** expects pointers to be UTF-16 strings in the native byte order, or the
** argument can be [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] if the
** the routine expects pointers to 16-bit word aligned strings
** of UTF-16 in the native byte order.
**
** A pointer to the user supplied routine must be passed as the fifth
** argument.  ^If it is NULL, this is the same as deleting the collation
** sequence (so that SQLite cannot call it anymore).
** ^Each time the application supplied function is invoked, it is passed
** as its first parameter a copy of the void* passed as the fourth argument
** to sqlite3_create_collation() or sqlite3_create_collation16().
**
** ^The remaining arguments to the application-supplied routine are two strings,
** each represented by a (length, data) pair and encoded in the encoding
** that was passed as the third argument when the collation sequence was
................................................................................
  int (*xRename)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, const char *zNew);
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Indexing Information
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_index_info
**
** The sqlite3_index_info structure and its substructures is used to

** pass information into and receive the reply from the [xBestIndex]
** method of a [virtual table module].  The fields under **Inputs** are the
** inputs to xBestIndex and are read-only.  xBestIndex inserts its
** results into the **Outputs** fields.
**
** ^(The aConstraint[] array records WHERE clause constraints of the form:
**
** <pre>column OP expr</pre>
**
** where OP is =, &lt;, &lt;=, &gt;, or &gt;=.)^  ^(The particular operator is


** stored in aConstraint[].op.)^  ^(The index of the column is stored in
** aConstraint[].iColumn.)^  ^(aConstraint[].usable is TRUE if the
** expr on the right-hand side can be evaluated (and thus the constraint
** is usable) and false if it cannot.)^
**
** ^The optimizer automatically inverts terms of the form "expr OP column"
** and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to
** get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible.
................................................................................
  } *aConstraintUsage;
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;      /* Estimated cost of using this index */
};









#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ    2
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT    4
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE    8
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT    16
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE    32
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64

................................................................................
** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
** it is passed a NULL pointer).
**
** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  ^It must be harmless to
** invoke xMutexInit() mutiple times within the same process and without
** intervening calls to xMutexEnd().  Second and subsequent calls to
** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
**
** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
** and its associates).  ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
** allocation for a static mutex.  ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PGHDRSZ                 17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    17

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the preformance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
** the specific parameter to measure.  ^(Recognized integer codes
** are of the form [SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED | SQLITE_STATUS_...].)^
** ^The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
** ^The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater.  ^If the
** resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after
** *pHighwater is written.  ^(Some parameters do not record the highest
................................................................................
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
** internal equivalents).  Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.  
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**



** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the
** [pagecache memory allocator] that was configured using 
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].  The
** value returned is in pages, not in bytes.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW</dt>
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK         6
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE       7
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8


/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information 
** about a single [database connection].  ^The first argument is the
** database connection object to be interrogated.  ^The second argument
** is an integer constant, taken from the set of
** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED | SQLITE_DBSTATUS_*] macros, that
** determiness the parameter to interrogate.  The set of 
** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED | SQLITE_DBSTATUS_*] macros is likely
** to grow in future releases of SQLite.
**
** ^The current value of the requested parameter is written into *pCur
** and the highest instantaneous value is written into *pHiwtr.  ^If
** the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is
** reset back down to the current value.
................................................................................
** if a discontinued or unsupported verb is invoked.
**
** <dl>
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of lookaside memory slots currently
** checked out.</dd>)^
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>^This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.















** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED     0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED         1


#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                1   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT | counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
** is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
** sqlite3_backup_finish().
**
** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining(), sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
**
** ^Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside
** the [sqlite3_backup] object: the number of pages still to be backed
** up and the total number of pages in the source databae file.
** The sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount() interfaces
** retrieve these two values, respectively.
**
** ^The values returned by these functions are only updated by
** sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source database is modified during a backup
** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
................................................................................
** the other connections to use as the blocking connection.
**
** ^(There may be at most one unlock-notify callback registered by a 
** blocked connection. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called when the
** blocked connection already has a registered unlock-notify callback,
** then the new callback replaces the old.)^ ^If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is
** called with a NULL pointer as its second argument, then any existing
** unlock-notify callback is cancelled. ^The blocked connections 
** unlock-notify callback may also be canceled by closing the blocked
** connection using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** The unlock-notify callback is not reentrant. If an application invokes
** any sqlite3_xxx API functions from within an unlock-notify callback, a
** crash or deadlock may be the result.
**
................................................................................


/*
** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
**
** ^The [sqlite3_strnicmp()] API allows applications and extensions to
** compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
** case-indendent fashion, using the same definition of case independence 
** that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
**







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** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER for any given release of SQLite will also
** be larger than the release from which it is derived.  Either Y will
** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
** and Z will be reset to zero.
**
** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1 
** indicating whether the specified option was defined at 
** compile time.  ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the 
** option name passed to sqlite3_compileoption_used().  
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_get() function allows iterating
** over the list of options that were defined at compile time by
** returning the N-th compile time option string.  ^If N is out of range,
** sqlite3_compileoption_get() returns a NULL pointer.  ^The SQLITE_ 
** prefix is omitted from any strings returned by 
** sqlite3_compileoption_get().
**
** ^Support for the diagnostic functions sqlite3_compileoption_used()
** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the 
** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
**
** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() routine is the destructor for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() return SQLITE_OK if the [sqlite3] object is
** successfully destroyed and all associated resources are deallocated.
**
** Applications must [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements]
** and [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles] associated with
** the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
** sqlite3_close() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements] or [BLOB handles], then it returns
** SQLITE_BUSY.
................................................................................
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT] opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS
** layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the
** current transaction.  This hint is not guaranteed to be accurate but it
** is often close.  The underlying VFS might choose to preallocate database
** file space based on this hint in order to help writes to the database
** file run faster.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE] opcode is used to request that the VFS
** extends and truncates the database file in chunks of a size specified
** by the user. The fourth argument to [sqlite3_file_control()] should 
** point to an integer (type int) containing the new chunk-size to use
** for the nominated database. Allocating database file space in large
** chunks (say 1MB at a time), may reduce file-system fragmentation and
** improve performance on some systems.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** ^(Additional sqlite3_trace() callbacks might occur
** as each triggered subprogram is entered.  The callbacks for triggers
** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.)^
**
** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
** as each SQL statement finishes.  ^The profile callback contains
** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
** of how long that statement took to run.  ^The profile callback
** time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation
** is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant
** digits in the time are meaningless.  Future versions of SQLite
** might provide greater resolution on the profiler callback.  The
** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
*/
void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
................................................................................
** <li>  ?NNN
** <li>  :VVV
** <li>  @VVV
** <li>  $VVV
** </ul>
**
** In the templates above, NNN represents an integer literal,
** and VVV represents an alphanumeric identifier.)^  ^The values of these
** parameters (also called "host parameter names" or "SQL parameters")
** can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here.
**
** ^The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines is always
** a pointer to the [sqlite3_stmt] object returned from
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or its variants.
**
................................................................................
const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
**
** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
**
** ^The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine is called 
** for a particular aggregate function, SQLite
** allocates N of memory, zeroes out that memory, and returns a pointer
** to the new memory. ^On second and subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_aggregate_context() for the same aggregate function instance,
................................................................................
** expects pointers to be UTF-16 strings in the native byte order, or the
** argument can be [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] if the
** the routine expects pointers to 16-bit word aligned strings
** of UTF-16 in the native byte order.
**
** A pointer to the user supplied routine must be passed as the fifth
** argument.  ^If it is NULL, this is the same as deleting the collation
** sequence (so that SQLite cannot call it any more).
** ^Each time the application supplied function is invoked, it is passed
** as its first parameter a copy of the void* passed as the fourth argument
** to sqlite3_create_collation() or sqlite3_create_collation16().
**
** ^The remaining arguments to the application-supplied routine are two strings,
** each represented by a (length, data) pair and encoded in the encoding
** that was passed as the third argument when the collation sequence was
................................................................................
  int (*xRename)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, const char *zNew);
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Indexing Information
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_index_info
**
** The sqlite3_index_info structure and its substructures is used as part
** of the [virtual table] interface to
** pass information into and receive the reply from the [xBestIndex]
** method of a [virtual table module].  The fields under **Inputs** are the
** inputs to xBestIndex and are read-only.  xBestIndex inserts its
** results into the **Outputs** fields.
**
** ^(The aConstraint[] array records WHERE clause constraints of the form:
**
** <blockquote>column OP expr</blockquote>
**
** where OP is =, &lt;, &lt;=, &gt;, or &gt;=.)^  ^(The particular operator is
** stored in aConstraint[].op using one of the
** [SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ | SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ values].)^
** ^(The index of the column is stored in
** aConstraint[].iColumn.)^  ^(aConstraint[].usable is TRUE if the
** expr on the right-hand side can be evaluated (and thus the constraint
** is usable) and false if it cannot.)^
**
** ^The optimizer automatically inverts terms of the form "expr OP column"
** and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to
** get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible.
................................................................................
  } *aConstraintUsage;
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;      /* Estimated cost of using this index */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ    2
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT    4
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE    8
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT    16
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE    32
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64

................................................................................
** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
** it is passed a NULL pointer).
**
** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  ^It must be harmless to
** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
** intervening calls to xMutexEnd().  Second and subsequent calls to
** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
**
** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
** and its associates).  ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
** allocation for a static mutex.  ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PGHDRSZ                 17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    17

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
** the specific parameter to measure.  ^(Recognized integer codes
** are of the form [SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED | SQLITE_STATUS_...].)^
** ^The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
** ^The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater.  ^If the
** resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after
** *pHighwater is written.  ^(Some parameters do not record the highest
................................................................................
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
** internal equivalents).  Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.  
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the number of separate memory allocations.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the
** [pagecache memory allocator] that was configured using 
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].  The
** value returned is in pages, not in bytes.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW</dt>
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK         6
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE       7
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT         9

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information 
** about a single [database connection].  ^The first argument is the
** database connection object to be interrogated.  ^The second argument
** is an integer constant, taken from the set of
** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED | SQLITE_DBSTATUS_*] macros, that
** determines the parameter to interrogate.  The set of 
** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED | SQLITE_DBSTATUS_*] macros is likely
** to grow in future releases of SQLite.
**
** ^The current value of the requested parameter is written into *pCur
** and the highest instantaneous value is written into *pHiwtr.  ^If
** the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is
** reset back down to the current value.
................................................................................
** if a discontinued or unsupported verb is invoked.
**
** <dl>
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of lookaside memory slots currently
** checked out.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^ 
** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
** schema memory is shared with other database connections due to
** [shared cache mode] being enabled.
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED is always 0.
**
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
** the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED     0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED         1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED        2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED          3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                3   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT | counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
** is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
** sqlite3_backup_finish().
**
** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining(), sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
**
** ^Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside
** the [sqlite3_backup] object: the number of pages still to be backed
** up and the total number of pages in the source database file.
** The sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount() interfaces
** retrieve these two values, respectively.
**
** ^The values returned by these functions are only updated by
** sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source database is modified during a backup
** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
................................................................................
** the other connections to use as the blocking connection.
**
** ^(There may be at most one unlock-notify callback registered by a 
** blocked connection. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called when the
** blocked connection already has a registered unlock-notify callback,
** then the new callback replaces the old.)^ ^If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is
** called with a NULL pointer as its second argument, then any existing
** unlock-notify callback is canceled. ^The blocked connections 
** unlock-notify callback may also be canceled by closing the blocked
** connection using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** The unlock-notify callback is not reentrant. If an application invokes
** any sqlite3_xxx API functions from within an unlock-notify callback, a
** crash or deadlock may be the result.
**
................................................................................


/*
** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
**
** ^The [sqlite3_strnicmp()] API allows applications and extensions to
** compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
** case-independent fashion, using the same definition of case independence 
** that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
**

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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  u8 inTrans;          /* 0: not writable.  1: Transaction.  2: Checkpoint */
  u8 safety_level;     /* How aggressive at syncing data to disk */
  Schema *pSchema;     /* Pointer to database schema (possibly shared) */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure stores a database schema.
**
** If there are no virtual tables configured in this schema, the
** Schema.db variable is set to NULL. After the first virtual table
** has been added, it is set to point to the database connection 
** used to create the connection. Once a virtual table has been
** added to the Schema structure and the Schema.db variable populated, 
** only that database connection may use the Schema to prepare 
** statements.
*/
struct Schema {
  int schema_cookie;   /* Database schema version number for this file */
  Hash tblHash;        /* All tables indexed by name */
  Hash idxHash;        /* All (named) indices indexed by name */
  Hash trigHash;       /* All triggers indexed by name */
  Hash fkeyHash;       /* All foreign keys by referenced table name */
  Table *pSeqTab;      /* The sqlite_sequence table used by AUTOINCREMENT */
  u8 file_format;      /* Schema format version for this file */
  u8 enc;              /* Text encoding used by this database */
  u16 flags;           /* Flags associated with this schema */
  int cache_size;      /* Number of pages to use in the cache */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3 *db;         /* "Owner" connection. See comment above */
#endif
};

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Db.pSchema->flags field.
*/
#define DbHasProperty(D,I,P)     (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&(P))==(P))
................................................................................
  int busyTimeout;              /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
  Db aDbStatic[2];              /* Static space for the 2 default backends */
  Savepoint *pSavepoint;        /* List of active savepoints */
  int nSavepoint;               /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
  int nStatement;               /* Number of nested statement-transactions  */
  u8 isTransactionSavepoint;    /* True if the outermost savepoint is a TS */
  i64 nDeferredCons;            /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MASTER 
  ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c. 
  **
  ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
  ** unlock so that it can proceed.
................................................................................
** when the VDBE cursor to the table is closed.  In this case Table.tnum 
** refers VDBE cursor number that holds the table open, not to the root
** page number.  Transient tables are used to hold the results of a
** sub-query that appears instead of a real table name in the FROM clause 
** of a SELECT statement.
*/
struct Table {
  sqlite3 *dbMem;      /* DB connection used for lookaside allocations. */
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
................................................................................
/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
*/
struct KeyInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database connection */
  u8 enc;             /* Text encoding - one of the TEXT_Utf* values */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in aColl[] */
  u8 *aSortOrder;     /* If defined an aSortOrder[i] is true, sort DESC */
  CollSeq *aColl[1];  /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
** values.
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;         /* Optional database for lookaside.  Can be NULL */
  char *zBase;         /* A base allocation.  Not from malloc. */
  char *zText;         /* The string collected so far */
  int  nChar;          /* Length of the string so far */
  int  nAlloc;         /* Amount of space allocated in zText */
  int  mxAlloc;        /* Maximum allowed string length */
  u8   mallocFailed;   /* Becomes true if any memory allocation fails */
  u8   useMalloc;      /* True if zText is enlargeable using realloc */
  u8   tooBig;         /* Becomes true if string size exceeds limits */
};

/*
** A pointer to this structure is used to communicate information
** from sqlite3Init and OP_ParseSchema into the sqlite3InitCallback.
*/
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
  int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
void sqlite3DeleteTable(Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
................................................................................
void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
int sqlite3TwoPartName(Parse *, Token *, Token *, Token **);
const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
Expr *sqlite3ExprSetColl(Parse *pParse, Expr *, Token *);

int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);

const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
................................................................................
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(sqlite3*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3SchemaFree(void *);
Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);
................................................................................
#  define sqlite3VtabRollback(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabCommit(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 0
#  define sqlite3VtabLock(X) 
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlock(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlockList(X)
#else
   void sqlite3VtabClear(Table*);
   int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, char **);
   int sqlite3VtabRollback(sqlite3 *db);
   int sqlite3VtabCommit(sqlite3 *db);
   void sqlite3VtabLock(VTable *);
   void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
   void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
................................................................................
  #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  void sqlite3FkDelete(Table*);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a)
#endif


/*
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
................................................................................
** sqlite3MemdebugSetType() sets the "type" of an allocation to one of
** the MEMTYPE_* macros defined below.  The type must be a bitmask with
** a single bit set.
**
** sqlite3MemdebugHasType() returns true if any of the bits in its second
** argument match the type set by the previous sqlite3MemdebugSetType().
** sqlite3MemdebugHasType() is intended for use inside assert() statements.
** For example:
**

**     assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
**
** Perhaps the most important point is the difference between MEMTYPE_HEAP
** and MEMTYPE_DB.  If an allocation is MEMTYPE_DB, that means it might have
** been allocated by lookaside, except the allocation was too large or
** lookaside was already full.  It is important to verify that allocations
** that might have been satisfied by lookaside are not passed back to 
** non-lookaside free() routines.  Asserts such as the example above are
** placed on the non-lookaside free() routines to verify this constraint. 

**
** All of this is no-op for a production build.  It only comes into
** play when the SQLITE_MEMDEBUG compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
  void sqlite3MemdebugSetType(void*,u8);
  int sqlite3MemdebugHasType(void*,u8);

#else
# define sqlite3MemdebugSetType(X,Y)  /* no-op */
# define sqlite3MemdebugHasType(X,Y)  1

#endif
#define MEMTYPE_HEAP     0x01    /* General heap allocations */
#define MEMTYPE_DB       0x02    /* Associated with a database connection */

#define MEMTYPE_SCRATCH  0x04    /* Scratch allocations */
#define MEMTYPE_PCACHE   0x08    /* Page cache allocations */


#endif /* _SQLITEINT_H_ */







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  u8 inTrans;          /* 0: not writable.  1: Transaction.  2: Checkpoint */
  u8 safety_level;     /* How aggressive at syncing data to disk */
  Schema *pSchema;     /* Pointer to database schema (possibly shared) */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure stores a database schema.








*/
struct Schema {
  int schema_cookie;   /* Database schema version number for this file */
  Hash tblHash;        /* All tables indexed by name */
  Hash idxHash;        /* All (named) indices indexed by name */
  Hash trigHash;       /* All triggers indexed by name */
  Hash fkeyHash;       /* All foreign keys by referenced table name */
  Table *pSeqTab;      /* The sqlite_sequence table used by AUTOINCREMENT */
  u8 file_format;      /* Schema format version for this file */
  u8 enc;              /* Text encoding used by this database */
  u16 flags;           /* Flags associated with this schema */
  int cache_size;      /* Number of pages to use in the cache */



};

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Db.pSchema->flags field.
*/
#define DbHasProperty(D,I,P)     (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&(P))==(P))
................................................................................
  int busyTimeout;              /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
  Db aDbStatic[2];              /* Static space for the 2 default backends */
  Savepoint *pSavepoint;        /* List of active savepoints */
  int nSavepoint;               /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
  int nStatement;               /* Number of nested statement-transactions  */
  u8 isTransactionSavepoint;    /* True if the outermost savepoint is a TS */
  i64 nDeferredCons;            /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */
  int *pnBytesFreed;            /* If not NULL, increment this in DbFree() */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MASTER 
  ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c. 
  **
  ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
  ** unlock so that it can proceed.
................................................................................
** when the VDBE cursor to the table is closed.  In this case Table.tnum 
** refers VDBE cursor number that holds the table open, not to the root
** page number.  Transient tables are used to hold the results of a
** sub-query that appears instead of a real table name in the FROM clause 
** of a SELECT statement.
*/
struct Table {

  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
................................................................................
/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
*/
struct KeyInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database connection */
  u8 enc;             /* Text encoding - one of the SQLITE_UTF* values */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in aColl[] */
  u8 *aSortOrder;     /* Sort order for each column.  May be NULL */
  CollSeq *aColl[1];  /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
** values.
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;         /* Optional database for lookaside.  Can be NULL */
  char *zBase;         /* A base allocation.  Not from malloc. */
  char *zText;         /* The string collected so far */
  int  nChar;          /* Length of the string so far */
  int  nAlloc;         /* Amount of space allocated in zText */
  int  mxAlloc;        /* Maximum allowed string length */
  u8   mallocFailed;   /* Becomes true if any memory allocation fails */
  u8   useMalloc;      /* 0: none,  1: sqlite3DbMalloc,  2: sqlite3_malloc */
  u8   tooBig;         /* Becomes true if string size exceeds limits */
};

/*
** A pointer to this structure is used to communicate information
** from sqlite3Init and OP_ParseSchema into the sqlite3InitCallback.
*/
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
  int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
................................................................................
void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
int sqlite3TwoPartName(Parse *, Token *, Token *, Token **);
const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
Expr *sqlite3ExprSetColl(Expr*, CollSeq*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprSetCollByToken(Parse *pParse, Expr*, Token*);
int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);

const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
................................................................................
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(sqlite3*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3SchemaFree(void *);
Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);
................................................................................
#  define sqlite3VtabRollback(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabCommit(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 0
#  define sqlite3VtabLock(X) 
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlock(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlockList(X)
#else
   void sqlite3VtabClear(sqlite3 *db, Table*);
   int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, char **);
   int sqlite3VtabRollback(sqlite3 *db);
   int sqlite3VtabCommit(sqlite3 *db);
   void sqlite3VtabLock(VTable *);
   void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
   void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
................................................................................
  #define sqlite3FkActions(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
#endif


/*
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
................................................................................
** sqlite3MemdebugSetType() sets the "type" of an allocation to one of
** the MEMTYPE_* macros defined below.  The type must be a bitmask with
** a single bit set.
**
** sqlite3MemdebugHasType() returns true if any of the bits in its second
** argument match the type set by the previous sqlite3MemdebugSetType().
** sqlite3MemdebugHasType() is intended for use inside assert() statements.

**
** sqlite3MemdebugNoType() returns true if none of the bits in its second
** argument match the type set by the previous sqlite3MemdebugSetType().
**
** Perhaps the most important point is the difference between MEMTYPE_HEAP
** and MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE.  If an allocation is MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE, that means
** it might have been allocated by lookaside, except the allocation was
** too large or lookaside was already full.  It is important to verify
** that allocations that might have been satisfied by lookaside are not
** passed back to non-lookaside free() routines.  Asserts such as the
** example above are placed on the non-lookaside free() routines to verify
** this constraint. 
**
** All of this is no-op for a production build.  It only comes into
** play when the SQLITE_MEMDEBUG compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
  void sqlite3MemdebugSetType(void*,u8);
  int sqlite3MemdebugHasType(void*,u8);
  int sqlite3MemdebugNoType(void*,u8);
#else
# define sqlite3MemdebugSetType(X,Y)  /* no-op */
# define sqlite3MemdebugHasType(X,Y)  1
# define sqlite3MemdebugNoType(X,Y)   1
#endif
#define MEMTYPE_HEAP       0x01  /* General heap allocations */

#define MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE  0x02  /* Might have been lookaside memory */
#define MEMTYPE_SCRATCH    0x04  /* Scratch allocations */
#define MEMTYPE_PCACHE     0x08  /* Page cache allocations */
#define MEMTYPE_DB         0x10  /* Uses sqlite3DbMalloc, not sqlite_malloc */

#endif /* _SQLITEINT_H_ */

Changes to src/sqliteLimit.h.

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/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif

/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 32768.  This a limit
** imposed by the necessity of storing the value in a 2-byte unsigned integer
** and the fact that the page size must be a power of 2.
**
** If this limit is changed, then the compiled library is technically
** incompatible with an SQLite library compiled with a different limit. If
** a process operating on a database with a page-size of 65536 bytes 
** crashes, then an instance of SQLite compiled with the default page-size 
** limit will not be able to rollback the aborted transaction. This could
** lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 32768
#endif


/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE







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/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif

/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.

**
** If this limit is changed, then the compiled library is technically
** incompatible with an SQLite library compiled with a different limit. If
** a process operating on a database with a page-size of 65536 bytes 
** crashes, then an instance of SQLite compiled with the default page-size 
** limit will not be able to rollback the aborted transaction. This could
** lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536
#endif


/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE

Changes to src/status.c.

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135
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**
*************************************************************************
**
** This module implements the sqlite3_status() interface and related
** functionality.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Variables in which to record status information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3StatType sqlite3StatType;
static SQLITE_WSD struct sqlite3StatType {
  int nowValue[9];         /* Current value */
  int mxValue[9];          /* Maximum value */
} sqlite3Stat = { {0,}, {0,} };


/* The "wsdStat" macro will resolve to the status information
** state vector.  If writable static data is unsupported on the target,
** we have to locate the state vector at run-time.  In the more common
** case where writable static data is supported, wsdStat can refer directly
................................................................................
int sqlite3_db_status(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection whose status is desired */
  int op,               /* Status verb */
  int *pCurrent,        /* Write current value here */
  int *pHighwater,      /* Write high-water mark here */
  int resetFlag         /* Reset high-water mark if true */
){


  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
      *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
      *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
      if( resetFlag ){
        db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;
      }
................................................................................
    ** Return an approximation for the amount of memory currently used
    ** by all pagers associated with the given database connection.  The
    ** highwater mark is meaningless and is returned as zero.
    */
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED: {
      int totalUsed = 0;
      int i;

      for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
        Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
        if( pBt ){
          Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
          totalUsed += sqlite3PagerMemUsed(pPager);
        }
      }

      *pCurrent = totalUsed;
      *pHighwater = 0;
      break;
    }































































    default: {
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}







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**
*************************************************************************
**
** This module implements the sqlite3_status() interface and related
** functionality.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** Variables in which to record status information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3StatType sqlite3StatType;
static SQLITE_WSD struct sqlite3StatType {
  int nowValue[10];         /* Current value */
  int mxValue[10];          /* Maximum value */
} sqlite3Stat = { {0,}, {0,} };


/* The "wsdStat" macro will resolve to the status information
** state vector.  If writable static data is unsupported on the target,
** we have to locate the state vector at run-time.  In the more common
** case where writable static data is supported, wsdStat can refer directly
................................................................................
int sqlite3_db_status(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection whose status is desired */
  int op,               /* Status verb */
  int *pCurrent,        /* Write current value here */
  int *pHighwater,      /* Write high-water mark here */
  int resetFlag         /* Reset high-water mark if true */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Return code */
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
      *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
      *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
      if( resetFlag ){
        db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;
      }
................................................................................
    ** Return an approximation for the amount of memory currently used
    ** by all pagers associated with the given database connection.  The
    ** highwater mark is meaningless and is returned as zero.
    */
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED: {
      int totalUsed = 0;
      int i;
      sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
      for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
        Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
        if( pBt ){
          Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
          totalUsed += sqlite3PagerMemUsed(pPager);
        }
      }
      sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
      *pCurrent = totalUsed;
      *pHighwater = 0;
      break;
    }

    /*
    ** *pCurrent gets an accurate estimate of the amount of memory used
    ** to store the schema for all databases (main, temp, and any ATTACHed
    ** databases.  *pHighwater is set to zero.
    */
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED: {
      int i;                      /* Used to iterate through schemas */
      int nByte = 0;              /* Used to accumulate return value */

      db->pnBytesFreed = &nByte;
      for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
        Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[i].pSchema;
        if( ALWAYS(pSchema!=0) ){
          HashElem *p;

          nByte += sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRoundup(sizeof(HashElem)) * (
              pSchema->tblHash.count 
            + pSchema->trigHash.count
            + pSchema->idxHash.count
            + pSchema->fkeyHash.count
          );
          nByte += sqlite3MallocSize(pSchema->tblHash.ht);
          nByte += sqlite3MallocSize(pSchema->trigHash.ht);
          nByte += sqlite3MallocSize(pSchema->idxHash.ht);
          nByte += sqlite3MallocSize(pSchema->fkeyHash.ht);

          for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->trigHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
            sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, (Trigger*)sqliteHashData(p));
          }
          for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
            sqlite3DeleteTable(db, (Table *)sqliteHashData(p));
          }
        }
      }
      db->pnBytesFreed = 0;

      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nByte;
      break;
    }

    /*
    ** *pCurrent gets an accurate estimate of the amount of memory used
    ** to store all prepared statements.
    ** *pHighwater is set to zero.
    */
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED: {
      struct Vdbe *pVdbe;         /* Used to iterate through VMs */
      int nByte = 0;              /* Used to accumulate return value */

      db->pnBytesFreed = &nByte;
      for(pVdbe=db->pVdbe; pVdbe; pVdbe=pVdbe->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeDeleteObject(db, pVdbe);
      }
      db->pnBytesFreed = 0;

      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nByte;

      break;
    }

    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

Changes to src/tclsqlite.c.

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  ** Display SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP or 
  ** SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT for the most recent eval.
  */
  case DB_STATUS: {
    int v;
    const char *zOp;
    if( objc!=3 ){
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "(step|sort)");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    zOp = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
    if( strcmp(zOp, "step")==0 ){
      v = pDb->nStep;
    }else if( strcmp(zOp, "sort")==0 ){
      v = pDb->nSort;







|







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  ** Display SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP or 
  ** SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT for the most recent eval.
  */
  case DB_STATUS: {
    int v;
    const char *zOp;
    if( objc!=3 ){
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "(step|sort|autoindex)");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    zOp = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
    if( strcmp(zOp, "step")==0 ){
      v = pDb->nStep;
    }else if( strcmp(zOp, "sort")==0 ){
      v = pDb->nSort;

Changes to src/test1.c.

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  if( iArg!=0 ) {
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "Unexpected non-zero errno: ",
                     Tcl_GetStringFromObj(Tcl_NewIntObj(iArg), 0), " ", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;  
}







































/*
** tclcmd:   file_control_lockproxy_test DB PWD
**
** This TCL command runs the sqlite3_file_control interface and
** verifies correct operation of the SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE and
** SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE verbs.
................................................................................
    zDb = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(db, zDb);
  Tcl_SetResult(interp, (char *)t1ErrorName(rc), TCL_STATIC);
  return TCL_OK;
}











































/*
**     tcl_objproc COMMANDNAME ARGS...
**
** Run a TCL command using its objProc interface.  Throw an error if
** the command has no objProc interface.
*/
................................................................................
     { "vfs_unlink_test",            vfs_unlink_test,     0   },
     { "vfs_initfail_test",          vfs_initfail_test,   0   },
     { "vfs_unregister_all",         vfs_unregister_all,  0   },
     { "vfs_reregister_all",         vfs_reregister_all,  0   },
     { "file_control_test",          file_control_test,   0   },
     { "file_control_lasterrno_test", file_control_lasterrno_test,  0   },
     { "file_control_lockproxy_test", file_control_lockproxy_test,  0   },


     { "path_is_local",              path_is_local,  0   },
     { "path_is_dos",                path_is_dos,  0   },
     { "sqlite3_vfs_list",           vfs_list,     0   },

     /* Functions from os.h */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
     { "add_test_collate",        test_collate, 0            },
     { "add_test_collate_needed", test_collate_needed, 0     },
     { "add_test_function",       test_function, 0           },
#endif
................................................................................
     { "sqlite3_blob_write", test_blob_write, 0  },
#endif
     { "pcache_stats",       test_pcache_stats, 0  },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
     { "sqlite3_unlock_notify", test_unlock_notify, 0  },
#endif
     { "sqlite3_wal_checkpoint", test_wal_checkpoint, 0  },

  };
  static int bitmask_size = sizeof(Bitmask)*8;
  int i;
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;
  extern int sqlite3_xferopt_count;







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5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
  if( iArg!=0 ) {
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "Unexpected non-zero errno: ",
                     Tcl_GetStringFromObj(Tcl_NewIntObj(iArg), 0), " ", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;  
}

/*
** tclcmd:   file_control_chunksize_test DB DBNAME SIZE
**
** This TCL command runs the sqlite3_file_control interface and
** verifies correct operation of the SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE and
** SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE verbs.
*/
static int file_control_chunksize_test(
  ClientData clientData, /* Pointer to sqlite3_enable_XXX function */
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int objc,              /* Number of arguments */
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]  /* Command arguments */
){
  int nSize;                      /* New chunk size */
  char *zDb;                      /* Db name ("main", "temp" etc.) */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database handle */
  int rc;                         /* file_control() return code */

  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB DBNAME SIZE");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) 
   || Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[3], &nSize)
  ){
   return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zDb = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
  if( zDb[0]=='\0' ) zDb = NULL;

  rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE, (void *)&nSize);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_SetResult(interp, (char *)sqlite3TestErrorName(rc), TCL_STATIC);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** tclcmd:   file_control_lockproxy_test DB PWD
**
** This TCL command runs the sqlite3_file_control interface and
** verifies correct operation of the SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE and
** SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE verbs.
................................................................................
    zDb = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(db, zDb);
  Tcl_SetResult(interp, (char *)t1ErrorName(rc), TCL_STATIC);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** tclcmd:  test_sqlite3_log ?SCRIPT?
*/
static struct LogCallback {
  Tcl_Interp *pInterp;
  Tcl_Obj *pObj;
} logcallback = {0, 0};
static void xLogcallback(void *unused, int err, char *zMsg){
  Tcl_Obj *pNew = Tcl_DuplicateObj(logcallback.pObj);
  Tcl_IncrRefCount(pNew);
  Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(
      0, pNew, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3TestErrorName(err), -1)
  );
  Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(0, pNew, Tcl_NewStringObj(zMsg, -1));
  Tcl_EvalObjEx(logcallback.pInterp, pNew, TCL_EVAL_GLOBAL|TCL_EVAL_DIRECT);
  Tcl_DecrRefCount(pNew);
}
static int test_sqlite3_log(
  ClientData clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int objc,              /* Number of arguments */
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]  /* Command arguments */
){
  if( objc>2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SCRIPT");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( logcallback.pObj ){
    Tcl_DecrRefCount(logcallback.pObj);
    logcallback.pObj = 0;
    logcallback.pInterp = 0;
    sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, 0, 0);
  }
  if( objc>1 ){
    logcallback.pObj = objv[1];
    Tcl_IncrRefCount(logcallback.pObj);
    logcallback.pInterp = interp;
    sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, xLogcallback, 0);
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
**     tcl_objproc COMMANDNAME ARGS...
**
** Run a TCL command using its objProc interface.  Throw an error if
** the command has no objProc interface.
*/
................................................................................
     { "vfs_unlink_test",            vfs_unlink_test,     0   },
     { "vfs_initfail_test",          vfs_initfail_test,   0   },
     { "vfs_unregister_all",         vfs_unregister_all,  0   },
     { "vfs_reregister_all",         vfs_reregister_all,  0   },
     { "file_control_test",          file_control_test,   0   },
     { "file_control_lasterrno_test", file_control_lasterrno_test,  0   },
     { "file_control_lockproxy_test", file_control_lockproxy_test,  0   },
     { "file_control_chunksize_test", file_control_chunksize_test,  0   },
     { "sqlite3_vfs_list",           vfs_list,     0   },
     { "path_is_local",              path_is_local,  0   },
     { "path_is_dos",                path_is_dos,  0   },


     /* Functions from os.h */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
     { "add_test_collate",        test_collate, 0            },
     { "add_test_collate_needed", test_collate_needed, 0     },
     { "add_test_function",       test_function, 0           },
#endif
................................................................................
     { "sqlite3_blob_write", test_blob_write, 0  },
#endif
     { "pcache_stats",       test_pcache_stats, 0  },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
     { "sqlite3_unlock_notify", test_unlock_notify, 0  },
#endif
     { "sqlite3_wal_checkpoint", test_wal_checkpoint, 0  },
     { "test_sqlite3_log",     test_sqlite3_log, 0  },
  };
  static int bitmask_size = sizeof(Bitmask)*8;
  int i;
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;
  extern int sqlite3_xferopt_count;

Changes to src/test2.c.

68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
*/
static int pager_open(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  u16 pageSize;
  Pager *pPager;
  int nPage;
  int rc;
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " FILENAME N-PAGE\"", 0);







|







68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
*/
static int pager_open(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  u32 pageSize;
  Pager *pPager;
  int nPage;
  int rc;
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " FILENAME N-PAGE\"", 0);

Changes to src/test4.c.

138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
...
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
  if( i<0 ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "thread ", argv[1], " is already running", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  threadset[i].busy = 1;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
  threadset[i].zFilename = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum = 1;
  threadset[i].completed = 0;
  rc = pthread_create(&x, 0, thread_main, &threadset[i]);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "failed to create the thread", 0);
    sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
    threadset[i].busy = 0;
................................................................................
  if( !threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such thread", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  thread_wait(&threadset[i]);
  threadset[i].xOp = do_compile;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zArg);
  threadset[i].zArg = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum++;
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** This procedure runs in the thread to step the virtual machine.
*/







|







 







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139
140
141
142
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144
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  if( i<0 ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "thread ", argv[1], " is already running", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  threadset[i].busy = 1;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
  threadset[i].zFilename = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum = 1;
  threadset[i].completed = 0;
  rc = pthread_create(&x, 0, thread_main, &threadset[i]);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "failed to create the thread", 0);
    sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
    threadset[i].busy = 0;
................................................................................
  if( !threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such thread", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  thread_wait(&threadset[i]);
  threadset[i].xOp = do_compile;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zArg);
  threadset[i].zArg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum++;
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** This procedure runs in the thread to step the virtual machine.
*/

Changes to src/test5.c.

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  if( !enc_to ) return TCL_ERROR;

  pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(0);

  if( enc_from==SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    z = Tcl_GetString(objv[1]);
    if( objc==5 ){
      z = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, z);
    }
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, z, enc_from, xDel);
  }else{
    z = (char*)Tcl_GetByteArrayFromObj(objv[1], &len);
    if( objc==5 ){
      char *zTmp = z;
      z = sqlite3_malloc(len);







|







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  if( !enc_to ) return TCL_ERROR;

  pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(0);

  if( enc_from==SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    z = Tcl_GetString(objv[1]);
    if( objc==5 ){
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", z);
    }
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, z, enc_from, xDel);
  }else{
    z = (char*)Tcl_GetByteArrayFromObj(objv[1], &len);
    if( objc==5 ){
      char *zTmp = z;
      z = sqlite3_malloc(len);

Changes to src/test7.c.

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  if( i<0 ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "thread ", argv[1], " is already running", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  threadset[i].busy = 1;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
  threadset[i].zFilename = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum = 1;
  threadset[i].completed = 0;
  rc = pthread_create(&x, 0, client_main, &threadset[i]);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "failed to create the thread", 0);
    sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
    threadset[i].busy = 0;
................................................................................
  if( !threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such thread", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  client_wait(&threadset[i]);
  threadset[i].xOp = do_compile;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zArg);
  threadset[i].zArg = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum++;
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** This procedure runs in the thread to step the virtual machine.
*/







|







 







|







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  if( i<0 ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "thread ", argv[1], " is already running", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  threadset[i].busy = 1;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
  threadset[i].zFilename = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum = 1;
  threadset[i].completed = 0;
  rc = pthread_create(&x, 0, client_main, &threadset[i]);
  if( rc ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "failed to create the thread", 0);
    sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zFilename);
    threadset[i].busy = 0;
................................................................................
  if( !threadset[i].busy ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such thread", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  client_wait(&threadset[i]);
  threadset[i].xOp = do_compile;
  sqlite3_free(threadset[i].zArg);
  threadset[i].zArg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", argv[2]);
  threadset[i].opnum++;
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** This procedure runs in the thread to step the virtual machine.
*/

Changes to src/test8.c.

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    char *zSql;
    echo_vtab *pVtab = *(echo_vtab **)ppVtab;
    pVtab->zLogName = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", argv[4]);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %Q(logmsg)", pVtab->zLogName);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3DbStrDup(0, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }

  if( *ppVtab && rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    echoDestructor(*ppVtab);
    *ppVtab = 0;
  }







|







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    char *zSql;
    echo_vtab *pVtab = *(echo_vtab **)ppVtab;
    pVtab->zLogName = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", argv[4]);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %Q(logmsg)", pVtab->zLogName);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }

  if( *ppVtab && rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    echoDestructor(*ppVtab);
    *ppVtab = 0;
  }

Changes to src/test_demovfs.c.

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#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>


/*
** Size of the write buffer used by journal files in bytes.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEMOVFS_BUFFERSZ
# define SQLITE_DEMOVFS_BUFFERSZ 8192
#endif






/*
** When using this VFS, the sqlite3_file* handles that SQLite uses are
** actually pointers to instances of type DemoFile.
*/
typedef struct DemoFile DemoFile;
struct DemoFile {
  sqlite3_file base;              /* Base class. Must be first. */
................................................................................

/*
** Delete the file identified by argument zPath. If the dirSync parameter
** is non-zero, then ensure the file-system modification to delete the
** file has been synced to disk before returning.
*/
static int demoDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  int rc;

  rc = unlink(zPath);


  if( rc==0 && dirSync ){
    int dfd;                      /* File descriptor open on directory */
    int i;                        /* Iterator variable */
    char zDir[pVfs->mxPathname+1];/* Name of directory containing file zPath */

    /* Figure out the directory name from the path of the file deleted. */
    sqlite3_snprintf(pVfs->mxPathname, zDir, "%s", zPath);
    zDir[pVfs->mxPathname] = '\0';
    for(i=strlen(zDir); i>1 && zDir[i]!='/'; i++);
    zDir[i] = '\0';

    /* Open a file-descriptor on the directory. Sync. Close. */
    dfd = open(zDir, O_RDONLY, 0);
    if( dfd<0 ){
      rc = -1;
................................................................................
*/
static int demoFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,              /* VFS */
  const char *zPath,              /* Input path (possibly a relative path) */
  int nPathOut,                   /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zPathOut                  /* Pointer to output buffer */
){
  char zDir[pVfs->mxPathname+1];
  if( zPath[0]=='/' ){
    zDir[0] = '\0';
  }else{
    getcwd(zDir, sizeof(zDir));
  }
  zDir[pVfs->mxPathname] = '\0';

  sqlite3_snprintf(nPathOut, zPathOut, "%s/%s", zDir, zPath);
  zPathOut[nPathOut-1] = '\0';

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
**
**   sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_demovfs(), 0);
*/
sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_demovfs(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs demovfs = {
    1,                            /* iVersion */
    sizeof(DemoFile),             /* szOsFile */
    512,                          /* mxPathname */
    0,                            /* pNext */
    "demo",                       /* zName */
    0,                            /* pAppData */
    demoOpen,                     /* xOpen */
    demoDelete,                   /* xDelete */
    demoAccess,                   /* xAccess */
    demoFullPathname,             /* xFullPathname */







>








>
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>
>
>







 







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>

>
>



|


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|







 







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|







 







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#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <errno.h>

/*
** Size of the write buffer used by journal files in bytes.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEMOVFS_BUFFERSZ
# define SQLITE_DEMOVFS_BUFFERSZ 8192
#endif

/*
** The maximum pathname length supported by this VFS.
*/
#define MAXPATHNAME 512

/*
** When using this VFS, the sqlite3_file* handles that SQLite uses are
** actually pointers to instances of type DemoFile.
*/
typedef struct DemoFile DemoFile;
struct DemoFile {
  sqlite3_file base;              /* Base class. Must be first. */
................................................................................

/*
** Delete the file identified by argument zPath. If the dirSync parameter
** is non-zero, then ensure the file-system modification to delete the
** file has been synced to disk before returning.
*/
static int demoDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  rc = unlink(zPath);
  if( rc!=0 && errno==ENOENT ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( rc==0 && dirSync ){
    int dfd;                      /* File descriptor open on directory */
    int i;                        /* Iterator variable */
    char zDir[MAXPATHNAME+1];     /* Name of directory containing file zPath */

    /* Figure out the directory name from the path of the file deleted. */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MAXPATHNAME, zDir, "%s", zPath);
    zDir[MAXPATHNAME] = '\0';
    for(i=strlen(zDir); i>1 && zDir[i]!='/'; i++);
    zDir[i] = '\0';

    /* Open a file-descriptor on the directory. Sync. Close. */
    dfd = open(zDir, O_RDONLY, 0);
    if( dfd<0 ){
      rc = -1;
................................................................................
*/
static int demoFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,              /* VFS */
  const char *zPath,              /* Input path (possibly a relative path) */
  int nPathOut,                   /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zPathOut                  /* Pointer to output buffer */
){
  char zDir[MAXPATHNAME+1];
  if( zPath[0]=='/' ){
    zDir[0] = '\0';
  }else{
    getcwd(zDir, sizeof(zDir));
  }
  zDir[MAXPATHNAME] = '\0';

  sqlite3_snprintf(nPathOut, zPathOut, "%s/%s", zDir, zPath);
  zPathOut[nPathOut-1] = '\0';

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
**
**   sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_demovfs(), 0);
*/
sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_demovfs(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs demovfs = {
    1,                            /* iVersion */
    sizeof(DemoFile),             /* szOsFile */
    MAXPATHNAME,                  /* mxPathname */
    0,                            /* pNext */
    "demo",                       /* zName */
    0,                            /* pAppData */
    demoOpen,                     /* xOpen */
    demoDelete,                   /* xDelete */
    demoAccess,                   /* xAccess */
    demoFullPathname,             /* xFullPathname */

Changes to src/test_journal.c.

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497
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** the first journal-header is written to the journal file.
*/
static int openTransaction(jt_file *pMain, jt_file *pJournal){
  unsigned char *aData;
  sqlite3_file *p = pMain->pReal;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  aData = sqlite3_malloc(pMain->nPagesize);
  pMain->pWritable = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pMain->nPage);
  pMain->aCksum = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(u32) * (pMain->nPage + 1));
  pJournal->iMaxOff = 0;

  if( !pMain->pWritable || !pMain->aCksum || !aData ){
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
................................................................................

    stop_ioerr_simulation(&iSave, &iSave2);

    /* Read the database free-list. Add the page-number for each free-list
    ** leaf to the jt_file.pWritable bitvec.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(p, aData, pMain->nPagesize, 0);









    iTrunk = decodeUint32(&aData[32]);
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && iTrunk>0 ){
      u32 nLeaf;
      u32 iLeaf;
      sqlite3_int64 iOff = (iTrunk-1)*pMain->nPagesize;
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(p, aData, pMain->nPagesize, iOff);
      nLeaf = decodeUint32(&aData[4]);
................................................................................
  start_ioerr_simulation(iSave, iSave2);
  sqlite3_free(aPage);
  if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Write data to an jt-file.
*/
static int jtWrite(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  const void *zBuf, 







>







 







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>







 







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357
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** the first journal-header is written to the journal file.
*/
static int openTransaction(jt_file *pMain, jt_file *pJournal){
  unsigned char *aData;
  sqlite3_file *p = pMain->pReal;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  closeTransaction(pMain);
  aData = sqlite3_malloc(pMain->nPagesize);
  pMain->pWritable = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pMain->nPage);
  pMain->aCksum = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(u32) * (pMain->nPage + 1));
  pJournal->iMaxOff = 0;

  if( !pMain->pWritable || !pMain->aCksum || !aData ){
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
................................................................................

    stop_ioerr_simulation(&iSave, &iSave2);

    /* Read the database free-list. Add the page-number for each free-list
    ** leaf to the jt_file.pWritable bitvec.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(p, aData, pMain->nPagesize, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u32 nDbsize = decodeUint32(&aData[28]);
      if( nDbsize>0 && memcmp(&aData[24], &aData[92], 4)==0 ){
        u32 iPg;
        for(iPg=nDbsize+1; iPg<=pMain->nPage; iPg++){
          sqlite3BitvecSet(pMain->pWritable, iPg);
        }
      }
    }
    iTrunk = decodeUint32(&aData[32]);
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && iTrunk>0 ){
      u32 nLeaf;
      u32 iLeaf;
      sqlite3_int64 iOff = (iTrunk-1)*pMain->nPagesize;
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(p, aData, pMain->nPagesize, iOff);
      nLeaf = decodeUint32(&aData[4]);
................................................................................
  start_ioerr_simulation(iSave, iSave2);
  sqlite3_free(aPage);
  if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Write data to an jt-file.
*/
static int jtWrite(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  const void *zBuf, 

Changes to src/test_malloc.c.

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    extern int sqlite3MemdebugSettitle(const char*);
    sqlite3MemdebugSettitle(zTitle);
  }
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}

#define MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES 10 



static Tcl_HashTable aMallocLog;
static int mallocLogEnabled = 0;

typedef struct MallocLog MallocLog;
struct MallocLog {
  int nCall;
  int nByte;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
static void test_memdebug_callback(int nByte, int nFrame, void **aFrame){
  if( mallocLogEnabled ){
    MallocLog *pLog;
    Tcl_HashEntry *pEntry;
    int isNew;

    int aKey[MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES];
    int nKey = sizeof(int)*MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES;

    memset(aKey, 0, nKey);
    if( (sizeof(void*)*nFrame)<nKey ){
      nKey = nFrame*sizeof(void*);
    }
    memcpy(aKey, aFrame, nKey);

................................................................................
    pEntry;
    pEntry=Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)
  ){
    MallocLog *pLog = (MallocLog *)Tcl_GetHashValue(pEntry);
    Tcl_Free((char *)pLog);
  }
  Tcl_DeleteHashTable(&aMallocLog);
  Tcl_InitHashTable(&aMallocLog, MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES);
}

static int test_memdebug_log(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
................................................................................

  if( !isInit ){
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
    extern void sqlite3MemdebugBacktraceCallback(
        void (*xBacktrace)(int, int, void **));
    sqlite3MemdebugBacktraceCallback(test_memdebug_callback);
#endif
    Tcl_InitHashTable(&aMallocLog, MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES);
    isInit = 1;
  }

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SUB-COMMAND ...");
  }
  if( Tcl_GetIndexFromObj(interp, objv[1], MB_strs, "sub-command", 0, &iSub) ){
................................................................................
      mallocLogEnabled = 0;
      break;
    case MB_LOG_DUMP: {
      Tcl_HashSearch search;
      Tcl_HashEntry *pEntry;
      Tcl_Obj *pRet = Tcl_NewObj();

      assert(sizeof(int)==sizeof(void*));

      for(
        pEntry=Tcl_FirstHashEntry(&aMallocLog, &search);
        pEntry;
        pEntry=Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)
      ){
        Tcl_Obj *apElem[MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES+2];
        MallocLog *pLog = (MallocLog *)Tcl_GetHashValue(pEntry);
        int *aKey = (int *)Tcl_GetHashKey(&aMallocLog, pEntry);
        int ii;
  
        apElem[0] = Tcl_NewIntObj(pLog->nCall);
        apElem[1] = Tcl_NewIntObj(pLog->nByte);
        for(ii=0; ii<MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES; ii++){
          apElem[ii+2] = Tcl_NewIntObj(aKey[ii]);
        }

        Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pRet,
            Tcl_NewListObj(MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES+2, apElem)
        );
      }

................................................................................
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED",      SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED      },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW",  SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW  },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE",      SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE      },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED",        SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED        },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW",    SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW    },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE",        SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE        },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK",        SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK        },

  };
  Tcl_Obj *pResult;
  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "PARAMETER RESETFLAG");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zOpName = Tcl_GetString(objv[1]);
................................................................................
  int getDbPointer(Tcl_Interp*, const char*, sqlite3**);
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    int op;
  } aOp[] = {
    { "SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED",    SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED   },
    { "SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED",        SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED       },


  };
  Tcl_Obj *pResult;
  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "PARAMETER RESETFLAG");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;







|
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>







 







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>







 







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>







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1303
    extern int sqlite3MemdebugSettitle(const char*);
    sqlite3MemdebugSettitle(zTitle);
  }
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}

#define MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES  10 
#define MALLOC_LOG_KEYINTS (                                              \
    10 * ((sizeof(int)>=sizeof(void*)) ? 1 : sizeof(void*)/sizeof(int))   \
)
static Tcl_HashTable aMallocLog;
static int mallocLogEnabled = 0;

typedef struct MallocLog MallocLog;
struct MallocLog {
  int nCall;
  int nByte;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
static void test_memdebug_callback(int nByte, int nFrame, void **aFrame){
  if( mallocLogEnabled ){
    MallocLog *pLog;
    Tcl_HashEntry *pEntry;
    int isNew;

    int aKey[MALLOC_LOG_KEYINTS];
    int nKey = sizeof(int)*MALLOC_LOG_KEYINTS;

    memset(aKey, 0, nKey);
    if( (sizeof(void*)*nFrame)<nKey ){
      nKey = nFrame*sizeof(void*);
    }
    memcpy(aKey, aFrame, nKey);

................................................................................
    pEntry;
    pEntry=Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)
  ){
    MallocLog *pLog = (MallocLog *)Tcl_GetHashValue(pEntry);
    Tcl_Free((char *)pLog);
  }
  Tcl_DeleteHashTable(&aMallocLog);
  Tcl_InitHashTable(&aMallocLog, MALLOC_LOG_KEYINTS);
}

static int test_memdebug_log(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
................................................................................

  if( !isInit ){
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
    extern void sqlite3MemdebugBacktraceCallback(
        void (*xBacktrace)(int, int, void **));
    sqlite3MemdebugBacktraceCallback(test_memdebug_callback);
#endif
    Tcl_InitHashTable(&aMallocLog, MALLOC_LOG_KEYINTS);
    isInit = 1;
  }

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SUB-COMMAND ...");
  }
  if( Tcl_GetIndexFromObj(interp, objv[1], MB_strs, "sub-command", 0, &iSub) ){
................................................................................
      mallocLogEnabled = 0;
      break;
    case MB_LOG_DUMP: {
      Tcl_HashSearch search;
      Tcl_HashEntry *pEntry;
      Tcl_Obj *pRet = Tcl_NewObj();

      assert(sizeof(Tcl_WideInt)>=sizeof(void*));

      for(
        pEntry=Tcl_FirstHashEntry(&aMallocLog, &search);
        pEntry;
        pEntry=Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)
      ){
        Tcl_Obj *apElem[MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES+2];
        MallocLog *pLog = (MallocLog *)Tcl_GetHashValue(pEntry);
        Tcl_WideInt *aKey = (Tcl_WideInt *)Tcl_GetHashKey(&aMallocLog, pEntry);
        int ii;
  
        apElem[0] = Tcl_NewIntObj(pLog->nCall);
        apElem[1] = Tcl_NewIntObj(pLog->nByte);
        for(ii=0; ii<MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES; ii++){
          apElem[ii+2] = Tcl_NewWideIntObj(aKey[ii]);
        }

        Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pRet,
            Tcl_NewListObj(MALLOC_LOG_FRAMES+2, apElem)
        );
      }

................................................................................
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED",      SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED      },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW",  SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW  },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE",      SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE      },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED",        SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED        },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW",    SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW    },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE",        SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE        },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK",        SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK        },
    { "SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT",        SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT        },
  };
  Tcl_Obj *pResult;
  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "PARAMETER RESETFLAG");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zOpName = Tcl_GetString(objv[1]);
................................................................................
  int getDbPointer(Tcl_Interp*, const char*, sqlite3**);
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    int op;
  } aOp[] = {
    { "SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED",    SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED   },
    { "SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED",        SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED       },
    { "SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED",       SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED      },
    { "SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED",         SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED        }
  };
  Tcl_Obj *pResult;
  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "PARAMETER RESETFLAG");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;

Changes to src/test_stat.c.

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380
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...
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  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zPath);
  pCsr->zPath = 0;

  if( pCsr->aPage[0].pPg==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){

      u32 iRoot = sqlite3_column_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 1);





      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, iRoot, &pCsr->aPage[0].pPg);
      pCsr->aPage[0].iPgno = iRoot;
      pCsr->aPage[0].iCell = 0;
      pCsr->aPage[0].zPath = sqlite3_mprintf("/");
      pCsr->iPage = 0;
    }else{
      pCsr->isEof = 1;
................................................................................
}

static int statFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  sqlite3 *db = ((StatTable *)(pCursor->pVtab))->db;
  StatCursor *pCsr = (StatCursor *)pCursor;
  int nPage = 0;

  statResetCsr((StatCursor *)pCursor);
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(sqlite3BtreePager(db->aDb[0].pBt), &nPage);
  if( nPage==0 ){
    pCsr->isEof = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  return statNext(pCursor);
}

static int statColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int i







>

>
>
>
>
>







 







<

<

|
<
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<
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  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zPath);
  pCsr->zPath = 0;

  if( pCsr->aPage[0].pPg==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
      int nPage;
      u32 iRoot = sqlite3_column_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 1);
      sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( nPage==0 ){
        pCsr->isEof = 1;
        return sqlite3_reset(pCsr->pStmt);
      }
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, iRoot, &pCsr->aPage[0].pPg);
      pCsr->aPage[0].iPgno = iRoot;
      pCsr->aPage[0].iCell = 0;
      pCsr->aPage[0].zPath = sqlite3_mprintf("/");
      pCsr->iPage = 0;
    }else{
      pCsr->isEof = 1;
................................................................................
}

static int statFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){

  StatCursor *pCsr = (StatCursor *)pCursor;


  statResetCsr(pCsr);






  return statNext(pCursor);
}

static int statColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int i

Changes to src/test_vfs.c.

996
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1020
1021
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1024
        Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such file: ", Tcl_GetString(objv[2]), 0);
        return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      if( objc==4 ){
        int n;
        u8 *a = Tcl_GetByteArrayFromObj(objv[3], &n);
        int pgsz = pBuffer->pgsz;
        if( pgsz==0 ) pgsz = 32768;
        for(i=0; i*pgsz<n; i++){
          int nByte = pgsz;
          tvfsAllocPage(pBuffer, i, pgsz);
          if( n-i*pgsz<pgsz ){
            nByte = n;
          }
          memcpy(pBuffer->aPage[i], &a[i*pgsz], nByte);
        }
      }

      pObj = Tcl_NewObj();
      for(i=0; pBuffer->aPage[i]; i++){
        int pgsz = pBuffer->pgsz;
        if( pgsz==0 ) pgsz = 32768;
        Tcl_AppendObjToObj(pObj, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(pBuffer->aPage[i], pgsz));
      }
      Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, pObj);
      break;
    }

    case CMD_FILTER: {







|













|







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        Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "no such file: ", Tcl_GetString(objv[2]), 0);
        return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      if( objc==4 ){
        int n;
        u8 *a = Tcl_GetByteArrayFromObj(objv[3], &n);
        int pgsz = pBuffer->pgsz;
        if( pgsz==0 ) pgsz = 65536;
        for(i=0; i*pgsz<n; i++){
          int nByte = pgsz;
          tvfsAllocPage(pBuffer, i, pgsz);
          if( n-i*pgsz<pgsz ){
            nByte = n;
          }
          memcpy(pBuffer->aPage[i], &a[i*pgsz], nByte);
        }
      }

      pObj = Tcl_NewObj();
      for(i=0; pBuffer->aPage[i]; i++){
        int pgsz = pBuffer->pgsz;
        if( pgsz==0 ) pgsz = 65536;
        Tcl_AppendObjToObj(pObj, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(pBuffer->aPage[i], pgsz));
      }
      Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, pObj);
      break;
    }

    case CMD_FILTER: {

Changes to src/tokenize.c.

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  if( pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->aTableLock);
    pParse->aTableLock = 0;
    pParse->nTableLock = 0;
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->apVtabLock);
#endif

  if( !IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    /* If the pParse->declareVtab flag is set, do not delete any table 
    ** structure built up in pParse->pNewTable. The calling code (see vtab.c)
    ** will take responsibility for freeing the Table structure.
    */
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->pNewTable);
  }

  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, pParse->pNewTrigger);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->apVarExpr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->aAlias);
  while( pParse->pAinc ){
    AutoincInfo *p = pParse->pAinc;
    pParse->pAinc = p->pNext;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
  while( pParse->pZombieTab ){
    Table *p = pParse->pZombieTab;
    pParse->pZombieTab = p->pNextZombie;
    sqlite3DeleteTable(p);
  }
  if( nErr>0 && pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return nErr;
}







|







|













|






492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
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527
  if( pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->aTableLock);
    pParse->aTableLock = 0;
    pParse->nTableLock = 0;
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3_free(pParse->apVtabLock);
#endif

  if( !IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    /* If the pParse->declareVtab flag is set, do not delete any table 
    ** structure built up in pParse->pNewTable. The calling code (see vtab.c)
    ** will take responsibility for freeing the Table structure.
    */
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pParse->pNewTable);
  }

  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, pParse->pNewTrigger);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->apVarExpr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->aAlias);
  while( pParse->pAinc ){
    AutoincInfo *p = pParse->pAinc;
    pParse->pAinc = p->pNext;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
  while( pParse->pZombieTab ){
    Table *p = pParse->pZombieTab;
    pParse->pZombieTab = p->pNextZombie;
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, p);
  }
  if( nErr>0 && pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return nErr;
}

Changes to src/trigger.c.

796
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800
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802

803
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808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
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819
820
...
940
941
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943
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946


947
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949
950
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964
965
  Vdbe *v;                    /* Temporary VM */
  NameContext sNC;            /* Name context for sub-vdbe */
  SubProgram *pProgram = 0;   /* Sub-vdbe for trigger program */
  Parse *pSubParse;           /* Parse context for sub-vdbe */
  int iEndTrigger = 0;        /* Label to jump to if WHEN is false */

  assert( pTrigger->zName==0 || pTab==tableOfTrigger(pTrigger) );


  /* Allocate the TriggerPrg and SubProgram objects. To ensure that they
  ** are freed if an error occurs, link them into the Parse.pTriggerPrg 
  ** list of the top-level Parse object sooner rather than later.  */
  pPrg = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerPrg));
  if( !pPrg ) return 0;
  pPrg->pNext = pTop->pTriggerPrg;
  pTop->pTriggerPrg = pPrg;
  pPrg->pProgram = pProgram = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(SubProgram));
  if( !pProgram ) return 0;
  pProgram->nRef = 1;
  pPrg->pTrigger = pTrigger;
  pPrg->orconf = orconf;
  pPrg->aColmask[0] = 0xffffffff;
  pPrg->aColmask[1] = 0xffffffff;

  /* Allocate and populate a new Parse context to use for coding the 
  ** trigger sub-program.  */
................................................................................
  TriggerPrg *pPrg;
  pPrg = getRowTrigger(pParse, p, pTab, orconf);
  assert( pPrg || pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed );

  /* Code the OP_Program opcode in the parent VDBE. P4 of the OP_Program 
  ** is a pointer to the sub-vdbe containing the trigger program.  */
  if( pPrg ){


    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Program, reg, ignoreJump, ++pParse->nMem);
    pPrg->pProgram->nRef++;
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pPrg->pProgram, P4_SUBPROGRAM);
    VdbeComment(
        (v, "Call: %s.%s", (p->zName?p->zName:"fkey"), onErrorText(orconf)));

    /* Set the P5 operand of the OP_Program instruction to non-zero if
    ** recursive invocation of this trigger program is disallowed. Recursive
    ** invocation is disallowed if (a) the sub-program is really a trigger,
    ** not a foreign key action, and (b) the flag to enable recursive triggers
    ** is clear.  */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)(p->zName && !(pParse->db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers)));
  }
}

/*
** This is called to code the required FOR EACH ROW triggers for an operation
** on table pTab. The operation to code triggers for (INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE)
** is given by the op paramater. The tr_tm parameter determines whether the







>










|







 







>
>

<









|







796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
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810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
...
941
942
943
944
945
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947
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949
950

951
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967
  Vdbe *v;                    /* Temporary VM */
  NameContext sNC;            /* Name context for sub-vdbe */
  SubProgram *pProgram = 0;   /* Sub-vdbe for trigger program */
  Parse *pSubParse;           /* Parse context for sub-vdbe */
  int iEndTrigger = 0;        /* Label to jump to if WHEN is false */

  assert( pTrigger->zName==0 || pTab==tableOfTrigger(pTrigger) );
  assert( pTop->pVdbe );

  /* Allocate the TriggerPrg and SubProgram objects. To ensure that they
  ** are freed if an error occurs, link them into the Parse.pTriggerPrg 
  ** list of the top-level Parse object sooner rather than later.  */
  pPrg = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerPrg));
  if( !pPrg ) return 0;
  pPrg->pNext = pTop->pTriggerPrg;
  pTop->pTriggerPrg = pPrg;
  pPrg->pProgram = pProgram = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(SubProgram));
  if( !pProgram ) return 0;
  sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(pTop->pVdbe, pProgram);
  pPrg->pTrigger = pTrigger;
  pPrg->orconf = orconf;
  pPrg->aColmask[0] = 0xffffffff;
  pPrg->aColmask[1] = 0xffffffff;

  /* Allocate and populate a new Parse context to use for coding the 
  ** trigger sub-program.  */
................................................................................
  TriggerPrg *pPrg;
  pPrg = getRowTrigger(pParse, p, pTab, orconf);
  assert( pPrg || pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed );

  /* Code the OP_Program opcode in the parent VDBE. P4 of the OP_Program 
  ** is a pointer to the sub-vdbe containing the trigger program.  */
  if( pPrg ){
    int bRecursive = (p->zName && 0==(pParse->db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers));

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Program, reg, ignoreJump, ++pParse->nMem);

    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pPrg->pProgram, P4_SUBPROGRAM);
    VdbeComment(
        (v, "Call: %s.%s", (p->zName?p->zName:"fkey"), onErrorText(orconf)));

    /* Set the P5 operand of the OP_Program instruction to non-zero if
    ** recursive invocation of this trigger program is disallowed. Recursive
    ** invocation is disallowed if (a) the sub-program is really a trigger,
    ** not a foreign key action, and (b) the flag to enable recursive triggers
    ** is clear.  */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)bRecursive);
  }
}

/*
** This is called to code the required FOR EACH ROW triggers for an operation
** on table pTab. The operation to code triggers for (INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE)
** is given by the op paramater. The tr_tm parameter determines whether the

Changes to src/update.c.

4
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6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
sqlite*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Forward declaration */







|







4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
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18
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Forward declaration */

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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  int n = 0;
  Savepoint *p;
  for(p=db->pSavepoint; p; p=p->pNext) n++;
  assert( n==(db->nSavepoint + db->isTransactionSavepoint) );
  return 1;
}
#endif















/*
** Execute as much of a VDBE program as we can then return.
**
** sqlite3VdbeMakeReady() must be called before this routine in order to
** close the program with a final OP_Halt and to set up the callbacks
** and the error message pointer.
................................................................................
    v = pC->movetoTarget;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  }else if( pC->pVtabCursor ){
    pVtab = pC->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
    pModule = pVtab->pModule;
    assert( pModule->xRowid );
    rc = pModule->xRowid(pC->pVtabCursor, &v);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
    pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
  }else{
    assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
    if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    if( pC->rowidIsValid ){
      v = pC->lastRowid;
................................................................................
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon 
** prior to the comparison.  This make the opcode work like IdxGT except
** that if the key from register P3 is a prefix of the key in the cursor,
** the result is false whereas it would be true with IdxGT.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 * P5
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
................................................................................
** within a callback to a virtual table xSync() method. If it is, the error
** code will be set to SQLITE_LOCKED.
*/
case OP_VBegin: {
  VTable *pVTab;
  pVTab = pOp->p4.pVtab;
  rc = sqlite3VtabBegin(db, pVTab);
  if( pVTab ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = pVTab->pVtab->zErrMsg;
    pVTab->pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VCreate P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................

  pCur = 0;
  pVtabCursor = 0;
  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
  assert(pVtab && pModule);
  rc = pModule->xOpen(pVtab, &pVtabCursor);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    pVtabCursor->pVtab = pVtab;

    /* Initialise vdbe cursor object */
    pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, 0, -1, 0);
    if( pCur ){
................................................................................
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(apArg[i]);
    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
    pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      res = pModule->xEof(pVtabCursor);
    }

    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
................................................................................
  ** can use the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a 
  ** new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&sContext.s, pDest);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&sContext.s, MEM_Null);

  rc = pModule->xColumn(pCur->pVtabCursor, &sContext, pOp->p2);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
  if( sContext.isError ){
    rc = sContext.isError;
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function to the P3 register. We
  ** do this regardless of whether or not an error occurred to ensure any
  ** dynamic allocation in sContext.s (a Mem struct) is  released.
................................................................................
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that 
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }

  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................

  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pName);
  assert( pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  rc = pVtab->pModule->xRename(pVtab, pName->z);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;

  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *
................................................................................
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
    pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( nArg>1 && apArg[0] && (apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = rowid;
    }
    p->nChange++;
  }
  break;







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  int n = 0;
  Savepoint *p;
  for(p=db->pSavepoint; p; p=p->pNext) n++;
  assert( n==(db->nSavepoint + db->isTransactionSavepoint) );
  return 1;
}
#endif

/*
** Transfer error message text from an sqlite3_vtab.zErrMsg (text stored
** in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc) into a Vdbe.zErrMsg (text stored
** in memory obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc).
*/
static void importVtabErrMsg(Vdbe *p, sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pVtab->zErrMsg);
  sqlite3_free(pVtab->zErrMsg);
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
}


/*
** Execute as much of a VDBE program as we can then return.
**
** sqlite3VdbeMakeReady() must be called before this routine in order to
** close the program with a final OP_Halt and to set up the callbacks
** and the error message pointer.
................................................................................
    v = pC->movetoTarget;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  }else if( pC->pVtabCursor ){
    pVtab = pC->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
    pModule = pVtab->pModule;
    assert( pModule->xRowid );
    rc = pModule->xRowid(pC->pVtabCursor, &v);
    importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */
  }else{
    assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
    if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    if( pC->rowidIsValid ){
      v = pC->lastRowid;
................................................................................
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon 
** prior to the comparison.  This make the opcode work like IdxGT except
** that if the key from register P3 is a prefix of the key in the cursor,
** the result is false whereas it would be true with IdxGT.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
................................................................................
** within a callback to a virtual table xSync() method. If it is, the error
** code will be set to SQLITE_LOCKED.
*/
case OP_VBegin: {
  VTable *pVTab;
  pVTab = pOp->p4.pVtab;
  rc = sqlite3VtabBegin(db, pVTab);
  if( pVTab ) importVtabErrMsg(p, pVTab->pVtab);




  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VCreate P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................

  pCur = 0;
  pVtabCursor = 0;
  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
  assert(pVtab && pModule);
  rc = pModule->xOpen(pVtab, &pVtabCursor);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);


  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    pVtabCursor->pVtab = pVtab;

    /* Initialise vdbe cursor object */
    pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, 0, -1, 0);
    if( pCur ){
................................................................................
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(apArg[i]);
    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      res = pModule->xEof(pVtabCursor);
    }

    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
................................................................................
  ** can use the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a 
  ** new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&sContext.s, pDest);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&sContext.s, MEM_Null);

  rc = pModule->xColumn(pCur->pVtabCursor, &sContext, pOp->p2);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);


  if( sContext.isError ){
    rc = sContext.isError;
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function to the P3 register. We
  ** do this regardless of whether or not an error occurred to ensure any
  ** dynamic allocation in sContext.s (a Mem struct) is  released.
................................................................................
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that 
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }

  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................

  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pName);
  assert( pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  rc = pVtab->pModule->xRename(pVtab, pName->z);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);



  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *
................................................................................
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( nArg>1 && apArg[0] && (apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = rowid;
    }
    p->nChange++;
  }
  break;

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

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84
85

86
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** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
*/
struct SubProgram {
  VdbeOp *aOp;                  /* Array of opcodes for sub-program */
  int nOp;                      /* Elements in aOp[] */
  int nMem;                     /* Number of memory cells required */
  int nCsr;                     /* Number of cursors required */
  int nRef;                     /* Number of pointers to this structure */
  void *token;                  /* id that may be used to recursive triggers */

};

/*
** A smaller version of VdbeOp used for the VdbeAddOpList() function because
** it takes up less space.
*/
struct VdbeOpList {
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr, int N);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);

void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int,int);
int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
  void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe*,FILE*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, int);
void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
void sqlite3VdbeProgramDelete(sqlite3 *, SubProgram *, int);
sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,char*,int);
void sqlite3VdbeDeleteUnpackedRecord(UnpackedRecord*);
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);






#ifndef NDEBUG
  void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeComment X
  void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
#endif

#endif







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77
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83

84
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** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
*/
struct SubProgram {
  VdbeOp *aOp;                  /* Array of opcodes for sub-program */
  int nOp;                      /* Elements in aOp[] */
  int nMem;                     /* Number of memory cells required */
  int nCsr;                     /* Number of cursors required */

  void *token;                  /* id that may be used to recursive triggers */
  SubProgram *pNext;            /* Next sub-program already visited */
};

/*
** A smaller version of VdbeOp used for the VdbeAddOpList() function because
** it takes up less space.
*/
struct VdbeOpList {
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr, int N);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDeleteObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int,int);
int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
  void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe*,FILE*);
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, int);
void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);

sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,char*,int);
void sqlite3VdbeDeleteUnpackedRecord(UnpackedRecord*);
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif


#ifndef NDEBUG
  void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeComment X
  void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
#endif

#endif

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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323
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325

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  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */

};

/*
** The following are allowed values for Vdbe.magic
*/
#define VDBE_MAGIC_INIT     0x26bceaa5    /* Building a VDBE program */
#define VDBE_MAGIC_RUN      0xbdf20da3    /* VDBE is ready to execute */







>







319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
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  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
};

/*
** The following are allowed values for Vdbe.magic
*/
#define VDBE_MAGIC_INIT     0x26bceaa5    /* Building a VDBE program */
#define VDBE_MAGIC_RUN      0xbdf20da3    /* VDBE is ready to execute */

Changes to src/vdbeapi.c.

411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  /* Invoke the profile callback if there is one
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW && db->xProfile && !db->init.busy && p->zSql ){
    sqlite3_int64 iNow;
    sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iNow);
    db->xProfile(db->pProfileArg, p->zSql, iNow - p->startTime);
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
    p->rc = doWalCallbacks(db);
    if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ){







|







411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  /* Invoke the profile callback if there is one
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW && db->xProfile && !db->init.busy && p->zSql ){
    sqlite3_int64 iNow;
    sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iNow);
    db->xProfile(db->pProfileArg, p->zSql, (iNow - p->startTime)*1000000);
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
    p->rc = doWalCallbacks(db);
    if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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581
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605
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658
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672
...
735
736
737
738
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744
745
746
747
748
749
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999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005






1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
....
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
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1656
1657
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1659
1660
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1662
1663
1664
1665
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1670



1671
1672
1673
1674
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1676
1677
....
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809

1810
1811
1812
1813
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1816
....
2061
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2064
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2070
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....
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2337
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....
2348
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*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(sqlite3 *db, FuncDef *pDef){
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) && (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pDef);
  }
}



/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){

    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_MPRINTF:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_KEYINFO:
      case P4_INTARRAY:
      case P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;




      }
      case P4_VDBEFUNC: {
        VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc *)p4;
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, pVdbeFunc->pFunc);
        sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(pVdbeFunc, 0);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pVdbeFunc);
        break;
      }
      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MEM: {

        sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);





        break;
      }
      case P4_VTAB : {
        sqlite3VtabUnlock((VTable *)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_SUBPROGRAM : {
        sqlite3VdbeProgramDelete(db, (SubProgram *)p4, 1);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
#endif     
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aOp);
}

/*
** Decrement the ref-count on the SubProgram structure passed as the
** second argument. If the ref-count reaches zero, free the structure.
**
** The array of VDBE opcodes stored as SubProgram.aOp is freed if
** either the ref-count reaches zero or parameter freeop is non-zero.
**
** Since the array of opcodes pointed to by SubProgram.aOp may directly
** or indirectly contain a reference to the SubProgram structure itself.
** By passing a non-zero freeop parameter, the caller may ensure that all
** SubProgram structures and their aOp arrays are freed, even when there
** are such circular references.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeProgramDelete(sqlite3 *db, SubProgram *p, int freeop){
  if( p ){
    assert( p->nRef>0 );
    if( freeop || p->nRef==1 ){
      Op *aOp = p->aOp;
      p->aOp = 0;
      vdbeFreeOpArray(db, aOp, p->nOp);
      p->nOp = 0;



    }
    p->nRef--;
    if( p->nRef==0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
    }
  }
}


/*
** Change N opcodes starting at addr to No-ops.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr, int N){
  if( p->aOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
................................................................................
    pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    int nField, nByte;

    nField = ((KeyInfo*)zP4)->nField;
    nByte = sizeof(*pKeyInfo) + (nField-1)*sizeof(pKeyInfo->aColl[0]) + nField;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3Malloc( nByte );
    pOp->p4.pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
    if( pKeyInfo ){
      u8 *aSortOrder;
      memcpy((char*)pKeyInfo, zP4, nByte - nField);
      aSortOrder = pKeyInfo->aSortOrder;
      if( aSortOrder ){
        pKeyInfo->aSortOrder = (unsigned char*)&pKeyInfo->aColl[nField];
................................................................................
** Release an array of N Mem elements
*/
static void releaseMemArray(Mem *p, int N){
  if( p && N ){
    Mem *pEnd;
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    u8 malloc_failed = db->mallocFailed;






    for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
      assert( (&p[1])==pEnd || p[0].db==p[1].db );

      /* This block is really an inlined version of sqlite3VdbeMemRelease()
      ** that takes advantage of the fact that the memory cell value is 
      ** being set to NULL after releasing any dynamic resources.
      **
................................................................................
  /* Before doing anything else, call the xSync() callback for any
  ** virtual module tables written in this transaction. This has to
  ** be done before determining whether a master journal file is 
  ** required, as an xSync() callback may add an attached database
  ** to the transaction.
  */
  rc = sqlite3VtabSync(db, &p->zErrMsg);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* This loop determines (a) if the commit hook should be invoked and
  ** (b) how many database files have open write transactions, not 
  ** including the temp database. (b) is important because if more than 
  ** one database file has an open write transaction, a master journal
  ** file is required for an atomic commit.
  */ 
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){ 
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      needXcommit = 1;
      if( i!=1 ) nTrans++;

    }



  }

  /* If there are any write-transactions at all, invoke the commit hook */
  if( needXcommit && db->xCommitCallback ){
    rc = db->xCommitCallback(db->pCommitArg);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
................................................................................
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(pBt, zMaster);
      }
    }
    sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Delete the master journal file. This commits the transaction. After
    ** doing this the directory is synced again before any individual
................................................................................

    /* Check for one of the special errors */
    mrc = p->rc & 0xff;
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );  /* This error no longer exists */
    isSpecialError = mrc==SQLITE_NOMEM || mrc==SQLITE_IOERR
                     || mrc==SQLITE_INTERRUPT || mrc==SQLITE_FULL;
    if( isSpecialError ){
      /* If the query was read-only, we need do no rollback at all. Otherwise,
      ** proceed with the special handling.









      */
      if( !p->readOnly || mrc!=SQLITE_INTERRUPT ){
        if( (mrc==SQLITE_NOMEM || mrc==SQLITE_FULL) && p->usesStmtJournal ){
          eStatementOp = SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK;
        }else{
          /* We are forced to roll back the active transaction. Before doing
          ** so, abort any other statements this handle currently has active.
................................................................................
      if( pAux->xDelete ){
        pAux->xDelete(pAux->pAux);
      }
      pAux->pAux = 0;
    }
  }
}

























/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;

................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( db->pVdbe==p );
    db->pVdbe = p->pNext;
  }
  if( p->pNext ){
    p->pNext->pPrev = p->pPrev;
  }
  releaseMemArray(p->aVar, p->nVar);
  releaseMemArray(p->aColName, p->nResColumn*COLNAME_N);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_DEAD;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
  p->db = 0;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);

}

/*
** Make sure the cursor p is ready to read or write the row to which it
** was last positioned.  Return an error code if an OOM fault or I/O error
** prevents us from positioning the cursor to its correct position.
**
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    extern int sqlite3_search_count;
#endif
    assert( p->isTable );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(p->pCursor, 0, p->movetoTarget, 0, &res);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    p->lastRowid = p->movetoTarget;

    p->rowidIsValid = ALWAYS(res==0) ?1:0;
    if( NEVER(res<0) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(p->pCursor, &res);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
    p->deferredMoveto = 0;
    p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }else if( ALWAYS(p->pCursor) ){
    int hasMoved;







>
>





>



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...
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1002
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1006
....
1642
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1648



1649
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1663
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....
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1808
1809
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1811
1812
....
2057
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2059
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2062
2063
2064
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2066
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2070
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2072
2073
2074
2075
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2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
....
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
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2354
2355
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....
2377
2378
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2380
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2384

2385

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2390
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2392
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....
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2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413




2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(sqlite3 *db, FuncDef *pDef){
  if( ALWAYS(pDef) && (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pDef);
  }
}

static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *, Op *, int);

/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:

      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_KEYINFO:
      case P4_INTARRAY:
      case P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MPRINTF: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3_free(p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_VDBEFUNC: {
        VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc *)p4;
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, pVdbeFunc->pFunc);
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(pVdbeFunc, 0);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pVdbeFunc);
        break;
      }
      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MEM: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
          sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);
        }else{
          Mem *p = (Mem*)p4;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
        }
        break;
      }
      case P4_VTAB : {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3VtabUnlock((VTable *)p4);




        break;
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
#endif     
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aOp);
}

/*
** Link the SubProgram object passed as the second argument into the linked
** list at Vdbe.pSubProgram. This list is used to delete all sub-program
** objects when the VM is no longer required.








*/








void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *pVdbe, SubProgram *p){
  p->pNext = pVdbe->pProgram;
  pVdbe->pProgram = p;
}








/*
** Change N opcodes starting at addr to No-ops.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr, int N){
  if( p->aOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
................................................................................
    pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    int nField, nByte;

    nField = ((KeyInfo*)zP4)->nField;
    nByte = sizeof(*pKeyInfo) + (nField-1)*sizeof(pKeyInfo->aColl[0]) + nField;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, nByte);
    pOp->p4.pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
    if( pKeyInfo ){
      u8 *aSortOrder;
      memcpy((char*)pKeyInfo, zP4, nByte - nField);
      aSortOrder = pKeyInfo->aSortOrder;
      if( aSortOrder ){
        pKeyInfo->aSortOrder = (unsigned char*)&pKeyInfo->aColl[nField];
................................................................................
** Release an array of N Mem elements
*/
static void releaseMemArray(Mem *p, int N){
  if( p && N ){
    Mem *pEnd;
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    u8 malloc_failed = db->mallocFailed;
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
      }
      return;
    }
    for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
      assert( (&p[1])==pEnd || p[0].db==p[1].db );

      /* This block is really an inlined version of sqlite3VdbeMemRelease()
      ** that takes advantage of the fact that the memory cell value is 
      ** being set to NULL after releasing any dynamic resources.
      **
................................................................................
  /* Before doing anything else, call the xSync() callback for any
  ** virtual module tables written in this transaction. This has to
  ** be done before determining whether a master journal file is 
  ** required, as an xSync() callback may add an attached database
  ** to the transaction.
  */
  rc = sqlite3VtabSync(db, &p->zErrMsg);




  /* This loop determines (a) if the commit hook should be invoked and
  ** (b) how many database files have open write transactions, not 
  ** including the temp database. (b) is important because if more than 
  ** one database file has an open write transaction, a master journal
  ** file is required for an atomic commit.
  */ 
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      needXcommit = 1;
      if( i!=1 ) nTrans++;
      rc = sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* If there are any write-transactions at all, invoke the commit hook */
  if( needXcommit && db->xCommitCallback ){
    rc = db->xCommitCallback(db->pCommitArg);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
................................................................................
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(pBt, zMaster);
      }
    }
    sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Delete the master journal file. This commits the transaction. After
    ** doing this the directory is synced again before any individual
................................................................................

    /* Check for one of the special errors */
    mrc = p->rc & 0xff;
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );  /* This error no longer exists */
    isSpecialError = mrc==SQLITE_NOMEM || mrc==SQLITE_IOERR
                     || mrc==SQLITE_INTERRUPT || mrc==SQLITE_FULL;
    if( isSpecialError ){
      /* If the query was read-only and the error code is SQLITE_INTERRUPT, 
      ** no rollback is necessary. Otherwise, at least a savepoint 
      ** transaction must be rolled back to restore the database to a 
      ** consistent state.
      **
      ** Even if the statement is read-only, it is important to perform
      ** a statement or transaction rollback operation. If the error 
      ** occured while writing to the journal, sub-journal or database
      ** file as part of an effort to free up cache space (see function
      ** pagerStress() in pager.c), the rollback is required to restore 
      ** the pager to a consistent state.
      */
      if( !p->readOnly || mrc!=SQLITE_INTERRUPT ){
        if( (mrc==SQLITE_NOMEM || mrc==SQLITE_FULL) && p->usesStmtJournal ){
          eStatementOp = SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK;
        }else{
          /* We are forced to roll back the active transaction. Before doing
          ** so, abort any other statements this handle currently has active.
................................................................................
      if( pAux->xDelete ){
        pAux->xDelete(pAux->pAux);
      }
      pAux->pAux = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Free all memory associated with the Vdbe passed as the second argument.
** The difference between this function and sqlite3VdbeDelete() is that
** VdbeDelete() also unlinks the Vdbe from the list of VMs associated with
** the database connection.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDeleteObject(sqlite3 *db, Vdbe *p){
  SubProgram *pSub, *pNext;
  assert( p->db==0 || p->db==db );
  releaseMemArray(p->aVar, p->nVar);
  releaseMemArray(p->aColName, p->nResColumn*COLNAME_N);
  for(pSub=p->pProgram; pSub; pSub=pNext){
    pNext = pSub->pNext;
    vdbeFreeOpArray(db, pSub->aOp, pSub->nOp);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSub);
  }
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;

................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( db->pVdbe==p );
    db->pVdbe = p->pNext;
  }
  if( p->pNext ){
    p->pNext->pPrev = p->pPrev;
  }






  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_DEAD;

  p->db = 0;

  sqlite3VdbeDeleteObject(db, p);
}

/*
** Make sure the cursor p is ready to read or write the row to which it
** was last positioned.  Return an error code if an OOM fault or I/O error
** prevents us from positioning the cursor to its correct position.
**
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    extern int sqlite3_search_count;
#endif
    assert( p->isTable );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(p->pCursor, 0, p->movetoTarget, 0, &res);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    p->lastRowid = p->movetoTarget;
    if( res!=0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    p->rowidIsValid = 1;




#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_search_count++;
#endif
    p->deferredMoveto = 0;
    p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }else if( ALWAYS(p->pCursor) ){
    int hasMoved;

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
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  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER is we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;







|







1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
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  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;

Changes to src/vtab.c.

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218
219
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223
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235
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...
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...
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** structure is associated with a single sqlite3* user of the schema.
** The reference count of the VTable structure associated with database 
** connection db is decremented immediately (which may lead to the 
** structure being xDisconnected and free). Any other VTable structures
** in the list are moved to the sqlite3.pDisconnect list of the associated 
** database connection.
*/
void sqlite3VtabClear(Table *p){
  vtabDisconnectAll(0, p);
  if( p->azModuleArg ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nModuleArg; i++){
      sqlite3DbFree(p->dbMem, p->azModuleArg[i]);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(p->dbMem, p->azModuleArg);
  }
}

/*
** Add a new module argument to pTable->azModuleArg[].
** The string is not copied - the pointer is stored.  The
** string will be freed automatically when the table is
................................................................................
    int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    pOld = sqlite3HashInsert(&pSchema->tblHash, zName, nName, pTab);
    if( pOld ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      assert( pTab==pOld );  /* Malloc must have failed inside HashInsert() */
      return;
    }
    pSchema->db = pParse->db;
    pParse->pNewTable = 0;
  }
}

/*
** The parser calls this routine when it sees the first token
** of an argument to the module name in a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement.
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;

  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
    if( zErr==0 ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "vtable constructor failed: %s", zModuleName);
    }else {
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", zErr);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pVTable);
  }else if( ALWAYS(pVTable->pVtab) ){
    /* Justification of ALWAYS():  A correct vtab constructor must allocate
    ** the sqlite3_vtab object if successful.  */
    pVTable->pVtab->pModule = pMod->pModule;
    pVTable->nRef = 1;
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pParse->declareVtab = 0;
  
    if( pParse->pVdbe ){
      sqlite3VdbeFinalize(pParse->pVdbe);
    }
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->pNewTable);
    sqlite3StackFree(db, pParse);
  }

  assert( (rc&0xff)==rc );
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  db->aVTrans = 0;
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nVTrans; i++){
    int (*x)(sqlite3_vtab *);
    sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = aVTrans[i]->pVtab;
    if( pVtab && (x = pVtab->pModule->xSync)!=0 ){
      rc = x(pVtab);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, *pzErrmsg);
      *pzErrmsg = pVtab->zErrMsg;
      pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;
    }
  }
  db->aVTrans = aVTrans;
  return rc;
}

/*







|
|



|

|







 







<







 







|







 







|







 







|
|







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** structure is associated with a single sqlite3* user of the schema.
** The reference count of the VTable structure associated with database 
** connection db is decremented immediately (which may lead to the 
** structure being xDisconnected and free). Any other VTable structures
** in the list are moved to the sqlite3.pDisconnect list of the associated 
** database connection.
*/
void sqlite3VtabClear(sqlite3 *db, Table *p){
  if( !db || db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) vtabDisconnectAll(0, p);
  if( p->azModuleArg ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nModuleArg; i++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azModuleArg[i]);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azModuleArg);
  }
}

/*
** Add a new module argument to pTable->azModuleArg[].
** The string is not copied - the pointer is stored.  The
** string will be freed automatically when the table is
................................................................................
    int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    pOld = sqlite3HashInsert(&pSchema->tblHash, zName, nName, pTab);
    if( pOld ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      assert( pTab==pOld );  /* Malloc must have failed inside HashInsert() */
      return;
    }

    pParse->pNewTable = 0;
  }
}

/*
** The parser calls this routine when it sees the first token
** of an argument to the module name in a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement.
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;

  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
    if( zErr==0 ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "vtable constructor failed: %s", zModuleName);
    }else {
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pVTable);
  }else if( ALWAYS(pVTable->pVtab) ){
    /* Justification of ALWAYS():  A correct vtab constructor must allocate
    ** the sqlite3_vtab object if successful.  */
    pVTable->pVtab->pModule = pMod->pModule;
    pVTable->nRef = 1;
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pParse->declareVtab = 0;
  
    if( pParse->pVdbe ){
      sqlite3VdbeFinalize(pParse->pVdbe);
    }
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pParse->pNewTable);
    sqlite3StackFree(db, pParse);
  }

  assert( (rc&0xff)==rc );
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  db->aVTrans = 0;
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nVTrans; i++){
    int (*x)(sqlite3_vtab *);
    sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = aVTrans[i]->pVtab;
    if( pVtab && (x = pVtab->pModule->xSync)!=0 ){
      rc = x(pVtab);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, *pzErrmsg);
      *pzErrmsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pVtab->zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(pVtab->zErrMsg);
    }
  }
  db->aVTrans = aVTrans;
  return rc;
}

/*

Changes to src/wal.c.

288
289
290
291
292
293
294




295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
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....
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....
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....
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/*
** The following object holds a copy of the wal-index header content.
**
** The actual header in the wal-index consists of two copies of this
** object.




*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
  u32 unused;                     /* Unused (padding) field */
  u32 iChange;                    /* Counter incremented each transaction */
  u8 isInit;                      /* 1 when initialized */
  u8 bigEndCksum;                 /* True if checksums in WAL are big-endian */
  u16 szPage;                     /* Database page size in bytes */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Index of last valid frame in the WAL */
  u32 nPage;                      /* Size of database in pages */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2];             /* Checksum of last frame in log */
  u32 aSalt[2];                   /* Two salt values copied from WAL header */
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum over all prior fields */
};

................................................................................
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd;      /* File handle for WAL file */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  int nWiData;               /* Size of array apWiData */
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u16 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
  u8 exclusiveMode;          /* Non-zero if connection is in exclusive mode */
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* True if the WAL file is open read-only */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
................................................................................
     || szPage&(szPage-1) 
     || szPage>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || szPage<512 
    ){
      goto finished;
    }
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = (u8)(magic&0x00000001);
    pWal->szPage = (u16)szPage;
    pWal->nCkpt = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[12]);
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8);

    /* Verify that the WAL header checksum is correct */
    walChecksumBytes(pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN, 
        aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum
    );
................................................................................
      rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, ++iFrame, pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      /* If nTruncate is non-zero, this is a commit record. */
      if( nTruncate ){
        pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
        pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
        pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)szPage;


        aFrameCksum[0] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
        aFrameCksum[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aFrame);
  }
................................................................................
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.
    */
    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
    pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;











  }

recovery_error:
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
static int walCheckpoint(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal connection */
  int sync_flags,                 /* Flags for OsSync() (or 0) */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of zBuf in bytes */
  u8 *zBuf                        /* Temporary buffer to use */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int szPage = pWal->hdr.szPage;  /* Database page-size */
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */

  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */




  if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  /* Allocate the iterator */
  rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, &pIter);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pIter );

  /*** TODO:  Move this test out to the caller.  Make it an assert() here ***/
  if( pWal->hdr.szPage!=nBuf ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    goto walcheckpoint_out;
  }

  /* Compute in mxSafeFrame the index of the last frame of the WAL that is
  ** safe to write into the database.  Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might
  ** overwrite database pages that are in use by active readers and thus
  ** cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
  */
  mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;

  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
    u32 y = pInfo->aReadMark[i];
    if( mxSafeFrame>=y ){
      assert( y<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }

  if( pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame
   && (rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0), 1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){

    u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;

    /* Sync the WAL to disk */
    if( sync_flags ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, sync_flags);
    }












    /* Iterate through the contents of the WAL, copying data to the db file. */
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==walIteratorNext(pIter, &iDbpage, &iFrame) ){
      i64 iOffset;
      assert( walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)==iDbpage );
      if( iFrame<=nBackfill || iFrame>mxSafeFrame ) continue;
      iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
      /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL file */
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      iOffset = (iDbpage-1)*(i64)szPage;
      testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) );
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pDbFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
................................................................................
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum on the header content */
  WalIndexHdr h1, h2;             /* Two copies of the header content */
  WalIndexHdr volatile *aHdr;     /* Header in shared memory */

  /* The first page of the wal-index must be mapped at this point. */
  assert( pWal->nWiData>0 && pWal->apWiData[0] );

  /* Read the header. This might happen currently with a write to the
  ** same area of shared memory on a different CPU in a SMP,
  ** meaning it is possible that an inconsistent snapshot is read
  ** from the file. If this happens, return non-zero.
  **
  ** There are two copies of the header at the beginning of the wal-index.
  ** When reading, read [0] first then [1].  Writes are in the reverse order.
  ** Memory barriers are used to prevent the compiler or the hardware from
................................................................................
  if( aCksum[0]!=h1.aCksum[0] || aCksum[1]!=h1.aCksum[1] ){
    return 1;   /* Checksum does not match */
  }

  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, &h1, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
    *pChanged = 1;
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, &h1, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));

    pWal->szPage = pWal->hdr.szPage;

  }

  /* The header was successfully read. Return zero. */
  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal){

  if( pWal->readLock>=0 ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /* If iRead is non-zero, then it is the log frame number that contains the
  ** required page. Read and return data from the log file.
  */
  if( iRead ){






    i64 iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, pWal->hdr.szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
    *pInWal = 1;
    /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
    return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pOut, nOut, iOffset);
  }

  *pInWal = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* 
** Set *pPgno to the size of the database file (or zero, if unknown).
*/
void sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal, Pgno *pPgno){
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );
  *pPgno = pWal->hdr.nPage;


}


/* 
** This function starts a write transaction on the WAL.
**
** A read transaction must have already been started by a prior call
................................................................................
** returned to the caller.
**
** Otherwise, if the callback function does not return an error, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pWal->writeLock ){
    Pgno iMax = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    Pgno iFrame;
  
    /* Restore the clients cache of the wal-index header to the state it
    ** was in before the client began writing to the database. 
    */
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
................................................................................
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[12], pWal->nCkpt);
    sqlite3_randomness(8, pWal->hdr.aSalt);
    memcpy(&aWalHdr[16], pWal->hdr.aSalt, 8);
    walChecksumBytes(1, aWalHdr, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, aCksum);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[24], aCksum[0]);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[28], aCksum[1]);
    
    pWal->szPage = (u16)szPage;
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aCksum[1];

    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, aWalHdr, sizeof(aWalHdr), 0);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: wal-header write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    iFrame++;
    nLast--;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, pLast->pgno);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Update the private copy of the header. */
    pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)szPage;


    pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
    if( isCommit ){
      pWal->hdr.iChange++;
      pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
    }
    /* If this is a commit, update the wal-index header too. */
    if( isCommit ){







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/*
** The following object holds a copy of the wal-index header content.
**
** The actual header in the wal-index consists of two copies of this
** object.
**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  
*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
  u32 unused;                     /* Unused (padding) field */
  u32 iChange;                    /* Counter incremented each transaction */
  u8 isInit;                      /* 1 when initialized */
  u8 bigEndCksum;                 /* True if checksums in WAL are big-endian */
  u16 szPage;                     /* Database page size in bytes. 1==64K */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Index of last valid frame in the WAL */
  u32 nPage;                      /* Size of database in pages */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2];             /* Checksum of last frame in log */
  u32 aSalt[2];                   /* Two salt values copied from WAL header */
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum over all prior fields */
};

................................................................................
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd;      /* File handle for WAL file */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  int nWiData;               /* Size of array apWiData */
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
  u8 exclusiveMode;          /* Non-zero if connection is in exclusive mode */
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* True if the WAL file is open read-only */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
................................................................................
     || szPage&(szPage-1) 
     || szPage>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || szPage<512 
    ){
      goto finished;
    }
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = (u8)(magic&0x00000001);
    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->nCkpt = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[12]);
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8);

    /* Verify that the WAL header checksum is correct */
    walChecksumBytes(pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN, 
        aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum
    );
................................................................................
      rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, ++iFrame, pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      /* If nTruncate is non-zero, this is a commit record. */
      if( nTruncate ){
        pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
        pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
        pWal->hdr.szPage = (szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16);
        testcase( szPage<=32768 );
        testcase( szPage>=65536 );
        aFrameCksum[0] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
        aFrameCksum[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aFrame);
  }
................................................................................
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.
    */
    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
    pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;

    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
    ** checkpointing the log file.
    */
    if( pWal->hdr.nPage ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_OK, "Recovered %d frames from WAL file %s",
          pWal->hdr.nPage, pWal->zWalName
      );
    }
  }

recovery_error:
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
static int walCheckpoint(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal connection */
  int sync_flags,                 /* Flags for OsSync() (or 0) */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of zBuf in bytes */
  u8 *zBuf                        /* Temporary buffer to use */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int szPage;                     /* Database page-size */
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */

  szPage = (pWal->hdr.szPage&0xfe00) + ((pWal->hdr.szPage&0x0001)<<16);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  /* Allocate the iterator */
  rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, &pIter);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pIter );

  /*** TODO:  Move this test out to the caller.  Make it an assert() here ***/
  if( szPage!=nBuf ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    goto walcheckpoint_out;
  }

  /* Compute in mxSafeFrame the index of the last frame of the WAL that is
  ** safe to write into the database.  Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might
  ** overwrite database pages that are in use by active readers and thus
  ** cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
  */
  mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
  mxPage = pWal->hdr.nPage;
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
    u32 y = pInfo->aReadMark[i];
    if( mxSafeFrame>=y ){
      assert( y<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }

  if( pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame
   && (rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0), 1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){
    i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
    u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;

    /* Sync the WAL to disk */
    if( sync_flags ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, sync_flags);
    }

    /* If the database file may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
    ** about the eventual size of the db file to the VFS layer. 
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      i64 nReq = ((i64)mxPage * szPage);
      rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pDbFd, &nSize);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nSize<nReq ){
        sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &nReq);
      }
    }

    /* Iterate through the contents of the WAL, copying data to the db file. */
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==walIteratorNext(pIter, &iDbpage, &iFrame) ){
      i64 iOffset;
      assert( walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)==iDbpage );
      if( iFrame<=nBackfill || iFrame>mxSafeFrame || iDbpage>mxPage ) continue;
      iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
      /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL file */
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      iOffset = (iDbpage-1)*(i64)szPage;
      testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) );
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pDbFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
................................................................................
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum on the header content */
  WalIndexHdr h1, h2;             /* Two copies of the header content */
  WalIndexHdr volatile *aHdr;     /* Header in shared memory */

  /* The first page of the wal-index must be mapped at this point. */
  assert( pWal->nWiData>0 && pWal->apWiData[0] );

  /* Read the header. This might happen concurrently with a write to the
  ** same area of shared memory on a different CPU in a SMP,
  ** meaning it is possible that an inconsistent snapshot is read
  ** from the file. If this happens, return non-zero.
  **
  ** There are two copies of the header at the beginning of the wal-index.
  ** When reading, read [0] first then [1].  Writes are in the reverse order.
  ** Memory barriers are used to prevent the compiler or the hardware from
................................................................................
  if( aCksum[0]!=h1.aCksum[0] || aCksum[1]!=h1.aCksum[1] ){
    return 1;   /* Checksum does not match */
  }

  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, &h1, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
    *pChanged = 1;
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, &h1, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
    pWal->szPage = (pWal->hdr.szPage&0xfe00) + ((pWal->hdr.szPage&0x0001)<<16);
    testcase( pWal->szPage<=32768 );
    testcase( pWal->szPage>=65536 );
  }

  /* The header was successfully read. Return zero. */
  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pWal);
  if( pWal->readLock>=0 ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /* If iRead is non-zero, then it is the log frame number that contains the
  ** required page. Read and return data from the log file.
  */
  if( iRead ){
    int sz;
    i64 iOffset;
    sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
    sz = (pWal->hdr.szPage&0xfe00) + ((pWal->hdr.szPage&0x0001)<<16);
    testcase( sz<=32768 );
    testcase( sz>=65536 );
    iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
    *pInWal = 1;
    /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
    return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pOut, nOut, iOffset);
  }

  *pInWal = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* 
** Return the size of the database in pages (or zero, if unknown).
*/
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal){
  if( pWal && ALWAYS(pWal->readLock>=0) ){
    return pWal->hdr.nPage;
  }
  return 0;
}


/* 
** This function starts a write transaction on the WAL.
**
** A read transaction must have already been started by a prior call
................................................................................
** returned to the caller.
**
** Otherwise, if the callback function does not return an error, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( ALWAYS(pWal->writeLock) ){
    Pgno iMax = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    Pgno iFrame;
  
    /* Restore the clients cache of the wal-index header to the state it
    ** was in before the client began writing to the database. 
    */
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
................................................................................
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[12], pWal->nCkpt);
    sqlite3_randomness(8, pWal->hdr.aSalt);
    memcpy(&aWalHdr[16], pWal->hdr.aSalt, 8);
    walChecksumBytes(1, aWalHdr, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, aCksum);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[24], aCksum[0]);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[28], aCksum[1]);
    
    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aCksum[1];

    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, aWalHdr, sizeof(aWalHdr), 0);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: wal-header write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    iFrame++;
    nLast--;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, pLast->pgno);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Update the private copy of the header. */
    pWal->hdr.szPage = (szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16);
    testcase( szPage<=32768 );
    testcase( szPage>=65536 );
    pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
    if( isCommit ){
      pWal->hdr.iChange++;
      pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
    }
    /* If this is a commit, update the wal-index header too. */
    if( isCommit ){

Changes to src/wal.h.

21
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#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(x,y,z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalClose(w,x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)   0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalRead(v,w,x,y,z)             0
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y,z)
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)    0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)      0
# define sqlite3WalUndo(x,y,z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalSavepoint(y,z)
# define sqlite3WalSavepointUndo(y,z)          0
# define sqlite3WalFrames(u,v,w,x,y,z)         0
# define sqlite3WalCheckpoint(u,v,w,x)         0
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int *);
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal);

/* Read a page from the write-ahead log, if it is present. */
int sqlite3WalRead(Wal *pWal, Pgno pgno, int *pInWal, int nOut, u8 *pOut);

/* Return the size of the database as it existed at the beginning
** of the snapshot */
void sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal, Pgno *pPgno);

/* Obtain or release the WRITER lock. */
int sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(Wal *pWal);
int sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(Wal *pWal);

/* Undo any frames written (but not committed) to the log */
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx);







|







 







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#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(x,y,z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalClose(w,x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)   0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalRead(v,w,x,y,z)             0
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                   0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)    0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)      0
# define sqlite3WalUndo(x,y,z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalSavepoint(y,z)
# define sqlite3WalSavepointUndo(y,z)          0
# define sqlite3WalFrames(u,v,w,x,y,z)         0
# define sqlite3WalCheckpoint(u,v,w,x)         0
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int *);
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal);

/* Read a page from the write-ahead log, if it is present. */
int sqlite3WalRead(Wal *pWal, Pgno pgno, int *pInWal, int nOut, u8 *pOut);

/* If the WAL is not empty, return the size of the database. */

Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal);

/* Obtain or release the WRITER lock. */
int sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(Wal *pWal);
int sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(Wal *pWal);

/* Undo any frames written (but not committed) to the log */
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx);

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3281
3282
3283

3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
....
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300

3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
....
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
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3366
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3379
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3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
....
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467

3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
....
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506

3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
....
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712




3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
....
3738
3739
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3751
3752
....
3956
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3970
....
4044
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4051
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4053
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4057
....
4085
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4092
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4100
....
4101
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4108
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4121




4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
** WhereTerms.  All pointers to WhereTerms should be invalidated after
** calling this routine.  Such pointers may be reinitialized by referencing
** the pWC->a[] array.
*/
static int whereClauseInsert(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *p, u8 wtFlags){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int idx;

  if( pWC->nTerm>=pWC->nSlot ){
    WhereTerm *pOld = pWC->a;
    sqlite3 *db = pWC->pParse->db;
    pWC->a = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nSlot*2 );
    if( pWC->a==0 ){
      if( wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p);
................................................................................
  return mask;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given operator is one of the operators that is
** allowed for an indexable WHERE clause term.  The allowed operators are
** "=", "<", ">", "<=", ">=", and "IN".







*/
static int allowedOp(int op){
  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LT>TK_EQ && TK_LT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LE>TK_EQ && TK_LE<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_GE==TK_EQ+4 );
  return op==TK_IN || (op>=TK_EQ && op<=TK_GE) || op==TK_ISNULL;
................................................................................
){
  const char *z = 0;         /* String on RHS of LIKE operator */
  Expr *pRight, *pLeft;      /* Right and left size of LIKE operator */
  ExprList *pList;           /* List of operands to the LIKE operator */
  int c;                     /* One character in z[] */
  int cnt;                   /* Number of non-wildcard prefix characters */
  char wc[3];                /* Wildcard characters */
  CollSeq *pColl;            /* Collating sequence for LHS */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection */
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  int op;                    /* Opcode of pRight */

  if( !sqlite3IsLikeFunction(db, pExpr, pnoCase, wc) ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  pLeft = pList->a[1].pExpr;
  if( pLeft->op!=TK_COLUMN || sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft)!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT ){
    /* IMP: R-02065-49465 The left-hand side of the LIKE or GLOB operator must
    ** be the name of an indexed column with TEXT affinity. */
    return 0;
  }
  assert( pLeft->iColumn!=(-1) ); /* Because IPK never has AFF_TEXT */
  pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pLeft);
  if( pColl==0 ) return 0;  /* Happens when LHS has an undefined collation */
  if( (pColl->type!=SQLITE_COLL_BINARY || *pnoCase) &&
      (pColl->type!=SQLITE_COLL_NOCASE || !*pnoCase) ){
    /* IMP: R-09003-32046 For the GLOB operator, the column must use the
    ** default BINARY collating sequence.
    ** IMP: R-41408-28306 For the LIKE operator, if case_sensitive_like mode
    ** is enabled then the column must use the default BINARY collating
    ** sequence, or if case_sensitive_like mode is disabled then the column
    ** must use the built-in NOCASE collating sequence.
    */
    return 0;
  }

  pRight = pList->a[0].pExpr;
  op = pRight->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ){
    op = pRight->op2;
  }
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
................................................................................
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
  }
  if( z ){
    cnt = 0;
    while( (c=z[cnt])!=0 && c!=wc[0] && c!=wc[1] && c!=wc[2] ){
      cnt++;
    }
    if( cnt!=0 && c!=0 && 255!=(u8)z[cnt-1] ){
      Expr *pPrefix;
      *pisComplete = z[cnt]==wc[0] && z[cnt+1]==0;
      pPrefix = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_STRING, z);
      if( pPrefix ) pPrefix->u.zToken[cnt] = 0;
      *ppPrefix = pPrefix;
      if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
        Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
        sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(v, pRight->iColumn);
        if( *pisComplete && pRight->u.zToken[1] ){
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }

    /* At this point, okToChngToIN is true if original pTerm satisfies
    ** case 1.  In that case, construct a new virtual term that is 
    ** pTerm converted into an IN operator.


    */
    if( okToChngToIN ){
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

................................................................................
  ){
    Expr *pLeft;       /* LHS of LIKE/GLOB operator */
    Expr *pStr2;       /* Copy of pStr1 - RHS of LIKE/GLOB operator */
    Expr *pNewExpr1;
    Expr *pNewExpr2;
    int idxNew1;
    int idxNew2;


    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    pStr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStr1, 0);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      u8 c, *pC;       /* Last character before the first wildcard */
      pC = (u8*)&pStr2->u.zToken[sqlite3Strlen30(pStr2->u.zToken)-1];
      c = *pC;
................................................................................
      if( noCase ){
        /* The point is to increment the last character before the first
        ** wildcard.  But if we increment '@', that will push it into the
        ** alphabetic range where case conversions will mess up the 
        ** inequality.  To avoid this, make sure to also run the full
        ** LIKE on all candidate expressions by clearing the isComplete flag
        */
        if( c=='A'-1 ) isComplete = 0;


        c = sqlite3UpperToLower[c];
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }

    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE, sqlite3ExprDup(db,pLeft,0),pStr1,0);


    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT, sqlite3ExprDup(db,pLeft,0),pStr2,0);


    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      pWC->a[idxNew1].iParent = idxTerm;
      pWC->a[idxNew2].iParent = idxTerm;
................................................................................
      pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
    }else if( !pVtab->zErrMsg ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", pVtab->zErrMsg);
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, pVtab->zErrMsg);
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;

  for(i=0; i<p->nConstraint; i++){
    if( !p->aConstraint[i].usable && p->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
          "table %s: xBestIndex returned an invalid plan", pTab->zName);
    }
................................................................................
**   (1)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x WHERE t2.z='ok'
**   (2)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**   (3)  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**
** The t2.z='ok' is disabled in the in (2) because it originates
** in the ON clause.  The term is disabled in (3) because it is not part
** of a LEFT OUTER JOIN.  In (1), the term is not disabled.



**
** Disabling a term causes that term to not be tested in the inner loop
** of the join.  Disabling is an optimization.  When terms are satisfied
** by indices, we disable them to prevent redundant tests in the inner
** loop.  We would get the correct results if nothing were ever disabled,
** but joins might run a little slower.  The trick is to disable as much
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
................................................................................
    int r1;
    int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, k, notReady, pLevel->plan.wsFlags, pIdx);
    if( NEVER(pTerm==0) ) break;
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );

    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
        regBase = r1;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
................................................................................
    */
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur );
    assert( omitTable==0 );

    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
................................................................................
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLt,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGe
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */


      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( pStart->leftCursor==iCur );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);
    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( pEnd->leftCursor==iCur );

      memEndValue = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight, memEndValue);
      if( pX->op==TK_LT || pX->op==TK_GT ){
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Le : OP_Ge;
      }else{
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Lt : OP_Gt;
      }
................................................................................
    **         If there are no inequality constraints, then N is at
    **         least one.
    **
    **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
    **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    int aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGt,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLt,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGe,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    int aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */
    };
    int nEq = pLevel->plan.nEq;
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
    int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraint terms */
    Index *pIdx;         /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;         /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;   /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;              /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char *zEndAff;               /* Affinity for end of range constraint */

    pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    k = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq];     /* Column for inequality constraints */

................................................................................
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;

    }else if( isMinQuery ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint, zStartAff);
................................................................................
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zEndAff[nEq]) ){
          zEndAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nEq+1, zEndAff);
      nConstraint++;

    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zStartAff);
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zEndAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

................................................................................
    pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
    pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
  }
  notReady &= ~getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.




  */
  k = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
................................................................................
  */
  if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
    pLevel->addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
................................................................................

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(pWC, pParse, pMaskSet);
  sqlite3ExprCodeConstants(pParse, pWhere);
  whereSplit(pWC, pWhere, TK_AND);
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && (nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pWhere)) ){
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pWhere, pWInfo->iBreak, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    pWhere = 0;
................................................................................
  for(i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<nTabList; i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */



    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

    /* Loop through the remaining entries in the FROM clause to find the
    ** next nested loop. The loop tests all FROM clause entries
    ** either once or twice. 
................................................................................
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
    ** However, since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */


    for(isOptimal=(iFrom<nTabList-1); isOptimal>=0; isOptimal--){
      Bitmask mask;  /* Mask of tables not yet ready */
      for(j=iFrom, pTabItem=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, pTabItem++){
        int doNotReorder;    /* True if this table should not be reordered */
        WhereCost sCost;     /* Cost information from best[Virtual]Index() */
        ExprList *pOrderBy;  /* ORDER BY clause for index to optimize */
  
        doNotReorder =  (pTabItem->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0;
        if( j!=iFrom && doNotReorder ) break;
................................................................................
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
        if( (m & notReady)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        mask = (isOptimal ? m : notReady);
        pOrderBy = ((i==0 && ppOrderBy )?*ppOrderBy:0);

  
        assert( pTabItem->pTab );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pTabItem->pTab) ){
          sqlite3_index_info **pp = &pWInfo->a[j].pIdxInfo;
          bestVirtualIndex(pParse, pWC, pTabItem, mask, pOrderBy, &sCost, pp);
        }else 
#endif
        {
          bestBtreeIndex(pParse, pWC, pTabItem, mask, pOrderBy, &sCost);
        }
        assert( isOptimal || (sCost.used&notReady)==0 );































        if( (sCost.used&notReady)==0




         && (bestJ<0 || sCost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost
             || (sCost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost && sCost.nRow<bestPlan.nRow))
        ){
          WHERETRACE(("... best so far with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                      sCost.rCost, sCost.nRow));
          bestPlan = sCost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;







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323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
...
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
...
639
640
641
642
643
644
645

646
647
648
649
650
651
652
...
657
658
659
660
661
662
663













664
665
666
667
668
669
670
...
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
....
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
....
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
....
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
....
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
....
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
....
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
....
3244
3245
3246
3247
3248
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
....
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
....
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
....
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
....
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
....
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
....
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
....
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
....
3972
3973
3974
3975
3976
3977
3978
3979
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
3986
....
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
....
4103
4104
4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
....
4121
4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
** WhereTerms.  All pointers to WhereTerms should be invalidated after
** calling this routine.  Such pointers may be reinitialized by referencing
** the pWC->a[] array.
*/
static int whereClauseInsert(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *p, u8 wtFlags){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int idx;
  testcase( wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );  /* EV: R-00211-15100 */
  if( pWC->nTerm>=pWC->nSlot ){
    WhereTerm *pOld = pWC->a;
    sqlite3 *db = pWC->pParse->db;
    pWC->a = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nSlot*2 );
    if( pWC->a==0 ){
      if( wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p);
................................................................................
  return mask;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given operator is one of the operators that is
** allowed for an indexable WHERE clause term.  The allowed operators are
** "=", "<", ">", "<=", ">=", and "IN".
**
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-59926-26393 To be usable by an index a term must be
** of one of the following forms: column = expression column > expression
** column >= expression column < expression column <= expression
** expression = column expression > column expression >= column
** expression < column expression <= column column IN
** (expression-list) column IN (subquery) column IS NULL
*/
static int allowedOp(int op){
  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LT>TK_EQ && TK_LT<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_LE>TK_EQ && TK_LE<TK_GE );
  assert( TK_GE==TK_EQ+4 );
  return op==TK_IN || (op>=TK_EQ && op<=TK_GE) || op==TK_ISNULL;
................................................................................
){
  const char *z = 0;         /* String on RHS of LIKE operator */
  Expr *pRight, *pLeft;      /* Right and left size of LIKE operator */
  ExprList *pList;           /* List of operands to the LIKE operator */
  int c;                     /* One character in z[] */
  int cnt;                   /* Number of non-wildcard prefix characters */
  char wc[3];                /* Wildcard characters */

  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection */
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  int op;                    /* Opcode of pRight */

  if( !sqlite3IsLikeFunction(db, pExpr, pnoCase, wc) ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  pLeft = pList->a[1].pExpr;
  if( pLeft->op!=TK_COLUMN || sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft)!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT ){
    /* IMP: R-02065-49465 The left-hand side of the LIKE or GLOB operator must
    ** be the name of an indexed column with TEXT affinity. */
    return 0;
  }
  assert( pLeft->iColumn!=(-1) ); /* Because IPK never has AFF_TEXT */














  pRight = pList->a[0].pExpr;
  op = pRight->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ){
    op = pRight->op2;
  }
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
................................................................................
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
  }
  if( z ){
    cnt = 0;
    while( (c=z[cnt])!=0 && c!=wc[0] && c!=wc[1] && c!=wc[2] ){
      cnt++;
    }
    if( cnt!=0 && 255!=(u8)z[cnt-1] ){
      Expr *pPrefix;
      *pisComplete = c==wc[0] && z[cnt+1]==0;
      pPrefix = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_STRING, z);
      if( pPrefix ) pPrefix->u.zToken[cnt] = 0;
      *ppPrefix = pPrefix;
      if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
        Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
        sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(v, pRight->iColumn);
        if( *pisComplete && pRight->u.zToken[1] ){
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }

    /* At this point, okToChngToIN is true if original pTerm satisfies
    ** case 1.  In that case, construct a new virtual term that is 
    ** pTerm converted into an IN operator.
    **
    ** EV: R-00211-15100
    */
    if( okToChngToIN ){
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

................................................................................
  ){
    Expr *pLeft;       /* LHS of LIKE/GLOB operator */
    Expr *pStr2;       /* Copy of pStr1 - RHS of LIKE/GLOB operator */
    Expr *pNewExpr1;
    Expr *pNewExpr2;
    int idxNew1;
    int idxNew2;
    CollSeq *pColl;    /* Collating sequence to use */

    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    pStr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStr1, 0);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      u8 c, *pC;       /* Last character before the first wildcard */
      pC = (u8*)&pStr2->u.zToken[sqlite3Strlen30(pStr2->u.zToken)-1];
      c = *pC;
................................................................................
      if( noCase ){
        /* The point is to increment the last character before the first
        ** wildcard.  But if we increment '@', that will push it into the
        ** alphabetic range where case conversions will mess up the 
        ** inequality.  To avoid this, make sure to also run the full
        ** LIKE on all candidate expressions by clearing the isComplete flag
        */
        if( c=='A'-1 ) isComplete = 0;   /* EV: R-64339-08207 */


        c = sqlite3UpperToLower[c];
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
    pColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY",0);
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE, 
                     sqlite3ExprSetColl(sqlite3ExprDup(db,pLeft,0), pColl),
                     pStr1, 0);
    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT,
                     sqlite3ExprSetColl(sqlite3ExprDup(db,pLeft,0), pColl),
                     pStr2, 0);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      pWC->a[idxNew1].iParent = idxTerm;
      pWC->a[idxNew2].iParent = idxTerm;
................................................................................
      pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
    }else if( !pVtab->zErrMsg ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", pVtab->zErrMsg);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(pVtab->zErrMsg);
  pVtab->zErrMsg = 0;

  for(i=0; i<p->nConstraint; i++){
    if( !p->aConstraint[i].usable && p->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
          "table %s: xBestIndex returned an invalid plan", pTab->zName);
    }
................................................................................
**   (1)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x WHERE t2.z='ok'
**   (2)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**   (3)  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**
** The t2.z='ok' is disabled in the in (2) because it originates
** in the ON clause.  The term is disabled in (3) because it is not part
** of a LEFT OUTER JOIN.  In (1), the term is not disabled.
**
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-24597-58655 No tests are done for terms that are
** completely satisfied by indices.
**
** Disabling a term causes that term to not be tested in the inner loop
** of the join.  Disabling is an optimization.  When terms are satisfied
** by indices, we disable them to prevent redundant tests in the inner
** loop.  We would get the correct results if nothing were ever disabled,
** but joins might run a little slower.  The trick is to disable as much
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
................................................................................
    int r1;
    int k = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, k, notReady, pLevel->plan.wsFlags, pIdx);
    if( NEVER(pTerm==0) ) break;
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
        regBase = r1;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
................................................................................
    */
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
................................................................................
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLt,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGe
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( pStart->leftCursor==iCur );
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);
    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( pEnd->leftCursor==iCur );
      testcase( pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
      memEndValue = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight, memEndValue);
      if( pX->op==TK_LT || pX->op==TK_GT ){
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Le : OP_Ge;
      }else{
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Lt : OP_Gt;
      }
................................................................................
    **         If there are no inequality constraints, then N is at
    **         least one.
    **
    **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
    **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGt,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLt,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGe,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */
    };
    int nEq = pLevel->plan.nEq;  /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
    int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraint terms */
    Index *pIdx;                 /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;                 /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char *zEndAff;               /* Affinity for end of range constraint */

    pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    k = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq];     /* Column for inequality constraints */

................................................................................
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    }else if( isMinQuery ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint, zStartAff);
................................................................................
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zEndAff[nEq]) ){
          zEndAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nEq+1, zEndAff);
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zStartAff);
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zEndAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

................................................................................
    pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
    pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
  }
  notReady &= ~getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  **
  ** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-49525-50935 Terms that cannot be satisfied through
  ** the use of indices become tests that are evaluated against each row of
  ** the relevant input tables.
  */
  k = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* IMP: R-30575-11662 */
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
................................................................................
  */
  if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
    pLevel->addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );  /* IMP: R-30575-11662 */
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
................................................................................

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(pWC, pParse, pMaskSet);
  sqlite3ExprCodeConstants(pParse, pWhere);
  whereSplit(pWC, pWhere, TK_AND);   /* IMP: R-15842-53296 */
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && (nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pWhere)) ){
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pWhere, pWInfo->iBreak, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    pWhere = 0;
................................................................................
  for(i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<nTabList; i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */
    int nUnconstrained;         /* Number tables without INDEXED BY */
    Bitmask notIndexed;         /* Mask of tables that cannot use an index */

    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

    /* Loop through the remaining entries in the FROM clause to find the
    ** next nested loop. The loop tests all FROM clause entries
    ** either once or twice. 
................................................................................
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
    ** However, since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */
    nUnconstrained = 0;
    notIndexed = 0;
    for(isOptimal=(iFrom<nTabList-1); isOptimal>=0; isOptimal--){
      Bitmask mask;             /* Mask of tables not yet ready */
      for(j=iFrom, pTabItem=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, pTabItem++){
        int doNotReorder;    /* True if this table should not be reordered */
        WhereCost sCost;     /* Cost information from best[Virtual]Index() */
        ExprList *pOrderBy;  /* ORDER BY clause for index to optimize */
  
        doNotReorder =  (pTabItem->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0;
        if( j!=iFrom && doNotReorder ) break;
................................................................................
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
        if( (m & notReady)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        mask = (isOptimal ? m : notReady);
        pOrderBy = ((i==0 && ppOrderBy )?*ppOrderBy:0);
        if( pTabItem->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        assert( pTabItem->pTab );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pTabItem->pTab) ){
          sqlite3_index_info **pp = &pWInfo->a[j].pIdxInfo;
          bestVirtualIndex(pParse, pWC, pTabItem, mask, pOrderBy, &sCost, pp);
        }else 
#endif
        {
          bestBtreeIndex(pParse, pWC, pTabItem, mask, pOrderBy, &sCost);
        }
        assert( isOptimal || (sCost.used&notReady)==0 );

        /* If an INDEXED BY clause is present, then the plan must use that
        ** index if it uses any index at all */
        assert( pTabItem->pIndex==0 
                  || (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0
                  || sCost.plan.u.pIdx==pTabItem->pIndex );

        if( isOptimal && (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
          notIndexed |= m;
        }

        /* Conditions under which this table becomes the best so far:
        **
        **   (1) The table must not depend on other tables that have not
        **       yet run.
        **
        **   (2) A full-table-scan plan cannot supercede another plan unless
        **       it is an "optimal" plan as defined above.
        **
        **   (3) All tables have an INDEXED BY clause or this table lacks an
        **       INDEXED BY clause or this table uses the specific
        **       index specified by its INDEXED BY clause.  This rule ensures
        **       that a best-so-far is always selected even if an impossible
        **       combination of INDEXED BY clauses are given.  The error
        **       will be detected and relayed back to the application later.
        **       The NEVER() comes about because rule (2) above prevents
        **       An indexable full-table-scan from reaching rule (3).
        **
        **   (4) The plan cost must be lower than prior plans or else the
        **       cost must be the same and the number of rows must be lower.
        */
        if( (sCost.used&notReady)==0                       /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0               /* (2) */
                || (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || pTabItem->pIndex==0   /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || sCost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost      /* (4) */
                || (sCost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost && sCost.nRow<bestPlan.nRow))
        ){
          WHERETRACE(("... best so far with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                      sCost.rCost, sCost.nRow));
          bestPlan = sCost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;

Changes to test/analyze3.test.

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  set like "a%"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {101 0 100}
do_test analyze3-2.5 {
  set like "%a"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {999 999 100}


















#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This block of tests checks that statements are correctly marked as
# expired when the values bound to any parameters that may affect the 
# query plan are modified.
#
................................................................................
  sqlite3_expired $S
} {1}
do_test analyze3-3.6.5 {
  sqlite3_finalize $S
} {SQLITE_OK}

do_test analyze3-3.7.1 {
breakpoint
  set S [sqlite3_prepare_v2 db {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a IN (
      ?1, ?2, ?3, ?4, ?5, ?6, ?7, ?8, ?9, ?33,
      ?11, ?12, ?13, ?14, ?15, ?16, ?17, ?18, ?19, ?20,
      ?21, ?22, ?23, ?24, ?25, ?26, ?27, ?28, ?29, ?30, ?31, ?32
    ) AND b>?10;
  } -1 dummy]







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  set like "a%"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {101 0 100}
do_test analyze3-2.5 {
  set like "%a"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {999 999 100}
do_test analyze3-2.6 {
  set like "a"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {101 0 0}
do_test analyze3-2.7 {
  set like "ab"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {11 0 0}
do_test analyze3-2.8 {
  set like "abc"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {2 0 1}
do_test analyze3-2.9 {
  set like "a_c"
  sf_execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE $like }
} {101 0 10}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This block of tests checks that statements are correctly marked as
# expired when the values bound to any parameters that may affect the 
# query plan are modified.
#
................................................................................
  sqlite3_expired $S
} {1}
do_test analyze3-3.6.5 {
  sqlite3_finalize $S
} {SQLITE_OK}

do_test analyze3-3.7.1 {

  set S [sqlite3_prepare_v2 db {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a IN (
      ?1, ?2, ?3, ?4, ?5, ?6, ?7, ?8, ?9, ?33,
      ?11, ?12, ?13, ?14, ?15, ?16, ?17, ?18, ?19, ?20,
      ?21, ?22, ?23, ?24, ?25, ?26, ?27, ?28, ?29, ?30, ?31, ?32
    ) AND b>?10;
  } -1 dummy]

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do_test conflict-12.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE OR REPLACE t5 SET a=a+1 WHERE a=1;
    SELECT * FROM t5;
  }
} {2 one}
























finish_test








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do_test conflict-12.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE OR REPLACE t5 SET a=a+1 WHERE a=1;
    SELECT * FROM t5;
  }
} {2 one}


# Ticket [c38baa3d969eab7946dc50ba9d9b4f0057a19437]
# REPLACE works like ABORT on a CHECK constraint.
#
do_test conflict-13.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t13(a CHECK(a!=2));
    BEGIN;
    REPLACE INTO t13 VALUES(1);
  }
  catchsql {
    REPLACE INTO t13 VALUES(2);
  }
} {1 {constraint failed}}
do_test conflict-13.2 {
  execsql {
    REPLACE INTO t13 VALUES(3);
    COMMIT;
    SELECT * FROM t13;
  }
} {1 3}


finish_test

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  set sz1 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 0] 1]
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t2(y);
  }
  set sz2 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 0] 1]
  set ::PAGESZ [expr {$sz2-$sz1}]
  set ::BASESZ [expr {$sz1-$::PAGESZ}]
  expr {$::PAGESZ>1024 && $::PAGESZ<1200}
} {1}
do_test dbstatus-1.2 {
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(zeroblob(9000));
  }
  lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 0] 1
} [expr {$BASESZ + 10*$PAGESZ}]










































































































































































































































































































finish_test







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  set sz1 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 0] 1]
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t2(y);
  }
  set sz2 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 0] 1]
  set ::PAGESZ [expr {$sz2-$sz1}]
  set ::BASESZ [expr {$sz1-$::PAGESZ}]
  expr {$::PAGESZ>1024 && $::PAGESZ<1300}
} {1}
do_test dbstatus-1.2 {
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(zeroblob(9000));
  }
  lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 0] 1
} [expr {$BASESZ + 10*$PAGESZ}]


proc lookaside {db} {
  expr { $::lookaside_buffer_size *
    [lindex [sqlite3_db_status $db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED 0] 1]
  }
}

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Run the dbstatus-2 and dbstatus-3 tests with several of different
# lookaside buffer sizes.
#
foreach ::lookaside_buffer_size {0 64 120} {

  # Do not run any of these tests if there is SQL configured to run
  # as part of the [sqlite3] command. This prevents the script from
  # configuring the size of the lookaside buffer after [sqlite3] has
  # returned.
  if {[presql] != ""} break

  #-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  # Tests for SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED.
  #
  # Each test in the following block works as follows. Each test uses a
  # different database schema.
  #
  #   1. Open a connection to an empty database. Disable statement caching.
  #
  #   2. Execute the SQL to create the database schema. Measure the total 
  #      heap and lookaside memory allocated by SQLite, and the memory 
  #      allocated for the database schema according to sqlite3_db_status().
  #
  #   3. Drop all tables in the database schema. Measure the total memory 
  #      and the schema memory again.
  #
  #   4. Repeat step 2.
  #
  #   5. Repeat step 3.
  #
  # Then test that:
  #
  #   a) The difference in schema memory quantities in steps 2 and 3 is the
  #      same as the difference in total memory in steps 2 and 3.
  #
  #   b) Step 4 reports the same amount of schema and total memory used as
  #      in step 2.
  #
  #   c) Step 5 reports the same amount of schema and total memory used as
  #      in step 3.
  #
  foreach {tn schema} { 
    1 { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b) }
    2 { CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c UNIQUE) }
    3 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b);
    }
    4 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
      CREATE TRIGGER AFTER INSERT ON t1 BEGIN
        INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(new.a, new.b);
        SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE a=c AND b=d GROUP BY b HAVING a>5 ORDER BY a;
      END;
    }
    5 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
      CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2;
    }
    6 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
      CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a,b);
      CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b,b);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(20), randomblob(25));
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(20), randomblob(25) FROM t1;
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(20), randomblob(25) FROM t1;
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(20), randomblob(25) FROM t1;
      ANALYZE;
    }
    7 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
      CREATE VIEW v1 AS 
        SELECT * FROM t1 
        UNION 
        SELECT * FROM t2
        UNION ALL
        SELECT c||b, d||a FROM t2 LEFT OUTER JOIN t1 GROUP BY c, d
        ORDER BY 1, 2
      ;
      CREATE TRIGGER tr1 INSTEAD OF INSERT ON v1 BEGIN
        SELECT * FROM v1;
        UPDATE t1 SET a=5, b=(SELECT c FROM t2);
      END;
      SELECT * FROM v1;
    }
    8x {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING echo(t1);
    }
  } {
    set tn "$::lookaside_buffer_size-$tn"
  
    # Step 1.
    db close
    file delete -force test.db
    sqlite3 db test.db
    sqlite3_db_config_lookaside db 0 $::lookaside_buffer_size 500
    db cache size 0

    catch { register_echo_module db }
    ifcapable !vtab { if {[string match *x $tn]} continue }
  
    # Step 2.
    execsql $schema
    set nAlloc1  [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0] 1]
    incr nAlloc1 [lookaside db]
    set nSchema1 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]
  
    # Step 3.
    drop_all_tables
    set nAlloc2  [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0] 1]
    incr nAlloc2 [lookaside db]
    set nSchema2 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]
  
    # Step 4.
    execsql $schema
    set nAlloc3  [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0] 1]
    incr nAlloc3 [lookaside db]
    set nSchema3 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]
    
    # Step 5.
    drop_all_tables
    set nAlloc4  [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0] 1]
    incr nAlloc4 [lookaside db]
    set nSchema4 [lindex [sqlite3_db_status db SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED 0] 1]
    set nFree [expr {$nAlloc1-$nAlloc2}]
    
    # Tests for which the test name ends in an "x" report slightly less
    # memory than is actually freed when all schema items are finalized.
    # This is because memory allocated by virtual table implementations
    # for any reason is not counted as "schema memory".
    #
    # Additionally, in auto-vacuum mode, dropping tables and indexes causes
    # the page-cache to shrink. So the amount of memory freed is always
    # much greater than just that reported by DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED in this
    # case.
    #
    if {[string match *x $tn] || $AUTOVACUUM} {
      do_test dbstatus-2.$tn.ax { expr {($nSchema1-$nSchema2)<=$nFree} } 1
    } else {
      do_test dbstatus-2.$tn.a { expr {$nSchema1-$nSchema2} } $nFree
    }
  
    do_test dbstatus-2.$tn.b { list $nAlloc1 $nSchema1 } "$nAlloc3 $nSchema3"
    do_test dbstatus-2.$tn.c { list $nAlloc2 $nSchema2 } "$nAlloc4 $nSchema4"
  }
  
  #-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  # Tests for SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED.
  #
  # Each test in the following block works as follows. Each test uses a
  # different database schema.
  #
  #   1. Open a connection to an empty database. Initialized the database
  #      schema.
  #
  #   2. Prepare a bunch of SQL statements. Measure the total heap and 
  #      lookaside memory allocated by SQLite, and the memory allocated 
  #      for the prepared statements according to sqlite3_db_status().
  #
  #   3. Finalize all prepared statements Measure the total memory 
  #      and the prepared statement memory again.
  #
  #   4. Repeat step 2.
  #
  #   5. Repeat step 3.
  #
  # Then test that:
  #
  #   a) The difference in schema memory quantities in steps 2 and 3 is the
  #      same as the difference in total memory in steps 2 and 3.
  #
  #   b) Step 4 reports the same amount of schema and total memory used as
  #      in step 2.
  #
  #   c) Step 5 reports the same amount of schema and total memory used as
  #      in step 3.
  #
  foreach {tn schema statements} { 
    1 { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b) } {
      SELECT * FROM t1;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT * FROM t1;
      UPDATE t1 SET a=5;
      DELETE FROM t1;
    }
    2 {
      PRAGMA recursive_triggers = 1;
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE TRIGGER tr1 AFTER INSERT ON t1 WHEN (new.a>0) BEGIN
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(new.a-1, new.b);
      END;
    } {
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 'x');
    } 
    3 {
      PRAGMA recursive_triggers = 1;
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
      CREATE TRIGGER tr1 AFTER INSERT ON t1 WHEN (new.a>0) BEGIN
        INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(new.a-1, new.b);
      END;
      CREATE TRIGGER tr2 AFTER INSERT ON t1 WHEN (new.a>0) BEGIN
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(new.a-1, new.b);
      END;
    } {
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(10, 'x');
    } 
    4 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
    } {
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE upper(a)='ABC';
    }
    5x {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b UNIQUE);
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING echo(t1);
    } {
      SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
      SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE b>5;
      SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE b='abcdefg';
    }
  } {
    set tn "$::lookaside_buffer_size-$tn"

    # Step 1.
    db close
    file delete -force test.db
    sqlite3 db test.db
    sqlite3_db_config_lookaside db 0 $::lookaside_buffer_size 500
    db cache size 1000

    catch { register_echo_module db }
    ifcapable !vtab { if {[string match *x $tn]} continue }
  
    execsql $schema
    db cache flush
  
    # Step 2.
    execsql $statements
    set nAlloc1  [lindex [sqlite3_status SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0] 1]
    incr nAlloc1 [lookaside db]
    set nStmt1   [lindex [sqlite3_db_statu